The Info List - Louis Freeh

Louis Joseph Freeh (born January 6, 1950) is an American attorney and former judge who served as the fifth Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation from September 1993 to June 2001. Freeh began his career as a special agent in the FBI, and was later an Assistant United States Attorney and United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. A Republican, he was later appointed as FBI director by President Bill Clinton.[1][2] He is now a lawyer and consultant in the private sector.


1 Early life and career

1.1 "Pizza Connection" case 1.2 Roy Moody Trial

2 Federal judicial service 3 Tenure as FBI Director

3.1 Civil liberties 3.2 Ruby Ridge 3.3 Waco 3.4 Khobar Towers
Khobar Towers
bombing 3.5 TWA Flight 800 3.6 Centennial Olympic Park bombing 3.7 Montana Freemen 3.8 Unabomber 3.9 Robert Hanssen 3.10 Wen Ho Lee 3.11 Chinese political and campaign fundraising controversies 3.12 Other cases 3.13 Criticism 3.14 Resignation

4 Post-FBI career

4.1 Nasser Kazeminy 4.2 Penn State 4.3 Other 4.4 Book and editorials

5 Personal life

5.1 SUV crash and hospitalization

6 See also 7 Notes 8 External links

Early life and career[edit] Freeh was born January 6, 1950, in Jersey City, New Jersey, the son of Italian-American parents; Bernice (née Chinchiolo), a former bookkeeper and William Freeh, Sr., a real estate broker.[3][4][5] Freeh, a native of North Bergen,[6] graduated from St. Joseph's High School in West New York, NJ
West New York, NJ
in 1967, where he was taught by Christian Brothers.[7] He then graduated Phi Beta Kappa
Phi Beta Kappa
from Rutgers University–New Brunswick with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1971 and received a Juris Doctor
Juris Doctor
degree from Rutgers School of Law–Newark
Rutgers School of Law–Newark
in 1974 and a Master of Laws
Master of Laws
degree in criminal law from New York University School of Law in 1984. Freeh was an FBI Special Agent from 1975 to 1981 in the New York City field office and at FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
In 1981, he joined the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York as an Assistant United States Attorney. Subsequently, he held positions there as Chief of the Organized Crime Unit, Deputy United States Attorney, and Associate United States Attorney. He was also a first lieutenant in the United States Army Reserve.[8][9] As a youth, Freeh became an Eagle Scout in 1963 and in 1995 was awarded the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award
Distinguished Eagle Scout Award
by the Boy Scouts of America.[10][11] "Pizza Connection" case[edit] A notable case Freeh was associated with was the "Pizza Connection" investigation, in which he was lead prosecutor. The case, prosecuted in the mid-1980s, involved a drug trafficking operation in the United States by Sicilian organized crime members who used pizza parlors as fronts. After a 14-month trial, 16 of 17 co-defendants were convicted. The "Pizza Connection" case was, at the time, the most complex criminal investigation ever undertaken by the U.S. government.[8] Roy Moody Trial[edit] Another notable case that Freeh was associated with was the murder trial of Walter Leroy Moody, Jr., accused of the pipe bomb assassination of federal judge Robert Smith Vance in Birmingham, Alabama, and attorney Robert Robinson in Savannah, Georgia. Freeh was appointed special prosecutor in the case alongside Howard Shapiro. The two were successful in obtaining a conviction against Moody. Federal judicial service[edit] Freeh was nominated by President George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
on April 9, 1991, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York vacated by Judge Richard J. Daronco. He was confirmed by the United States Senate
United States Senate
on May 24, 1991, and received commission on May 30, 1991. His service terminated on August 31, 1993, due to resignation.[9] Tenure as FBI Director[edit] Shortly before and during Freeh's tenure, the FBI was involved in a number of high-profile incidents and internal investigations. Civil liberties[edit] Among other Justice Department officials (including Attorney General Reno), Freeh was named a co-defendant in Zieper v. Metzinger, a 1999 federal court case. The American Civil Liberties Union
American Civil Liberties Union
assisted the plaintiffs who sued due to the FBI's conduct in investigating "Military Takeover of New York City", a short (fictional) film made in October 1999 that discussed riots and a military takeover of Times Square on New Year's Eve, 1999.[12] In May 2000, he reached an agreement with Rep. José Serrano, then Puerto Rican Independence Party
Puerto Rican Independence Party
