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Ludwig Purtscheller
Ludwig Purtscheller
(October 6, 1849 – March 3, 1900) was an Austrian mountaineer and teacher. Purtscheller pioneered climbing without a mountain guide, who in the 19th century did all the route finding and lead climbing. By the end of his life he had recorded climbing over 1,700 mountains. A celebrated climb was the traverse of the Meije
Meije
together with the Zsigmondy brothers in 1885, which to this date is considered a classic alpine route. He is best known as the first European to ascend Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro
in 1889, together with the German mountaineer Hans Meyer. After a descent of the Aiguille du Dru
Aiguille du Dru
with G. Löwenbach and Jakob Oberhollenzer on August 25, 1899, an ice axe broke and the rope team fell into a bergschrund. Purtscheller was injured and he was transferred to a hospital in Geneva
Geneva
and later Bern. After several months of recovery, he contracted pneumonia and died on the approximate date of his planned return home. In a eulogy, the American climber and mountain historian W.A.B. Coolidge
W.A.B. Coolidge
called him "the greatest mountaineer who had ever lived".[1] References[edit]

^ Fritz Schmitt, Ludwig Purtscheller, Bergsteiger, July 1984

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 69724664 ISNI: 0000 0000 7692 5190 GND: 118742981 BNF: cb15442813d (data)

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