Luritja dialect is the dialect of the Luritja people and an
Indigenous Australian Western Desert Language.
1 Origin and meaning of Luritja
Origin and meaning of Luritja
The name luritja is thought to derive from the Arrernte word lurinya,
'foreigner'. It appears to have originally been applied by Arrernte
speakers to people of the
Western Desert Language
Western Desert Language group who had
relocated onto Arrernte lands in the process of moving (or being
moved) from remote desert areas to the region closer to Alice Springs.
Over time younger generations have taken on the term as their
ethnonym, possibly unaware of its origin.
The Luritja lands include areas to the west and south of Alice
Springs, extending around the edge of Arrernte country. The area
surrounding Papunya, including
Mount Liebig is often referred to as
Papunya Luritja, both in land and language, while areas to the
Aputula and Maryvale are often referred to as
Titjikala Luritja (Maryvale is the name of the cattle station on
Titjikala land). The area around Ulpanyali and Watarrka National Park
(Kings Canyon) is also referred to as Luritja country and the dialect
of Luritja spoken there is referred to as Southern Luritja (It's
Titjikala Luritja). The variety of Luritja spoken at
Kintore is often referred to as Pintupi/Luritja.
Main article: Pintupi-Luritja
Papunya Luritja is the variety of Luritja spoken around the community
of Papunya, and also west through
Mount Liebig to Kintore. Like
Papunya Luritja is a dialect of the Western Desert
Language and is closely related to the
Pintupi language of the area
around Kintore and further west.
Papunya Luritja has probably also
been influenced by western varieties of Arrernte as well as Warlpiri.
This variety is also a dialect of the
Western Desert Language
Western Desert Language spoken
in Titjikala. While it is quite similar to
Papunya Luritja, it shows
notable differences probably having been derived mostly from
Pitjantjatjara as well as being influenced by
Antakarinya and the more
southern varieties of Arrernte.
The total population of Luritja people (including
Papunya Luritja) is
probably in the thousands making them the third largest of the Central
Australian Aboriginal populations, behind Arrernte and Pitjantjatjara.
The Luritja area relies heavily on the sale of artwork, and Luritja
artwork has a large number of famous artists, and many companies that
specifically cater for the sale of Luritja art. The
company in particular is world-renowned for its artists, most of whom
Papunya and Kintore.
^ ABS. "Census 2016, Language spoken at home by Sex (SA2+)".
stat.data.abs.gov.au. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved
^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds.
Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck
Institute for the Science of Human History.
^ Luritja at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian
Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
^ Heffernan, John A. (1984).
Papunya Luritja Language Notes. Papunya:
Papunya Literature Production Centre.
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