senator Manuel Rodríguez Orellana and then Puerto Rico Senate Committee on Federal Affairs chairman Kenneth McClintock, the islands' current Senate President, to release FBI files on Puerto Rican political activists. Nearly 100,000 pages have been released and are being catalogued by the Office of Legislative Services of Puerto Rico.[13] In testimony to the Senate Judiciary Committee, Freeh said that the widespread use of effective encryption "is one of the most difficult problems for law enforcement as the next century approaches".[14] He considered the loss of wiretapping to law enforcement as a result of encryption to be dangerous and said that the "country [would] be unable to protect itself" against terrorism and serious crimes.[15] Ruby Ridge[edit] Main article: Ruby Ridge An investigation of the August 1992 incident at Ruby Ridge, Idaho, in which an FBI sharpshooter killed the wife of Randy Weaver, was ongoing when Freeh became director. An FBI unit, the Hostage Rescue Team, was present at the incident; Freeh later said that had he been director, he would not have involved the HRT. FBI sniper Lon Horiuchi
Lon Horiuchi
was later charged with manslaughter; Freeh said that he was "deeply disappointed" at the charges, filed by a county prosecutor and later dropped.[16][17][18] Freeh was not censured for alleged managerial failures in the investigation of the incident, although a Justice Department inquiry had made such a recommendation.[19] Waco[edit] Main article: Waco Siege An investigation of the events of April 19, 1993 when Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) special agents served a warrant on the Branch Davidian
Branch Davidian
compound at Waco, Texas
Waco, Texas
was ongoing during Freeh's tenure. While the event had taken place before he became Director, a highly controversial investigation ensued, including allegations of a cover-up by the FBI, and tensions developed between Freeh and Janet Reno, then-Attorney General. Reno, who had herself been blamed for mishandling of the confrontation and investigation, sent United States Marshals to FBI headquarters to seize Waco-related evidence.[20] Khobar Towers
Khobar Towers
bombing[edit] Main article: Khobar Towers Shortly before 10 a.m. on June 25, 1996, members of a terrorist group detonated a truck bomb outside building 131 (also known as Khobar Towers) of the King Abdul Aziz Air Base. Inside the building were almost exclusively members of the US Air Force
US Air Force
who were there to patrol the southern Iraqi no-fly zone enacted after the Gulf War. In the attack, 19 US military personnel and a Saudi local were killed and 372 were wounded, making this the most deadly terrorist attack on Americans abroad since the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing. Louis Freeh said in his book My FBI that he felt the deepest about the Khobar Towers investigation, and it was not until his last day in office, June 21, 2001, a federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia
Alexandria, Virginia
returned a 46-count indictment against 14 defendants charged with the Khobar Towers attack.[21] This was just before some of the counts would have expired due to a five-year statute of limitations. In the book, Freeh maintains that he was obstructed by the Clinton Administration for political reasons in investigating the bombing and bringing the terrorists to justice. TWA Flight 800[edit] Main article: TWA Flight 800 On July 17, 1996, TWA Flight 800
TWA Flight 800
exploded and crashed into the Atlantic Ocean, killing all 230 persons on board. The following day, the FBI commenced a parallel investigation in spite of the National Transportation Safety Board having "priority over any investigation by another department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government", as stated in 49 U.S.C. § 1131. Subsequently, FBI agents blocked attempts by the NTSB
to interview witnesses, according to a copy of a safety board report obtained by Aviation Week & Space Technology. One month after the explosion, chemists at the FBI crime laboratory in Washington found traces of PETN, an explosive component of bombs and surface-to-air missiles.[22] However, on November 18, 1997, the FBI closed its investigation by announcing that "no evidence has been found which would indicate that a criminal act was the cause of the tragedy of TWA flight 800." Almost three years later, in August 2000, the NTSB
published its final report which stated that "the probable cause of the TWA flight 800 accident was an explosion of the center wing fuel tank (CWT), resulting from ignition of the flammable fuel/air mixture in the tank."[23] Centennial Olympic Park bombing[edit] Main article: Centennial Olympic Park bombing The U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Government Information heard testimony from Freeh regarding the leaking of Richard Jewell's name to the media in connection with the bombing at the 1996 Olympic Games. Freeh testified that he did not know how the name of Jewell, who had been falsely accused in the bombings, had been leaked to the media.[24] Montana Freemen[edit] Main article: Montana Freemen Freeh and the FBI were praised for the handling of the 81-day standoff between law enforcement agents and the Montana Freemen, a fringe political group. Director Abraham Foxman
