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After developing the rabies vaccine, Pasteur proposed an institute for the vaccine.[137] In 1887, fundraising for the Pasteur Institute began, with donations from many countries. The official statute was registered in 1887, stating that the institute's purposes were "the treatment of rab

The UNESCO/Institut Pasteur Medal was created on the centenary of Pasteur's death, and is given every two years in his name, "in recognition of outstanding research contributing to a beneficial impact on human health".[136]

After developing the rabies vaccine, Pasteur proposed an institute for the vaccine.[137] In 1887, fundraising for the Pasteur Institute began, with donations from many countries. The official statute was registered in 1887, stating that the institute's purposes were "the treatment of rabies according to the method developed by M. Pasteur" and "the study of virulent and contagious diseases".[91] The institute was inaugurated on November 14, 1888.[91] He brought together scientists with various specialties. The first five departments were directed by two graduates of the École Normale Supérieure: Émile Duclaux (general microbiology research) and Charles Chamberland (microbe research applied to hygiene), as well as a biologist, Élie Metchnikoff (morphological microbe research) and two physicians, Jacques-Joseph Grancher (rabies) and Émile Roux (technical microbe research). One year after the inauguration of the institute, Roux set up the first course of microbiology ever taught in the world, then entitled Cours de Microbie Technique (Course of microbe research techniques). Since 1891 the Pasteur Institute had been extended to different countries, and currently there are 32 institutes in 29 countries in various parts of the world.[138]

Personal life

Pasteur married Louise Pasteur

Pasteur married Louise Pasteur (néé Laurent) in 1849. She was the daughter of the rector of the University of Strasbourg, and was Pasteur's sceintific assistant. They had five children together, only three of whom survived until adulthood.

Faith and spiritu

His grandson, Louis Pasteur Vallery-Radot, wrote that Pasteur had kept from his Catholic background only a spiritualism without religious practice.[139] However, Catholic observers often said that Pasteur remained an ardent Christian throughout his whole life, and his son-in-law wrote, in a biography of him:

Absolute faith in God and in Eternity, and a conviction that the power for good given to us in this world will be continued beyond it, were feelings which pervaded his whole life; the virtues of the gospel had ever been present to him. Full of respect for the form of religion which had been that of his forefathers, he came simply to it and naturally for spiritual help in these last weeks of his life.[140]

The Literary Digest of 18 October 1902 gives this statement from Pasteur that he prayed while

The Literary Digest of 18 October 1902 gives this statement from Pasteur that he prayed while he worked:

[141] According to both Pasteur Vallery-Radot and Maurice Vallery-Radot, the following well-known quotation attributed to Pasteur is apocryphal:[142] "The more I know, the more nearly is my faith that of the Breton peasant. Could I but know all I would have the faith of a Breton peasant's wife".[4] According to Maurice Vallery-Radot,[143] the false quotation appeared for the first time shortly after the death of Pasteur.[144] However, despite his belief in God, it has been said that his views were that of a freethinker rather than a Catholic, a spiritual more than a religious man.[145][146] He was also against mixing science with religion.[147][148]

In 1868, Pasteur suffered a severe brain stroke that paralysed the left side of his body, but he recovered.[149] A stroke or uremia in 1894 severely impaired his health.[150][151][152] Failing to fully recover, he died on September 28, 1895, near Paris.[42] He was given a state funeral and was buried in the Cathedral of Notre Dame, but his remains were reinterred in the Pasteur Institute in Paris,[153] in a vault covered in depictions of his accomplishments in Byzantine mosaics.[154]

Publication

Pasteur's principal published works are:[4]

French Title Year