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Luxor
Luxor
(/ˈlʌk.sɔːr/ or /ˈlʊk.sɔːr/;[3] Arabic: الأقصر‎ al-Uqṣur ; Egyptian Arabic: Loʔṣor  IPA: [ˈloʔsˤoɾ]; Sa'idi Arabic: Logṣor  [ˈloɡsˤor], Coptic: ⲛⲏ) is a city in Upper (southern) Egypt
Egypt
and the capital of Luxor
Luxor
Governorate. The population numbers 506,588 (2012 estimate),[2] with an area of approximately 417 square kilometres (161 sq mi).[1] As the site of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes,[4] Luxor
Luxor
has frequently been characterized as the "world's greatest open-air museum", as the ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak
Karnak
and Luxor stand within the modern city. Immediately opposite, across the River Nile, lie the monuments, temples and tombs of the West Bank Necropolis, which includes the Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings
and Valley of the Queens. Thousands of tourists from all around the world arrive annually to visit these monuments, contributing greatly to the economy of the modern city.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Sights of modern-day Luxor

3.1 East bank 3.2 West bank

4 Geography

4.1 Climate

5 Coptic Catholic Eparchy 6 Economy 7 Tourism development

7.1 2013 hot air balloon crash

8 Infrastructure

8.1 Transport

9 International relations

9.1 Twinning

10 Gallery 11 See also 12 References 13 Sources and external links 14 Further reading

Etymology[edit] The name Luxor
Luxor
comes from the Arabic al-ʾuqṣur (الأقصر), lit. "the palaces", from the collective plural of qaṣr (قصر),[5] which may be a loanword from the Latin
Latin
castrum "fortified camp".[6] (Compare Alcázar of Seville.) History[edit]

Luxor
Luxor
Temple

Luxor
Luxor
was the ancient city of Thebes, the great capital of (Upper) Egypt
Egypt
during the New Kingdom, and the glorious city of Amun, later to become the god Amun-Ra. The city was regarded in the Ancient Egyptian texts as w3s.t (approximate pronunciation: "Waset"), which meant "city of the sceptre" and also as t3 ip3t (conventionally pronounced as "ta ipet" and meaning "the shrine") and then, in a later period, the Greeks called it Thebai and the Romans after them Thebae. Thebes was also known as "the city of the 100 gates", sometimes being called "southern Heliopolis" ('Iunu-shemaa' in Ancient Egyptian), to distinguish it from the city of Iunu
Iunu
or Heliopolis, the main place of worship for the god Ra in the north. It was also often referred to as niw.t, which simply means "city", and was one of only three cities in Egypt
Egypt
for which this noun was used (the other two were Memphis and Heliopolis); it was also called niw.t rst, "southern city", as the southernmost of them. The importance of the city started as early as the 11th Dynasty, when the town grew into a thriving city, by native nubi Egyptian, it was renowned for its high social status and luxury, but also as a center for wisdom, art, religious and political supremacy.[7] Montuhotep II who united Egypt
Egypt
after the troubles of the first intermediate period brought stability to the lands as the city grew in stature. The Pharaohs of the New Kingdom in their expeditions to Kush, in today's northern Sudan, and to the lands of Canaan, Phoenicia
Phoenicia
and Syria
Syria
saw the city accumulate great wealth and rose to prominence, even on a world scale.[7] Thebes played a major role in expelling the invading forces of the Hyksos
Hyksos
from Upper Egypt, and from the time of the 18th Dynasty to the 20th Dynasty, the city had risen as the political, religious and military capital of Ancient Egypt. The city attracted peoples such as the Babylonians, the Mitanni, the Hittites of Anatolia
Hittites of Anatolia
(modern-day Turkey), the Canaanites
Canaanites
of Ugarit, the Phoenicians
Phoenicians
of Byblos
Byblos
and Tyre, the Minoans
Minoans
from the island of Crete.[7] A Hittite prince from Anatolia even came to marry with the widow of Tutankhamun, Ankhesenamun.[7] The political and military importance of the city, however, faded during the Late Period, with Thebes being replaced as political capital by several cities in Northern Egypt, such as Bubastis, Sais and finally Alexandria. However, as the city of the god Amun-Ra, Thebes remained the religious capital of Egypt
Egypt
until the Greek period.[7] The main god of the city was Amun, who was worshipped together with his wife, the Goddess Mut, and their son Khonsu, the God of the moon. With the rise of Thebes as the foremost city of Egypt, the local god Amon rose in importance as well and became linked to the sun god Ra, thus creating the new 'king of gods' Amon-Ra. His great temple, at Karnak
Karnak
just north of Thebes, was the most important temple of Egypt
Egypt
right until the end of antiquity. Later, the city was attacked by Assyrian emperor Assurbanipal
Assurbanipal
who installed the Libyan prince on the throne, Psamtik I.[7] The city of Thebes was in ruins and fell in significance. However, Alexander the Great did arrive at the temple of Amun, where the statue of the god was transferred from Karnak
Karnak
during the Opet Festival, the great religious feast.[7] Thebes remained a site of spirituality up to the Christian era, and attracted numerous Christian monks in the Roman Empire who established monasteries amidst several ancient monuments including the temple of Hatshepsut, now called Deir el-Bahri
Deir el-Bahri
("the northern monastery").[7] Sights of modern-day Luxor[edit] East bank[edit]

