Los Angeles International Airport (IATA: LAX, ICAO: KLAX, FAA LID: LAX) is the primary international airport serving Los Angeles, California. It is the largest and busiest airport in both the Los Angeles metropolitan area and in the state of California, second busiest airport in the United States, and one of the largest international airports in the U.S. and the world. The airport is most often referred to by its IATA airport code (and FAA LID) LAX, with the letters pronounced individually.
LAX is located south of the Westchester district of the City of Los Angeles, California, 18 miles (30 km) southwest of Downtown Los Angeles, between the district of Westchester to its immediate north, the city of El Segundo to its immediate south and the city of Inglewood its immediate east. It is owned and operated by Los Angeles World Airports, an agency of the government of Los Angeles, formerly known as the Department of Airports. Covering 3,500 acres (1,416 ha) of land, LAX is also notable for its four parallel runways.
In 2017, LAX handled 84,557,968 passengers, making it the world's fifth busiest airport by passenger traffic, and the country's second busiest overall after Hartsfield-Jackson in Atlanta. The airport holds the record for the world's busiest origin and destination (O&D) airport, since relative to other airports, many more travelers begin or end their trips in Los Angeles than use it as a connection. It is also the only airport to rank among the top five U.S. airports for both passenger and cargo traffic.
LAX serves as a hub/focus city for more passenger airlines than any other airport in the country and is the only airport that all three U.S. legacy carriers (American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and United Airlines) have designated as a hub . The airport also serves as a hub for Alaska Airlines (which purchased Virgin America in 2016), and serves as a focus city for Allegiant Air, Air New Zealand, Qantas, Southwest Airlines, Spirit Airlines, and Volaris. While LAX is the busiest airport in the Greater Los Angeles Area, other airports, including Hollywood Burbank Airport, John Wayne Airport, Long Beach Airport, and Ontario International Airport, also serve the region.
As the largest and busiest international airport on the U.S. West Coast, LAX is not only a major international gateway to the United States but also serves a major point for international connecting passengers. With its deep connections to Asia and Latin America in particular, LAX is considered to be the premier gateway to the Pacific Rim.
In 1928, the Los Angeles City Council selected 640 acres (1.00 sq mi; 260 ha) in the southern part of Westchester for a new airport. The fields of wheat, barley and lima beans were converted into dirt landing strips without any terminal buildings. It was named Mines Field for William W. Mines, the real estate agent who arranged the deal. The first structure, Hangar No. 1, was erected in 1929 and is in the National Register of Historic Places.
Mines Field opened as the airport of Los Angeles in 1930 and the city purchased it to be a municipal airfield in 1937. The name became Los Angeles Airport in 1941 and Los Angeles International Airport in 1949. In the 1930s the main airline airports were Burbank Airport (then known as Union Air Terminal, and later Lockheed) in Burbank and the Grand Central Airport in Glendale. (In 1940 the airlines were all at Burbank except for Mexicana's three departures a week from Glendale; in late 1946 most airline flights moved to LAX, but Burbank always retained a few.)
Mines Field did not extend west of Sepulveda Boulevard; Sepulveda was rerouted circa 1950 to loop around the west ends of the extended east–west runways (now runways 25L and 25R), which by November 1950 were 6,000 feet (1,800 m) long. A tunnel was completed in 1953 allowing Sepulveda Boulevard to revert to straight and pass beneath the two runways; it was the first tunnel of its kind. For the next few years the two runways were 8,500 feet (2,600 m) long.
Before the 1930s, existing airports used a two-letter abbreviation based on the weather stations at the airports. At that time, "LA" served as the designation for Los Angeles Airport. But with the rapid growth in the aviation industry the designations expanded to three letters c. 1947, and "LA" became "LAX." The letter "X" has no specific meaning in this identifier ( just like the X in DXB- Dubai ). "LAX" is also used for the Port of Los Angeles in San Pedro and by Amtrak for Union Station in downtown Los Angeles.