Abraham Foxman
of the Anti-Defamation League, which had issued reports critical of the Freemen and encouraged their prosecution, commended the "peaceful conclusion" to the standoff.[25] Unabomber[edit] Main article: Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski, the "Unabomber," was apprehended in 1996 after his manifesto, Industrial Society and its Future, was published in the New York Times and Washington Post. Freeh and Attorney General Reno recommended publication, acceding to Kaczynski's offer to "renounce terrorism" if it was published. A tip from the bomber's brother David, who recognized the writing style, assisted the FBI in his capture.[26][27] Robert Hanssen[edit] Main article: Robert Hanssen Robert Hanssen, a 25-year veteran of the FBI, was arrested in 2001 and charged with spying for the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and Russia, beginning in 1985. Hanssen had attended Mass at the same church as Freeh.[28] Freeh called the security breach "exceptionally grave" and appointed a panel, led by former FBI and Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
head William Webster, to review the damage done by Hanssen's espionage.[29] Wen Ho Lee[edit] Main article: Wen Ho Lee In 1999, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Los Alamos National Laboratory
scientist Wen Ho Lee was fired from his job, arrested, and held without trial for 278 days while his handling of sensitive nuclear information was investigated. Freeh accused him of downloading a "portable, personal trove" of US nuclear secrets. But ultimately Lee pleaded guilty to just one of the fifty-nine counts brought against him, after which he was freed from jail.[30] At Lee's sentencing hearing, District Judge James A. Parker scolded the US government for its treatment of Lee, saying that the top decision makers in the case "have embarrassed this entire nation and each of us who is a citizen of it" and that they had been "led astray" by US government officials. Parker apologized to Lee, saying, "Dr. Lee, you were terribly wronged by being held in pretrial custody in demeaning and unnecessarily punitive conditions. I am truly sorry."[31] A Justice Department report of the investigation of Lee said that Director Freeh was not fully informed about the investigation until over a year after it began, and that the FBI as a whole "bungled" the case.[32] Chinese political and campaign fundraising controversies[edit] Main articles: 1996 United States campaign finance controversy
1996 United States campaign finance controversy
and Timeline of Cox Report controversy In February 1997, the media announced that Freeh personally blocked the sharing of intelligence information regarding China's alleged plot to influence US elections with the White House.[33][34] The following month, Freeh testified before Congress that his investigation into campaign finance irregularities of the 1996 U.S. presidential and Congressional campaigns was not focusing on individual criminal acts, but on a possible conspiracy involving China.[35] Later that year, Freeh wrote a memorandum to Attorney General Janet Reno
Janet Reno
calling for an Independent Counsel
Independent Counsel
to investigate the fundraising scandal. In his memo he wrote: "It is difficult to imagine a more compelling situation for appointing an Independent Counsel".[36] Reno rejected his request. Other cases[edit] Other cases handled by the FBI during Freeh's tenure included the death of White House
White House
counsel Vince Foster
Vince Foster
(in 1993), allegations of incompetence at the FBI crime laboratory, investigation of the Oklahoma City bombing
Oklahoma City bombing
(1995) and the capture and prosecution of Timothy McVeigh. Criticism[edit] In 2000, the editorial staff of Business Week
Business Week
called for the resignation of Freeh, citing the Carnivore communications-monitoring system, the alleged Waco cover-up, and insubordination to Attorney General Reno as reasons.[37] Resignation[edit] In June 2001, he resigned amid criticism that the FBI needed stronger leadership, particularly after allegations of spying by Robert Hanssen. Upon his resignation, he was praised by Attorney General John Ashcroft, who called him "a model law enforcement officer".[38] He was replaced by Thomas J. Pickard, who served as acting FBI Director for 71 days until being replaced by Robert Mueller. Post-FBI career[edit] Freeh approached acting New Jersey
New Jersey
