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Lorin Varencove Maazel (March 6, 1930 – July 13, 2014) was an American conductor, violinist and composer. Making his debut at the conducting podium at the age of eight, he embarked on his career in earnest in 1953, establishing a reputation in European concert halls by 1960 but, by comparison, his career in the U.S. progressed far more slowly. However, he would later be appointed music director of the Cleveland Orchestra, Orchestre National de France, Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Symphony Orchestra, Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, and the New York Philharmonic, among other posts. Maazel was well-regarded in baton technique and possessed a photographic memory for scores. Described as mercurial and forbidding in rehearsal, he mellowed in old age.[1]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Honors 4 Notable recordings 5 References 6 External links

Early life[edit] Maazel was born to Jewish American parents of Russian origin in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France (his grandfather Isaac Maazel (1873-1925, born in Poltava, Ukraine, then in Russian Empire) for two decades was the first violin in the Metropolitan Opera; he and his wife Esther Glazer(1879-1921, originally from Kharkiv, Ukraine, then in Russian Empire) came to America in 1900 after the birth of their eldest son Marvin (1899-1988), who later became a pianist and composer). He brought up in the United States, primarily at his parents' home in the city of Pittsburgh's Oakland neighborhood.[2] His father, Lincoln Maazel (1903–2009),[3] was a singer, teacher of voice and piano, and an actor (he co-starred in George A. Romero's 1978 horror movie Martin); and his mother, Marion "Marie" Shulman Maazel (1894–1992),[4] founded the Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Youth Symphony Orchestra.[5] His grandfather Isaac was a violinist in the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra for twenty years. Both Lincoln and Marie gave interviews for the Oral History Collection at the University of Pittsburgh, Lincoln's in 1994, and Marie's in 1974.[6] Maazel was a child prodigy, taking his first conducting lesson at age seven with Vladimir Bakaleinikov and making his debut at age eight, conducting the University of Idaho Orchestra in Schubert's "Unfinished" Symphony in Los Angeles on July 13, 1938.[7] In the same year, he conducted the National High School Orchestra at the National Music Camp in Interlochen, Michigan; the following year he conducted 11 concerts by the same orchestra at the New York World’s Fair.[8] At the age of eleven, he guest-conducted the NBC Symphony Orchestra on the radio. At twelve he toured the United States
United States
of America to conduct major orchestras. He made his violin debut at the age of fifteen. He attended the Fanny Edel Falk Laboratory School[9] at the University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
as a child, followed by Peabody High School and the University of Pittsburgh.[10][11][12] Maazel studied briefly with Pierre Monteux
Pierre Monteux
in 1945.[13] Career[edit] In the early 1950s, Maazel toured as the conductor with the Gershwin Concert Orchestra. The orchestra consisted of 25 members and a noted array of soloists. The orchestra was organized in cooperation with Ira Gershwin, to give the public a comprehensive Gershwin program. The list of soloists included George Gershwin's friend, Jesús María Sanromá, Carolyn Long and Theodor Uppman.[14] In 1960, Maazel became the first American to conduct at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus. He was chief conductor of the Deutsche Oper Berlin
Deutsche Oper Berlin
from 1965 to 1971 and the Radio-Symphonie-Orchester (RSO) Berlin from 1964 to 1975. In 1972, Maazel began his tenure as music director at the Cleveland Orchestra, succeeding George Szell. Maazel's emotional, rich interpretation of music greatly differed from Szell's characteristic crisp, defined precision in performance.[citation needed] A notable achievement during this time was the first complete recording of George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess, using an all- African American
African American
cast (except for the chorus). Maazel held the post until 1982. He never returned to the Cleveland Orchestra
Cleveland Orchestra
after his departure, although a scheduled engagement in 2006 did not occur because of illness.[15] In 1977, he became music director of the Orchestre National de France in Paris, a position he held until 1991. From 1982 to 1984, Maazel served at the Vienna State Opera
Vienna State Opera
as general manager and principal conductor. In 1980, he succeeded Willi Boskovsky as conductor at the Vienna New Year's Concert
Vienna New Year's Concert
and he led this televised annual event each year, until 1986. He returned to it four times: in 1994, 1996, 1999 and 2005. From 1984 to 1988, Maazel was the music consultant to the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, and its music director from 1988 to 1996. From 1993 until 2002, he was chief conductor of the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra in Munich. In 1989, expecting – but failing – to become successor to Herbert von Karajan as chief conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic, Maazel suddenly and publicly severed all connections with the orchestra when it was announced that Claudio Abbado
Claudio Abbado
was to take over. He claimed that his decision was because he was concerned for the orchestra's well-being.[16] In 2000, Maazel made a guest-conducting appearance with the New York Philharmonic in two weeks of subscription concerts after an absence of over twenty years,[17] which met with positive reaction from the orchestra musicians.[18] This engagement led to his appointment in January 2001 as the orchestra's next music director, starting in 2002, succeeding Kurt Masur.[19][20] Maazel conducted the New York Philharmonic on their landmark visit to Pyongyang, North Korea
North Korea
on February 26, 2008. He led the orchestra in renditions of the North Korean and United States
United States
national anthems, Dvořák's New World Symphony, George Gershwin's An American in Paris, and closed with the traditional Korean folk song "Arirang". Maazel stepped down from the New York Philharmonic
New York Philharmonic
after the 2008/09 season. In 2004, Maazel became the music director of the Arturo Toscanini Philharmonic. From September 2006 till March 2011, he was the musical director of the Orquestra de la Comunitat Valenciana, the house orchestra of the opera house Palau de les Arts, Valencia, Spain. His last concert there as Music Director took place on his 81st birthday on March 6, 2011, conducting his only opera 1984. In March 2010, Maazel was named chief conductor of the Munich
Munich
Philharmonic, effective with the 2012/13 season.[21] Early in 2014, Maazel cancelled concert engagements as a result of ill health. Subsequently, in June 2014, he announced his resignation as music director of the Munich Philharmonic, effective immediately.[22] Maazel conducted the music for three operatic films, Don Giovanni (1979), Carmen
Carmen
(1984) and Otello (1986). His own compositions included a poorly reviewed opera, 1984, based on the George Orwell
George Orwell
novel Nineteen Eighty-Four.[23] He was depicted conducting Vienna's New Year concert on an Austrian postage stamp issued in 2005.[24] Maazel and his wife, Dietlinde Turban together operated a summer music festival called Castleton Festival
Castleton Festival
at their Castleton, Virginia
Castleton, Virginia
600-acre (2.4 km2) estate, Castleton Farms.[25] Maazel arranged Wagner's Ring Cycle
Ring Cycle
into a 70-minute suite, The 'Ring' Without Words, which he recorded in 1987 with the Berlin Philharmonic. Maazel's catalogue contained over 300 recordings of works by Beethoven, Brahms, Mahler, Schubert, Richard Strauss
Richard Strauss
and others. He earned 10 Grand Prix du Disque awards.[23] Maazel died on July 13, 2014, at his Castleton Farms estate in Virginia, from complications of pneumonia. He was survived by his daughters Anjali Maazel and Daria Maazel Steketee; son Ilann Maazel and daughter Fiona Maazel; his wife, Dietlinde Turban Maazel, their sons Orson and Leslie, and their daughter Tara, and four grandchildren, Kiran, Owen, Calypso, and Sahara. Honors[edit] Maazel was a Commander of the Légion d'honneur of the French Republic and of the Finnish Order of the Lion. He was decorated with the Bundesverdienstkreuz
Bundesverdienstkreuz
of the Federal Republic of Germany. On 27 May 2013, he received an honorary membership of the Vienna State Opera
Vienna State Opera
and the "Groszes Goldenes Verdienstkreuz" of Austria. Maazel received the Italian Premio Abbiati and was an Honorary Life Member of the Israel Philharmonic. In addition, he was a Kentucky Colonel.[26] Notable recordings[edit]

