Lower Franconia (German: Unterfranken) is one of seven districts of Bavaria, Germany. The districts of Lower, Middle and Upper Franconia make up the region of Franconia.


1 History 2 Coat of arms 3 Area and population 4 Main sights 5 Notable people from Lower Franconia 6 Institutes of higher education 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] After the founding of the Kingdom of Bavaria the state was totally reorganised and, in 1808, divided into 15 administrative government regions (German: Regierungsbezirke (singular Regierungsbezirk)), in Bavaria called Kreise (singular: Kreis). They were created in the fashion of the French departements, quite even in size and population, and named after their main rivers. In the following years, due to territorial changes (e. g. loss of Tyrol, addition of the Palatinate), the number of Kreise was reduced to 8. One of these was the Untermainkreis (Lower Main District). In 1837 king Ludwig I of Bavaria renamed the Kreise after historical territorial names and tribes of the area. This also involved some border changes or territorial swaps. Thus the name Untermainkreis changed to Lower Franconia and Aschaffenburg, but the city name was soon dropped, leaving just Lower Franconia. In 1933, the regional Nazi Gauleiter Otto Hellmuth insisted on renaming the district Mainfranken, but after 1945 the name Unterfranken was resurrected. The municipal reform (Kreisreform) of June 1972 consolidated the 22 country districts of Lower Franconia into nine.

New district Former district(s)

Aschaffenburg Aschaffenburg, Alzenau

Bad Kissingen Bad Kissingen, Bad Brückenau, Hammelburg

Haßberge Ebern, Haßfurt, Hofheim in Unterfranken, part of Gerolzhofen

Kitzingen Kitzingen, part of Gerolzhofen

Main-Spessart Gemünden, Karlstadt, Lohr, part of Marktheidenfeld

Miltenberg Miltenberg, Obernburg, part of Marktheidenfeld

Rhön-Grabfeld Bad Neustadt an der Saale, Königshofen, Mellrichstadt

Schweinfurt Schweinfurt, part of Gerolzhofen

Würzburg Würzburg, Ochsenfurt, part of Gerolzhofen, part of Marktheidenfeld

Unterfranken is the north-west part of Franconia and consists of three district-free cities ("Kreisfreie Städte") and nine country districts ("Landkreise"). The major portion of the Franconian wine region is situated in Lower Franconia. Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Lower Franconia

The Coat of Arms includes the Arms of Duchy of Franconia in the upper portion, the “Rennfähnlein,” a banner, quarterly argent (silver) and gules (red), on a lance or (gold), in bend, on an azure (blue) field, associated with Würzburg in the lower left quadrant, and a white/silver wheel on a red field symbolizing the clerical state of Mainz, in the lower right quadrant. Area and population[edit]

City or District Population (2013) Area (km²) Communities

City of Aschaffenburg 67,748 5.22% 62 0.7% 1 0.3%

City of Schweinfurt 51,918 4.00% 36 0.4% 1 0.3%

City of Würzburg 124,154 9,57% 88 1.0% 1 0.3%

Aschaffenburg 172,521 13.30% 699 8.2% 32 10.4%

Bad Kissingen 103,003 7.94% 1,137 13.3% 26 8.4%

Haßberge 84,136 6.49% 956 11.2% 26 8.4%

Kitzingen 88,025 6.79% 684 8.0% 31 10.1%

Main-Spessart 126,458 9.75% 1,322 15.5% 40 13.0%

Miltenberg 127,980 9.87% 716 8.4% 32 10.4%

Rhön-Grabfeld 80,065 6.17% 1,022 12.0% 37 12.0%

Schweinfurt 112,916 8.71% 842 9.9% 29 9.4%

Würzburg 158,132 12.19% 968 11.3% 52 16.9%

Total 1,297,056 100.0% 8,531 100.0% 308 100.0%

Historical population

1910 710,943

1939 844,732

1950 1,038,930

1961 1,089,983

1970 1,181,309

1987 1,202,711

2002 1,344,300

2004 1,344,629

2005 1,341,481

2006 1,337,876

2008 1,331,500

2009 1,323,273

2010 1,318,695

2011 1,315,882

2013 1,297,056

Main sights[edit]

Würzburg Residenz

Aschaffenburg, Johannisburg

Next to the former episcopal residence cities of Würzburg (with Veitshöchheim) and Aschaffenburg, the cities of Miltenberg, Amorbach and Werneck, the scenic attractions of the River Main including the Mainschleife at Volkach and the low mountain ranges of the Rhön with the spa town Bad Kissingen and of the Spessart with Mespelbrunn Castle belong to the major tourist attractions. Notable people from Lower Franconia[edit]

Regiomontanus Florian Geyer Tilman Riemenschneider Balthasar Neumann Friedrich Rückert Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen Leonhard Frank Carl Diem Dirk Nowitzki

Institutes of higher education[edit]

Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg University of Applied Sciences Würzburg-Schweinfurt Hochschule Aschaffenburg

See also[edit]

Middle Franconia Upper Franconia


^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018. 

External links[edit]

Official website Official website in English Official website Flag at Flagspot Unterfranken 1910 Statistics

v t e

Administrative regions (Regierungsbezirk) of Bavaria


Upper Bavaria Lower Bavaria Upper Palatinate Upper Franconia Middle Franconia Lower Franconia Swabia

Former region

Palatinate (Pfalz) (till 1945)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 137143360 LCCN: n81074047 ISNI: 0000 0004 0410 9310 GND: 4061905-9 BNF: cb1193