A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power. The lower house typically is the more numerous of the two chambers. A legislature composed of only one house is described as unicameral.
1 Common attributes 2 Titles of lower houses
2.1 Common names 2.2 Unique Names
3 See also 4 References
Common attributes In comparison with the upper house, lower houses frequently display certain characteristics.
In a parliamentary system, the lower house:
In the modern era, has much more power, usually based on restrictions
against the upper house.
Able to override the upper house in some ways.
Can vote a motion of no confidence against the government.
Exceptions are Australia, where the
In a presidential system, the lower house:
Debatably somewhat less, the lower house also has exclusive powers in some areas. Given the sole power to impeach the executive (the upper house then tries the impeachment). Frequently, bills to raise revenue and to appropriate funds must originate in the lower house.
Status of lower house
Always elected directly, while the upper house may be elected directly, indirectly, or not elected at all. Its members may be elected with a different voting system to the upper house. Most populated administrative divisions are better represented than in the upper house; representation is usually proportional to population. Elected more frequently. Elected all at once, not by staggered terms. In a parliamentary system, can be dissolved by the executive. More members. Has total or original control over budget and monetary laws. Lower age of candidacy than the upper house.
Titles of lower houses Common names
Dáil Éireann, Republic of Ireland
Many lower houses are named in the following manner: House/Chamber of Representatives/the People/Commons/Deputies.
Chamber of Deputies Chamber of Representatives House of Assembly House of Representatives House of Commons House of Delegates Legislative Assembly National Assembly
Government Lower House Unique Name Meaning
Austria Nationalrat National Council
Germany Bundestag Federal Diet
Greece Βουλή των Ελλήνων Council of the Hellenes
India Lok Sabha House of the People
Indonesia Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat People's Representative Council
Ireland Dáil Éireann Assembly of Ireland
Isle of Man House of Keys
Italy Camera dei Deputati Chamber of Deputies
Kazakhstan Mazhilis Assembly
Malaysia Dewan Rakyat People's Hall
Myanmar Pyithu Hluttaw  House of Representatives
Netherlands Tweede Kamer Second Chamber
Russia State Duma
Congreso de los Diputados
v t e
Lower houses of national legislatures
Argentina Australia Austria Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Canada Ethiopia Germany India Malaysia Mexico Nepal Nigeria Pakistan Russia Somalia South Sudan Sudan Switzerland United States
Afghanistan Algeria Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belize Bhutan Bolivia Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Central African Republic Chile Colombia Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Czech Republic Dominican Republic Equatorial Guinea France Gabon Grenada Haiti Indonesia Ireland Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Mauritania Morocco Myanmar Namibia Netherlands New Zealand Oman Palau Paraguay Philippines Poland Romania Rwanda Saint Lucia Slovenia South Africa Spain Swaziland Tajikistan Trinidad and Tobago United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Zimbabwe
Dependent and other territories
American Samoa Bermuda Isle of Man Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico
Bicameralism Unicameralism List of legislatures by country
National upper houses National bicameral legislatures National unicameral legislatures
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