George Gershwin: Porgy and Bess, with the Cleveland Orchestra
Cleveland Orchestra
and the Cleveland Orchestra
Cleveland Orchestra
Chorus featuring soloists Leona Mitchell, Willard White, Florence Quivar, Barbara Hendricks, François Clemmons, McHenry Boatwright, Arthur Thompson, Barbara Conrad, et al. (Decca) Sergei Prokofiev: Romeo and Juliet, with the Cleveland Orchestra (Decca) Georges Bizet: Carmen, with the Orchestre National de France and the Radio France Chorus, featuring soloists Julia Migenes
Julia Migenes
(soprano), Plácido Domingo
Plácido Domingo
(tenor), Faith Esham (soprano), Ruggero Raimondi (bass-baritone), Lillian Watson (soprano), Susan Daniel (mezzo-soprano), et al. (Erato New DVD CDR10530) Ludwig van Beethoven: Complete Symphonies (1–9), with the Cleveland Orchestra (CBS); Sergei Rachmaninoff: Complete symphonies (1–3), Isle of the Dead, and The Rock, with the Berlin Philharmonic
Berlin Philharmonic
Orchestra. (Deutsche Grammophon 419314) Jean Sibelius: Complete symphonies (1–7), with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. (Decca 430778) Gustav Mahler: Complete symphonies (1–9 plus the Adagio of Symphony No. 10), with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. (CBS/Sony) Maurice Ravel: L'enfant et les sortilèges, with the French National Radio Orchestra and the Radio France Chorus, featuring soloists Françoise Ogéas (soprano), Jeannine Collard (alto), Jane Berbié (soprano), Sylvaine Gilma (soprano), Colette Herzog (soprano), Michel Sénéchal (tenor), Heinz Rehfuss (baritone), et al. (DG 423718) Maurice Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé, with the Cleveland Orchestra Ottorino Respighi: Pines of Rome, with the Berliner Philharmoniker (DG 138 033) Ludwig van Beethoven: Fidelio, with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra and the Vienna State Opera
Vienna State Opera
Concert Choir, featuring soloists Birgit Nilsson (soprano), James McCracken (tenor), Kurt Böhme (bass), Tom Krause (baritone), Graziella Sciutti (soprano), Donald Grobe (tenor), et al. (Decca 448104) Modest Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition
Pictures at an Exhibition
(orch. Ravel) and Night on Bald Mountain (orch. Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov) with the Cleveland Orchestra ( Telarc CD-80042) Andrew Lloyd Webber: Variations with Julian Lloyd Webber
Julian Lloyd Webber
(cello) and the London Philharmonic Orchestra
London Philharmonic Orchestra
(Philips 420 342) Andrew Lloyd Webber: Requiem with Plácido Domingo, Sarah Brightman, Paul Miles-Kington and the English Chamber Orchestra (EL 270242 1)

References[edit]

