Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia. One of the fastest
developing cities in southern Africa,
Lusaka is in the southern part
of the central plateau at an elevation of about 1,279 metres
(4,196 ft). As of 2010[update], the city's population was about
1.7 million, while the urban population is 2.4 million.
Lusaka is the
centre of both commerce and government in
Zambia and connects to the
country's four main highways heading north, south, east and west.
English is the official language of the city, but Nyanja and Bemba are
2 Government and administration
5 Points of interest
6.3 Public transport
7 Sports infrastructure
8 Twin cities – sister towns
9 Notable residents
11 See also
14 External links
See also: Timeline of Lusaka
Government House, built for the Governor of Northern Rhodesia
Lusaka was the site of a village named after its headman Lusaka,
which, according to history, was located at Manda Hill, near where the
Zambia's National Assembly building now stands. In the Nyanja
language, Manda means graveyard. The area was expanded by European
(mainly British) settlers in 1905 with the building of the railway.
In 1935, due to its fairly central location, its situation on the
railway and at the crossroads of the Great North Road and Great East
Road, it was chosen to replace Livingstone as the capital of the
British colony of Northern Rhodesia.
After the federation of Northern and
Southern Rhodesia in 1953, it was
a centre of the independence movement amongst some of the educated
elite that led to the creation of the Republic of Zambia. In 1964,
Lusaka became the capital of the newly independent Zambia.
In recent years,
Lusaka has become a popular urban settlement for
Zambians and tourists alike. Its central nature and fast growing
infrastructure sector have increased donor confidence and as such
Zambians are seeing signs of development in the form of job creation,
housing, etc. Consequently, it is thought that with proper and
effective economic reforms,
Lusaka as well as
Zambia as a whole will
Lusaka is home to a diverse community of foreign
nationals, many of whom work in the aid industry as well as diplomats,
representatives of religious organisations and some business
Government and administration
Supreme Court of Zambia
As the national capital,
Lusaka is the seat of the legislative,
executive and judicial branches of government, epitomized by the
presence of the National Assembly (parliament), the State House
(office of the President), and the High Court. The Parliament is
situated at the Parliament complex, which features a 15-story
building. The city is also the capital of
Lusaka Province, the
smallest and most populous of the country's nine provinces, and forms
an administrative district run by
Lusaka City Council. In 2007, the
mayor was Steven Chilatu (PF), and the deputy mayor was Mary Phiri.
List of mayors:
F. Payne 1954–5
H. K. Mitchell 1955–6
Ralph Rich 1956–7
H. F. Tunaley 1957–8
H. K. Mitchell 1958–60
Jack Fischer 1960–1
Richard Sampson 1962–3
S. H. Chilesh 1964–5
W. Banda 1965–9
Fleefort Chirwa 1969–71?
Simon C. Mwewa up to 1982
List of Governors (decentralisation – one party participatory era)
Simon C. Mwewa 1982 to 1983
Donald C. Sadoki
Lt. Muyoba – up to 1991
List of Mayors – Multi-Party Era
John Chilambwe 1993–1994
Fisho Mwale 1994–1996
Gilbert R. Zimba Local Government Administrator – 1996–1999
Wilson Chisala Kalumba - Present
Zambia's largest institution of learning, the University of Zambia, is
based in Lusaka.
Lusaka has some of the finest schools in Zambia,
including the American International School of
International School of Lusaka, Rhodes Park School, the Lusaka
International Community School, the French International School, the
Italian international School, the
Lusaka Islamic Cultural and
Educational Foundation (LICEF), the Chinese International School, and
Rhodes Park School is not an international school,
though there is a large presence of Angolans, Nigerians, Congolese,
South Africans, and Chinese. The children of the late President, Levy
Mwanawasa as well as the children of Vice-President George Kunda,
attend the Rhodes Park School.
Its Cathedral of the Child Jesus is the archiepiscopal see of the
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lusaka, the Cathedral of the Holy Cross
the seat of its Anglican counterpart the Diocese of Lusaka.
