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Lusaka
Lusaka
is the capital and largest city of Zambia. One of the fastest developing cities in southern Africa, Lusaka
Lusaka
is in the southern part of the central plateau at an elevation of about 1,279 metres (4,196 ft). As of 2010[update], the city's population was about 1.7 million, while the urban population is 2.4 million. Lusaka
Lusaka
is the centre of both commerce and government in Zambia
Zambia
and connects to the country's four main highways heading north, south, east and west. English is the official language of the city, but Nyanja and Bemba are also common.

Contents

1 History 2 Government and administration 3 Education 4 Religion 5 Points of interest 6 Transport

6.1 Airport 6.2 Bus 6.3 Public transport

7 Sports infrastructure 8 Twin cities – sister towns 9 Notable residents 10 Climate 11 See also 12 References 13 Bibliography 14 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Lusaka

Government House, built for the Governor of Northern Rhodesia

Lusaka
Lusaka
was the site of a village named after its headman Lusaka, which, according to history, was located at Manda Hill, near where the Zambia's National Assembly building now stands. In the Nyanja language, Manda means graveyard. The area was expanded by European (mainly British) settlers in 1905 with the building of the railway.[4] In 1935, due to its fairly central location, its situation on the railway and at the crossroads of the Great North Road and Great East Road, it was chosen to replace Livingstone as the capital of the British colony of Northern Rhodesia.[5] After the federation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia
Southern Rhodesia
in 1953, it was a centre of the independence movement amongst some of the educated elite that led to the creation of the Republic of Zambia. In 1964, Lusaka
Lusaka
became the capital of the newly independent Zambia.[5] In recent years, Lusaka
Lusaka
has become a popular urban settlement for Zambians and tourists alike. Its central nature and fast growing infrastructure sector have increased donor confidence and as such Zambians are seeing signs of development in the form of job creation, housing, etc. Consequently, it is thought that with proper and effective economic reforms, Lusaka
Lusaka
as well as Zambia
Zambia
as a whole will develop considerably. Lusaka
Lusaka
is home to a diverse community of foreign nationals, many of whom work in the aid industry as well as diplomats, representatives of religious organisations and some business people.[5] Government and administration[edit]

Supreme Court of Zambia

Freedom statue

As the national capital, Lusaka
Lusaka
is the seat of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government, epitomized by the presence of the National Assembly (parliament), the State House (office of the President), and the High Court. The Parliament is situated at the Parliament complex, which features a 15-story building. The city is also the capital of Lusaka
Lusaka
Province, the smallest and most populous of the country's nine provinces, and forms an administrative district run by Lusaka
Lusaka
City Council. In 2007, the mayor was Steven Chilatu (PF), and the deputy mayor was Mary Phiri. List of mayors:[6]

F. Payne 1954–5 H. K. Mitchell 1955–6 Ralph Rich 1956–7 H. F. Tunaley 1957–8 H. K. Mitchell 1958–60 Jack Fischer 1960–1 Richard Sampson 1962–3 S. H. Chilesh 1964–5 W. Banda 1965–9 Fleefort Chirwa 1969–71?[7] Simon C. Mwewa up to 1982

List of Governors (decentralisation – one party participatory era)

Simon C. Mwewa 1982 to 1983 Donald C. Sadoki Michael Sata Rupiah Banda Bautius Kapulu Lt. Muyoba – up to 1991

List of Mayors – Multi-Party Era

John Chilambwe 1993–1994 Fisho Mwale 1994–1996 Gilbert R. Zimba Local Government Administrator – 1996–1999 Patricia Nawa Patrick Kangwa John Kabungo Levy Mkandawire Stephen Mposha Christine Nakazwe Stephen Chilatu Robert Chikwelete Daniel Chisenga Mulenga Sata Wilson Chisala Kalumba - Present

Education[edit]

University of Zambia
Zambia
campus

Zambia's largest institution of learning, the University of Zambia, is based in Lusaka. Lusaka
Lusaka
has some of the finest schools in Zambia, including the American International School of Lusaka
Lusaka
[2], International School of Lusaka, Rhodes Park School, the Lusaka International Community School, the French International School, the Italian international School, the Lusaka
Lusaka
Islamic Cultural and Educational Foundation (LICEF), the Chinese International School, and Baobab College. Rhodes Park School is not an international school, though there is a large presence of Angolans, Nigerians, Congolese, South Africans, and Chinese. The children of the late President, Levy Mwanawasa as well as the children of Vice-President George Kunda, attend the Rhodes Park School. Religion[edit] Its Cathedral of the Child Jesus is the archiepiscopal see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lusaka, the Cathedral of the Holy Cross the seat of its Anglican counterpart the Diocese of Lusaka. Points of interest[edit]

