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The Lord President of the Council
Lord President of the Council
is the fourth of the Great Officers of State of the United Kingdom, ranking below the Lord High Treasurer but above the Lord Privy Seal. The Lord President usually attends and is responsible for presiding over meetings of the Privy Council, presenting business for the monarch's approval. In the modern era, the holder is by convention always a member of one of the Houses of Parliament, and the office is normally a Cabinet post.

Contents

1 The office and its history 2 Visitorial role 3 Partial list of Lord Presidents of the Council

3.1 Lord Presidents of the Council (c.1530–1702) 3.2 Lord Presidents of the Council (1702–present)

4 See also 5 References

The office and its history[edit] The Privy Council meets once a month, wherever the Sovereign may be residing at the time, to give formal approval to Orders in Council.[1] Only a few Privy Counsellors need attend such meetings, and only when invited to do so at the Government's request. As the duties of the Lord President are not onerous, the post has often been given to a government minister whose responsibilities are not department-specific. In recent years it has been most typical for the Lord President also to serve as Leader of the House of Commons
Leader of the House of Commons
or Leader of the House of Lords. Before the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
general election, 2010, the Lord President was Peter Mandelson, who was also First Secretary of State
First Secretary of State
and Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills.[2] This was the first time that the Lord President had not been a leader of one of the two Houses since the period 20 October 1963 to 16 October 1964, when Quintin Hogg (2nd Viscount Hailsham
Viscount Hailsham
until November 1963), after resigning his post as Leader of the House of Lords, held the office along with the offices of Minister for Sport and, from 1 April 1964, also of Secretary of State for Education
Secretary of State for Education
and Science.[3] On several occasions since 1954, non-British Ministers have served briefly as acting Lords President of the Council, solely to preside over a meeting of the Privy Council held in a Commonwealth realm.[4][5][6] Examples of this practice are the meetings in New Zealand in 1990 and 1995, when Geoffrey Palmer and James Bolger respectively were acting Lords President. In the 19th century, the Lord President was generally the cabinet member responsible for the education system, amongst their other duties. This role was gradually scaled back in the late 19th and early 20th centuries but remnants of it remain, such as the oversight of the governance of various universities. A particularly vital role was played by the Lord President of the Council during the Second World War. The Lord President served as chairman of the Lord President's Committee. This committee acted as a central clearing house which dealt with the country's economic problems. This was vital to the smooth running of the British war economy and consequently the entire British war effort. Winston Churchill, clearly believing that this wartime co-ordinating role was beneficial, introduced a similar but expanded system in the first few years of his post-war premiership.[7] The so-called 'overlord ministers' included Frederick Leathers
Frederick Leathers
as 'Secretary of State for the Co-ordination of Transport, Fuel and Power' and Frederick Marquis, 1st Baron Woolton
Frederick Marquis, 1st Baron Woolton
as Lord President. Woolton's job was to co-ordinate the then separate ministries of agriculture and food.[8] The historian Peter Hennessy
Peter Hennessy
quotes a PhD thesis by Michael Kandiah saying that Woolton was 'arguably the most successful of the Overlords' partly because his ministries were quite closely related, indeed they were merged in 1955 as the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.[9] The Lord President has no role in the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Andrea Leadsom's appointment in June 2017 was the first in some time where the post holder was not a full Cabinet member.[10] Visitorial role[edit] The Lord President also serves as the Visitor for several British universities, including:[11]

University of Birmingham University of Bristol University of Hull Imperial College London Keele University University of Leeds University of Leicester University of Liverpool University of London
University of London
(but not King's College London
King's College London
or University College London) University of Nottingham University of Reading University of Sheffield University of Southampton University of Sussex University of Wales
University of Wales
(but not Lampeter)

Partial list of Lord Presidents of the Council[edit] Lord Presidents of the Council (c.1530–1702)[edit]

Lord President of the Council

Portrait Name Birth–Death Term of office

Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545) 1530 14 August 1545

William Paulet 1st Baron St John (c. 1485–1572) January 1546 February 1550

John Dudley 1st Duke of Northumberland (1504–1553) February 1550 July 1553

Henry Montagu 1st Earl of Manchester (c. 1563–1642) September 1621 July 1628

James Ley 1st Earl of Marlborough (c. 1552–1629) July 1628 14 December 1628

Edward Conway 1st Viscount Conway (1564–1631) 14 December 1628 3 January 1631

Anthony Ashley-Cooper 1st Earl of Shaftesbury (1621–1683) 21 April 1679 15 October 1679

