The Info List - Lutra

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is a genus of otters, one of seven in the subfamily Lutrinae.


1 Taxonomy and evolution

1.1 Extant Species

2 Habitat 3 Diet 4 Behavior 5 References

Taxonomy and evolution[edit] The genus includes these recent species: Extant Species[edit]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution

L. lutra European otter coasts of Europe, many parts of Asia, and parts of northern Africa

L. sumatrana hairy-nosed otter Southeast Asia

L. nippon – Japanese river otter
Japanese river otter
- extinct

The genus most likely evolved in Asia during the late Pliocene epoch;[1] the oldest fossil belonging to the genus is of the species L. palaeindica, and dates from the late Pliocene.[2] Habitat[edit] Lutra
species are semiaquatic mammals, so they are well-adapted to both water and land. They prefer shallow, narrow areas of streams surrounded by mature trees and with rocks, especially where weirs reduce the flow of the water, as well as attract fishes. They seem to tolerate roads and residential and agricultural areas, but only moderate human interaction. They clearly avoid areas without vegetation cover and rocks.[3] Diet[edit] The otters' diets consist mainly of fish (hence, the aquatic environment). However, during the winter and in colder environments, fish consumption is significantly lower and the otters use other resources for their food supply. Their diets can consist of amphibians (mainly frogs and pond turtles), bird predation (mainly anserine species), small rodents, and invertebrates such as water beetles, snails, and crayfish. They have also feed on plants, specifically grasses. With this large diversity of prey and resources for their diets, otters are considered "opportunistic eaters".[4] Behavior[edit] Some otters live in solitude, while others live in groups. References[edit]

^ Koepfli, K.-P.; et al. (2008). "Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation". BMC Biology. 6 (10). doi:10.1186/1741-7007-6-10. PMC 2276185 . PMID 18275614.  ^ Larivière, S. (2002). " Lutra
maculicollis". Mammalian Species: Number 712: pp. 1–6. doi:10.1644/1545-1410(2002)712<0001:LM>2.0.CO;2.  ^ Cho, Hee-Sun; Choi, Kwang-Hee; Lee, Sang-Don; Park, Young-Seuk (2009). "Characterizing habitat preference of Eurasian river otter ( Lutra
lutra) in streams using a self-organizing map". Limnology. 10 (3): 203. doi:10.1007/s10201-009-0275-7.  ^ Lanszki, József; Molnár, M. & Molnár, T. (2006). "Factors affecting the predation of otter ( Lutra
lutra) on European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis)". Journal of Zoology. 270 (2): 219. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00132.x. 

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Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q446882 ADW: Lutra EoL: 35941 EPPO: 1LUTRG Fauna Europaea: 305304 Fossilworks: 41122 GBIF: 2433750 ITIS: 726245 MSW: 14001111 NCBI: