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Lucijan Marija Škerjanc (December 17, 1900 – February 27, 1973) was a Slovene composer, music pedagogue, conductor, musician, and writer who was accomplished on and wrote for a number of musical instruments such as the piano, violin and clarinet. His style reflected late romanticism with qualities of expressionism and impressionism in his pieces, often with a hyperbolic artistic temperament, juxtaposing the dark against melodic phrases in his music. Škerjanc belongs among the most important older composers of modern Slovene music[1] and is a key Slovenian music personality of the 20th century.[2] For his work, he was four times awarded the Prešeren Award. Since 1949, he was a regular member of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SAZU).

Contents

1 Biography 2 Work 3 Awards and commemoration 4 Works 5 References 6 External links

Biography[edit] Škerjanc was born in Graz. He studied in Ljubljana, Prague, Vienna, Paris and Basel. He spent many years teaching composition at the Ljubljana Academy of Music, teaching composers such as Nada Ludvig-Pečar whilst serving as a chancellor for a period and was a pianist, conductor, music writer and director of the Slovenian Philharmonic Orchestra based in the country's capital. Since 6 December 1949, he was a regular member of SAZU. He died in Ljubljana. Work[edit] Škerjanc was liberal in his attitude to music and multifaceted in his works. Whilst musically diverse, his opus centred on composition, varying from piano miniatures and solos for beginners, and solo and chamber works to full blown concertos and symphonies.[3] Apart from sonatas, he notably composed a cycle of seven nocturnes, which many consider his greatest piano oriented work, and seven orchestral pieces Gazele (Ghazels).[4] He not only composed for the piano but also the violin, the clarinet and the bassoon in 1952. During his life he also wrote for international composers and composed the film scores for a number of films under Yugoslavia. Škerjanc was also a music critic and writer about music and is the author of three monographs on Slovene composers, five pedagogical handbooks and a book Od Bacha do Šostakoviča literally meaning From Bach to Shostakovich. Awards and commemoration[edit] Škerjanc received the Prešeren Award four times, in 1947 for his Concert for Violin and Orchestra (Slovene: Koncert za violino in orkester), and then again in 1948, 1950 and 1971. He was also a recipient of the Austrian Herder Award and the French Palmes académiques. In 2001, he was commemorated by appearing on a postage stamp of Slovenia which featured at portrait of him by Božidar Jakac positioned on the manuscript of his symphonic poem Marenka.[4] Works[edit] Orchestra

Lirična uvertura (Lyric Overture) for orchestra (1925) Svečana uvertura (Festive Overture) for orchestra (1926) Slavnostna uvertura (Festive Ouverture) for orchestra (1932) Preludio, Aria and Finale for string orchestra (1933) Symphony No.1 (1933) "V onom cernom lese ..." for string orchestra (1934) Jadransko morje (Adriatic Sea) for string orchestra (1935) Suita v starem slogu (Suite in Old Style) for string orchestra (1935) Symphony No.2 in B minor (1938) Suite No.2 for string orchestra (1940) Mařenka, choreographic symphonic poem (1940) Symphony No.3 (1941) Dramatična uvertura (Dramatic Overture) for orchestra (1942) Symphony No.4 in B major for string orchestra (1942) Symphony No.5 in F major for symphony orchestra (1943) Notturno Gazele (Gazelles, Ghazels), cycle of 7 orchestral poems after France Prešeren (1950) Suite No.3, 9 Pieces for string orchestra (1954) Mala suita (1956) Sinfonietta (Dixtuor) for strings (1958) Problemi (1958) Sedem dvanajsttonskih fragmentov (7 Twelve-tone Fragments) for string orchestra (1958) Zarje večerne

Concertante

Concerto for violin and orchestra No.1 (1927) Concerto for piano and orchestra in A minor (1940) Concerto for violin and orchestra No.2 (1944) Fantazija (Fantasy) for piano and orchestra (1944) Koncertni allegro (Concert Allegro) for cello and orchestra (1947) Concertino for piano and string orchestra (1949) Concertino for clarinet and orchestra (1949) Concerto for bassoon with strings and harp (1952) Concerto for harp and chamber orchestra (1954) Concerto for clarinet with strings, percussion and harp (1958) Koncertantna rapsodija (Concertant Rhapsody) for viola and orchestra (1959) Concertino for flute and orchestra (1962) Concerto for horn and orchestra (1962) Concerto for piano left hand and orchestra (1963)