Luxor
Luxor
Temple Luxor
Luxor
International Airport Karnak
Karnak
Temple Luxor
Luxor
Museum Mummification Museum Winter Palace Hotel

A panoramic view of the great hypostyle hall in the Precinct of Amun Re

West bank[edit]

Valley of the Kings Valley of the Queens Medinet Habu (memorial temple of Ramesses III) The Ramesseum
Ramesseum
(memorial temple of Ramesses II) Deir el-Medina
Deir el-Medina
(workers' village) Tombs of the Nobles Deir el-Bahri
Deir el-Bahri
(Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, etc.) Malkata
Malkata
(palace of Amenophis III) Colossi of Memnon
Colossi of Memnon
(memorial temple of Amenophis III)

Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Luxor
Luxor
has a hot desert climate ( Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
BWh) like the rest of Egypt. Aswan
Aswan
and Luxor
Luxor
have the hottest summer days of any other city in Egypt. Aswan
Aswan
and Luxor
Luxor
have nearly the same climate. Luxor
Luxor
is one of the sunniest and driest cities in the world. Average high temperatures are above 40 °C (104 °F) during summer (June, July, August) while average low temperatures remain above 22 °C (72 °F). During the coldest month of the year, average high temperatures remain above 22.0 °C (71.6 °F) while average low temperatures remain above 5 °C (41 °F). The climate of Luxor
Luxor
has precipitation levels lower than even most other places in the Sahara, with less than 1 mm (0.04 in) of average annual precipitation. The desert city is one of the driest ones in the world, and rainfall does not occur every year. The air in Luxor
Luxor
is more humid than Aswan
Aswan
but still very dry. There is an average relative humidity of 39.9%, with a maximum mean of 57% during winter and a minimum mean of 27% during summer. The climate of Luxor
Luxor
is extremely clear, bright and sunny year-round, in all seasons, with a low seasonal variation, with about some 4,000 hours of annual sunshine, very close of the maximum theoretical sunshine duration. In addition, Luxor, Minya, Sohag, Qena
Qena
and Asyut
Asyut
have the widest difference of temperatures between days and nights of any city in Egypt, with almost 16 °C (29 °F) difference. The hottest temperature recorded was on May 15, 1991 which was 50 °C (122 °F) and the coldest temperature was on February 6, 1989 which was −1 °C (30 °F).[8]

Climate data for Luxor

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 32.9 (91.2) 38.5 (101.3) 42.2 (108) 46.2 (115.2) 50.0 (122) 48.5 (119.3) 47.8 (118) 47.0 (116.6) 46.0 (114.8) 43.0 (109.4) 38.2 (100.8) 34.8 (94.6) 50.0 (122)

Average high °C (°F) 23.0 (73.4) 25.4 (77.7) 27.4 (81.3) 35.0 (95) 39.2 (102.6) 41.4 (106.5) 41.1 (106) 40.4 (104.7) 38.8 (101.8) 35.3 (95.5) 28.9 (84) 24.4 (75.9) 33.4 (92.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 13.8 (56.8) 15.9 (60.6) 20.2 (68.4) 25.6 (78.1) 29.6 (85.3) 32.2 (90) 32.3 (90.1) 31.8 (89.2) 29.7 (85.5) 25.9 (78.6) 20.0 (68) 15.1 (59.2) 24.3 (75.7)

