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The LUITPOLDINGS were a medieval dynasty which ruled the German stem duchy of Bavaria from some time in the late ninth century off and on until 985.

ORIGINS

The descent of the East Frankish Luitpoldings
Luitpoldings
has not been conclusively established. The progenitor of the family Margrave Luitpold of Bavaria possibly was a relative of the Early medieval Huosi noble family and maybe related to the Imperial Carolingian dynasty by Emperor Arnulf 's mother Liutswind. In 893 Arnulf appointed him margrave in Carinthia and Pannonia , succeeding the Wilhelminer margrave Engelschalk II . Luitpold was able to enlarge his Bavarian possessions around Regensburg
Regensburg
and in the adjacent March of the Nordgau , he became a military leader during the Hungarian invasions and was killed in the 907 Battle of Pressburg . Duchy of Bavaria 952–976

While the Kingdom of Germany emerged under the rule King Conrad I and his successors of the royal Ottonian dynasty , Luitpold's son and heir Arnulf the Bad , backed by the local nobility, adopted the Bavarian ducal title, reorganised the defence against the Hungarian invaders and, according to the contemporary Annales iuvavenses , built up a king-like position at his Regensburg
Regensburg
residence. He inevitably interfered with the Ottonian King Henry I of Germany , whose rule he finally acknowledged in 921, reserving numerous privileges for himself. Given a free hand, he campaigned the lands of the Přemyslid duke Wenceslaus of Bohemia and in 933/34 even invaded the Kingdom of Italy , in order to obtain the Iron Crown of Lombardy for his son Eberhard , though to no avail.

DECLINE

Eberhard had succeeded his father as Duke
Duke
of Bavaria in 937, however, he soon struggled with King Otto I of Germany , who had no intention to respect the Bavarian autonomy. Otto declared Eberhard deposed and banned the next year and instead appointed Arnulf's brother Berthold duke, after he had renounced the exercise of the Bavarian liberties.

Berthold remained a loyal supporter of King Otto, nevertheless upon his death in 947 the hereditary title of his son Henry the Younger was denied, when the king ceded the Bavarian duchy to his own brother Henry I , who had married Arnulf's daughter Judith . In 976 Henry the Younger received a certain compensation from Emperor Otto II with the newly established Duchy of Carinthia
Duchy of Carinthia
. In 983 he even regained the Bavarian ducal title, however, two years later he had to yield the force of the Ottonian Duke
Duke
Henry the Wrangler . With his death in 989, the Luitpoldings
Luitpoldings
became extinct.

GENEALOGY

Luitpold (d. 907), Margrave of Carinthia and Upper Pannonia , Count in the Nordgau

* Arnulf the Bad , Duke
Duke
of Bavaria from 907 to 937, had to accept the overlordship of King Henry the Fowler in 921

* Eberhard , Duke
Duke
of Bavaria from 937 to 938, deposed and banned by King Otto I of Germany

* Arnulf II (913 – 954), Bavarian Count palatine from 938

* Berthold of Reisensburg (930 – 999), Bavarian Count Palatine

* Judith, Duchess of Bavaria (925 – 985), married Henry I , younger brother of King Otto I, Duke
Duke
of Lotharingia
Lotharingia
939 – 940, Duke of Bavaria from 948 until his death in 955

* Berthold , Duke
Duke
of Bavaria upon the deposition of his nephew Eberhard in 938 until his death in 947

* Henry the Younger , Duke
Duke
of Carinthia 976 – 978 and 985 – 989, Duke
Duke
of Bavaria from 983 to 985

An affiliation with the Bavarian House of Wittelsbach is possible though not proven: Count palatine Arnulf II about 940 had a castle built at Scheyern ; the descendants of Count Otto I of Scheyern (d. before 4 December 1072), documented as Vogt of Freising in 1047, are rated as ancestors of the Wittelsbachs.