Chamber music

String Quartet No.1 (1917) String Quartet No.2 (1921) String Quartet No.3 (1925) Woodwind Quintet (1925) Intermezzo romantique for violin and piano (1934) Sonata for cello solo (1935) String Quartet No.4 (1935) Maestoso lugubre for piano trio (1935) Piano Trio (1935) Trio for flute, clarinet and bassoon (1937) Dve bagateli (2 Bagatelles) for violin and piano (1941) Tri mladinske skladbe (Three Youth Compositions) for violin (or clarinet, trumpet, cello) and piano (1942) String Quartet No.5 (1945) String Quintet (1950) Duo for 2 violins (1952) Pet liričnih melodij in Capriccio (Five Lyrical Melodies and Capriccio) for cello and piano (1953) Concertone for 4 cellos (1954) Štiri ditirambične skladbe (4 Dithyrambic Pieces) for violin and piano (1960) Sedem etud (7 Etudes) for cello solo (1961) Elegija (Elegy) for viola and piano

Keyboard

Sonata for piano (published 1956) Sonata No.2 for piano (1925) Štiri klavirske skladbe (4 Piano Pieces) (1925) Deset mladinskih skladbic (Ten Youth Compositions) for piano Pro memoria for piano (1927) Sedem nokturnov (7 Nocturnes) for piano (1935) 24 diatoničnih preludijev (24 Diatonic Preludes) (1936) 6 improvizacij (6 Improvisations) for piano (1942) Prelude and Fugue in E Minor for organ (1944) Varijacije brez teme (Variations without a theme) for piano (1944) Šest skladb za eno roko (6 Pieces for One Hand) (1945); 3 pieces for the left hand, three for the right Dvanajst preludijev (Twelve preludes) for piano (1954)

Vocal

Vizija (Vision), solo song for high voice and piano (1918) Sonetni venec, Cantata for soloists, chorus and orchestra (1949); words by France Prešeren De profundis for voice and chamber orchestra choral works 55 songs for voice and piano

References[edit]

^ Sivec, Jože (1925–1991 (printed ed.). 2009 (electronic ed.)). "Škerjanc Lucijan Marija". In Vide Ogrin, Petra (electronic ed.). Cankar, Izidor et al. (printed ed.). Slovenski biografski leksikon (in Slovenian). ISBN 978-961-268-001-5.  Check date values in: date= (help)CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) ^ Rijavec, Andrej (1979). Slovenska glasbena dela [Slovene Music Works] (in Slovenian). Državna založba Slovenije. p. 301. COBISS 4725505.  ^ www.slowaymusic.com Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b www.posta.si

External links[edit]

Biography

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Herder Prize Laureates

1964–1970

1964: Oto Bihalji-Merin Jan Kott Stanisław Lorentz Lucijan Marija Škerjanc 1965: Tudor Arghezi Manolis Hatzidakis Emanuel Hruška Zoltán Kodály László Németh Hugo Rokyta Hristo Vakarelski 1966: Ján Cikker Dezső Dercsényi Zlatko Gorjan Aleksander Kobzdej Anton Kriesis Niko Kuret Dimiter Statkov 1967: Iván Fenyő Vladimír Kompánek Witold Lutosławski Spyridon Marinatos Alexandru A. Philippide Mihai Pop Svetozar Radojčić 1968: Constantin Daicoviciu Roman Ingarden Miroslav Krleža Ludvík Kunz Anastasios Orlandos Lajos Vayer Pancho Vladigerov 1969: Jolán Balogh Albín Brunovský Bohuslav Fuchs Mihail Jora Marijan Matković Ksawery Piwocki France Stele 1970: Jan Białostocki Jan Filip Zoltán Franyó Milovan Gavazzi Gyula Illyés Yiannis Papaioannou Zeko Torbov

1971–1980

1971: Jiří Kolář Blaže Koneski Georgios Megas Kazimierz Michałowski Mihail Sokolovski Zaharia Stancu Bence Szabolcsi 1972: Dragotin Cvetko Atanas Dalchev Branko Maksimović Gyula Ortutay Jaroslav Pešina Henryk Stażewski Virgil Vătășianu 1973: Veselin Beshevliev Stylianos Harkianakis János Harmatta Zbigniew Herbert Eugen Jebeleanu Petar Lubarda Jan Racek 1974: Władysław Czerny Ivan Duichev Ivo Frangeš László Gerő Stylianos Pelekanidis Ján Podolák Zeno Vancea 1975: Józef Burszta Hristo M. Danov Stanislav Libenský Maria Ana Musicescu Gábor Preisich Pandelis Prevelakis Stanojlo Rajičić 1976: Jagoda Buić Marin Goleminov Ioannis Kakridis Dezső Keresztury Nichita Stănescu Rudolf Turek Kazimierz Wejchert 1977: Nikolaos Andriotis Riko Debenjak Emmanuel Kriaras Albert Kutal Máté Major Krzysztof Penderecki Anastas Petrov Ion Vladutiu 1978: Eugen Barbu Đurđe Bošković Kazimierz Dejmek Stoyan Dzudzev Béla Gunda Jiří Hrůza Yiannis Spyropoulos 1979: Magdalena Abakanowicz Ferenc Farkas Zdenko Kolacio Atanas Natev András Sütő Pavel Trost Apostolos E. Vacalopoulos 1980: Gordana Babić-Đorđević Iván Balassa Kamil Lhoták Manousos Manousakas Vera Mutafchieva Alexandru Rosetti Wiktor Zin