Points of interest
Lusaka National Museum
Lusaka National Museum, the Political Museum, the
Zintu Community Museum, the Freedom Statue, the Zambian National
Assembly, the Agricultural Society Showgrounds (known for their annual
agricultural show), the Moore Pottery Factory, the
theatre, two cinema, a cenotaph, a golf club, the
Sports Club, Kalimba Reptile Park, Monkey Pools and the zoo and
botanical gardens of the Munda Wanga Environmental Park. The city is
also home to the University of Zambia. Along
Great East Road
Great East Road are two
of the first large shopping malls in Zambia: Arcades shopping mall
(with open-air storefronts) and Manda Hill shopping mall (enclosed
shops), which was revamped and is home to international stores such
as Shoprite, Game and Woolworths, a new movie theatre and has the
first KFC in the country.
Agricultural Society Show
Lusaka International Airport, main terminal
The city centre includes several blocks west of
Cairo Road, around
which lie the New City Market and Kamwala Market, a major shopping
area, as well as the Zintu Community Museum. Further east lies the
government area, including the State House and the various ministries,
around Cathedral Hill and Ridgeway neighbourhoods. One of the main
streets and points of interest upon business is
In recent years
Lusaka has experienced a boom in shopping malls with
Cosmopolitan Mall, Embassy Mall, East Park Mall and Kabulonga Centro
Mall added amongst others. These malls, with their major supermarket
chains such as Shoprite and Pick n Pay and Food Lovers Market have
greatly increased availability of household goods as well as
convenience. These malls also play host to a great number of well
known take away as well as sit down restaurants, such as KFC and Pizza
Hut as well as many popular South African chains such as Nandos,
Fishaways, Debonnairs, Wimpy, Spur etc.
Cairo Road was a section of the Great North Road and was so named
because it is a link in Cecil Rhodes' then dream of a Cape to Cairo
Road through British colonies in Africa.
Some buildings along
Cairo Road are the Findeco House (25 floors),
Central Bank Building, Indeco House (19 floors),
Building Society Headquarters (20 floors), Old
Zambia Lotto Head
Zambia National Commercial Bank (21 floors), Barclays Bank
Zambia Head Office, Stanbic Bank
Zambia Headquarters, Investrust Bank
Lusaka is home to
Kenneth Kaunda International Airport
Kenneth Kaunda International Airport (which is used
for both civil and military operations), and it lies on the railway
line from Livingstone to Kitwe. There is also
Lusaka City Airport,
which is used by the Zambian Air Force. The airport is currently
undergoing a major expansion and modernisation.
Lusaka Intercity Bus Station
Bus services within lusaka neighbourhoods, the CBD and to towns
surrounding Lusaka, such as
Siavonga and Chirundu, use the
Market Bus station, Inter-city Bus Terminus, Millenium Bus Station and
the busiest city bus station (Kulima Tower Station).
Intracity public transport is provided primarily by minibuses, but
also includes larger buses and shared taxis on fixed routes.
Vehicles on most routes travel between specific parts of the city and
the four terminals in the central business district (referred to as
"Town"): Kulima Tower, City Market, Millennium and Lumumba. There
is no official map of public transport routes in Lusaka, but an
initiative to create a user-generated content map was begun in
2014. All public transport vehicles in
Lusaka are operated by
National Heroes Stadium.
As the hosts of the 2012 Zone VI Games and the capital city of Zambia,
Lusaka boasts extensive sports infrastructure, including Nkholoma
Stadium, Sunset Stadium, the Olympic Youth Development Centre, the
Lusaka Golf Club and many other places. The city's ultra-modern 60,000
seat stadium, built by China, is named the
National Heroes Stadium
National Heroes Stadium in
memory of the Chipolopolo national team's football players who died in
a plane crash off the coast of
Gabon in 1993. The stadium was
completed by the end of 2013 and since then has hosted an
international friendly match between
Zambia and Sudan, Zambia's 50th
Year Golden Jubilee Celebrations and a Requiem Mass for the late
President of Zambia, Michael Sata.
