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The LUCAYAN ARCHIPELAGO, also known as the BAHAMA ARCHIPELAGO, is an island group comprising the Commonwealth of The Bahamas
The Bahamas
and the British Overseas Territory of the Turks and Caicos Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
. The archipelago is in the western North Atlantic Ocean
North Atlantic Ocean
, north of the Antilles
Antilles
, and east and southeast of Florida
Florida
.

William Keegan writes that the Bahama archipelago includes the territories of both the Commonwealth of The Bahamas
The Bahamas
and the Turks and Caicos Islands, adding: "Modern political considerations aside, the islands form a single archipelago with common geological, ecological, and cultural roots." Because the two nations of the Lucayan Archipelago
Archipelago
do not border the Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea , they are part of the West Indies
West Indies
but not the Caribbean
Caribbean
. They are, however, often grouped with the Caribbean
Caribbean
nations for convenience.

CONTENTS

* 1 Proposed federation * 2 Countries and territories * 3 Geological formation * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Further reading

PROPOSED FEDERATION

The leaders of The Bahamas
The Bahamas
as well as Turks and Caicos Islands discussed the possibility of forming a federation in 2010.

COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES

* The Bahamas
The Bahamas
* Turks and Caicos Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
( United Kingdom
United Kingdom
)

GEOLOGICAL FORMATION

The Lucayan Archipelago
Archipelago
was originally formed by the rifting of Pangaea , the Super-continent , which resulted in the opening of North Atlantic basin . The rifting of Pangaea was accompanied by volcanic activity due to the nature of the colliding North American and Caribbean
Caribbean
plates. The collisions, commonly subduction zones where one plate is pulled under the other, formed the lower layer, which is commonly referred to as the basement rocks upon which The Bahamian islands now reside. Evidence of the volcanic activity is found in the tilted fault blocks of Jurassic volcaniclastics which are commonly found in the Florida
Florida
Straits area (Vacher 95). In the southern region of The Bahamas, the basement rocks are oceanic crust, showing that the area was not a transitional region during the opening of the North Atlantic basin.

The Bahamas
The Bahamas
are referred to as carbonate islands , which is due to the formation of carbonate banks. This megabank formed in the Late Jurassic and is evidence of an absence of deep water at the time of formation due to the type of rock formed. Carbonates are more likely to form in shallower waters, thus the formation of two major carbonate banks in the Bahamas shows that there was an absence of deep water (Marshak). There is also evidence of faulting which is shown in the tilting of the Bahama Banks. This tilting is due to the subduction of the North American plate under the Caribbean
Caribbean
plate, in the vicinity of Cuba
Cuba
. The angle of tilting, which is left-lateral wrench faulting is in the direction of the subduction, supporting Cuban vicinity as the location of subduction (Vacher 96). This faulting occurred because as the North American plate subducted under the Caribbean
Caribbean
plate, not all the rock layers moved as one continuous unit. The Bahaman islands remained in the same location, thus the rocks had to fault, or break, in order for the North American plate to continue subduction and the islands to remain in their current location.

SEE ALSO

* Geography portal * Islands portal * West Indies
West Indies
portal

* List of islands of the Lucayan Archipelago
Archipelago
* West Indies
West Indies

NOTES

* ^ Keegan:20, 183 * ^ Tyson, Vivian. Bahamas wants federation talks with TCI. Turks and Caicos Sun, 2010.

REFERENCES

* Keegan, William F. (1992) The People Who Discovered Columbus: The Prehistory of the Bahamas. University Press of Florida
Florida
ISBN 0-8130-1137-X

FURTHER READING

* Granberry, Julian (October 1991). "Lucayan Toponyms". Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society. 13. Retrieved 8 December 2013.

* v * t * e

Caribbean
Caribbean

GREATER ANTILLES

* Cayman Islands * Cuba
Cuba
* Dominican Republic * Haiti
Haiti
* Jamaica
Jamaica
* Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico

LEEWARD ANTILLES

* Aruba
Aruba
* Bonaire * Curaçao * Federal Dependencies of Venezuela

LEEWARD ISLANDS

* Anguilla
Anguilla
* Antigua and Barbuda * British Virgin Islands * Guadeloupe * Montserrat * Saba
Saba
* Saint Barthélemy * Saint Martin
Saint Martin
* U.S. Virgin Islands * Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
* Sint Eustatius * Sint Maarten

WINDWARD ISLANDS

* Dominica
Dominica
* Grenada
Grenada
* Martinique * Saint Lucia * Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

OTHER ISLANDS

* Barbados
Barbados
* Bahamas * Trinidad and Tobago * Turks and Caicos Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands

CONTINENTAL COASTS

* Belize
Belize
* Bermuda
Bermuda
* Colombia
Colombia
* Costa Rica * French Guiana * Guatemala
Guatemala
* Guyana
Guyana
* Honduras
Honduras
* Mexico
Mexico
* Nicaragua
Nicaragua
* Panama
Panama
* Suriname
Suriname
* Venezuela
Venezuela

* v * t * e

North America
North America

SOVEREIGN STATES

* Antigua and Barbuda * Bahamas * Barbados
Barbados
* Belize
Belize
* Canada
Canada
* Costa Rica * Cuba
Cuba
* Dominica
Dominica
* Dominican Republic * El Salvador
El Salvador
* Grenada
Grenada
* Guatemala
Guatemala
* Haiti
Haiti
* Honduras
Honduras
* Jamaica
Jamaica
* Mexico
Mexico
* Nicaragua
Nicaragua
* Panama
Panama
* Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
* Saint Lucia * Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * Trinidad and Tobago * United States

Dependencies and other territories

* Anguilla
Anguilla
* Aruba
Aruba
* Bermuda
Bermuda
* Bonaire * British Virgin Islands * Cayman Islands * Curaçao * Greenland
Greenland
* Guadeloupe * Martinique * Montserrat * Navassa Island * Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
* Saint Barthélemy * Saint Martin
Saint Martin
* Saint Pierre and Miquelon * Saba
Saba
* Sint Eustatius * Sint Maarten * Turks and Caicos Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
* United States Virgin Islands

Coordinates : 23°44′N 75°22′W / 23.74°N 75.37°W / 23.74; -75.37 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucayan_Archipelago additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

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