John Robartes 1st Earl of Radnor (1606–1685) 24 October 1679 24 August 1684

Laurence Hyde 1st Earl of Rochester (1642–1711) 24 August 1684 18 February 1685

George Savile 1st Marquess of Halifax (1633–1695) 18 February 1685 4 December 1685

Robert Spencer 2nd Earl of Sunderland (1641–1702) 4 December 1685 October 1688

Richard Graham 1st Viscount Preston (1648–1695) October 1688 December 1688

Thomas Osborne 1st Duke of Leeds [nb 1] (1632–1712) 14 February 1689 18 May 1699

Thomas Herbert 8th Earl of Pembroke (c. 1656–1733) 18 May 1699 29 January 1702

Charles Seymour 6th Duke of Somerset (1662–1748) 29 January 1702 13 July 1702

Lord Presidents of the Council (1702–present)[edit]

Lord President of the Council

Portrait Name Birth–Death Term of office Other ministerial portfolios held during tenure Party Ministry Monarch (Reign)

The Right Honourable Thomas Herbert 8th Earl of Pembroke KG PC (c. 1656–1733) 13 July 1702 25 November 1708

— Godolphin–Marlborough (Tory–Whig) Anne

(1702–1714)

The Right Honourable John Somers 1st Baron Somers PC (1651–1716) 25 November 1708 21 September 1710

Whig

The Right Honourable Laurence Hyde 1st Earl of Rochester KG PC (1642–1711) 21 September 1710 13 June 1711

Tory Oxford–Bolingbroke

His Grace John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby KG PC (1648–1721) 13 June 1711 23 September 1714

George I

(1714–1727)

The Right Honourable Daniel Finch 2nd Earl of Nottingham PC (1647–1730) 23 September 1714 6 July 1716

Tory Townshend I

The Right Honourable William Cavendish 2nd Duke of Devonshire KG PC (1672–1729) 6 July 1716 16 March 1718

Whig

Stanhope–Sunderland I

The Right Honourable Charles Spencer 3rd Earl of Sunderland PC (1675–1722) 16 March 1718 6 February 1719

First Lord of the Treasury

Whig Stanhope–Sunderland II

His Grace Evelyn Pierrepont 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull KG PC (c. 1655–1726) 6 February 1719 11 June 1720

Whig

The Right Honourable Charles Townshend 2nd Viscount Townshend PC FRS (1674–1738) 11 June 1720 25 June 1721

Secretary of State for the Northern Department
Secretary of State for the Northern Department
[nb 2]

Whig

Walpole–Townshend

The Right Honourable Henry Boyle 1st Baron Carleton PC (1669–1725) 25 June 1721 27 March 1725

Whig

The Right Honourable William Cavendish 2nd Duke of Devonshire KG PC (1672–1729) 27 March 1725 4 June 1729

Whig

George II

(1727–1760)

The Right Honourable Thomas Trevor 1st Baron Trevor PC (1658–1730) 8 May 1730 19 June 1730

Tory

The Right Honourable Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington KG KB PC (1673–1743) 31 December 1730 13 February 1742

Whig Walpole

The Right Honourable William Stanhope 1st Earl of Harrington PC FRS (c. 1683–1756) 13 February 1742 3 January 1745

Secretary of State for the Northern Department
Secretary of State for the Northern Department
[nb 3]

Whig Carteret

Broad Bottom (I & II)

His Grace Lionel Sackville 1st Duke of Dorset KG PC (1688–1765) 3 January 1745 17 June 1751

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
[nb 4]

Whig

The Right Honourable John Carteret 2nd Earl Granville KG PC (1690–1763) 17 June 1751 2 January 1763

Whig

Newcastle I

Pitt–Devonshire

1757 Caretaker

Pitt–Newcastle

George III

(1760–1820) [nb 5]

Bute

His Grace John Russell 4th Duke of Bedford KG PC FRS (1710–1771) 9 September 1763 12 July 1765

Whig Grenville (Whig–Tory)

The Right Honourable Daniel Finch 8th Earl of Winchilsea KG PC (1689–1769) 12 July 1765 30 July 1766

Whig Rockingham I

The Right Honourable Robert Henley 1st Earl of Northington PC (c. 1708–1772) 30 July 1766 22 December 1767

Whig Chatham (Whig–Tory)

The Right Honourable Granville Leveson-Gower 2nd Earl Gower PC (1721–1803) 22 December 1767 24 November 1779

Tory

Grafton (Whig–Tory)