Governor Donald DiFrancesco, and offered to serve, without salary, as the state's anti-terrorism "czar". Di Francesco approached both major-party candidates for governor to secure their approval; Bret Schundler, the Republican candidate, agreed "in principle". However, Democrat Jim McGreevey, who won the gubernatorial election, turned down Freeh in favor of Golan Cipel. It was later discovered that McGreevey and Cipel had been involved in a sexual relationship.[39][40] McGreevey was heavily criticized for giving the post to Cipel rather than Freeh or another experienced individual.[41] In September 2001, Freeh was appointed to the board of directors of credit card issuer MBNA; he also served as the bank's general counsel, as well as corporate secretary and ethics officer. Likewise, Bristol-Myers Squibb
Bristol-Myers Squibb
elected him to its board of directors.[42] Freeh is also a member of the board of consultants of the Gavel Consulting Group, formed by current and former federal judges and high-ranking government officials to provide advice and counseling to the private sector.[43][44] Beginning in 2004 Freeh began teaching as an adjunct law professor for Widener University School of Law. Drawing on his years of experience, he has taught White Collar Crime. In 2007, Freeh formed Freeh Group International Solutions,[45] a consulting and investigative firm headquartered in Wilmington, Delaware with regional offices in Washington DC and New York. Affiliated firms include Freeh Group Europe and the law firm Freeh, Sporkin & Sullivan, LLP. The latter firm includes Eugene R. Sullivan, a retired Federal Judge in Washington D.C. and Eugene R. Sullivan II amongst partners and Stanley Sporkin as senior counsel. Sporkin is a retired Federal judge who earlier served as head of the Securities and Exchange Commission's Division of Enforcement and as general counsel to the Central Intelligence Agency.[46] Nasser Kazeminy[edit] Freeh was hired by Nasser Kazeminy to conduct an independent investigation into alleged financial improprieties in the relationship between Kazeminy and former Senator Norm Coleman
Norm Coleman
that surfaced during the final week of the 2008 Minnesota Senate race.[47] At the time, Freeh was serving on the board of the National Ethnic Coalition of Organizations (NECO), whose chairman was Kazeminy.[48] Although Coleman had received roughly $100,000 in gifts from Kazeminy over the years, Freeh's investigation cleared both Coleman and Kazeminy of any wrongdoing in 2011.[47][49] The Intercept, questioning Freeh's impartiality, reported that nine days after Freeh's investigation cleared Kazeminy of wrongdoing, Freeh's wife received a one half ownership stake from Kazeminy in a Palm Beach property valued at $3 million.[50] In 2009, Louis Freeh
Louis Freeh
was hired by Saudi Arabian Prince Bandar bin Sultan as his legal representative on issues surrounding the Al-Yamamah arms deal, appearing April 7, 2009 on the PBS series Frontline's episode "Black Money".[51] In late May 2011, Freeh was retained as an independent investigator by the FIFA Ethics Committee
FIFA Ethics Committee
in the bribery scandal centering on Mohammed bin Hammam and Jack Warner.[52] However, the Court of Arbitration of Sports subsequently rejected Freeh's report as consisting of little more than speculation.[53] Penn State[edit] In November 2011, Pennsylvania State University
Pennsylvania State University
announced that Freeh would lead an internal investigation into the Penn State child sex abuse scandal involving Jerry Sandusky and several high-ranking university officials.[54] He announced that the team assisting him in his investigation would include former FBI agents and federal prosecutors.[55] As the Sandusky trial proceeded toward conviction in June 2012, the university said Freeh would report in the summer and the report would "be released to the trustees and the public simultaneously without being reviewed by the school’s general counsel’s office".[56] The report was released on July 12, 2012.[57] The 267-page report from Freeh's law firm was characterized as deeply critical of the administration of former university president Graham Spanier, athletic director Tim Curley, late coach Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