The "Imperial Hill" area (also known as Clutter's Park) in El Segundo is a prime location for aircraft spotting, especially for takeoffs. Another popular spotting location sits under the final approach for runways 24 L&R on a lawn next to the Westchester In-N-Out Burger on Sepulveda Boulevard. This is one of the few remaining locations in Southern California from which spotters may watch such a wide variety of low-flying commercial airliners from directly underneath a flight path.
At 12:51 p.m. on Friday, September 21, 2012, a Shuttle Carrier Aircraft carrying the Space Shuttle Endeavour landed at LAX on runway 25L. An estimated 10,000 people saw the shuttle land. Interstate 105 was backed up for miles at a standstill. Imperial Highway was shut down for spectators. It was quickly taken off the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, a modified Boeing 747, and was moved to a United Airlines hangar. The shuttle spent about a month in the hangar while it was prepared to be transported to the California Science Center.
The distinctive white googie "Theme Building", designed by Pereira & Luckman architect Paul Williams and constructed in 1961 by Robert E. McKee Construction Co., resembles a flying saucer that has landed on its four legs. A restaurant with a sweeping view of the airport is suspended beneath two arches that form the legs. The Los Angeles City Council designated the building a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1992. A $4 million renovation, with retro-futuristic interior and electric lighting designed by Walt Disney Imagineering, was completed before the "Encounter Restaurant" opened there in 1997. Visitors are able to take the elevator up to the roof of the "Theme Building", which closed after the September 11, 2001 attacks for security reasons and reopened to the public on weekends beginning on July 10, 2010. Additionally, a memorial to the victims of the 9/11 attacks is located on the grounds, as three of the four hijacked planes were originally destined for LAX.
24R/06L and 24L/06R (designated the North Airfield Complex) are north of the airport terminals, and 25R/07L and 25L/07R (designated the South Airfield Complex) are south of the airport terminals.
|06L →||8,926 ft
|06R →||10,885 ft
|07L →||12,923 ft
|07R →||11,095 ft
Since 1972, Los Angeles World Airports has adopted the "Preferential Runway Use Policy" to minimize noise. During daylight hours (0630 to 0000), the normal air traffic pattern is the "Westerly Operations" plan, named for the prevailing west winds. Under "Westerly Operations", departing aircraft take off to the west, and arriving aircraft approach from the east. To reduce noise from arriving aircraft during night hours (0000 to 0630), the air traffic pattern becomes "Over-Ocean Operations". Under "Over-Ocean", departing aircraft continue to take off to the west, but arriving aircraft approach from the west unless otherwise required to approach from the east due to reduced visibility or easterly winds. As the name implies, "Easterly Operations" is used when prevailing winds have shifted to originate from the east, typically during inclement weather and Santa Ana conditions. Under "Easterly Operations", departing aircraft take off to the east, and arriving aircraft approach from the west.
The "inboard" runways (06R/24L and 07L/25R, closest to the central terminal area) are preferred for departures, and the "outboard" runways are preferred for arrivals. During noise-sensitive hours (2200 to 0700) and "Over-Ocean Operations", the "inboard" runways are used preferentially, with arrivals shifting primarily to 06R/24L and departures from 07L/25R. Historically, over 90% of flights have used the "inboard" departures and "outboard" arrivals scheme.
The South Airfield Complex tends to see more operations than the North, due to a larger number of passenger gates and air cargo operations. Runways in the North Airfield Complex are separated by 700 feet (210 m). Plans have been advanced and approved to increase the separation by 260 feet (79 m), which would allow a central taxiway between runways, despite opposition from residents living north of LAX. The separation between the two runways in the South Airfield Complex has already increased by 55 feet (17 m) to accommodate a central taxiway.
