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The Luritja dialect is the dialect of the Luritja people and an Indigenous Australian Western Desert Language.

Contents

1 Origin and meaning of Luritja 2 Area 3 Pintupi-Luritja 4 Papunya
Papunya
Luritja 5 Titjikala
Titjikala
Luritja 6 Population 7 Artwork 8 References

Origin and meaning of Luritja[edit] The name luritja is thought to derive from the Arrernte word lurinya, 'foreigner'. It appears to have originally been applied by Arrernte speakers to people of the Western Desert Language
Western Desert Language
group who had relocated onto Arrernte lands in the process of moving (or being moved) from remote desert areas to the region closer to Alice Springs. Over time younger generations have taken on the term as their ethnonym, possibly unaware of its origin.[4] Area[edit] The Luritja lands include areas to the west and south of Alice Springs, extending around the edge of Arrernte country. The area surrounding Papunya, including Mount Liebig
Mount Liebig
is often referred to as Papunya
Papunya
Luritja, both in land and language, while areas to the south-east around Aputula
Aputula
and Maryvale are often referred to as Titjikala
Titjikala
Luritja (Maryvale is the name of the cattle station on Titjikala
Titjikala
land). The area around Ulpanyali and Watarrka National Park (Kings Canyon) is also referred to as Luritja country and the dialect of Luritja spoken there is referred to as Southern Luritja (It's identical to Titjikala
Titjikala
Luritja). The variety of Luritja spoken at Kintore is often referred to as Pintupi/Luritja. Pintupi-Luritja[edit] Main article: Pintupi-Luritja Papunya
Papunya
Luritja[edit] Papunya
Papunya
Luritja is the variety of Luritja spoken around the community of Papunya, and also west through Mount Liebig
Mount Liebig
to Kintore. Like Luritja generally, Papunya
Papunya
Luritja is a dialect of the Western Desert Language and is closely related to the Pintupi language
Pintupi language
of the area around Kintore and further west. Papunya
Papunya
Luritja has probably also been influenced by western varieties of Arrernte as well as Warlpiri. Titjikala
Titjikala
Luritja[edit] This variety is also a dialect of the Western Desert Language
Western Desert Language
spoken in Titjikala. While it is quite similar to Papunya
Papunya
Luritja, it shows notable differences probably having been derived mostly from Pitjantjatjara as well as being influenced by Antakarinya and the more southern varieties of Arrernte. Population[edit] The total population of Luritja people (including Papunya
Papunya
Luritja) is probably in the thousands making them the third largest of the Central Australian Aboriginal populations, behind Arrernte and Pitjantjatjara. Artwork[edit] The Luritja area relies heavily on the sale of artwork, and Luritja artwork has a large number of famous artists, and many companies that specifically cater for the sale of Luritja art. The Papunya
Papunya
Tula company in particular is world-renowned for its artists, most of whom reside at Papunya
Papunya
and Kintore. References[edit]

^ ABS. "Census 2016, Language spoken at home by Sex (SA2+)". stat.data.abs.gov.au. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2017-10-29.  ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Pintupi-Luritja". Glottolog
Glottolog
3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.  ^ Luritja at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies ^ Heffernan, John A. (1984). Papunya
Papunya
Luritja Language Notes. Papunya: Papunya
Papunya
Literature Production Centre. 

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Languages of Australia

English varieties

Australian Australian Aboriginal Torres Strait

Major indigenous languages

Upper Arrernte Burarra Dhuwal Djambarrpuyngu Kalaw Lagaw Ya Luritja Murrinh Patha Pintupi Pitjantjatjara Tiwi Walmajarri Warlpiri Western Desert Warumungu Yolŋu Matha

Language families

Bunuban Daly (four families) Darwin Garrwan Giimbiyu Iwaidjan Jarrakan Macro-Gunwinyguan Marrgu Mirndi Nyulnyulan Pama–Nyungan Tangkic Tasmanian (4 families?) Tiwi Wagiman Worrorran Yangmanic (Wardaman)

Pidgins, creoles and mixed languages

Broome Pearling Lugger Pidgin Cocos Malay Gurindji Kriol Kriol Maltralian Port Jackson Pidgin English Queensland Kanaka English Torres Strait Creole Light Warlpiri

Sign languages

Auslan Australian Aboriginal

Aboriginal Australians Indi

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