and former university vice president Gary Schultz. A commentary at Sports Illustrated's website characterized the report's accusations against Paterno as "damning and sweeping" and the findings about Spanier, including a 2001 e-mail in the wake of the 2001 shower incident purportedly witnessed by graduate assistant Mike McQueary, as "most damning".[58] A number of sources [59] have questioned if not outright disputed the accuracy of Freeh's findings, pointing to the lack of hard evidence to support his "reasonable conclusions." A year after the report's issuance, the chairman of the Penn State Board of Trustees, which had originally commissioned the report, said that Freeh's conclusions amounted to "speculation."[60] In a January 2015 interview with the Associated Press, Penn State President Eric Barron said, "I have to say, I'm not a fan of the report. There's no doubt in my mind, Freeh steered everything as if he were a prosecutor trying to convince a court to take the case."[61] On February 10, 2013 a report authored by former United States Attorney General and former Governor of Pennsylvania Dick Thornburgh, whom the Paterno family retained to conduct its own investigation, concluded that the Freeh report was "seriously flawed, both with respect to the process of [its] investigation and its findings related to Mr. Paterno".[62] Graham Spanier
Graham Spanier
is suing Freeh for defamation and tortious interference and Penn State University for breach of contract.[63] The Freeh Report had far-reaching outcomes for Penn State. The NCAA used the Freeh Report in lieu of its own investigation to impose sanctions on the Penn State football program. On July 23, 2012, the NCAA
imposed a $60 million fine, four-year postseason ban, scholarship reductions, and vacated all victories from 1998 to 2011.[64] These sanctions were considered to be among the most severe ever imposed on an NCAA
member school. NCAA
President Mark Emmert stated that the sanctions were levied "not to be just punitive, but to make sure the university establishes an athletic culture and daily mindset in which football will never again be placed ahead of educating, nurturing and protecting young people."[65][66] The Big Ten Conference
Big Ten Conference
subsequently imposed an additional $13 million fine.[67] In January 2013, State senator Jake Corman
Jake Corman
and state treasurer Rob McCord
Rob McCord
launched a lawsuit against the NCAA
to overturn the sanctions on Penn State on the basis that Freeh had been actively collaborating with the NCAA
and that due process had not been followed. As part of the settlement, the NCAA reversed its decision on January 16, 2015, and restored the 111 wins to Paterno's record.[68][69] Other[edit] In November 2011, Freeh was named trustee for the MF Global bankruptcy case,[70] the largest Wall Street bankruptcy since Lehman Brothers' in September 2008.[71] He was appointed by U.S. Trustee Tracy Hope Davis working under the authority of U.S. Bankruptcy Court
U.S. Bankruptcy Court
Judge Martin Glenn.[70] On February 5, 2013 Freeh was named Chair of the law firm Pepper Hamilton LLP.[72] He resigned the chairmanship earlier than slated, in October 2014.[73] In June 2015, Louis Freeh
Louis Freeh
traveled to Paris to attend a rally sponsored by the National Council of Resistance of Iran
National Council of Resistance of Iran
(NCRI), which is associated with the Mojahedin-e-Khalq
(MEK) organanization led by Maryam Rajavim, which had been formally designated as a terrorist organization.[74] Book and editorials[edit] An editorial by Louis Freeh
Louis Freeh
critical of the 9/11 Commission
9/11 Commission
appeared in the November 17, 2005 edition of the Wall Street Journal.[75] In 2005, Freeh (with Howard Means) published a book about his career in the FBI entitled My FBI: Bringing Down the Mafia, Investigating Bill Clinton, and Fighting the War on Terror.[76] It is highly critical of both President Clinton and former counter-terrorism advisor Richard A. Clarke. On October 19, 2005, Freeh made an appearance on The Daily Show
The Daily Show
to promote the book.[77][78] A New York Times review called it "A strangely shallow offering by a man who is anything but...".[79] Personal life[edit] Freeh and his wife, Marilyn, who at the time was employed as a clerk at the FBI headquarters,[80] have six sons. Freeh is a devout Roman Catholic although not a member of the Opus Dei
Opus Dei
prelature.[81][82] According to The Bureau and the Mole,[83] a book by David A. Vise, one of Freeh's sons was enrolled at The Heights School in Potomac, Maryland, which Vise describes as "an Opus Dei
Opus Dei
academy".[84] Several of his sons graduated from Archmere Academy, a Catholic school in Claymont, Delaware. One of his sons attended Georgetown University, a Catholic university in Washington, D.C. Freeh acquired Italian citizenship on October 23, 2009.[85] SUV crash and hospitalization[edit] Shortly after noon on August 25, 2014, Freeh was headed south on Vermont 12, in his 2010 GMC Yukon, when he drove off the east side of the road. The vehicle struck a mailbox at 2762 Vermont 12, Barnard, Vermont, and a row of shrubs, before stopping against a tree, police said. Freeh told police he fell asleep at the wheel.[50] The Wilmington, Delaware, resident was flown from Barnard to Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
in Lebanon, New Hampshire, under armed guard.[citation needed] See also[edit]

