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A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.[1] Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power. The lower house typically is the larger of the two chambers, i.e. its members are more numerous. A legislature composed of only one house is described as unicameral.

Contents

1 Common attributes 2 Titles of lower houses 3 See also 4 References

Common attributes[edit] In comparison with the upper house, lower houses frequently display certain characteristics (though they vary per jurisdiction).

Powers

In a parliamentary system, the lower house: In the modern era, has much more power, usually based on restrictions against the upper house. Able to override the upper house in some ways. Can vote a motion of no confidence against the government, as well as vote for or against any proposed candidate for head of government at the beginning of the parliamentary term. Exceptions are Australia, where the Senate
Senate
has considerable power approximate to that of the House of Representatives, and Italy, where the Senate
Senate
has exactly the same powers as the Chamber of Deputies. In a presidential system, the lower house: Debatably somewhat less, the lower house also has exclusive powers in some areas. Has the sole power to impeach the executive (the upper house then tries the impeachment). Typically initiates appropriation/supply-related legislation. Status of lower house

Always elected directly, while the upper house may be elected directly, indirectly, or not elected at all. Its members may be elected with a different voting system to the upper house. Most populated administrative divisions are better represented than in the upper house; representation is usually proportional to population. Elected more frequently. Elected all at once, not by staggered terms. In a parliamentary system, can be dissolved by the executive. More members. Has total or initial control over budget, supply, and monetary laws. Lower age of candidacy than the upper house. The government of the day is usually required to present its budget to the lower house, which must approve the budget. It is a widespread practice for revenue (ie., appropriation) bills to originate in the lower house.

Titles of lower houses[edit] Australian House of Representatives Many lower houses are named in the following manner: House/Chamber of Representatives/the People/Commons/Deputies.

Chamber of Deputies Chamber of Representatives House of Assembly House of Representatives House of Commons House of Delegates Legislative assembly National Assembly See also[edit] Representative democracy References[edit]

^ Bicameralism
Bicameralism
(1997) by George Tsebelis.

vteLower houses of national legislaturesFederal Argentina Australia Austria Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Canada Ethiopia Germany India Malaysia Mexico Nepal Nigeria Pakistan Russia Somalia South Sudan Sudan Switzerland United States Unitary Afghanistan Algeria Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belize Bhutan Bolivia Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Central African Republic Chile Colombia Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Czech Republic Dominican Republic Equatorial Guinea France Gabon Grenada Haiti Indonesia Ireland Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Mauritania Morocco Myanmar Namibia Netherlands New Zealand Oman Palau Paraguay Philippines Poland Romania Rwanda Saint Lucia Slovenia South Africa Spain Swaziland Tajikistan Thailand Trinidad and Tobago United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Zimbabwe Dependent andother territories American Samoa Bermuda Isle of Man Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Non-UN states Somaliland Related Bicameralism Unicameralism List of legislatures by country

National upper houses National bicameral legislatures National unicameral legislatures

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