LAX has nine passenger terminals with a total of 128 gates arranged in the shape of the letter U or a horseshoe. The terminals are served by a shuttle bus. The Tom Bradley International Terminal and Terminals 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 are all connected airside via an overground passage between Terminal 4 and the Tom Bradley International Terminal, an underground tunnel between Terminals 4, 5 and 6 and above-ground walkways between Terminals 6, 7, and 8. Additional airside shuttle buses operate among Terminals 4, 6, and the American Eagle remote terminal, as well as between Terminals 2, 3, and the Tom Bradley International Terminal. There are no physical airside connections between any of the other terminals. In addition to these terminals, there are 2,000,000 square feet (190,000 m2) of cargo facilities at LAX, and a heliport operated by Bravo Aviation.
LAX connects nonstop to 101 domestic and 85 international destinations in North America, Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. American and American Eagle operate the most departures from the airport, followed by United and United Express and Southwest. American operates the largest network of routes out of LAX serving more than 70 destinations, followed by Delta (58) and United (57)
|Aeromexico||Guadalajara, Mexico City|
|Aeroméxico Connect||León/Del Bajío, Monterrey|
|Air Canada||Calgary, Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver|
|Air China||Beijing–Capital, Shenzhen|
|Air France||Papeete, Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|Air New Zealand||Auckland, London–Heathrow, Rarotonga|
|Air Tahiti Nui||Papeete, Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|Alaska Airlines||Anchorage, Baltimore, Boston (begins April 25, 2018), Chicago–O'Hare (begins April 25, 2018), Dallas–Love (begins April 25, 2018), Fort Lauderdale (begins April 25, 2018), Guadalajara, Honolulu (begins April 25, 2018), Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Kahului (begins April 25, 2018), Las Vegas (begins April 25, 2018), Liberia (Costa Rica), Loreto, Mammoth Lakes, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Mexico City, New York–JFK (begins April 25, 2018), Newark (begins April 25, 2018), Orlando (begins April 25, 2018; ends July 5, 2018), Philadelphia (begins April 25, 2018), Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Salt Lake City, San José (CA), San José del Cabo, San José de Costa Rica, San Francisco (begins April 25, 2018), Santa Rosa, Seattle/Tacoma, Washington–Dulles (begins April 25, 2018), Washington–National
Seasonal: Sun Valley
|All Nippon Airways||Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita|
|Allegiant Air||Albuquerque, Bellingham, Boise, Cincinnati, Eugene, Grand Junction, McAllen, Medford, Memphis, Ogden, Provo, Reno/Tahoe, Springfield (MO), Tulsa
Seasonal: Billings, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Des Moines, Fargo, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Great Falls, Idaho Falls, Kalispell, Little Rock, Missoula, Montrose, Oklahoma City, Sioux Falls, Tri-Cities (WA), Wichita
|American Airlines||Atlanta, Austin, Beijing–Capital, Belize City, Boston, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza (begins December 19, 2018), Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Hartford, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, London–Heathrow, Mexico City, Miami, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–JFK, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, St. Louis, San José del Cabo, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National
Seasonal: Anchorage, Auckland, Eagle/Vail, Jackson Hole, Montego Bay, Sacramento
|American Eagle||Albuquerque, Denver, El Paso, Eugene, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fresno, Houston–Intercontinental, Mazatlán, Medford, Montrose, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San José (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Tucson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Aspen, Austin, Bozeman (begins June 9, 2018), Durango (CO), Flagstaff (begins May 5, 2018), Grand Junction, Jackson Hole, Redmond/Bend
