Ramones is the name of a municipality and its corresponding seat
of government and main population center in
Mexican state of Nuevo
4 Population centers
6 External links
Ramones is located in the west central portion of the Mexican
state of Nuevo León. Its coordinates are 25°42′N 99°37′W /
25.700°N 99.617°W / 25.700; -99.617; it is 226 meters above
sea level. It limits with the following municipalities, all in the
state of Nuevo Leon: Cerralvo to the North;
General Terán to the
south; to the East with China,
Nuevo Leon and Los Herreras; and to the
West with Cadereyta Jiménez,
Pesquería and Dr. González. Its total
territory covers 1,378.8 square kilometers.
The southern portion of the municipality enjoys a temperate climate,
with an average annual temperature between 12 and 18 degrees Celsius.
The northern part of Los
Ramones has an extremely hot, semi-arid
climate, with little rainfall.
May and September are the rainiest months in Los Ramones, with an
average rainfall of 600 mm. Generally, hail storms appear between
February and May and freezing temperatures between November and
February. The lowest temperature on record in the municipality was
Celsius and the highest 45 degrees Celsius.
According to the 1990 Federal Census, the municipality of Los Ramones
had a population of 6,538 inhabitants and a density 5/km².
The same census showed that there were 16 speakers of native
languages, representing 0.30% of the total population. The main native
language spoken was Huasteco, followed by Náhuatl.
The year 2000 Mexican federal census showed a slight decline in
population in the municipality compared to a decade earlier. The 2000
census counted a total population of 6,237, of which 3,134 were male
and 3,103 were female.
The main population center of the municipality is its seat of
government, also named Los Ramones, with a population of approximately
Ramones is located 120 kilometers east of the state capital
The municipality of Los
Ramones contains 102 congregations within its
territory, all with less than 500 inhabitants. The villages are:
Altamira (Capadero), Amado Gomez, Altamira (El Capadero), Baltazar
Rodriguez, Beto Rodriguez, Bonanza, Cancan, Casa Blanca, Cinco De
Mayo, Clavelito, Comas Altas, Doña Ana, El Abrevadero, El Alba, El
Alto, El Ancon, El Ayuncual, El Carrizo, El Ebanito (El Ebanito Dos),
El Ebanito Tres (El Alto), El Ebano, El Esterito, El Faisan, El Gusto,
El Huizache, El Mayorazgo, El Molino, El Perico, (Rincon Del Valle),
El Porvenir (Porvenir Ramones), El Porvenir Guerrero, El Refugio (Los
Gonzalez), El Reloj, El Retiro, El Sabanito (Rincon del Valle), El
Saucito, El Tuetano, Empalme Ramones, Facundo Gonzalez (El Peine),
Fevi, Garza-Ayala (Paso del Macho), Garza-Gonzalez, Guadalupe,
Hidalgo, La Amistad, La Arena, La Buena Fe, La Colorada, La Conquista,
La Curva (Antigua Avenida), La Ernita, La Estrella, La Gloria, La
Morita, La Palma, La Pedrera, La Piedra, La Ponderosa, La Posada, La
Reforma, La Salanillas (Herradura), Lagunitas, Las Alazanas, Las
Barretas (Barretitas), Las Enramadas, Las Presas, Las Puentes, Loma,
Los Abuelos, Los Angeles (Palo Blanco, Las Burras), Los Centenario
(Bueyes) Los Chaparros, Los Chaparros Numero Dos, Los Dos Puentes, Los
Dos Rios, Los Ebanos, Los Garcia, Los Gomez-Ochoa (Los Gomez), Los
Horcones, Los Martinez, Los Olmos, Los Pilares, Los Pobladores (La
Calor), Lucio Leal, Maravillas, Maribel, Noe Gonzalez, Noel Ramirez,
Nuevo Repueblo de Oriente, Rancho Nuevo (Rancho Nuevo del Sur), San
Andres (Los Garza, Las Barranquitas), San Antonio, San Bartolo, San
Francisco, San Isidro, San Jose, San Lorenzo, Santa Cruz del Valle,
Santa Rita, Santo Domingo, Toribio Perez, Valle Alto and Zacahuixtle.
Historical references as to the origin and foundation of the
municipality which is Los Ramones, indicate that Francisco Plácido
Rodríguez Baca was its founder toward the last third of the 18th
Century. Rodríguez Baca was a descendant of Captain Diego de
Rodríguez, one of the original Spanish settlers of Nuevo Leon.
The current location of the municipality's seat of government is also
the location of an original Spanish land grant made to a settler named
Alférez José Ochoa de Elejalde.
In 1847, the inhabitants of Los
Ramones petitioned the State
government to secede from the municipality of Cerralvo, to which it
belonged to at the time, and be incorporated into the municipality of
Cadereyta Jiménez. The state Congress granted the request and on
November 7, 1847 and Los
Ramones ceased to belong to Cerralvo and
became a dependency of Cadereyta Jiménez. Los
Ramones was made a
municipality on September 5, 1915.
On October 26, 2010, the city's police force quit after thirty
sicarios shot the local police station.