North

The Right Honourable Henry Bathurst 2nd Earl Bathurst PC KC (1714–1794) 24 November 1779 27 March 1782

Tory

The Right Honourable Charles Pratt 1st Baron Camden PC (1714–1794) 27 March 1782 2 April 1783

Whig Rockingham II

Shelburne (Whig–Tory)

The Right Honourable David Murray 7th Viscount Stormont KT PC (1727–1796) 2 April 1783 19 December 1783

Tory Fox–North (Whig–Tory)

The Right Honourable Granville Leveson-Gower 2nd Earl Gower PC (1721–1803) 19 December 1783 1 December 1784

Tory Pitt I

The Right Honourable Charles Pratt 1st Earl Camden [nb 6] PC (1714–1794) 1 December 1784 18 April 1794

Tory

The Right Honourable William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam 4th Earl Fitzwilliam PC (1748–1833) 1 July 1794 17 December 1794

Whig

The Right Honourable David Murray 2nd Earl of Mansfield KT PC (1727–1796) 17 December 1794 1 September 1796

Tory

The Right Honourable John Pitt 2nd Earl of Chatham KG PC (1756–1835) 21 September 1796 30 July 1801

Lord Privy Seal
Lord Privy Seal
[nb 7]

Addington

His Grace William Cavendish-Bentinck 3rd Duke of Portland KG PC FRS (1738–1809) 30 July 1801 14 January 1805

Tory

Pitt II

The Right Honourable Henry Addington 1st Viscount Sidmouth PC (1757–1844) 14 January 1805 10 July 1805

Tory

The Right Honourable John Pratt 2nd Earl Camden KG PC (1759–1840) 10 July 1805 19 February 1806

Tory

The Right Honourable William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam 4th Earl Fitzwilliam PC (1748–1833) 19 February 1806 8 October 1806

Whig All the Talents (Whig–Tory)

The Right Honourable Henry Addington 1st Viscount Sidmouth PC (1757–1844) 8 October 1806 26 March 1807

Tory

The Right Honourable John Pratt 2nd Earl Camden KG PC (1759–1840) 26 March 1807 8 April 1812

Tory Portland II

Perceval

The Right Honourable Henry Addington 1st Viscount Sidmouth PC (1757–1844) 8 April 1812 11 June 1812

Tory

The Right Honourable Dudley Ryder 1st Earl of Harrowby PC (1762–1847) 11 June 1812 17 August 1827

Tory Liverpool

George IV

(1820–1830)

Canning (Canningite–Whig)

His Grace William Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck 4th Duke of Portland PC DCL (1768–1854) 17 August 1827 28 January 1828

Tory Goderich (Canningite–Whig)

The Right Honourable Henry Bathurst 3rd Earl Bathurst KG PC (1762–1834) 28 January 1828 22 November 1830

Tory Wellington–Peel

William IV

(1830–1837)

The Most Honourable Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne PC FRS (1780–1863) 22 November 1830 15 November 1834

Whig Grey

Melbourne I

The Right Honourable James St Clair-Erskine 2nd Earl of Rosslyn GCB PC (1762–1837) 15 December 1834 18 April 1835

Conservative Peel I

The Most Honourable Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne KG PC FRS (1780–1863) 18 April 1835 3 September 1841

Whig Melbourne II

Victoria

(1837–1901)

The Right Honourable James Stuart-Wortley 1st Baron Wharncliffe PC (1776–1845) 3 September 1841 19 December 1845

Conservative Peel II

His Grace Walter Montagu Douglas Scott 5th Duke of Buccleuch KG PC (1806–1884) 21 January 1846 6 July 1846

Conservative

The Most Honourable Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne KG PC FRS (1780–1863) 6 July 1846 27 February 1852

Leader of the House of Lords

Whig Russell I

The Right Honourable William Lowther 2nd Earl of Lonsdale PC FRS (1787–1872) 27 February 1852 28 December 1852

Conservative Who? Who?

