Lower Juba
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Lower Juba ( so, Jubbada Hoose, Maay: ''Jubithy Hoosy'', ar, جوبا السفلى, it, Basso Giuba) is an administrative region ('' gobol'') in southern
Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒕𐒖; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe ''Federal Republic of Somalia'' is the country's name per Article 1 of thProvisional Constitutio ...

Somalia
. With its capital at
Kismayo Kismayo ( so, Kismaayo; ar, كيسمايو, ; it, Chisimaio) is a port city in the southern Lower Juba (Jubbada Hoose) province of Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a ...

Kismayo
, it lies in the
autonomous The federal subject in Russia">Federal subjects of Russia">federal subject in Russia, close to borders of Finland. Picture of Petrozavodsk, the capital of the Republic of Karelia. In developmental psychology and morality, moral, political, a ...
Jubaland Jubaland ( so, Jubbaland, ar, , it, Oltregiuba), the Juba Valley ( so, Dooxada Jubba) or Azania ( so, Asaaniya, ar, ), is a Federal Member State in southern Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federa ...
region. It has green forests and wild life animals such as lions, giraffes, hippos, crocodiles, and hyenas. Lower Juba is bordered by
Kenya ) , national_anthem = " Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"() , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Nairobi Nairobi () is the Capital city, capital a ...

Kenya
, the Somali regions of
Gedo Gedo ( so, Gedo, ar, جيذو, it, Ghedo or ''Ghedu'') is an administrative region ('' gobol'') in Jubaland, southern Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in t ...

Gedo
,
Middle Juba Middle Juba ( so, Jubbada Dhexe, ar, جوبا الأوسط, it, Medio Giuba) is an administrative region ('' gobol'') in southern Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a cou ...
(Jubbada Dhexe), and the Somali Sea. The province is named after the
Jubba River The Jubba River or Juba River ( so, Wabiga Jubba, it, Giuba) is a river in southern Somalia which flows through the autonomous region of Jubaland. It begins at the border with Ethiopia, where the Dawa River, Dawa and Ganale Dorya River, Ganale Do ...
that passes through it and empties into the Somali Sea at
Goobweyn Goob Weyn is a town in the southern Lower Juba region of Somalia. References Goob Weyn, Somalia
Populated places in Lower Juba {{Somalia-geo-stub ...
. The
Lag Badana National Park Lag Badana National Park (Bushbush National Park) is a national park A national park is a park in use for Conservation (ethic), conservation purposes, created and protected by national governments. Often it is a reserve of natural, semi-natural ...
is situated in Lower Juba.


History

However, in the latter half of the 20th century, A very few Darod families started to settle in Kismayo city. By the turn of the 20th century, as a guest, they had established a small business centres. In the beginning of the Somali civil wars, Kismaio known as Waamo faced a massive destruction among the faction leaders mainly between Hawiye and Darod each claiming the ownership of the Lower & Middle Juba regions. But on the other side, the city subsequently evolved economically into a major hub of the livestock trade.Lee V. Cassanelli, ''The shaping of Somali society: reconstructing the history of a pastoral people, 1600–1900'', (University of Pennsylvania Press: 1982), p.102. The main Harti representatives to establish themselves in Kismayo were
Majeerteen The Majeerteen ( so, Majeerteen, ar, ماجرتين; also spelled Majerteen, Macherten, Majertain, or Mijurtin) is a Somali clan. It is one of the major Somali clans, with a vast traditional territory spanning 3 major regions of Somalia: Bari, ...
traders from the northeastern
Ras Hafun Ras Hafun ( so, Ras Xaafuun, ar, رأس حـافـون, it, Capo Hafun), also known as Cape Hafun, is a promontory in the northeastern Bari region of Somalia. Jutting out into the Guardafui Channel, it constitutes the easternmost point in Af ...
promontory, who were referred to as ''Hafuuni''. In the first two decades of the 20th century, members of the
Dhulbahante The Dhulbahante ( so, Dhulbahante, ar, دلبةنتئ) is a Somali clan family, part of the Harti clan which itself belongs to the largest Somali clan-family — the Darod. In Somaliland, the Dhulbahante primarily settle in the regions of So ...
Harti sub-clan followed suit.Greenstone - Kismayo
/ref> Among the other things, the both regions are seem to be occupied by a non resident families since from the beginning of the federalism system of the country as a whole. Moreover, to be honest with the Wikipedia, the profile of those regions was presented with false information background. We will provide the facts and figures from the books of I M Lewis on the Somali territory and Prof Ahmed Ismail Samatar. Between 1974 and 1975, a major drought referred to as the ''Abaartii Dabadheer'' ("The Lingering Drought") occurred in the northern regions of Somalia. The
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a Federalism, federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a Political union, union of multiple national Republics of t ...
, which at the time maintained strategic relations with the
Siad Barre Jaalle Mohamed Siad Barre ( so, Maxamed Siyaad Barre; ar, محمد سياد بري; 1910 – January 2, 1995) was a Somali General who served as the President of Somalia, President of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1969 to 1991. Barre, a m ...

Siad Barre
government, airlifted some 90,000 people from the devastated regions of
Hobyo Hobyo ( so, Hobyo, also known as Obbia in Italian), is an ancient port city in Galmudug state in the north-central Mudug region of Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a co ...
and
Caynaba Aynaba, also spelt Ainabo, Ainaba or Aynabo ( so, Caynaba) is a town and serves as the capital of the Saraar region of Somaliland. Overview Aynaba is situated on a busy tarmac road connecting Somaliland's major cities to Somalia. The town is al ...

Caynaba
. New small settlements referred to as ''Danwadaagaha'' ("Collective Settlements") were then created in Jubbada Hoose (Lower Jubba) and
Jubbada Dhexe Middle Juba ( so, Jubbada Dhexe, ar, جوبا الأوسط, it, Medio Giuba) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somalia, gobol'') in southern Somalia. With its capital at Bu'aale, it is located in the States and regions o ...
(Middle Jubba) regions. The transplanted families were also introduced to farming and fishing techniques, a change from their traditional pastoralist lifestyle of livestock herding.


Districts

Lower Juba Region consists of 6 districts: *
Afmadow District Afmadow is a district in Lower Jubba of Somalia. The district capital is Afmadow. It was first established as a town in 1896. References

Districts of Somalia Lower Juba {{Somalia-geo-stub ...

Afmadow District
*
Badhaadhe District Badhadhe District ( so, Degmada Badhaadhe) is a Administrative divisions of Somalia, district in the southern Lower Jubba Region of Somalia. References Badhaadhe, Jubbada Hoose, SomaliaJamaame District Jamame District ( so, Degmada Jamaame) is a Administrative divisions of Somalia, district in the southern Lower Juba (Jubbada Hoose) region of Somalia. Its capital lies at Jamame. The district is primarily inhabited by the Bimaal References Distri ...
*
Kismaayo District Kismayo District ( so, Degmada Kismayo) is a Administrative divisions of Somalia, district in the southern Jubbada Hoose region of Somalia. Its capital is Kismayo. References Districts of SomaliaKismayo Kismayo ( so, Kismaayo; ar, كيسمايو, ; it, Chisimaio) is a port city in the southern Lower Juba (Jubbada Hoose) province of Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a ...

Kismayo
*Badhaadhe


Notes


External links


Administrative map of Lower Juba
{{Authority control Lower Juba, Regions of Somalia