Average low °C (°F) 5.4 (41.7) 7.1 (44.8) 10.4 (50.7) 16.0 (60.8) 20.2 (68.4) 22.6 (72.7) 23.6 (74.5) 23.2 (73.8) 21.3 (70.3) 17.3 (63.1) 11.6 (52.9) 7.1 (44.8) 15.5 (59.9)

Record low °C (°F) −0.3 (31.5) −1.0 (30.2) 0.0 (32) 6.5 (43.7) 12.5 (54.5) 16.0 (60.8) 19.2 (66.6) 19.2 (66.6) 15.8 (60.4) 9.8 (49.6) 3.7 (38.7) 0.7 (33.3) −1.0 (30.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.04) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.04)

Average precipitation days 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 1.0 1.9

Average relative humidity (%) 55 47 39 31 29 27 30 33 37 43 51 57 39.9

Mean daily sunshine hours 9 10 10 10 11 12 12 12 11 10 10 9 10.5

Source #1: NOAA[9]

Source #2: Weather2Travel for sunshine[10]

Coptic Catholic Eparchy[edit]

This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. You can help by converting this article to prose, if appropriate. Editing help is available. (March 2017)

The Coptic Catholic (Alexandrian Rite) minority established on November 26, 1895 an Eparchy ( Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
Diocese) of Luqsor (Luxor) alias Thebes, on territory split off from the Apostolic Vicariate of Egypt. Its episcopal see is a St. George cathedral in Luxor. In turn, it lost territory on August 10, 1947 to establish the Eparchy of Assiut and again on 1981.09.13: Lost territory to establish Sohag.

Suffragan Eparchs (Bishops) of Luqsor (Coptic Rite)

Ignazio Gladès Berzi (1896.03.06 – death 1925.01.29) Marc Khouzam (1926.08.06 – 1947.08.10), also Apostolic Administrator of Alexandria
Alexandria
of the Copts (Egypt) (1927.12.30 – 1947.08.10); later Coptic Catholic Patriarch of Alexandria
Alexandria
(1947.08.10 – death 1958.02.02) Isaac Ghattas (1949.06.21 – 1967.05.08), later Archbishop-Bishop
Archbishop-Bishop
of Minya of the Copts (Egypt) (1967.05.08 – death 1977.06.08) Amba Andraos Ghattas, Lazarists
Lazarists
(C.M.) (1967.05.08 – 1986.06.09), also Apostolic Administrator
Apostolic Administrator
of Alexandria
Alexandria
of the Copts (Egypt) (1984.02.24 – 1986.06.09), President of Synod of the Catholic Coptic Church (1985 – 2006.03.30), President of Assembly of the Catholic Hierarchy of Egypt
Egypt
(1985 – 2006.03.30), later Coptic Catholic Patriarch of Alexandria
Alexandria
([1986.06.09] 1986.06.23 – retired 2006.03.30), created Cardinal-Patriarch
Cardinal-Patriarch
(2001.02.21 – death 2009.01.20), also President of Council of Catholic Patriarchs of the East (2003–2006) Aghnatios Elias Yaacoub, Jesuits
Jesuits
(S.J.) (1986.07.15 – death 1994.03.12), previously Coadjutor Eparch
Coadjutor Eparch
of Assiut of the Copts (Egypt) (1983.05.19 – 1986.07.15) Youhannes Ezzat Zakaria Badir (1994.06.23 – 2015.12.27), previously Eparch (Bishop) of Ismayliah of the Copts
Ismayliah of the Copts
(Egypt) (1992.11.23 – 1994.06.23) vacant

Economy[edit]