^ Midgette, Anne (July 13, 2014). "Lorin Maazel, child prodigy turned brilliant conductor and festival founder: 1930–2014". Washington Post. Retrieved July 14, 2014.  ^ Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Live Archived March 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Sara Bauknecht (September 23, 2009). "Obituary: Lincoln Maazel / Performer and father of symphony conductor". Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette. Retrieved October 26, 2009.  ^ Variety Staff (December 17, 1992). "Obituary: Marion Maazel". Variety. Retrieved August 13, 2009.  ^ Lynne Conner (13 January 2002). "The Double Life of Lincoln Maazel", Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette ^ University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Library ^ Kenneson, Claude (1998). Musical Prodigies - Perilous Journeys, Remarkable Lives. Portland, Oregon: Amadeus Press. ISBN 1574670468.  ^ Hanson, Byron (January–February 2018). "Remembering Lorin Maazel". Retrieved March 6, 2018. CS1 maint: Date format (link) ^ Vitone, Elaine. "Well Schooled". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved July 13, 2014.  ^ "High School Boy to Lead Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Symphony". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. December 15, 1942. Retrieved July 6, 2012.  ^ Apone, Carl (September 12, 1986). "The Maazel Era Begins". The Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Press. Retrieved July 6, 2012.  ^ "East Liberty's Wall of Fame". Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Post-Gazette. May 7, 2001. Retrieved July 6, 2012.  ^ Canarina J. Pierre Monteux, Maître. Amadeus Press, Pompton Plains, Cambridge, 2003, p. 228. ^ "Gershwin Festival Program Held At Kohler". The Sheboygan Press. May 11, 1953. p. 15.  ^ Donald Rosenberg, "Maazel cancels". Cleveland Plain Dealer, May 8, 2006. ^ Rockwell, John (October 25, 1989). "Maazel Cancels All Berlin Philharmonic Dates". The New York Times.  ^ Martin Kettle (January 26, 2001). "The show goes on". The Guardian. London. Retrieved April 27, 2007.  ^ Ralph Blumenthal and Doreen Carvajal (February 5, 2001). "Musicians Sing Out and Philharmonic Listens". New York Times. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ Ralph Blumenthal (January 30, 2001). "Maazel Is to Lead Philharmonic; Will Succeed Masur as Director". The New York Times. Retrieved April 29, 2008.  ^ Norman Lebrecht (May 31, 2001). "At last, I've made my father happy". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved April 27, 2007.  ^ " Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
wird Chefdirigent der Münchner Philharmoniker" (Press release). Munich
Munich
Philharmonic. March 27, 2010. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved March 27, 2010.  ^ Lucas Wiegelmann (2014-06-12). "Star-Dirigent Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
tritt zurück". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-02-07.  ^ a b Lorin Maazel, inspiring conductor who led New York Philharmonic, dies at 84 ^ "Austria: New Year's Concert 2005 – Lorin Maazel". International Stamp News.com. January 1, 2005. Retrieved November 24, 2009.  ^ Daniel J. Wakin (June 12, 2009). "For Maestro Maazel, It's on to the Coda". New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2010.  ^ "Lorin Maazel – obituary". Telegraph. 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Lorin Maazel

Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
official website Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Youth Symphony Orchestra Oral History Collection at the University of Pittsburgh, Marie Maazel in 1974 Oral History Collection at the University of Pittsburgh, Lincoln Maazel in 1994 Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
Biography Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
at AllMusic Interview with Marion Maazel mother of Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
(1974) University of Pittsburgh The Châteauville Foundation was established at Castleton Farms, VA in 1997 by Lorin and Dietlinde Maazel. The Foundation's mission is to nurture young artists, foster collaborative artistic enterprise and create opportunities within the community for shared cultural experience. USA Today Q&A with Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
about leadership Interview with Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
by Bruce Duffie, October 22, 1986 Castleton Festival, "Maestro Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
– 1930–2014". 13 July 2014 THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO (YouTube)

Cultural offices

Preceded by Ferenc Fricsay Principal Conductor, Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin 1964–1975 Succeeded by Riccardo Chailly

Preceded by (no predecessor) Principal Conductor, Orquestra de la Comunitat Valenciana 2006–2011 Succeeded by Omer Meir Wellber

Lorin Maazel
Lorin Maazel
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Mariss Jansons
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Eugen Jochum
Eugen Jochum
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Lorin Maazel
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Georg Schnéevoigt
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Rudolf Kempe
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Sergiu Celibidache
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James Levine
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Christian Thielemann
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Lorin Maazel
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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 5118255 LCCN: n81043282 ISNI: 0000 0001 1036 3356 GND: 118575635 SELIBR: 284078 SUDOC: 029088720 BNF: cb138969013 (data) MusicBrainz: e38bb7a2-c3e5-4be2-894b-7078c40b9955 NKC: jn20000603846 ICCU: ITICCURAVV89528 BNE: XX848767 SN

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