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NORDIC COUNTRIES

DENMARK

* Knýtlinga * Fairhair * Estridsen * Griffins * Palatinate-Neumarkt * Oldenburg * Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

FINLAND

* Bjelbo * Mecklenburg * Griffins * Palatinate-Neumarkt * Bonde * Oldenburg * Vasa * Palatinate-Zweibrücken * Hesse * Holstein-Gottorp * Romanov

NORWAY

* Fairhair * Knýtlinga * Hardrada * Gille * Sverre * Bjelbo * Estridsen * Griffins * Palatinate-Neumarkt * Bonde * Oldenburg * Holstein-Gottorp * Bernadotte * Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

SWEDEN

* Munsö * Stenkil * Sverker * Eric * Bjelbo * Estridsen * Mecklenburg * Griffins * Palatinate-Neumarkt * Bonde * Oldenburg * Vasa * Palatinate-Zweibrücken * Hesse-Kassel * Holstein-Gottorp * Bernadotte

ICELAND

* Fairhair * Bjelbo * Estridsen * Griffins * Palatinate-Neumarkt * Bonde * Oldenburg * Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

BRITAIN AND IRELAND

ENGLAND

* Mercia * Wuffing * Kent * Sussex * Essex * Bernicia * Deira * Northumbria * Uí Ímair * Wessex * Knýtlinga * Normandy * Angevin * Plantagenet * Lancaster * York * Tudor

SCOTLAND

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WALES

* Dinefwr * Aberffraw * Gwynedd * Mathrafal * Cunedda

IRELAND

* Ulaid * Dál Riata
Dál Riata
* Érainn * Corcu Loígde * Laigin * Connachta * Uí Néill * Ó Gallchobhair * Ó Domhnail * Ó Néill * Ó Máel Sechlainn * Mac Murchada * Ó Briain
Ó Briain
* Mac Lochlainn * Ó Conchobhair

GAELIC IRELAND

* Laigin * Síl Conairi * Ulaid * Dáirine * Osraige * Cruthin * Dál nAraidi
Dál nAraidi
* Connachta * Uí Fiachrach * Uí Briúin
Uí Briúin
* Uí Néill * Síl nÁedo Sláine * Clann Cholmáin * Eóganachta
Eóganachta
* Chaisil * Glendamnach * Raithlind * Uí Dúnlainge * Uí Ímair (Norse) * Uí Ceinnselaig * Dál gCais
Dál gCais
* Ó Briain
Ó Briain
* Mac Carthaig * Ó Conchobhair * Ó Ruairc * De Burgh (Norman) * FitzGerald (Norman) * Ó Domhnaill * Ó Néill

GREAT BRITAIN

* Stuart * Orange-Nassau * Hanover * Saxe-Coburg and Gotha * Windsor

EASTERN EUROPE

ALBANIA

* Angevin * Progon * Arianiti * Thopia * Kastrioti * Dukagjini * Wied * Zogu * Ottoman * Savoy

ARMENIA 2

* Orontid * Artaxiad * Arsacid * Bagratid * Artsruni * Rubenids * Hethumids * Lusignan * Savoy

BOSNIA

* Boričević * Kulinić * Kotromanić * Kosača * Ottoman * Habsburg-Lorraine

BULGARIA

* Dulo * Krum * Cometopuli * Asen * Smilets * Terter * Shishman * Sratsimir * Battenberg * Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

CROATIA

* Trpimirović * Domagojević * Svačić * Ottoman * Luxembourg * Habsburg * Habsburg-Lorraine * Bonaparte * Savoy (disputed)

CYPRUS 2

* Plantagenet * Lusignan * Ottoman * Savoy

GEORGIA 1

* Pharnavazid * Artaxiad * Arsacid * Chosroid * Bagrationi

GREECE

* Argead * Macedonian * Doukas
Doukas
* Komnenos * Angelos
Angelos
* Laskaris * Palaiologos
Palaiologos
* Ottoman * Wittelsbach * Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

