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Luis Ramiro Barragán Morfín (March 9, 1902 – November 22, 1988) was a Mexican architect and engineer. His work has influenced contemporary architects through visual and conceptual aspects. Barragán's buildings are frequently visited by international students and professors of architecture. He studied as an engineer in his home town, while undertaking the entirety of additional coursework to obtain the title of architect.[1] Barragán won the Pritzker Prize, the highest award in architecture, in 1980, and his personal home, the Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
House and Studio, was declared a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in 2004.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Remarkable projects 2.2 Barragán and the Modernist movement

3 Honors 4 Influence 5 Legacy 6 Important works

6.1 Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
House and Studio

7 References 8 See also 9 External links

Early life[edit] Barragán was born in Guadalajara
Guadalajara
in Jalisco, Mexico. Educated as an engineer, he graduated from the Escuela Libre de Ingenieros in Guadalajara
Guadalajara
in 1923. After graduation, he travelled through Spain
Spain
and France. While in France
France
he became aware of the writings of Ferdinand Bac, a German-French writer, designer and artist who Barragán cited throughout his life.[2] In 1931, he again traveled to France
France
with a long stop-over in New York. In this trip he met Mexican mural painter José Clemente Orozco, architectural magazine editors, and Frederick Kiesler. In France
France
he briefly met Le Corbusier
Le Corbusier
and finally visited the gardens realized by Ferdinand Bac. He practiced architecture in Guadalajara
Guadalajara
from 1927–1936, and in Mexico
Mexico
City thereafter. Career[edit]

Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
and José Luis Hernández Mendoza

His Guadalajara
Guadalajara
work includes over a dozen private homes in the Colonia Americana area of what is today near downtown Guadalajara. These homes, within walking distance of each other, include Barragán's earliest residential projects. One of his first buildings, Casa Cristo, was restored and houses the state's Architects' Guild. Remarkable projects[edit] In 1945 he started planning the residential development of Jardines del Pedregal, Mexico
Mexico
City. In 1947 he built his own house and studio in Tacubaya
Tacubaya
and in 1955 he rebuilt the Convento de las Capuchinas Sacramentarias in Tlalpan, Mexico
Mexico
City, and the plan for Jardines del Bosque in Guadalajara. In 1957 he planned Torres de Satélite
Torres de Satélite
(an urban sculpture created in collaboration with sculptor Mathias Goeritz) and an exclusive residential area, Las Arboledas, a few kilometers away from Ciudad Satélite. In 1964 he designed, alongside architect Juan Sordo Madaleno, the Lomas Verdes residential area, also near the Satélite area, in the municipality of Naucalpan, Estado de México. In 1967 he created one of his best-known works, the San Cristóbal Estates equestrian development in Mexico
Mexico
City.

Fuente de los Amantes

Casa Gilardi

Casa Gilardi

Torres de Satélite
Torres de Satélite
(in collaboration with sculptor Mathias Goeritz)

Barragán and the Modernist movement[edit]

Faro de Comercio

Barragán visited Le Corbusier
Le Corbusier
and became influenced by European modernism. The buildings he produced in the years after his return to Mexico
Mexico
show the typical clean lines of the Modernist movement. Nonetheless, according to Andrés Casillas (who worked with Barragán), he eventually became entirely convinced that the house should not be "a machine for living." Opposed to functionalism, Barragán strove for an "emotional architecture" claiming that "any work of architecture which does not express serenity is a mistake." Barragán always used raw materials such as stone or wood. He combined them with an original and dramatic use of light, both natural and artificial; his preference for hidden light sources gives his interiors a particularly subtle and lyrical atmosphere. Honors[edit] Barragán worked for years with little acknowledgement or praise until 1975 when he was honored with a retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. In 1980, he became the second winner of the Pritzker Architecture Prize. His house and studio, built in 1948 in Mexico
Mexico
City, were listed as a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage site in 2004. Influence[edit]

Torres de Satélite, Mexico
Mexico
City (1957–58), in collaboration with Mathias Goeritz