|Austrian Airlines||Seasonal: Vienna|
|Avianca Costa Rica||Guatemala City, San José de Costa Rica, San Salvador|
|Avianca El Salvador||San Salvador|
|Boutique Air||Inyokern, Merced|
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong|
|China Eastern Airlines||Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong|
|China Southern Airlines||Guangzhou|
|Copa Airlines||Panama City|
|Delta Air Lines||Amsterdam (begins June 17, 2018), Atlanta, Austin, Belize City, Boston, Cancún, Cincinnati, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Guatemala City, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Lihue, Memphis, Mexico City, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–JFK, Oakland, Orlando, Paris–Charles de Gaulle (begins June 16, 2018), Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, San José (CA), San José del Cabo, San José de Costa Rica, San Salvador, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Tampa, Tokyo–Haneda, Washington–National
Seasonal: Bozeman, Liberia (CR), Miami
|Delta Connection||Albuquerque, Austin, Boise, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Oakland, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Sacramento, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San José (CA), Spokane, Tucson
Seasonal: Aspen, Bozeman, Jackson Hole, Kalispell, Missoula, Sun Valley
|El Al||Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa, Dublin|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
|Frontier Airlines||Atlanta, Denver, Orlando
|Hainan Airlines||Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing|
|Hawaiian Airlines||Honolulu, Kahului, Lihue
|Hong Kong Airlines||Hong Kong|
|Interjet||Cancún, Guadalajara, León/Del Bajío, Mexico City, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo|
|Japan Airlines||Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita|
|JetBlue Airways||Boston, Buffalo, Fort Lauderdale, Orlando, New York–JFK|
|LATAM Chile||Lima, Santiago de Chile|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw–Chopin|
|Mokulele Airlines||El Centro|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Barcelona, Copenhagen, London–Gatwick, Madrid (begins July 15, 2018), Milan–Malpensa (begins July 16, 2018), Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Arlanda|
|Qantas[a]||Brisbane, Melbourne–Tullamarine, Sydney|
|Sichuan Airlines||Chengdu, Hangzhou, Jinan|
|Singapore Airlines||Seoul–Incheon, Singapore, Tokyo–Narita|
|Southwest Airlines||Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Cancún, Chicago–Midway, Dallas–Love, Denver, El Paso, Houston–Hobby, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, Oakland, Omaha, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Francisco, San José (CA), San José del Cabo, Tampa (begins August 7, 2018), Tucson|
|Spirit Airlines||Atlanta, Baltimore, Cleveland, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Intercontinental, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New Orleans, Oakland, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Tampa (begins April 18, 2018)|
|Sun Country Airlines||Minneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Honolulu (begins May 19, 2018)
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich|
|Thomas Cook Airlines||Seasonal: Manchester (UK)|
|United Airlines||Boston, Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Denver, Hilo, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, London–Heathrow, Melbourne, Mexico City, Newark, Orlando, San Diego, San Francisco, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo–Narita, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Austin, Baltimore, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma
|United Express||Albuquerque, Austin, Boise, Colorado Springs, Dallas/Fort Worth, Eureka (begins June 7, 2018), Fresno, Las Vegas, León/Del Bajío, Medford (begins April 9, 2018), Monterey, Palm Springs, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Redmond (begins April 9, 2018), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Seattle/Tacoma, St. George (UT), Tucson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Aspen, Bozeman, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Kalispell (begins June 7, 2018), Missoula (begins June 7, 2018), Montrose
