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The title LOUL (or LUL ) is an ancient royal title used in the pre-colonial Serer kingdoms, such as the Kingdom of Sine , the Kingdom of Saloum
Saloum
and formerly the Kingdom of Baol . These three pre-colonial kingdoms are now part of independent Senegal
Senegal
. The Loul
Loul
was the third in line to the throne after the Buumi
Buumi
and Thilas
Thilas
. In old Serer language , Loul
Loul
means "envoyer" (to send).

Some have advanced the claim that the title itself derived from the Lamanic era - (ancient kings and landed gentry of the Serer people ) and was generally reserved for the lamane Sène , the head of the Sène family (or Sene).

In the pre-colonial period, the Loul
Loul
took residence at Loul
Loul
Sessène , now part of the Fatick Region , founded by the Sène family.

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Senegal
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NOTES

* ^ (in French) Diop, Papa Samba, Glossaire du roman sénégalais, L'Harmattan, 2010, p. 92 ISBN 978-2-296-11508-8 * ^ A B (in French) Diouf, Niokhobaye, « Chronique du royaume du Sine. Suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin », in Bulletin de l'Institut Fondamental d\'Afrique Noire (IFAN), tome 34, série B, numéro 4, 1972, p. 777 * ^ (in French) Sarr, Alioune , « Histoire du Sine-Saloum. Introduction, bibliographie et Notes par Charles Becker », Bulletin de l'IFAN, tome 46, série B, numéros 3-4, 1986–1987, p. 23

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Diouf, Niokhobaye, « Chronique du royaume du Sine. Suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin », Bulletin de l'IFAN, tome 34, série B, numéro 4, 1972 * Sarr, Alioune , Histoire du Sine-Saloum. Introduction, bibliographie et Notes par Charles Becker, Bulletin de l'IFAN, tome 46, série B, numéros 3-4, 1986–1987 * Klein, Martin A., Islam and Imperialism in Senegal
Senegal
Sine-Saloum, 1847–1914, Edinburgh University Press, 1968 * Diop, Papa Samba, Glossaire du roman sénégalais, L'Harmattan, 2010, p. 92, ISBN 978-2-296-11508-8

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