Project Megiddo


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North Bergen
named to head college's Sandusky investigation". The Star-Ledger, November 21, 2011. Accessed November 12, 2012. ^ The Ultimate New Jersey
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High School Year Book.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ a b "Federal Bureau of Investigation-Directors, Then and Now - LOUIS J. FREEH". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on 2010-09-23. Retrieved 2012-10-20.  ^ a b "Freeh, Louis J. - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.  ^ "Distinguished Eagle Scouts" (PDF). Scouting.org. Retrieved 2010-11-04.  ^ Newton, Michael (2003). The FBI Encyclopedia. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co. p. 127. ISBN 0-7864-1718-8.  ^ "ACLU's Complaint in Zieper v. Metzinger". American Civil Liberties Union. December 22, 1999. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ "FBI Puerto Rico Political Persecution Files center at PR Office of Legislative Services".  ^ Chris Hekimian (February 8, 2000). "What is Really at Stake?". Cyberspace Policy Institute. Archived from the original on January 7, 2008. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ A. Michael Froomkin (1995). "The Metaphor is the Key: Cryptography, The Clipper Chip, and the Constitution". University of Miami School of Law. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ "Both sides decry new Ruby Ridge
Ruby Ridge
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Ruby Ridge
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Manuscript is Published". The Washington Post. September 19, 1995. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ McGeary, Johanna (March 5, 2001). "The FBI Spy It took 15 years to discover". Time Magazine. Retrieved 6 July 2015.  ^ Frank Pellegrini (February 20, 2001). "Their Man in Washington". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ "Justice Dept. Says Lee's No Hero". CBS News. September 26, 2000. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ Drogin, Bob (September 14, 2000). " Wen Ho Lee Freed; Judge Scolds U.S. Over Case Tactics". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 July 2015.  ^ Eggen, Dan (August 27, 2001). "Report Details More FBI Blunders in Wen Ho Lee Probe". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ David Johnston (March 25, 1997). "F.B.I. Denied Data the White House Sought on China". New York Times. Retrieved 2006-06-12.  ^ "Clinton Gives Freeh Measured Support". New York Times. March 27, 1997. Retrieved 2006-06-12.  ^ Roberto Suro (March 21, 1997). "FBI Head Confirms China Probe Underway". Washington Post. Retrieved 2006-06-12.  ^ "Freeh Says Reno Clearly Misread Prosecutor Law", Neil A. Lewis, New York Times June 12, 2006 ^ "The Case against Louis Freeh". Business Week. September 18, 2000. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ "Another Blow To The Bureau". CBS News. May 13, 2001. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ Mansnerus, Laura (August 13, 2004). "A GOVERNOR RESIGNS: OVERVIEW; McGreevey Steps Down After Disclosing a Gay Affair". New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2015.  ^ McGreevey, Jim (September 25, 2006). "The Making of a Gay American". New York Magazine. Retrieved June 5, 2015.  ^ "Freeh snubbed in favor of Cipel". The Trentonian. August 17, 2004. Archived from the original on January 8, 2006. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ " Bristol-Myers Squibb
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Names Louis J. Freeh to Board of Directors". PR Newswire. September 13, 2003. Archived from the original on April 19, 2007. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ "A Case of Questionable Judgment". The Washington Post. April 7, 2003. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ "Freeh". Gavel Consulting Group. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ "Freeh Group International".  ^ "Our People", FSS webpage. Retrieved 2012-07-13. ^ a b Kessler, Pat (June 6, 2011). "No charges in case that roiled '08 campaign". The Associated Press. Retrieved July 27, 2011.  ^ Vincent, Isabel (March 20, 2011). "Ellis Is. honcho in Iran $candal". New York Post. Retrieved 6 July 2015.  ^ Grow, Doug (2011-06-14). "Investigations clear Norm Coleman, businessman Nasser Kazeminy of wrongdoing, attorneys say". MinnPost. Retrieved 2015-02-03.  ^ a b Silverstein, Ken (2014-12-31). "And the Winner of the 'War On Terror' Financed Dream Home 2014 Giveaway Is…". The Intercept. First Look Media. Retrieved 2015-02-03.  ^ "Frontline: Black Money, Extended Interview with Louis Freeh". April 7, 2009.  ^ Telegraph: Bin Hammam/Warner Investigation expands Paul Kelso, The Daily Telegraph, 2 June 2011 ^ Court Questions FIFA Integrity over Hammam Proceedings James M. Dorsey, MidEastPosts.com, 26 July 2012 ^ Former FBI director Freeh to conduct independent investigation Penn State Live, 21 November 2011 ^ Penn St. hires Louis Freeh
Louis Freeh