The work of Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
is often (and misleadingly) quoted in reference to minimalist architecture. John Pawson, in his book Minimum, includes images from some of Barragán's projects. Most architects who do minimalistic architecture do not use color, but the ideas of forms and spaces which Barragán pioneered are still there. There have been several essays written by the Pritzker Prize
Pritzker Prize
recipient Alvaro Siza
Alvaro Siza
in prefaces to books that make reference to the ideas of Barragán as well. It has also been proved that Louis Kahn
Louis Kahn
informally consulted Barragán on the space between the buildings of the Salk Institute
Salk Institute
in La Jolla, California.[3] According to the documents, Kahn's original idea was to place a garden between the buildings; however, Barragán suggested that an open plaza, with only a water feature in between, would better reflect the spirit of the location. This area, possibly designed with Barragán's advice in mind, is arguably the most impressive aspect of the building complex. He was a highly recognised consultor by many Mexican and International architects on landscape design, as he had a particular ability to envision the outdoor spaces and their relation to their interior paradigms and the natural context characteristics. Barragán's influence can also be seen in the work of many of Mexico's contemporary architects, especially in Ricardo Legorreta's projects. One of the projects, where Barragán's concepts and colors inspired Legorreta, is the Hotel Camino Real in Polanco, Mexico
Mexico
City. This project reflects the importance of the native culture and its intersection with an elegant modern design. Legacy[edit] In his will made prior to his 1988 death at age 86, in Mexico
Mexico
City in 1988, Barragán designated three people to manage his legacy: his friend and fellow architect Ignacio Díaz Morales, to whom he bequeathed his library, with the task of choosing an institution suitable for receiving the book collection; Mr Óscar González González, to receive his personal objects, and his business partner Raúl Ferrera, to receive his archives and copyrights. Díaz Morales established the Fundación de Arquitectura Tapatía, a private foundation which is currently managing the Casa Barragán, in co-ownership with the Government of the State of Jalisco. The house is now a museum which celebrates Barragán and also serves as a conduit between scholars and architects interested in visiting other Barragán buildings in Mexico.[4] UNESCO
UNESCO
added the Casa Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
to its World Heritage List
World Heritage List
in 2004.[5] Following Raúl Ferrera's passing away in 1993, the archives and related copyright became the property of Mrs Ferrera's widows who, after having unsuccessfully tried to find a collector or institution willing to keep these in Mexico, decided to sell them to the Max Protetch Gallery in New York. The documents were offered to a number of prospective clients, among them the Vitra Design Museum,[6] which in 1994 was planning an exhibition dedicated to Luis Barragán. Following the Vitra[7] company's policy of collecting objects and archives of design and architecture, the archives were finally acquired in their entirety and transferred to the Barragan Foundation in Switzerland. The Barragan Foundation[8] is a not-for-profit institution based in Birsfelden, Switzerland. Since 1996, it manages the archives of Luis Barragán, and in 1997 acquired the negatives of the photographer Armando Salas Portugal documenting Barragán's work. The Foundation's mission is to spread the knowledge on Luis Barragán's cultural legacy by means of preserving and studying his archives and related historical sources, producing publications and exhibitions, providing expertise and assistance to further institutions and scholarly researches. The Barragan Foundation owns complete rights to the work of Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
and to the related photos by Armando Salas Portugal. Important works[edit]

House for the architect / Barragán House

All finished projects by Barragán are located in Mexico.

Las Arboledas / North of Mexico
Mexico
City (1955–1961) House for the architect / Barragán House, Mexico
Mexico
City (1947–48) Jardines del Pedregal Subdivision, Mexico
Mexico
City (1945–53) Tlalpan
Tlalpan
Chapel, Tlalpan, Mexico
Mexico
City (1954–60) Gálvez House, Mexico
Mexico
City (1955) Jardines del Bosque Subdivision, Guadalajara
Guadalajara
(1955–58) Torres de Satélite, Mexico
Mexico
City (1957–58), in collaboration with Mathias Goeritz Cuadra San Cristóbal, Los Clubes, Mexico
Mexico
City (1966–68) Gilardi House, Mexico
Mexico
City (1975–77) Cuernavaca
Cuernavaca
Racquet Club, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Mexico
(1976-1980)

Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
House and Studio[edit] Main article: Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
House and Studio Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
set up his studio in Mexico
Mexico
City, the building is currently a museum, but with tours available only by appointment. The building is from 1948 reflecting Barragán's preferred style, where he lived his whole life. Today is owned by Jalisco
Jalisco
and the Arquitectura Tapatía Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
Foundation. The site became World Heritage Site by UNESCO
UNESCO
in 2004.[9]

References[edit]

^ Barragán, Luis (2000). Escritos y conversaciones. MADRID: El Croquis. pp. 72–89. ISBN 84-88386-17-6.  ^ Tim Street-Porter, Casa Mexicana Stewart, Tabori & Chang (1989) ISBN 1-55670-097-0 ^ " Salk Institute
Salk Institute
by Louis I. Kahn". Archived from the original on September 1, 2000. Retrieved 2013-08-17. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Casa Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
website Archived 2010-09-24 at the Wayback Machine. ^ List of Mexican Properties on the World Heritage List ^ Vitra Design Museum ^ Vitra ^ Barragan Foundation ^ "Casa Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
website". www.casaluisbarragan.org. Archived from the original on 2010-09-24. Retrieved 2015.  Check date values in: access-date= (help)

See also[edit]

Jill Magid, an American conceptual artist and writer, who used a portion of Luis Barragán's ashes to create a diamond.

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Luis Barragán

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Luis Barragán.

Website of the Barragan Foundation Luis Barragan's house and studio (in Spanish) Barragán's Pritzker Prize
Pritzker Prize
citation at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived October 29, 2007) Artists Rights Society, Barragán's U.S. Copyright Representatives Luis Barragan's work

v t e

Pritzker Architecture Prize
Pritzker Architecture Prize
laureates

Philip Johnson
Philip Johnson
(1979) Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
(1980) James Stirling (1981) Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
(1982) I. M. Pei
I. M. Pei
(1983) Richard Meier
Richard Meier
(1984) Hans Hollein
Hans Hollein
(1985) Gottfried Böhm
Gottfried Böhm
(1986) Kenzo Tange (1987) Gordon Bunshaft
Gordon Bunshaft
and Oscar Niemeyer
Oscar Niemeyer
(1988) Frank Gehry
Frank Gehry
(1989) Aldo Rossi
Aldo Rossi
(1990) Robert Venturi
Robert Venturi
(1991) Álvaro Siza Vieira
Álvaro Siza Vieira
(1992) Fumihiko Maki
Fumihiko Maki
(1993) Christian de Portzamparc
Christian de Portzamparc
(1994) Tadao Ando
Tadao Ando
(1995) Rafael Moneo
Rafael Moneo
(1996) Sverre Fehn
Sverre Fehn
(1997) Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano
(1998) Norman Foster (1999) Rem Koolhaas
Rem Koolhaas
(2000) Herzog & de Meuron (2001) Glenn Murcutt
Glenn Murcutt
(2002) Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
(2003) Zaha Hadid
Zaha Hadid
(2004) Thom Mayne
Thom Mayne
(2005) Paulo Mendes da Rocha
Paulo Mendes da Rocha
(2006) Richard Rogers
Richard Rogers
(2007) Jean Nouvel
Jean Nouvel
(2008) Peter Zumthor
Peter Zumthor
(2009) Kazuyo Sejima
Kazuyo Sejima
and Ryue Nishizawa / SANAA
SANAA
(2010) Eduardo Souto de Moura
Eduardo Souto de Moura
(2011) Wang Shu
Wang Shu
(2012) Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
(2013) Shigeru Ban
Shigeru Ban
(2014) Frei Otto
Frei Otto
(2015) Alejandro Aravena
Alejandro Aravena
(2016) Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem, and Ramón Vilalta / RCR Arquitectes (2017) B. V. Doshi
B. V. Doshi
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 22947293 LCCN: n82144420 ISNI: 0000 0000 8102 2914 GND: 119262304 SUDOC: 034878440 BNF: cb12558445b (data) ULAN: 500009714 NDL: 00432374 BNE: XX1008

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