|Virgin America||Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas–Love, Fort Lauderdale, Honolulu, Kahului, Las Vegas, New York–JFK, Newark, Orlando, Philadelphia, Puerto Vallarta, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Washington–Dulles (all end April 24, 2018)|
|Virgin Australia||Brisbane, Melbourne–Tullamarine, Sydney|
|Volaris||Acapulco, Aguascalientes, Durango, Guadalajara, León/Del Bajío, Mexico City, Morelia, Oaxaca, Uruapan, Zacatecas
Seasonal: Puerto Vallarta
|Volaris Costa Rica||Guatemala City, San José de Costa Rica, San Salvador|
|WestJet||Calgary, Edmonton, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver|
|XL Airways France||Seasonal: Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|AeroUnion||Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Mexico City, Monterrey|||
|AirBridgeCargo Airlines||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Hong Kong, Shanghai–Pudong|||
|Air China Cargo||Beijing–Capital, Quito, Shanghai–Pudong|||
|Aloha Air Cargo||Honolulu|||
|Asiana Cargo||Anchorage, San Francisco, Seoul–Incheon|||
|Cargolux||Anchorage, Calgary, Glasgow–Prestwick, Luxembourg, Mexico City, Milan–Malpensa, Seattle/Tacoma|||
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Anchorage, Hong Kong, Mexico City, Portland (OR)|||
|Centurion Air Cargo||Guadalajara, Mexico City, Miami, Tokyo–Narita|||
|China Airlines Cargo||Anchorage, Osaka, San Francisco, Taipei–Taoyuan|||
|China Cargo Airlines||Shanghai–Pudong|||
|China Southern Cargo||Guangzhou, Hefei, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Vancouver, Zhengzhou|||
|DHL Aviation||Anchorage, Calgary, Cincinnati, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Huatulco, Leipzig/Halle, Mexico City, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José (CR), Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita, Tucson|||
|Emirates SkyCargo||Copenhagen, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Mexico City, Zaragoza|||
|EVA Air Cargo||Anchorage, Taipei–Taoyuan|||
|FedEx Express||Boston, Burbank, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Edmonton, Fort Worth/Alliance, Fresno, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, Newark, Oakland, Ontario, Orange County, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), San Diego, Seattle/Tacoma, Sydney, Tulsa
|Korean Air Cargo||Anchorage, San Francisco, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita|||
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt, Manchester|||
|MasAir||Campinas–Viracopos, Guadalajara, Mérida, Mexico City, Quito|||
|National Airlines (N8)||Anchorage, Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Narita||[not in citation given]|
|Nippon Cargo Airlines||San Francisco, Tokyo–Narita|||
|Qantas Freight||Auckland, Chongqing, Honolulu, Melbourne, Sydney|||
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Doha, Luxembourg, Mexico City|||
|Singapore Airlines Cargo||Amsterdam, Anchorage, Brussels, Hong Kong, Sharjah|||
|Sky Lease Cargo||Miami, Tokyo–Narita|||
|UPS Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, Louisville, Ontario|
|Western Global Airlines||Hong Kong (begins 5 April 2018)|||
The airport handled 28,861,477 enplanements, the total number of passengers boarding an aircraft, in 2008. This makes LAX the third busiest airport in the United States in terms of enplanements.
It is the world's fifth-busiest airport by passenger traffic and fifteenth-busiest by cargo traffic, serving over 70.6 million passengers and 2 million tons of freight and mail in 2014. It is the busiest airport in the state of California, and the second-busiest airport by passenger boardings in the United States, based on final 2013 statistics.
The number of aircraft operations (landings and takeoffs) has steadily increased to 636,706 in 2014, up from 614,917 in 2013, according to the Federal Aviation Administration. The Airports Council International places LAX at third most aircraft movements in the world, as of 2013.