Lusaka
Lusaka
National Museum

Attractions include Lusaka
Lusaka
National Museum, the Political Museum, the Zintu Community Museum, the Freedom Statue, the Zambian National Assembly, the Agricultural Society Showgrounds (known for their annual agricultural show), the Moore Pottery Factory, the Lusaka
Lusaka
Playhouse theatre, two cinema, a cenotaph, a golf club, the Lusaka
Lusaka
Central Sports Club, Kalimba Reptile Park, Monkey Pools and the zoo and botanical gardens of the Munda Wanga Environmental Park. The city is also home to the University of Zambia. Along Great East Road
Great East Road
are two of the first large shopping malls in Zambia: Arcades shopping mall (with open-air storefronts) and Manda Hill shopping mall (enclosed shops),[8] which was revamped and is home to international stores such as Shoprite, Game and Woolworths, a new movie theatre and has the first KFC in the country.

Agricultural Society Show

Lusaka
Lusaka
International Airport, main terminal

The city centre includes several blocks west of Cairo
Cairo
Road, around which lie the New City Market and Kamwala Market, a major shopping area, as well as the Zintu Community Museum. Further east lies the government area, including the State House and the various ministries, around Cathedral Hill and Ridgeway neighbourhoods. One of the main streets and points of interest upon business is Cairo
Cairo
Road. In recent years Lusaka
Lusaka
has experienced a boom in shopping malls with Cosmopolitan Mall, Embassy Mall, East Park Mall and Kabulonga Centro Mall added amongst others. These malls, with their major supermarket chains such as Shoprite and Pick n Pay and Food Lovers Market have greatly increased availability of household goods as well as convenience. These malls also play host to a great number of well known take away as well as sit down restaurants, such as KFC and Pizza Hut as well as many popular South African chains such as Nandos, Fishaways, Debonnairs, Wimpy, Spur etc. Cairo Road was a section of the Great North Road and was so named because it is a link in Cecil Rhodes' then dream of a Cape to Cairo Road through British colonies in Africa. Some buildings along Cairo Road are the Findeco House (25 floors), Central Bank Building, Indeco House (19 floors), Zambia
Zambia
National Building Society Headquarters (20 floors), Old Zambia
Zambia
Lotto Head Office, Zambia
Zambia
National Commercial Bank (21 floors), Barclays Bank Zambia
Zambia
Head Office, Stanbic Bank Zambia
Zambia
Headquarters, Investrust Bank (18 floors). Transport[edit] Airport[edit] Lusaka
Lusaka
is home to Kenneth Kaunda International Airport
Kenneth Kaunda International Airport
(which is used for both civil and military operations), and it lies on the railway line from Livingstone to Kitwe. There is also Lusaka
Lusaka
City Airport, which is used by the Zambian Air Force. The airport is currently undergoing a major expansion and modernisation. Bus[edit]

Lusaka
Lusaka
Intercity Bus Station

Bus services within lusaka neighbourhoods, the CBD and to towns surrounding Lusaka, such as Siavonga
Siavonga
and Chirundu, use the Lusaka
Lusaka
City Market Bus station, Inter-city Bus Terminus, Millenium Bus Station and the busiest city bus station (Kulima Tower Station). Public transport[edit] Intracity public transport is provided primarily by minibuses, but also includes larger buses and shared taxis on fixed routes.[9] Vehicles on most routes travel between specific parts of the city and the four terminals in the central business district (referred to as "Town"): Kulima Tower, City Market, Millennium and Lumumba.[10] There is no official map of public transport routes in Lusaka, but an initiative to create a user-generated content map was begun in 2014.[11] All public transport vehicles in Lusaka
Lusaka
are operated by private operators. Sports infrastructure[edit]

National Heroes Stadium.

As the hosts of the 2012 Zone VI Games and the capital city of Zambia, Lusaka
Lusaka
boasts extensive sports infrastructure, including Nkholoma Stadium, Sunset Stadium, the Olympic Youth Development Centre, the Lusaka
Lusaka
Golf Club and many other places. The city's ultra-modern 60,000 seat stadium, built by China, is named the National Heroes Stadium
National Heroes Stadium
in memory of the Chipolopolo national team's football players who died in a plane crash off the coast of Gabon
Gabon
in 1993.[12] The stadium was completed by the end of 2013 and since then has hosted an international friendly match between Zambia
Zambia
and Sudan, Zambia's 50th Year Golden Jubilee Celebrations and a Requiem Mass for the late President of Zambia, Michael Sata. Twin cities – sister towns[edit] Lusaka
Lusaka
is twinned with:

Dushanbe, Tajikistan, since 1966 Beirut, Lebanon, (2018) Los Angeles, United States, since 1968 Izhevsk, Russia.[13]