Streets of Luxor
Luxor
in 2004

Luxor
Luxor
souq

The economy of Luxor, like that of many other Egyptian cities, is heavily dependent upon tourism. Large numbers of people also work in agriculture, particularly sugarcane. The local economy was hit by the Luxor massacre
Luxor massacre
in 1997, in which a total of 64 people (including 59 visiting tourists) were killed, at the time the worst terrorist attack in Egypt
Egypt
(before the Sharm el-Sheikh terrorist attacks).[11] The massacre reduced tourist numbers for several years.[12] Following the 2011 Arab Spring, tourism to Egypt
Egypt
dropped significantly, again affecting local tourist markets. To make up for shortfalls of income, many cultivate their own food. Goat's cheese, pigeons, subsidized and home-baked bread and homegrown tomatoes are commonplace among the majority of its residents. Tourism development[edit]

Street market

Winter Palace Hotel

A controversial tourism development plan aims to transform Luxor
Luxor
into a vast open-air museum. The master plan envisions new roads, five-star hotels, glitzy shops, and an IMAX theatre. The main attraction is an 11 million dollar project to unearth and restore the 2.7 kilometres (1.7 miles) long Avenue of Sphinxes that once linked Luxor
Luxor
and Karnak temples. The ancient processional road was built by the pharaoh Amenhotep III
Amenhotep III
and took its final form under Nectanebo I
Nectanebo I
in 400 BCE. Over a thousand sphinx statues lined the road now being excavated which was covered by silt, homes, mosques and churches. Excavation started around 2004.[13][14] 2013 hot air balloon crash[edit] Main article: 2013 Luxor
Luxor
hot air balloon crash Nineteen Asian and European tourists died when a hot air balloon crashed early on Tuesday, February 26, 2013 near Luxor
Luxor
following a mid-air gas explosion. It was one of the worst accidents involving tourists in Egypt
Egypt
and likely to push the tourism industry deeper into recession. The casualties included French, British, Hungarian, Japanese nationals and nine tourists from Hong Kong.[15] Infrastructure[edit] Transport[edit] Luxor
Luxor
is served by Luxor
Luxor
International Airport.

Luxor
Luxor
International Airport

A bridge was opened in 1998, a few kilometres upstream of the main town of Luxor, allowing ready land access from the east bank to the west bank. Traditionally, however, river crossings have been the domain of several ferry services. The so-called 'local ferry' (also known as the 'National Ferry') continues to operate from a landing opposite the Temple of Luxor. The single fare (June 2008) is 1 L.E. - one Egyptian Pound - per passenger for foreigners. Egyptian nationals pay ¼ of that, 25 piasters. This ferry is mainly used by the locals although a number of foreigners do use it.

Luxor
Luxor
railway station

Transport to sites on the west bank are serviced by taxi drivers who often approach ferry passengers.[citation needed] There are also local cars that reach some of the monuments for 25 piasters, although tourists rarely use them. Alternatively, motorboats line both banks of the Nile all day providing a quicker, but more expensive (5 L.E.), crossing to the other side. The city of Luxor
Luxor
on the east bank has several bus routes used mainly by locals. Tourists often rely on horse carriages, called "calèches," for transport or tours around the city. Taxis are plentiful, and reasonably priced, and since the government has decreed that taxis older than 20 years will not be relicensed, there are many modern air-conditioned cabs. Recently, new roads have been built in the city to cope with the growth in traffic. For domestic travel along the route of the Nile, a rail service operates several times a day. A morning train and sleeping train can be taken from the railway station situated around 400 metres (440 yd) from Luxor
Luxor
Temple. The line runs between several major destinations, including Cairo
Cairo
to the north and Aswan
Aswan
to the south. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Egypt Twinning[edit]

Towns and cities

Luxor
Luxor
is twinned with the following cities:

Kazanlak, Bulgaria Baltimore, Maryland, United States[16] Parintins, Brazil Shenzhen, China, since 1993.[17][18][19]

Regions

Kakheti, Georgia, since 2015.[20]

Gallery[edit]

A panoramic view of the interior of the Luxor
Luxor
temple, just inside the entrance. The Abu Haggag Mosque, built over the ruins, is on the left.