|Enplaned and Deplaned Passengers||Aircraft movements||Freight
|Source: Los Angeles World Airports|
|1||San Francisco, California||1,782,260||American, Delta, Southwest, United, Virgin America|
|2||New York–JFK, New York||1,681,510||American, Delta, JetBlue, Virgin America|
|3||Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois||1,474,770||American, Frontier, Spirit, United, Virgin America|
|4||Seattle/Tacoma, Washington||1,437,720||Alaska, American, Delta, Spirit, United, Virgin America|
|5||Las Vegas, Nevada||1,355,230||American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, United, Virgin America|
|6||Denver, Colorado||1,239,420||American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United|
|7||Honolulu, Hawaii||1,100,380||American, Delta, Hawaiian, United, Virgin America|
|8||Atlanta, Georgia||1,100,060||American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit|
|9||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||1,058,210||American, Delta, Spirit, United|
|10||Newark, New Jersey||830,500||United, Virgin America|
|1||London–Heathrow||1,520,350||0.2%||Air New Zealand, American Airlines, British Airways, United, Virgin Atlantic|
|2||Mexico City||1,037,600||43.0%||Aeroméxico, Alaska, American, Interjet, United, Volaris|
|3||Seoul–Incheon||1,024,826||5.4%||Asiana, Korean Air, Singapore Airlines|
|4||Taipei–Taoyuan||1,016,686||7.4%||China Airlines, EVA Air|
|5||Tokyo–Narita||983,933||10.7%||ANA, American, Delta, Japan Airlines, Singapore Airlines, United|
|6||Sydney||936,562||19.3%||American, Delta, Qantas, United, Virgin Australia|
|7||Guadalajara||923,918||23.8%||Aeroméxico, Alaska, American, Delta, Interjet, Volaris|
|8||Vancouver||911,592||1.7%||Air Canada, American, Delta, United, WestJet|
|9||Shanghai–Pudong||799,300||55.9%||American, China Eastern, Delta, United|
|10||Hong Kong||710,462||28.4%||American, Cathay Pacific|
|11||Toronto–Pearson||702,674||13.4%||Air Canada, American, WestJet|
|12||Paris–Charles de Gaulle||686,407||29.5%||Air France, Air Tahiti Nui, Norwegian, XL Airways France|
|15||Auckland||471,717||0.4%||Air New Zealand, American|
|18||Los Cabos||423,007||6.9%||Alaska, American, United|
|19||Tokyo–Haneda||419,460||60.4%||ANA, American, Delta|
|20||San Salvador||412,580||2.1%||Avianca Costa Rica, Avianca El Salvador, Delta|
|2||Delta Air Lines||14,084,978||16.66%|
Shuttles operate to and from the terminals, providing frequent service for connecting passengers. However, connecting passengers who use these shuttles must leave and then later reenter security.
Underground tunnels connect between terminals 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, and an above-ground connector between TBIT and terminal 4 opened in February 2016.
LAX's terminals are immediately west of the interchange between Century Boulevard and Sepulveda Boulevard (State Route 1). The 405 Freeway can be reached to the east via Century Boulevard, and the 105 Freeway can be reached to the south via Sepulveda Boulevard. Sepulveda Boulevard also goes right under the airport runways.
The closest bus stops to the terminals are the pair of opposites on Sepulveda Boulevard and Century Boulevard, served by Metro 117, Torrance 8, Metro 232, Commuter Express 574 and Metro 40 to Los Angeles Union Station (owl service only).
In addition, out of a number of bus systems, many routes (local, rapid and express) of the LACMTA Metro 232 to Long Beach, Line 8 of Torrance Transit, Line 109 of Beach Cities Transit, the Santa Monica Big Blue Bus system's Line 3 and Rapid 3 via Lincoln Boulevard to Santa Monica and the Culver CityBus's Line 6 and Rapid 6 via Sepulveda Blvd to Culver City and UCLA, LADOT Commuter Express 438 to Downtown LA (Monday-Friday Rush hours AM), all make stops at the LAX Transit Center in Parking Lot C. on 96th St., where shuttle bus "C" offers free connections to and from every LAX terminal, and at the Green Line, where shuttle bus "G" connects to and from the terminals.
The FlyAway Bus is a nonstop motorcoach/shuttle service run by the LAWA, which provides scheduled service between LAX and Downtown Los Angeles (Union Station), the San Fernando Valley (Van Nuys), West Los Angeles (Westwood), Hollywood, Long Beach, California, and Santa Monica was discontinued in 2015. The Irvine FlyAway was discontinued on August 31, 2012. The shuttle service stops at every LAX terminal. The service hours vary based on the line. All lines use the regional system of High Occupancy Vehicle lanes to expedite their trips. The Los Angeles Union Station service and a late-night branch of Metro Local route 40 are the only direct transport links between the airport and Downtown Los Angeles.