Notable residents[edit]

Manda Hill

Suburban residential area

The rugby union players Corné Krige and George Gregan, who respectively captained the South African and Australian teams in both the 2002 and 2003 Tri Nations Series, were coincidentally born in the same hospital in Lusaka.[14][15][16] Amy Holmes (born in 1973 in Lusaka) is a news anchor on Glenn Beck's TheBlaze. Lusaka
Lusaka
is the hometown and current place of residence of Joseph and Luka Banda, the first ever conjoined twins to be successfully separated and in full neurological health.[17] Climate[edit] Primarily due to its high altitude, Lusaka
Lusaka
features a humid subtropical climate (Cwa) according to Köppen climate classification. Its coolest month, July, has a monthly mean temperature of 14.9 °C (58.8 °F). Lusaka
Lusaka
features hot summers and warm winters, with cold conditions mainly restricted to nights in June and July. The hottest month is October, which sees daily average high temperatures at around 32 °C (90 °F). There are two main seasons: a wet season and a dry season with the dry season lasting around half the year, from April to October.

Climate data for Lusaka

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 39.6 (103.3) 36.4 (97.5) 33.6 (92.5) 33.0 (91.4) 32.0 (89.6) 29.9 (85.8) 29.7 (85.5) 33.5 (92.3) 38.5 (101.3) 37.2 (99) 38.6 (101.5) 33.9 (93) 39.6 (103.3)

Average high °C (°F) 27.4 (81.3) 27.4 (81.3) 27.5 (81.5) 27.1 (80.8) 25.8 (78.4) 23.8 (74.8) 24.0 (75.2) 26.5 (79.7) 30.3 (86.5) 31.7 (89.1) 30.4 (86.7) 27.7 (81.9) 27.5 (81.5)

Daily mean °C (°F) 21.5 (70.7) 21.5 (70.7) 21.1 (70) 19.9 (67.8) 17.4 (63.3) 15.2 (59.4) 14.9 (58.8) 17.3 (63.1) 21.3 (70.3) 23.5 (74.3) 23.4 (74.1) 21.7 (71.1) 19.9 (67.8)

Average low °C (°F) 17.6 (63.7) 17.4 (63.3) 16.4 (61.5) 14.0 (57.2) 10.7 (51.3) 7.8 (46) 7.2 (45) 9.2 (48.6) 12.9 (55.2) 16.2 (61.2) 17.4 (63.3) 17.8 (64) 13.7 (56.7)

Record low °C (°F) 13.0 (55.4) 12.9 (55.2) 10.0 (50) 8.0 (46.4) 5.4 (41.7) 0.2 (32.4) 0.7 (33.3) 2.8 (37) 5.8 (42.4) 9.0 (48.2) 10.8 (51.4) 10.4 (50.7) 0.2 (32.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 245.4 (9.661) 185.9 (7.319) 95.0 (3.74) 34.7 (1.366) 3.1 (0.122) 0.0 (0) 0.1 (0.004) 0.4 (0.016) 1.7 (0.067) 18.4 (0.724) 89.3 (3.516) 208.1 (8.193) 882.1 (34.728)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 18 15 10 3 0 0 0 0 0 2 8 16 72

Average relative humidity (%) 82.3 82.5 80.7 75.8 69.3 65.2 61.1 53.6 46.3 48.6 60.2 78.6 67.0

Mean monthly sunshine hours 176.7 168.0 220.1 246.0 275.9 270.0 294.5 303.8 291.0 272.8 234.0 182.9 2,935.7

Source: NOAA[18]

See also[edit]

Zambia
Zambia
portal

Southern Africa Freedom Trail Kafue Railway Bridge (Railway bridge from Livingston to Lusaka) Komboni

References[edit]