Luxor
Luxor
Temple, from the east bank of the Nile

Hundreds of sphinxes once lined the road to nearby Karnak

A well-preserved sphinx

The massive First Pylon

The red granite obelisk

The central corridor of the temple

Islamic mosque over pharaonic temple

Sitting Ramesses II
Ramesses II
Colossus inside Luxor
Luxor
Temple

Closeup of the same Colossus

Amenhotep's colonnade from the peristyle court

The east side of the peristyle court of Amenhotep III

Roman mural in an inner chamber

Central corridor and four colossi by night

Closeup of illuminated red granite obelisk

Sitting Ramesses II
Ramesses II
Colossus inside Luxor Temple
Luxor Temple
by night

Wall inscription

Northwestern part

The Abu Haggag Mosque
Abu Haggag Mosque
inside of the temple

Hot-air ballooning over the west bank

Station Street in Luxor

Street market in Luxor

Luxor: the souq

Pharaonic statue in Luxor
Luxor
Temple

Panoramic view of Luxor

The New Corniche in Luxor

Luxor Temple
Luxor Temple
and Abu Haggag Mosque

Interior of Abu Haggag Mosque

Mosque in Mansheya Street

See also[edit]

Aswan Cultural tourism in Egypt List of megalithic sites Luxor
Luxor
massacre Luxor
Luxor
Las Vegas

References[edit]

^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-06-09. Retrieved 2007-06-04.  ^ a b "World Gazetteer - Egypt: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". Archived from the original on 10 December 2012.  (retrieved 2010-7-27) ^ Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, Eleventh Edition. Merriam-Webster, 2007. p. 1557 ^ "Luxor, Egypt".  ^ Verner, Miroslav (2013) Temple of the World: Sanctuaries, Cults, and Mysteries of Ancient Egypt
Egypt
Cairo: American University in Cairo
Cairo
Press. p. 232. ISBN 9789774165634 ^ Shahîd, Irfan (2002) Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. ISBN 9780884022848. page 68. ^ a b c d e f g h "History of Luxor
Luxor
(Thebes)". Sacred Destinations. Archived from the original on October 13, 2008. Retrieved December 1, 2008.  ^ "Luxor, Egypt". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 21 June 2013.  ^ " Luxor
Luxor
Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 25, 2015.  ^ " Luxor
Luxor
Climate and Weather Averages, Egypt". Weather2Travel. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ Shock in Sharm Archived 2013-09-24 at the Wayback Machine. 23 July, Serene Assir, Al-Ahram Weekly ^ "Solidly ahead of oil, Suez
Suez
Canal revenues, and remittances, tourism is Egypt's main hard currency earner at $6.5 billion per year." (in 2005) ... concerns over tourism's future Archived 2013-09-24 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 27 September 2007 ^ McGrath, Cam (2011-06-16). "Mideast: Sphinx
Sphinx
Avenue Paved With Bitter Memories — Global Issues". Globalissues.org. Retrieved 2011-09-16.  ^ McGrath, Cam (2011-06-16). "Mideast: Sphinx
Sphinx
Avenue Paved With Bitter Memories — Global Issues". Globalissues.org. Retrieved 2011-09-16.  ^ (Times of India, Indore, MP, India edition Wed, Feb. 27, 2013) ^ " Baltimore
Baltimore
City Mayor's Office of International and Immigrant Affairs - Sister Cities Program". Archived from the original on August 7, 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-18.  ^ 友好城市 (Friendly cities) Archived 2014-07-19 at the Wayback Machine., 市外办 (Foreign Affairs Office), 2008-03-22. (Translation by Google Translate.) ^ 国际友好城市一览表 (International Friendship Cities List) Archived 2013-11-13 at the Wayback Machine., 2011-01-20. (Translation by Google Translate.) ^ 友好交流 (Friendly exchanges) Archived 2014-11-12 at the Wayback Machine., 2011-09-13. (Translation by Google Translate.) ^ "Georgia's wine region twins with Egypt's Luxor". Agenda.ge. 11 March 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015. 

Sources and external links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Luxor
Luxor
(category)

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Luxor.