Twin cities – sister towns
Lusaka is twinned with:
Dushanbe, Tajikistan, since 1966
Beirut, Lebanon, (2018)
Los Angeles, United States, since 1968
Suburban residential area
The rugby union players
Corné Krige and George Gregan, who
respectively captained the South African and Australian teams in both
the 2002 and 2003 Tri Nations Series, were coincidentally born in the
same hospital in Lusaka.
Amy Holmes (born in 1973 in Lusaka) is a news anchor on Glenn Beck's
Lusaka is the hometown and current place of residence of Joseph and
Luka Banda, the first ever conjoined twins to be successfully
separated and in full neurological health.
Primarily due to its high altitude,
Lusaka features a humid
subtropical climate (Cwa) according to Köppen climate classification.
Its coolest month, July, has a monthly mean temperature of
14.9 °C (58.8 °F).
Lusaka features hot summers and warm
winters, with cold conditions mainly restricted to nights in June and
July. The hottest month is October, which sees daily average high
temperatures at around 32 °C (90 °F). There are two main
seasons: a wet season and a dry season with the dry season lasting
around half the year, from April to October.
Climate data for Lusaka
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Southern Africa Freedom Trail
Kafue Railway Bridge (Railway bridge from Livingston to Lusaka)
^ City of
^ Airport altitude, http://climexp.knmi.nl/ Retrieved 7 March 2015
^ Mwakikagile, Godfrey (2010). Zambia: Life in an African Country. New
Africa Press. p. 158. ISBN 9789987160112.
^ a b c Mwakikagile, Godfrey (2010). Zambia: Life in an African
Country. New Africa Press. p. 159. ISBN 9789987160112.
^ So this was Lusaakas, 2nd Edition, 1971 Mission Press, Ndola,
Los Angeles honors mayor of sister city in Africa". Jet. 10 August
1972. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
^ Mwakikagile, Godfrey (2010). Zambia: Life in an African Country. New
Africa Press. p. 161. ISBN 9789987160112.
^ "Can You Do It? Using Public Transportation in
Travel Wanderings. 5 September 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
^ "Making Public Transport in
Lusaka City More Efficient and
Zambia Institute for Policy Analysis & Research.
December 2013. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 10
^ "And We Have a Map!".
Lusaka Public Transport Map: A User-Generated
Mapping Project. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
^ Muchimba, Jerry (2015-05-28). Godfrey 'Ucar' Chitalu. Troubador
Publishing Ltd. p. 213. ISBN 9781784622206.
George Gregan - Player Profile". Georgegregan.com. Archived from
the original on 9 November 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2008.
^ "Captain Courageous: Corné Krige", TheGoal.com, retrieved 26 June
^ "Rugby Union World Cup
Special Reports: South Africa", The Guardian,
6 October 2003.
^ Terris, Ben; Kirchner, Stephanie (13 November 2015). "The Story of
the Surgery that made Ben Carson Famous". Washington Post. Retrieved
14 November 2015.
^ "LUSAKA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Climate Normals 1961-1990". National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 6 November
See also: Bibliography of the history of Lusaka
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lusaka.
Lusaka travel guide from Wikivoyage
Lusaka City Council
Zambia Tourism page on Lusaka
City of Lusaka, Zambia
Capitals of Africa
Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Bangui, Central African Republic
Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo
El Aaiún(claimed)/Tifariti(factual), Sahrawi Arab Democratic
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Jamestown, St Helena, Ascension & Tristan da Cunha2
Juba, South Sudan
Kinshasa, D.R. Congo
Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
Lobamba (legislative), Swaziland
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Port Louis, Mauritius
Praia, Cape Verde
Cape Town (legislative)
Bloemfontein (judicial), South Africa
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas, Canary Islands5
São Tomé and Príncipe
Abidjan (economic), Ivory Coast
1 An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation
2 British Overseas Territory
Overseas region of France
4 Autonomous region of Portugal
5 Autonomous community of Spain
Largest cities or towns in Zambia
1 747 152