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Louis Kronenberger (December 9, 1904 – April 30, 1980) was an American literary critic (longest with Time, (1938-1961), novelist, and biographer who wrote extensively on drama and the 18th century.[1]

Contents

1 Background 2 Career

2.1 Writer 2.2 Academic

3 Personal and death 4 Legacy 5 Works 6 References 7 External links

Background[edit] Kronenberger attended (but did not graduate from) the University of Cincinnati (1921–24).[1] Career[edit] Writer[edit]

Third Boni & Liveright colophon (1925–1929), designed by Lucina Bernhard, during the years when Kronenberger worked there

In 1924, Kronenberger began his career at the New York Times.[1] In 1926, he became an editor at Boni & Liveright.[1]

Alfred A. Knopf colophon, where Kronenberger worked (1933–1938)

In 1933, he became an editor for Alfred A. Knopf.[1] In 1938, he became drama critic for Time, where he continued to 1961.[1] In 1940, William Saroyan listed Kronenberger among the associate editors at Time in the play, Love's Old Sweet Song.[2] Starting in 1942, he worked under Whittaker Chambers, who became editor for the "Back of the Book" (1942-1944).[3] During this period Time was, according to Chambers, "consistently able and sometimes brilliant, because of a small group of men" that included Kronenberger, T. S. Matthews, James Agee, Robert Fitzgerald, Robert Cantwell, Winthrop Sargeant, John K. Jessup, and Calvin Fixx.[4] He continued to work for Time until 1961.[1] In 1940, he also served as a critic for PM and worked there until 1948.[1] Academic[edit] Kronenberger was a visiting professor at several universities, including City College of New York, Columbia, Harvard, Berkeley.[1] In 1951, at Brandeis, he founded a Department of Theater Arts.[1] He was associated with numerous organizations for promoting the arts: Yaddo, Lincoln Center Library-Museum, the National Institute of Arts and Letters, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[5] Personal and death[edit] Kronenberger married Emily L. Plaut in 1940; they had two children.[1] He died on April 30, 1980.[1] Legacy[edit] "Kronenberger's praise was a near guarantee of box-office success."[5] A collection of Louis Kronenberger's papers is held by Princeton University.[1] Works[edit]

John Wilkes by Richard Houston (1769), about whom Kronenberger wrote in 1974

In his later years, Kronenberger wrote biographies, including one of John Wilkes and another of Oscar Wilde.[1][5] Books:

The Grand Manner (1929)[1] Kings and Desperate Men: Life in Eighteenth-Century England (1942) Grand Right and Left (1952)[1] The Thread of Laughter: Chapters on English Stage Comedy from Jonson to Maugham (1952) Company Manners: A Cultural Inquiry into American Life (1954) Republic of Letters: Essays on Various Writers (1955) Marlborough's Duchess: A Study in Worldliness (1958) Madame De Lafayette: The Story of a Patriot's Wife (1959) A Month of Sundays (1961)[1] The Viking Book of Aphorisms (1962) Great World: Portraits and Scenes from Greville's Memoirs, 1814-1860 (1963) The Cart and the Horse (1964) The Polished Surface: Essays in the Literature of Worldliness (1969) The Cutting Edge: A Collection of Witty Insults and Wicked Retorts, of Polished Snubs and Homicidal Repartee (1970) No Whippings, No Gold Watches (1970) memoirs A Mania for Magnificence (1972) Animal, Vegetable, Mineral (1972) The Last Word: Portraits of Fourteen Master Aphorists (1972) Extraordinary Mr. Wilkes: His Life and Times (1974)[1] Oscar Wilde (1976)[1]

Editing:

An Anthology of Light Verse (1935) An Eighteenth Century Miscellany (1936) Reader's Companion (1945) editor The Pleasure of Their Company: An Anthology of Civilized Writing (1946) The Indispensable Johnson and Boswell (1950) Alexander Pope: Selected Works (1951) Cavalcade of Comedy (1953) George Bernard Shaw : A Critical Survey (1953) * The Portable Johnson and Boswell (1955) The Maxims of La Rochefoucauld (1959) Novelists on Novelists (1962) editor Quality: Its Image in the Arts (1969) Brief Lives: a Biographical Companion to the Arts (1971)

Oscar Wilde by Napoleon Sarony (1882), about whom Kronenberger wrote in 1976

Books edited with others:

The Faber Book of Aphorisms (1964) with W. H. Auden

Plays written:

The Heavenly Twins (1955)[1]

Plays translated, adapted:

Mademoiselle Colombe by Jean Anouilh (New York: Coward-McCann, 1954) translated and adapted from the original Colombe (1951)

Plays edited:

Best Plays series (1952-1961):

The Best Plays of 1952-1953, Burns Mantle Yearbook (1953) The Best Plays of 1953-1954 (1954) The Best Plays of 1954-1955 (1955) The Best Plays of 1955-1956 (1956) The Best Plays of 1956-1957 (1957) The Best Plays of 1957-1958 (1958) The Best Plays of 1958-1959 (1959) The Best Plays of 1959-1960 (1960) The Best Plays of 1960-1961 (1961)

Four Plays by Bernard Shaw (1953) Richard Brinsley Sheridan: Six Plays (1964)

Plays edited with others:

The Beggar's Opera by John Gay, A Faithful Reproduction of the 1729 Edition (1961) with Max Goberman Ibsen (1977) with Harold Clurman

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Louis Kronenberger Papers". Princeton University. Retrieved 15 July 2017.  ^ Saroyan, William (1940). Love's Old Sweet Song: A Play in Three Acts. Samuel French. p. 72. Retrieved 15 July 2017. . ^ Tanenhaus, Sam (1997). Whittaker Chambers: A Biography. New York: Random House. pp. 170–171 (Kronenberger), 173 (Back of the Book editor). Retrieved 5 August 2017.  ^ Chambers, Whittaker (1952). Witness. New York: Random House. p. 478. Retrieved 7 August 2017.  ^ a b c Funston, Judith E. (1999). Kronenberger, Louis. American National Biography. 

External links[edit]

Quotations related to Louis Kronenberger at Wikiquote

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 43113433 LCCN: n79064822 ISNI: 0000 0001 1460 8437 SELIBR: 274670 SUDOC: 060790253 BNF: cb12819299n (da

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