The Lugbara live in the
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda.
In Lugbara mythology,
Adroa appeared in both good and evil aspects; he
was the creator god and appeared on
Earth as a man who was near death.
He was depicted as a very tall white man with only one half of a body,
missing one eye, one leg, etc. His children were called the Adroanzi.
The Adroanzi were nature gods of specific rivers, trees and other
sacred wild areas. At night, they followed people and protected them
from animals and bandits as long as they did not look over their
shoulder to ensure that an Adroanzi was following; if the person did
so, the Adroanzi promptly killed him or her. The people they killed,
they ate. They were also sometimes known as water snakes. Some
Africans consider them gardeners.
God created Gborogboro (‘the person coming from the sky’) and a
woman named Meme (‘the person who came alone’). Meme bore a boy
and girl who in turn produced a male and female pair. The names and
number of generations vary according to various myths. Some myths say
the siblings did not have intercourse but women gave birth after
goat’s blood was poured on their legs to symbolize menstruation.
Lugbara believe conception occurs three to four days after
menstruation. However, all versions state that bridewealth was not
given. All this took place at a place called Loloi by Lugbara,
somewhere in Southern Sudan.
The last pair of siblings produced the two hero-ancestors, Jaki and
Dribidu (‘the hairy one’) who came to the present land of Lugbara
and begot many sons (founders of the current clans). Both heroes could
perform supernatural and magical feats. Jaki died on Mount Liru while
Dribidu died on Mount Eti (Wati) in Terego where he had settled. His
other name was Banyale (‘Eater of men’) because he ate his
children until he was discovered and driven away from his earlier home
in the East bank of the Nile. He enjoyed the human liver a lot.
Middleton, J. (1960). Lugbara religion; ritual and authority among an
East African people. London: Published for the International African
Institute by the Oxford University Press. Reprinted 1999;
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