The Tai Lü people (Chinese: 傣仂 Dǎi lè, Lao: ລື້ Lư̄, Thai: ไทลื้อ RTGSThai Lue, Vietnamese: Người Lự) are an ethnic group of China, Laos, Thailand, Burma, and Vietnam. They speak a Southwestern Tai language.


In Vietnam, most Lu live in Lai Châu Province, and their population was 5,601 in 2009. In China, they are officially recognized as part of the Dai ethnic group. The 2000 census counted about 280,000 Dai people speaking Lü language. The population in Thailand, where they are called Thai Lue (Thai: ไทลื้อ), was in 2001 estimated to be approximately 83,000.[4] Most Thai Lue in Thailand live in Nan, Chiang Rai, Phayao and Chiang Mai Province.

In Vietnam, Lu are the indigenous people in Mường Thanh ("Land of the God of Tai people", Tai Lü: muong theng). They had built Tam Vạn wall in Mường Thanh and managed there for 19 generations before Hoàng Công Chất, a Thái leader, came. Nowadays, nearly all Vietnamese Lu live in Lai Châu Province. The Lu take their father's last name and have the middle name Bạ (for males) and Ý (for females). Their religion is Theravada Buddhism. They sing khắp lự and play pí me luk ("mother-children" flute).

Tai Lü Kingdom

Names Present
Chiang Mai Thailand Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand
Chiang Rai Thailand Chiang Rai, Chiang Rai Province, Thailand
Chiang Rung China Jinghong, Yunnan Province, China
Chiang Thong Laos Luang Prabang, Luang Prabang Province, Laos
Chiang Tung Myanmar Kengtung, Shan State, Myanmar



  1. ^ "Lao population census, Table 1.6" (PDF). 2005. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-11-13. 
  2. ^ "The 2009 Vietnam Population and Housing Census: Completed Results". General Statistics Office of Vietnam: Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee. June 2010. p. 134. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Tai Lue, Infomekong.com
  4. ^ Johnstone and Mandryk 2001; cited in "Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Online version" (18th ed.). SIL International. 

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