to investigate ESPN, 21 November 2011 ^ Achenbach, Joel, "In Sandusky trial, testimony shows how suspicions led to silence", Washington Post, June 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-05. ^ "The Freeh Report on the Pennsylvania State University". Progress.  ^ McCann, Michael, "Report finds Paterno, PSU leaders concealed Sandusky abuse", Sports Illustrated, July 13, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-13. ^ Marc Rubin. "Tom In Paine".  ^ Johnson, Kevin (July 16, 2013). "Penn State leaders don't endorse Sandusky coverup findings". USA Today. Retrieved 6 July 2015.  ^ "Penn State president on Freeh investigation: 'I'm not a fan of the report'". Associated Press. January 28, 2015.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ " Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno
family report calls Freeh report on Sandusky scandal a total failure - ESPN". ESPN.com.  ^ Van Natta, Jr, Don (March 18, 2015). "Ex-PSU president sues school, Freeh". ESPN. Retrieved 6 July 2015.  ^ Prisbell, Eric (July 22, 2012). " NCAA
hands out severe punishment for Penn State". USA Today.  ^ Kane, Colleen (July 23, 2012). " NCAA
punishes Penn State". Chicago Tribune.  ^ Hobson, Will (Dec 28, 2017). "Six years later, Penn State remains torn over the Sandusky scandal". Washington Post. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-01-12. The case produced evidence embarrassing for the NCAA. One staffer, in an email, wrote that NCAA
punishments for Penn State would be unneeded and excessive, but 'new NCAA
leadership is extremely image conscious, and if they conclude that pursuing allegations against PSU would enhance the association’s standing with the public, then an infractions case could follow.' ... Matthew Haverstick, attorney for state Sen. Jake Corman
Jake Corman
(R): 'Our read of the evidence was that the NCAA
board of directors and the Penn State board of trustees were being played off one another by the NCAA
C-suite executives," Haverstick said. "They had wildly different understandings about what was happening around them at that time.'  ^ Morcroft, Greg (July 23, 2012). "Big Ten fines Penn State $13 mln in Sandusky case". MarketWatch. Retrieved July 23, 2012.  ^ Joe Paterno's Penn State wins restored. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved January 16, 2015. ^ Hobson, Will (Dec 28, 2017). "Six years later, Penn State remains torn over the Sandusky scandal". Washington Post. The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-01-12. The case produced evidence embarrassing for the NCAA. One staffer, in an email, wrote that NCAA
punishments for Penn State would be unneeded and excessive, but 'new NCAA
leadership is extremely image conscious, and if they conclude that pursuing allegations against PSU would enhance the association’s standing with the public, then an infractions case could follow.' ... Matthew Haverstick, attorney for state Sen. Jake Corman
Jake Corman
(R): 'Our read of the evidence was that the NCAA
board of directors and the Penn State board of trustees were being played off one another by the NCAA
C-suite executives," Haverstick said. "They had wildly different understandings about what was happening around them at that time.'  ^ a b "Ex-FBI Chief Named Trustee In MF Global Bankruptcy", AP via NPR, November 25, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-26. ^ "MF Global Collapses Amidst Discovery of Missing Money". November 1, 2011.  ^ Highpoint Solutions, LLC Copyright 2008. " Louis Freeh
Louis Freeh
Named Chair of Pepper Hamilton". Archived from the original on 2013-04-11.  ^ Blumenthal, Jeff (October 2, 2014). "Freeh succeeded as Pepper Hamilton chairman". Philadelphia Business Journal. Retrieved 6 July 2015.  ^ Lewis, Matt K. (June 13, 2015). "Prominent Bipartisan Delegation Of Americans Back Iranian Opposition Movement At Paris Rally". Daily Caller. Retrieved 6 July 2015.  ^ "An Incomplete Investigation". OpinionJournal. November 17, 2005. Archived from the original on 2008-04-20. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ With Howard B. Means. My FBI: Bringing Down the Mafia, Investigating Bill Clinton, and Fighting the War on Terror. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2005. ISBN 978-0312321895 ^ "Louis Freeh". The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart. Comedy Central. October 19, 2005. Retrieved 2012-07-14. Louis Freeh
Louis Freeh
tells Jon he didn't want to investigate Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
or write the book.  ^ "FootnoteTV® : The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart : October 2005 : October 19, 2005 (Guest: Louis Freeh)". Footnote TV. Retrieved 2012-09-24.  ^ Bryan Burrough (November 6, 2005). "'My FBI': Heroes and Villains". The New York Times. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ "Louis J. Freeh Facts". Your Dictionary.  ^ "Opus Dei: Fact and Fiction". Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights. June 11, 2006. Archived from the original on May 4, 2009.  ^ Paul Baumann (October–November 2005). "Let There Be Light: A look inside the hidden world of Opus Dei". Washington Monthly. Archived from the original on 2006-08-29. Retrieved 2006-06-11.  ^ Vise, David A. The Bureau and the Mole: The Unmasking of Robert Philip Hanssen, the Most Dangerous Double Agent in FBI History. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2002. ISBN 9780871138347 ^ "Excerpt frcom The Bureau and the Mole". The Bureau and the Mole. Archived from the original on 2006-08-18. Retrieved 2006-09-19.  ^ " Louis Freeh
Louis Freeh
acquires Italian citizenship". Embassy of Italy, Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Archived from the original on 2009-11-04. 