Theban Mapping Project: website devoted to the Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings
and other sites in the Theban Necropolis Luxor
Luxor
World Heritage Site in panographies - 360 degree interactive imaging GCatholic Copic epachy Kamil, Jill (November 2008). "The Development Plan for Luxor". Al-Ahram Weekly, Issue No. 921. Archived from the original on 2009-08-06.  Luxor Temple
Luxor Temple
picture gallery at Remains.se

Library resources about Luxor

Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries

Further reading[edit]

Bell, Lanny. “ Luxor Temple
Luxor Temple
and the Cult of the Royal ka.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 44 (1985): 251–294. Bongioanni, Alessandro. Luxor
Luxor
and the Valley of the Kings. Vercelli, Italy: White Star Publishers, 2004. Brand, Peter J. “Veils, Votives and Marginalia: The Use of Sacred Space at Karnak
Karnak
and Luxor.” In Sacred Space and Sacred Function in Ancient Thebes. Edited by Peter F. Dorman and Betsy N. Bryan, 51–83. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007. El-Shahawy, Abeer, and Farid S. Atiya. Luxor
Luxor
Museum: The Glory of Ancient Thebes. Cairo, Egypt: Farid Atiya Press, 2005. Haag, Michael. Luxor
Luxor
Illustrated: With Aswan, Abu Simbel, and the Nile. Cairo: American University in Cairo
Cairo
Press, 2009. Siliotti, Alberto. Luxor, Karnak, and the Theban Temples. Cairo: American University in Cairo
Cairo
Press, 2002. Strudwick, Nigel, and Helen Strudwick. Thebes In Egypt: A Guide to the Tombs and Temples of Ancient Luxor. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999. Weeks, Kent R. The Illustrated Guide to Luxor: Tombs, Temples, and Museums. Cairo, Egypt: American University in Cairo
Cairo
Press, 2005.

v t e

Governorates capitals of Egypt

Governorate (capital)

Alexandria
Alexandria
(Alexandria) Aswan
Aswan
(Aswan) Asyut
Asyut
(Asyut) Beheira (Damanhur) Beni Suef
Beni Suef
(Beni Suef) Cairo
Cairo
(Cairo) Dakahlia (Mansoura) Damietta
Damietta
(Damietta) Faiyum
Faiyum
(Faiyum) Gharbia (Tanta) Giza
Giza
(Giza) Ismailia
Ismailia
(Ismailia) Kafr El Sheikh
Kafr El Sheikh
(Kafr El Sheikh) Luxor
Luxor
(Luxor) Matrouh (Mersa Matrouh) Minya (Minya) New Valley (Kharga) North Sinai (Arish) Port Said
Port Said
(Port Said) Qalyubia (Benha) Qena
Qena
(Qena) Red Sea (Hurghada) Sharqia (Zagazig) Sohag
Sohag
(Sohag) South Sinai (El Tor) Suez
Suez
(Suez)

v t e

Upper Egyptian cities

Akhmim Aswan Asyut Beni Suef Faiyum Hurghada Luxor Mallawi Minya Safaga Qena Sohag

v t e

Egyptian cities and towns by population

1,000,000 and more

Alexandria Cairo Giza Shubra El Kheima

300,000-999,999

Asyut Bilbeis Damietta Faiyum Imbaba Ismailia El Mahalla El Kubra Kom Ombo Mansoura Luxor Port Fuad Port Said Suez Tanta Zagazig

100,000-299,999

6th of October Arish Aswan Banha Beni Suef Damanhur Desouk Edfu Hurghada Kafr El Dawwar Kafr El Sheikh Mallawi Minya New Borg El Arab New Cairo Obour Qena Shibin El Kom Sohag

<99,999

Abydos Ain Sokhna Akhmim Dahab Dakhla Dendera Dekernes El Alamein El Gouna Esna Hamrah Dom Hala'ib Kharga Marsa Alam Marsa Matruh Nag Hammadi New Nubariya Nuweiba Rosetta Sadat Safaga Saint Catherine Siwa Sharm El Sheikh Taba Talkha

v t e

Landmarks of Luxor

East Bank

Luxor
Luxor
Temple Luxor
Luxor
International Airport Karnak
Karnak
Temple Luxor
Luxor
Museum Mummification Museum Winter Palace Hotel

West Bank

Valley of the Kings Valley of the Queens Medinet Habu The Ramesseum Deir al-Madinah Tombs of the Nobles Deir el-Bahri Malkata Colossi of Memnon

v t e

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Egypt
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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 234596230 GND: 4074401-2 BNF:

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