Shuttle bus "G" offers a free connection to and from the Aviation/LAX station on the Los Angeles Metro Rail Green Line. The line was originally intended to be a people mover to connect directly to the airport terminals, but budgetary restraints and opposition from local taxi and parking lot owners impeded its progress and won.
LAX Train (Future)
An automated people mover (APM) system is a under construction train by LAWA. The Los Angeles APM will have six stations and be 2.25 miles in traveling distance: three stations serving the central area, terminals 1-8 and the Tom Bradley International Terminal. Heading east, one station serving a ground transportation hub called the Intermodal Transportation Facility-West along with the surrounding hotels. The next station will be a four level above ground infill light rail station on the LAX/Crenshaw Metro Line. At this station, the first level will be a second car/bus transport facility called the Intermodal Transport Facility-East. Second level will be ticketing. The third level will be LA Metro rail's Aviation/96th Street Station and the fourth level will be the APM. The last stop will be a rental car hub station called the Consolidated Rent-A-Car-Center (CONRAC). The APM was designed to decrease the need for shuttle bus services and reduce traffic within World Way. The three phase project is estimated to cost $5.5 billion, and have a completion date of 2023. The APM will have nine total trains, each operating in four car sets with capacity of containing up to 200 passengers. The APM will operate every two minutes, with a ten minute end-to-end travel time.
As plans were being finalized, in June 2014, the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority approved a $200 million Metro Rail infill station called Aviation/96th Street on the under construction Crenshaw/LAX Line to connect the APM, connecting the terminals to county wide rail system.
Los Angeles had bid for the 2024 Olympic games in 2016 and was one of two city finalists, due to decreasing demand to host the Olympics, the IOC awarded both Los Angeles and the city of Paris with Olympic games each, Los Angeles being awarded the latter, the 2028 Summer Olympics games. The project will be completed in time for the 2028 Summer Olympics in 2023 as its original projected completion date was by 2024 before the awarding. They choose to retain the original deadline. LAWA has split the project in three phases. The project has been approved and the construction and operating bidding process was commenced. Three firms submitted bids and LAWA announced scoring for the project would be based on "technical merit, visual appeal, user experience and price". LAWA proposed a public private partnership wherein a private sector partner would responsible for the construction and operation of the people mover.
Dallas based building firm Austin Commercial was awarded a five year contract to commence construction in the first quarter of 2018 on phase one of the APM project. The project consists of bridges to connect passengers between the three unbuilt APM stations inside World Way and its terminals. The bridges will also house restrooms, airport lounges, offices and other spaces. The project is expected to finish by 2021, followed by phases two and three that will consist of the actual people mover and off site buildings. In January 2018, a consortium led by Hochtief and Bombardier Transportation was selected as the preferred developer to be awarded the $1.95 billion design/build/operate contract.
As of early 2018, LAX was in the process of removing 2,100 parking spaces in lot C to reconfigure the area for phase two construction purposes. Utility relocation will start in the second quarter of 2018. The guideway will see construction in early 2019, taking up to three years to complete.
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Taxicab services are operated by nine city-authorized taxi companies and regulated by Authorized Taxicab Supervision Inc. (ATS). ATS maintains a taxicab holding lot under the 96th Street Bridge where, at peak periods, hundreds of cabs queue up to wait their turn to pull into the central terminal area to pick up passengers. A number of private shuttle companies also offer limousine and bus services to LAX Airport.
Uber and Lyft both provide ride services to and from LAX. All dropoffs and pickups happen on the upper departures level. Pickups (arriving passengers) only happen at one of the designated "rideshare signs." There are six rideshare sign locations around the airport, labeled A thru F. Lyft and Uber drivers are not allowed on the lower arrivals area, except when picking up a disabled passenger who requires ADA access.