External links[edit]

Louis J. Freeh at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Official FBI bio – Louis J. Freeh at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived September 23, 2010). Archived from the original. Freeh Group International, official web site. Freeh Sporkin & Sullivan, LLP, official web site. Appearances on C-SPAN

Legal offices

Preceded by Richard J. Daronco Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York 1991–1993 Succeeded by Shira Scheindlin

Government offices

Preceded by Floyd I. Clarke Acting Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 1993–2001 Succeeded by Thomas J. Pickard Acting

v t e

Directors of the Federal Bureau of Investigation

Hoover Gray Ruckelshaus Kelley Adams Webster Otto Sessions Clarke Freeh Pickard Mueller Comey McCabe Wray

Italics denotes acting director

v t e

Penn State child sex abuse scandal

Key figures

Jerry Sandusky Mark Emmert Mike McQueary Graham Spanier Joe Paterno Tim Curley Gary Schultz

Law enforcement/investigation

Ray Gricar Tom Corbett Linda L. Kelly Louis Freeh


The Second Mile Pennsylvania State University Penn State Nittany Lions football Joe Paterno
Joe Paterno


The Patriot-News / Sara Ganim Touched: The Jerry Sandusky Story Game Over Paterno (Joe Posnanski) Silent No More Happy Valley

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 255549596 LCCN: no95023310 SUDOC: 103822860 N


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