LITHUANIA

* Mindaugas * Gediminids * Jagiellon * Valois * Báthory * Vasa * Wiśniowiecki * Sobieski * Wettin * Leszczyński * Poniatowski * Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov

MOLDAVIA

* Dragoș (Drăgoșești) * Rossetti * Bogdan-Muşat * Movilești * Drăculeşti * Ghica * Cantacuzene * Cantemirești * Racoviță * Mavrocordato * Ypsilantis * Soutzos * Mourousi * Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen * Basarab

MONTENEGRO

* Vojislavljević * Balšić * Crnojević * Petrović-Njegoš

ROMANIA

* House of Basarab * Rossetti * Bogdan-Mușat * Movilești * Drăculești * Ghica * Cantacuzene * Cantemirești * Romanov * Racoviță * Mavrocordato * Ypsilantis * Soutzos * Mourousi * Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen * Romania /Royal family

RUSSIA 1

* Rurik * Borjigin * Godunov * Shuysky
Shuysky
* Vasa * Romanov

SERBIA

* Vlastimirović * Vukanović * Nemanjić * Lazarević * Mrnjavčević * Dejanović * Branković * Ottoman * Obrenović * Karađorđević

TURKEY 1

* Ottoman

UKRAINE

* Rurikids * Piast * Gediminids * Olshanski * Olelkovich * Giray * Romanov * Habsburg-Lorraine

1 Transcontinental country . 2 Entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe.

WESTERN EUROPE

BELGIUM

* Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

FRANCE

* Merovingian * Carolingian * Capet * Valois * Bourbon * Bonaparte * Orléans

ITALY

* Bonaparte * Bourbon-Parma * Bourbon-Two Sicilies * Carolingian * Colonna * Della Rovere * Este * Farnese * Flavian * Gonzaga * Grimaldi * Habsburg * Julio-Claudian * Malatesta * Medici * Montefeltro * Nerva–Antonine * Ordelaffi * Orsini * Palaiologos
Palaiologos
* Pallavicini * Savoy * Severan * Sforza * Visconti

LUXEMBOURG

* Orange-Nassau * Nassau-Weilburg * Bourbon-Parma

MONACO

* Grimaldi

NETHERLANDS

* Bonaparte * Orange-Nassau * (Mecklenburg ) * (Lippe ) * (Amsberg )

PORTUGAL

* Vímara Peres * Borgonha * Aviz * Habsburgo

* Braganza

* Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

SPAIN

* Asturias * Barcelona * Jiménez * Burgundy * Champagne * Capet * Évreux * Trastámara * Habsburg

* Bourbon

* Bonaparte * Savoy

CENTRAL EUROPE

AUSTRIA

* Babenberg * Habsburg * Habsburg-Lorraine

BOHEMIA

* Přemyslid * Piast * Luxembourg * Jagiellon * Habsburg * Habsburg-Lorraine

GERMANY

* Ascania * Carolingian * Conradines * Ottonian * Luitpolding * Salian * Süpplingenburg * Hohenstaufen * Welf * Habsburg * Hanover * Saxe-Coburg and Gotha * Nassau * Luxembourg * Wittelsbach * Schwarzburg * Brunswick-Lüneburg * House of Pomerania
House of Pomerania
* Hohenzollern * Württemberg * Oldenburg * Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg * Orange-Nassau * Nassau-Weilburg * Mecklenburg * Vasa * Palatine Zweibrücken * Hesse * Holstein-Gottorp * Romanov * Bonaparte * Wettin * Lippe * Zähringen

HUNGARY

* Árpád * Přemyslid * Wittelsbach * Angevin * Luxembourg * Hunyadi * Jagiellon * Szapolyai * Habsburg * Habsburg-Lorraine

LIECHTENSTEIN

* Liechtenstein

POLAND

* Piast * Přemyslid * Samborides * Griffins * Jagiellon * Valois * Bát