1981–1990

1981: Emil Condurachi Sándor Csoóri Stefka Georgieva Dimitrios Loukatos Vjenceslav Richter Eugen Suchoň Elida Maria Szarota 1982: Athanasios Aravantinos Ana Blandiana Vojislav J. Đurić Sona Kovacevicová Aleksandar Nichev Jan Józef Szczepański Imre Varga 1983: Władysław Bartoszewski Géza Entz Jozef Jankovič Gunther Schuller Zdenko Škreb Stefana Stoykova C. A. Trypanis 1984: Emilijan Cevc Konstantinos Dimaras Karel Horálek György Konrád Constantin Lucaci Krasimir Manchev Krzysztof Meyer 1985: Branko Fučić Růžena Grebeníčková Adrian Marino Demetrios Pallas Károly Perczel Simeon Pironkov Andrzej Wajda 1986: Georgi Baev Tekla Dömötör Boris Gaberščik Konrad Górski Johannes Karayannopoulos Jiří Kotalík Anatol Vieru 1987: Roman Brandstaetter Doula Mouriki József Ujfalussy Vladimir Veličković Velizar Velkov Gheorghe Vrabie 1988: Roman Berger Christos Kapralos Zoe Dumitrescu-Bușulenga György Györffy Donka Petkanova Mieczysław Porębski Edvard Ravnikar 1989: Maria Banuș Ákos Birkás Jerzy Buszkiewicz Václav Frolec Nikolai Genchev Petar Miljković-Pepek Nikos Gabriel Pentzikis 1990: Liviu Calin Bronisław Geremek Aris Konstantinidis Dejan Medaković Virginia Paskaleva Adriena Šimotová András Vizkelety

1991–2000

1991: Maja Bošković-Stulli Gerard Labuda Andor Pigler Yorgos Sicilianos Emil Skála Marin Sorescu Stoimen Stoilov 1992: Manolis Andronikos Jenö Barabás Blaga Dimitrova Stefan Kaszynski Jiří Kořalka Zmaga Kumer Jon Nicodim 1993: Vasilka Gerasimova-Tomova Petro Kononenko György Kurtág Jerzy Tchórzewski Răzvan Theodorescu Elena Várossová Māra Zālīte Dionysis Zivas Viktor Žmegač 1994: István Borzsák Dževad Juzbašić Ștefan Niculescu Andrzej Szczypiorski Jitka and Květa Válová Takis Varvitsiotis Zigmas Zinkevičius 1995: Sándor Kányádi Mirko Kovač Milcho Lalkov Michael G. Meraklis Mindaugas Navakas Wisława Szymborska Jaan Undusk 1996: Tamás Hofer Karel Hubáček Konstantin Iliev Marin Mincu Jože Pogačnik Pēteris Vasks Marian Zgórniak 1997: Tasos Athanasiadis Bogdan Bogdanović Oskár Elschek Ferenc Glatz Lech Kalinowski Jaan Kross Dunja Rihtman-Auguštin 1998: Imre Bak Andrei Corbea-Hoișie Eliška Fučíková Ismail Kadare Justinas Marcinkevičius Dorota Simonides Elena Toncheva 1999: Svetlana Alexievich Vera Bitrakova-Grozdanova Mircea Dinescu István Fried Henryk Górecki Dževad Karahasan Ferdinand Milučký 2000: Ján Bakoš Ivan Čolović Nikola Georgiev Imre Kertész Milan Kundera Karolos Mitsakis Arvo Pärt

2001–2006

2001: Yurii Andrukhovych Janez Bernik János Böhönyey Maria Kłańska Marek Kopelent Andrej Mitrović Evanghelos Moutsopoulos 2002: George Demetrius Bambiniotis Māris Čaklais Péter Esterházy Radost Ivanova Nedjeljko Fabrio Aurel Stroe Lech Trzeciakowski 2003: Vasil Gyuzelev Drago Jančar Károly Manherz Stanisław Mossakowski Ales Rasanau Ludvík Václavek Ana Maria Zahariade 2004: Theodore Antoniou Michał Głowiński Dušan Kováč Fatos Lubonja Éva Pócs Kazimir Popkonstantinov Romualdas Požerskis 2005: Károly Klimó Hanna Krall Primož Kuret Jiří Kuthan Andrei Marga Eimuntas Nekrošius Krešimir Nemec 2006: Włodzimierz Borodziej Nicos Hadjinicolaou Gabriela Kiliánová Ene Mihkelson Vojteh Ravnikar

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 5993089 LCCN: n79145897 ISNI: 0000 0001 1036 659X GND: 128763663 BNF: cb12765503h (data) BIBSYS: 90131794 NKC: jx20090521

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