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The Tai Lü people (, ''Dǎi lè'', lo|ລື້, ''Lư̄'', th|ไทลื้อ, , vi|Người Lự) are an ethnic group of China, Laos, Thailand, Burma and Vietnam. They speak a Southwestern Tai language.

Etymology

The word ''Lü'' (ລື້) is similar to the ''Laos people'' in the Tai Lü language.

Distribution

In Vietnam, most Lu live in Lai Châu Province and their population was 5,601 in 2009. In China, they are officially recognized as part of the Dai ethnic group. The 2000 census counted about 280,000 Dai people speaking Lü language. The population in Thailand, where they are called Thai Lue ( th|ไทลื้อ), was in 2001 estimated to be approximately 83,000.Johnstone and Mandryk 2001; cited in Most Thai Lue in Thailand live in Nan, Chiang Rai, Phayao and Chiang Mai Province. In Vietnam, Lu are the indigenous people in Mường Thanh ("Land of the God of Tai people", Tai Lü: ''muong theng''). They had built Tam Vạn wall in Mường Thanh and managed there for 19 generations before Hoàng Công Chất, a Thái leader, came. Nowadays, nearly all Vietnamese Lu live in Lai Châu Province. The Lu take their father's last name and have the middle name Bạ (for males) and Ý (for females). Their religion is Theravada Buddhism. They sing ''khắp lự'' and play ''pí me luk'' ("mother-children" flute).


Tai Lü Kingdom




Gallery

File:Lu Woman.png|Lu Woman in Laos, c. 1900. File:Lu woman Laos 01.png|Lu Woman in Laos, c. 1900. File:2013 Wat Nong Bua Thai Lue Buddha.jpg|A Thai Lue Buddha statue in Wat Non Bua, Tha Wang Pha District, Thailand File:Thai Lue musician at Wat Nong Bua 01.jpg|A Thai Lue musician plays in the garden of Wat Nong Bua, Tha Wang Pha District, Thailand. File:Wat Nong Daeng 2014 b.jpg|The interior of the wihan of Wat Nong Daeng, Chiang Klang District, Thailand File:MuangSing VatNamKeoLuang1 tango7174.jpg|Vat Nam Keo Luang in Muang Sing, Laos File:Muang Sing, Laos2.jpg|The interior of Vat Xieng Chai, Muang Sing, Laos


References




External links


Ethnologue entry for Lu
{{Authority control Category:Tai peoples Category:Ethnic groups in Thailand Category:Ethnic groups in Vietnam Category:Ethnic groups in China