The airport also functioned as a joint civil-military facility, providing a base for the United States Coast Guard and its Coast Guard Air Station Los Angeles facility, operating four HH-65 Dolphin helicopters, which covers Coast Guard operations in various Southern California locations, including Catalina Island. Missions include search and rescue (SAR), law enforcement, aids to navigation support (such as operating lighthouses) and various military operations. In addition, Coast Guard helicopters assigned to the air station deploy to Coast Guard cutters.
The air station relocated by May 18, 2016 from LAX to accommodate the planned improvements for LAX's midfield, including the Midfield Satellite Concourse North (MSC North) terminal. The air station moved to U.S. Navy's Naval Air Station Point Mugu, part of the Naval Base Ventura County (NBVC) in Point Mugu, California.
The Flight Path Learning Center is a museum located at 6661 Imperial Highway and was formerly known as the "West Imperial Terminal". This building used to house some charter flights (e.g. Condor Airlines, Martinair Holland, World Airways) and regular scheduled flights by MGM Grand Air. It sat empty for 10 years until it was re-opened as a learning center for LAX.
The center contains information on the history of aviation, several pictures of the airport, as well as aircraft scale models, flight attendant uniforms, and general airline memorabilia such as playing cards, china, magazines, signs, even a TWA gate information sign. The museum also offers school tours and a guest speaker program.
The museum's library contains an extensive collection of rare items such as aircraft manufacturer company newsletters/magazines, technical manuals for both military and civilian aircraft, industry magazines dating back to World War II and before, historic photographs and other invaluable references on aircraft operation and manufacturing.
The museum has on display "The Spirit of Seventy-Six," which is a DC-3 (DC-3-262, Serial No. 3269). After being in commercial airline service, the plane served as a corporate aircraft for Union Oil Company for 32 years. The plane was built in the Douglas Aircraft Company plant in Santa Monica in January 1941, which was a major producer of both commercial and military aircraft.
The museum claims to be "the only aviation museum and research center situated at a major airport and the only facility with a primary emphasis on contributions of civil aviation to the history and development of Southern California". There are other museums at major airports, however, including the Udvar-Hazy Center of the National Air and Space Museum adjacent to Washington Dulles Airport, the Royal Thai Air Force Museum at Don Mueang Airport, the Suomen ilmailumuseo (Finnish Aviation Museum) at Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, the Frontiers of Flight Museum at Dallas Love Field, the Tulsa Air and Space Museum & Planetarium at Tulsa International Airport and others.
Continental Airlines once had its corporate headquarters on the airport property. At a 1962 press conference in the office of Mayor of Los Angeles Sam Yorty, Continental Airlines announced that it planned to move its headquarters to Los Angeles in July 1963. In 1963 Continental Airlines headquarters moved to a two-story, $2.3 million building on the grounds of the airport. The July 2009 Continental Magazine issue stated that the move "underlined Continental Airlines western and Pacific orientation". On July 1, 1983 the airline's headquarters were relocated to the America Tower in the Neartown area of Houston.
During its history there have been numerous incidents, but only the most notable are summarized below:
LAWA currently has several plans to modernize LAX. These include terminal and runway improvements, which will enhance the passenger experience, reduce overcrowding, and provide airport access to the latest class of very large passenger aircraft.
These improvements include:
LAWA is also planning to construct and operate a 24-hour automated people mover. This small train will include three stations in the central terminal area and three outside east of the terminals at a new intermodal transportation facility hub, connecting passengers between the central terminal area and the Metro Green Line, the future Metro Crenshaw/LAX Line regional and local bus lines and a consolidated car rental facility.
Numerous films and television shows have been set or filmed partially at LAX, at least partly due to the airport's proximity to Hollywood studios and Los Angeles. Film shoots at the Los Angeles airports, including LAX, produced $590 million for the Los Angeles region from 2002 to 2005.
With hubs in Anchorage, Alaska, Los Angeles and Portland, Oregon; Alaska calls Seattle home. The carrier offers more nonstop flights from Seattle than any other carrier.
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