^ City of Lusaka
Lusaka
Website ^ Airport altitude, http://climexp.knmi.nl/ Retrieved 7 March 2015 ^ http://www.itu.int/oth/T02020000E8/en ^ Mwakikagile, Godfrey (2010). Zambia: Life in an African Country. New Africa Press. p. 158. ISBN 9789987160112.  ^ a b c Mwakikagile, Godfrey (2010). Zambia: Life in an African Country. New Africa Press. p. 159. ISBN 9789987160112.  ^ So this was Lusaakas, 2nd Edition, 1971 Mission Press, Ndola, Richard Sampson ^ " Los Angeles
Los Angeles
honors mayor of sister city in Africa". Jet. 10 August 1972. Retrieved 14 May 2013.  ^ Mwakikagile, Godfrey (2010). Zambia: Life in an African Country. New Africa Press. p. 161. ISBN 9789987160112.  ^ "Can You Do It? Using Public Transportation in Lusaka
Lusaka
Zambia". Travel Wanderings. 5 September 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2014.  ^ "Making Public Transport in Lusaka
Lusaka
City More Efficient and Effective" (PDF). Zambia
Zambia
Institute for Policy Analysis & Research. December 2013. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2014.  ^ "And We Have a Map!". Lusaka
Lusaka
Public Transport Map: A User-Generated Mapping Project. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.  ^ Muchimba, Jerry (2015-05-28). Godfrey 'Ucar' Chitalu. Troubador Publishing Ltd. p. 213. ISBN 9781784622206.  ^ [1] ^ " George Gregan
George Gregan
- Player Profile". Georgegregan.com. Archived from the original on 9 November 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2008.  ^ "Captain Courageous: Corné Krige", TheGoal.com, retrieved 26 June 2006. ^ "Rugby Union World Cup Special
Special
Reports: South Africa", The Guardian, 6 October 2003. ^ Terris, Ben; Kirchner, Stephanie (13 November 2015). "The Story of the Surgery that made Ben Carson Famous". Washington Post. Retrieved 14 November 2015.  ^ "LUSAKA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 

Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Lusaka External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lusaka.

Lusaka
Lusaka
travel guide from Wikivoyage Lusaka
Lusaka
City Council Zambia
Zambia
Tourism page on Lusaka

v t e

City of Lusaka, Zambia

Buildings Education Government History

Timeline

Landmarks Province Neighborhoods People Sports Transport

Category Commons Zambia
Zambia
Portal

v t e

Capitals of Africa

Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in italics

Abuja, Nigeria Accra, Ghana Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Algiers, Algeria Antananarivo, Madagascar Asmara, Eritrea Bamako, Mali Bangui, Central African Republic Banjul, Gambia Bissau, Guinea-Bissau Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo Bujumbura, Burundi Cairo, Egypt Conakry, Guinea Dakar, Senegal Djibouti, Djibouti Dodoma, Tanzania El Aaiún(claimed)/Tifariti(factual), Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic1 Freetown, Sierra Leone Funchal, Madeira4 Gaborone, Botswana Harare, Zimbabwe Hargeisa, Somaliland1 Jamestown, St Helena, Ascension & Tristan da Cunha2 Juba, South Sudan Kampala, Uganda Khartoum, Sudan Kigali, Rwanda Kinshasa, D.R. Congo Libreville, Gabon Lilongwe, Malawi Lomé, Togo Luanda, Angola Lusaka, Zambia Malabo, Equatorial Guinea Mamoudzou, Mayotte3 Maputo, Mozambique Maseru, Lesotho

Mbabane
Mbabane
(executive)   Lobamba
Lobamba
(legislative), Swaziland

Mogadishu, Somalia Monrovia, Liberia Moroni, Comoros Nairobi, Kenya N'Djamena, Chad Niamey, Niger Nouakchott, Mauritania Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Port Louis, Mauritius Porto-Novo, Benin Praia, Cape Verde

Pretoria
Pretoria
(executive)   Cape Town
Cape Town
(legislative)   Bloemfontein
Bloemfontein
(judicial), South Africa

Rabat, Morocco Saint-Denis, Réunion3 Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
and Las Palmas, Canary Islands5 São Tomé, São Tomé
São Tomé
and Príncipe Tripoli, Libya Tunis, Tunisia Victoria, Seychelles Windhoek, Namibia

Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
(political)   Abidjan
Abidjan
(economic), Ivory Coast

Yaoundé, Cameroon

1 An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation 2 British Overseas Territory 3 Overseas region
Overseas region
of France 4 Autonomous region of Portugal 5 Autonomous community of Spain

 

v t e

Largest cities or towns in Zambia http://www.zamstats.gov.zm/nada/index.php/catalog/63

Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop.

Lusaka

Kitwe 1 Lusaka Lusaka 1 747 152 11 Choma Southern 247 860

Chipata

Ndola

2 Kitwe Copperbelt 517 543 12 Katete Eastern 243 849

3 Chipata Eastern 455 783 13 Kasama Northern 231 824

4 Ndola Copperbelt 451 246 14 Mazabuka Southern 230 972

5 Lundazi Eastern 323 870 15 Mansa Luapula 228 392

6 Petauke Eastern 307 889 16 Kafue Lusaka 227 466

7 Chibombo Central 303 519 17 Mumbwa Central 226 171

8 Kalomo Southern 258 570 18 Chingola Copperbelt 216 626

9 Solwezi North Western 254 470 19 Mpika Northern 203 379

10 Kapiri Mposhi Central 253 786 20 Mbala Northern 203 129

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 151258315 LCCN: n79075575 GND: 403669

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