LUCIUS JUNIUS GALLIO ANNAEANUS or GALLIO was a Roman senator and
brother of famous writer Seneca . He is best known for his impartial
judgment of a legal case involving
Paul the Apostle
* 1 Life
* 1.1 Gallio and the book of Acts
* 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Resources * 5 External links
Gallio (originally named Lucius Annaeus Novatus) was the son of the
Seneca the Elder and the elder brother of Seneca the
Younger , was born in Corduba (Cordova) c. 5 BC. He was adopted by
Lucius Junius Gallio, a rhetorician of some repute, from whom he took
the name of Junius Gallio. His brother Seneca, who dedicated to him
the treatises De Ira and De Vita Beata, speaks of the charm of his
disposition, also alluded to by the poet
Gallio was a suffect consul in the mid-50s and Cassius Dio records that he introduced Nero's performances. Not long after the death of his brother, Seneca, Gallio (according to Tacitus, Ann. 15.73) was attacked in the Senate by Salienus Clemens , who accused him of being a "parricide and public enemy ", though the Senate unanimously appealed to Salienus not to profit "from public misfortunes to satisfy a private animosity". He did not survive this reprieve long. When his second brother, Annaeus Mela, opened his veins after being accused of involvement in a conspiracy (Tacitus, Ann. 16.17), Gallio seems to have committed suicide , perhaps under instruction in 65 AD at the age of 64.
GALLIO AND THE BOOK OF ACTS
According to the
Book of Acts he dismissed the charge brought by the
* ^ "L. Junius Annaeus Gallio, was suffect consul in the mid-50s
AD, perhaps in 54." Robert C. Knapp, Roman Córdoba (University of
California Press, 1992) ISBN 9780520096769 p.42. "L. Junius Gallio did
hold consulship in 55 or 56". Anthony Barrett, Agrippina: Sex, Power
and Politics in the Early Empire (Routledge, 1999) ISBN 9780415208673
p.280. "Gallio reached the consulship, probably in 55". Miriam T.
Griffin, Nero: The End of a Dynasty (Routledge, 1987) ISBN 0415214645
p.78. E. Mary Smallwood, "Consules Suffecti of A.D. 55", in Historia:
Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, Bd. 17, H. 3 (Jul., 1968), p. 384.
* ^ Miriam T. Griffin, Nero: The End of a Dynasty (Routledge, 1987)
ISBN 0415214645 p.45, relying on Dio 61.20, 2-3.
* ^ Vasily Rudich, Political Dissidence Under Nero: The Price of
Dissimulation (Routledge, 1993) ISBN 9780415069519 p.117. And Steven
Rutledge, Imperial Inquisitions: Prosecutors and Informants from
* Ancient sources:
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gallio, Junius Annaeus".