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Lydenburg
Lydenburg
is a town in Thaba Chweu Local Municipality, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Alternatively known as Mashishing, Lydenburg
Lydenburg
is situated on the Sterkspruit/Dorps River tributary of the Lepelle River at the base of the Long Tom Pass. The name is derived from the Dutch Lijdenburg, or "Town of Suffering".[2] Lydenburg
Lydenburg
has become the centre of the South African fly-fishing industry and is an agricultural and mining hub.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Name change

2 See also 3 References

History[edit] The earliest known forms of African sculpture in southern Africa dating back to AD 400 were found in the area in the late 1950s. Lydenburg
Lydenburg
was founded in 1849 by a group of Voortrekkers
Voortrekkers
under the leadership of Andries Potgieter
Andries Potgieter
when they abandoned their previous settlement Ohrigstad
Ohrigstad
(to the north) due to a malaria epidemic. The town became the capital of the Lydenburg Republic
Lydenburg Republic
('De Republiek Lydenburg
Lydenburg
in Zuid Afrika') in 1856 and later in 1857 joined the Republic of Utrecht
Republic of Utrecht
but in 1860 both these republics joined the Zuid Afrikaanse Republiek (ZAR).The town became the capital of the Lydenburg
Lydenburg
District of the South African Republic
South African Republic
(ZAR).

Lydenburg
Lydenburg
became important because it was on the wagon route to the port of Delagoa Bay (now Maputo Bay) which was free of British control. In 1871 construction of the road was started by Abraham Espag under the orders of President Thomas François Burgers. The first wagons arrived in Lydenburg
Lydenburg
from Delagoa Bay in 1874. On 6 February 1873 alluvial gold was discovered and within 3 months the Lydenburg
Lydenburg
goldfields was proclaimed. The First Boer War
First Boer War
broke out between Britain and the Transvaal Republic in 1880. A British garrison under Lieutenant Walter Hillyar Colquhoun Long (uncle of the 1st Viscount Long) took control of Lydenburg
Lydenburg
to control the goldfields. It was from here that the ill-fated 94th Regiment under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Robert Anstruther marched to Pretoria. The remainder of the garrison at Lydenburg
Lydenburg
was besieged from 6 January 1881,[3] following Long's refusal to surrender the garrison on 23 December 1880.[4] By 1910 the railway reached Lydenburg. In 1927 Lydenburg
Lydenburg
became a municipality.

A side street in Lydenburg

Name change[edit] In June 2006 it was announced that Arts and Culture minister, Pallo Jordan, approved the name change of Lydenburg
Lydenburg
to Mashishing
Mashishing
(meaning "long, green grass").[5] However residents took the decision to court who ruled it illegal and ordered the name to be changed back to Lydenburg. However one of the rural areas outside Lydenburg
Lydenburg
is called Mashishing. Road signs still say Lydenburg
Lydenburg
and businesses and local building such as the " Lydenburg
Lydenburg
Museum" have still kept the old name.However some road signs say Mashishing
Mashishing
when a person is actually entering the more devolped, richer, Lydenburg
Lydenburg
area. See also[edit]

Jock of the Bushveld Lydenburg
Lydenburg
heads

References[edit]

^ a b c d "Sub Place Lydenburg". Census 2011.  ^ South Africa ^ M. Gough Palmer. "The Besieged Towns of the First Boer War, 1880-1881". Retrieved 15 December 2013. The Boers took up a position two miles off on the road to Middelburg on 3 January 1881 and commenced their attack on the 6th.  ^ M. Gough Palmer. "The Besieged Towns of the First Boer War, 1880-1881". Retrieved 15 December 2013. On 23 December Long was visited by Dietrich Muller who said he had been deputed by the Boer Government to demand the immediate surrender of the garrison which was refused by Long.  ^ http://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/Lydenburg-takes-on-new-name-20060906

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Ehlanzeni District Municipality, Mpumalanga

District seat: Nelspruit

Mbombela

Alkmaar Hazyview Kaapsehoop Kabokweni Kiepersol Matsulu Nelspruit Ngodwana Skukuza White River

Nkomazi

Boschfontein Buffelspruit Hectorspruit Jeppes Reef Kaapmuiden Kamatsamo Komatipoort Langeloop Louieville Magudu Malalane Marloth Park Mbuzini Schulzendal Steenbok Tonga Vlakbult

Thaba Chweu

Blyde River Canyon
Blyde River Canyon
Bosoord
Bosoord
Graskop
Graskop
Hendriksdal
Hendriksdal
Krugerspos
Krugerspos
Leroro
Leroro
Lydenburg
Lydenburg
Maartenshoop
Maartenshoop
• Mashishing • Mauchsberg
Mauchsberg
Matibidi
Matibidi
Moremela
Moremela
• Pilgrim's Rest • Sabie • Simile

Umjindi

Barberton • Emjindini
Emjindini
• Sheba • Verulam

Bushbuckridge

Acornhoek Agincourt Alexandria Buffelshoek Bushbuckridge Casteel Clare Cunningmoor Edinburgh Hluvukani Islington Kildare Lillydale Ludlow Madras Newington Okkerneutboom Rolle Ronaldsey Rooiboklaagte Somerset Welverdiend

v t e

Boer Republics
Boer Republics
and Griqua States in Southern Africa
Southern Africa
1795–1902

Est. 1795–1830

Swellendam Graaff-Reinet Philippolis
Philippolis
/ Adam Kok's Land Waterboer's Land

Est. 1830–1840

Zoutpansberg Winburg Potchefstroom Winburg-Potchefstroom Natalia Republic

Est. 1840–1870

South African Republic Lydenburg
Lydenburg
Republic Orange Free State Utrecht Republic Griqualand East Griqualand West

Est. 1880–1902

Goshen Small Free State New Republic Stellaland United States of Stellaland Republic of Upingt

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