The Right Honourable Granville Leveson-Gower 2nd Earl Granville PC FRS (1815–1891) 28 December 1852 12 June 1854

Whig Aberdeen (Peelite–Whig)

The Right Honourable Lord John Russell FRS MP for City of London (1792–1878) 12 June 1854 8 February 1855

Leader of the House of Commons

Whig

The Right Honourable Granville Leveson-Gower 2nd Earl Granville KG PC FRS (1815–1891) 8 February 1855 26 February 1858

Leader of the House of Lords

Whig Palmerston I

The Most Honourable James Gascoyne-Cecil 2nd Marquess of Salisbury KG PC (1791–1868) 26 February 1858 18 June 1859

Conservative Derby–Disraeli II

The Right Honourable Granville Leveson-Gower 2nd Earl Granville KG PC FRS (1815–1891) 18 June 1859 6 July 1866

Leader of the House of Lords

Liberal Palmerston II

Russell II

His Grace Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos GCSI PC DL (1823–1889) 6 July 1866 8 March 1867

Conservative Derby–Disraeli III

His Grace John Spencer-Churchill 7th Duke of Marlborough KG PC (1822–1883) 8 March 1867 9 December 1868

Conservative

The Most Honourable George Robinson 1st Marquess of Ripon
Marquess of Ripon
[nb 8] KG VD PC (1827–1909) 9 December 1868 9 August 1873

Liberal Gladstone I

The Right Honourable Henry Bruce 1st Baron Aberdare PC (1815–1895) 9 August 1873 21 February 1874

Liberal

His Grace Charles Gordon-Lennox 6th Duke of Richmond KG PC (1818–1903) 21 February 1874 28 April 1880

Leader of the House of Lords
House of Lords
[nb 9]

Conservative Disraeli II

The Right Honourable John Spencer 5th Earl Spencer KG PC (1835–1910) 28 April 1880 19 March 1883

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
[nb 10]

Liberal Gladstone II

The Right Honourable Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue 1st Baron Carlingford KP PC (1823–1898) 19 March 1883 24 June 1885

Lord Privy Seal
Lord Privy Seal
[nb 11]

Liberal

The Right Honourable Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy 1st Viscount Cranbrook GCSI PC (1814–1906) 24 June 1885 6 February 1886

Secretary of State for War
Secretary of State for War
[nb 12]

Conservative Salisbury I

The Right Honourable John Spencer 5th Earl Spencer KG PC (1835–1910) 6 February 1886 3 August 1886

Liberal Gladstone III

The Right Honourable Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy 1st Viscount Cranbrook GCSI PC (1814–1906) 3 August 1886 18 August 1892

Conservative Salisbury II

The Right Honourable John Wodehouse 1st Earl of Kimberley KG PC DL (1826–1902) 18 August 1892 10 March 1894

Secretary of State for India

Liberal Gladstone IV

The Right Honourable Archibald Primrose 5th Earl of Rosebery KG PC FRS (1847–1929) 10 March 1894 29 June 1895

Prime Minister First Lord of the Treasury Leader of the House of Lords

Liberal Rosebery

His Grace Spencer Cavendish 8th Duke of Devonshire KG PC FRS (1833–1908) 29 June 1895 19 October 1903

President of the Board of Education
President of the Board of Education
[nb 13] Leader of the House of Lords
House of Lords
[nb 14]

Liberal Unionist Salisbury III (Con.–Lib.U.)

Edward VII

(1901–1910)

Balfour (Con.–Lib.U.)

The Most Honourable Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart 6th Marquess of Londonderry KG GCVO CB PC JP DL (1852–1915) 19 October 1903 11 December 1905

President of the Board of Education

Conservative

The Right Honourable Robert Crewe-Milnes 1st Earl of Crewe KG PC FSA (1858–1945) 11 December 1905 16 April 1908

Liberal Campbell-Bannerman

The Right Honourable Edward Marjoribanks 2nd Baron Tweedmouth KT PC (1849–1909) 16 April 1908 19 October 1908

Liberal Asquith I

The Right Honourable Henry Fowler 1st Viscount Wolverhampton GCSI PC (1830–1911) 19 October 1908 21 June 1910

Liberal

George V

(1910–1936)

The Right Honourable William Lygon 7th Earl Beauchamp KCMG PC (1872–1938) 21 June 1910 7 November 1910

Liberal

The Right Honourable John Morley 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn OM PC FRS (1838–1923) 7 November 1910 5 August 1914

Secretary of State for India
Secretary of State for India
[nb 15]

Liberal

The Right Honourable William Lygon 7th Earl Beauchamp KG KCMG PC (1872–1938) 5 August 1914 25 May 1915

Liberal

The Most Honourable Robert Crewe-Milnes 1st Marquess of Crewe KG PC FSA (1858–1945) 25 May 1915 10 December 1916

Leader of the House of Lords President of the Board of Trade
President of the Board of Trade
[nb 16]

Liberal Asquith II (Lib.–Con.–Lab.)

The Right Honourable George Curzon 1st Earl Curzon of Kedleston KG GCSI GCIE PC (1859–1925) 10 December 1916 23 October 1919

Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative Lloyd George (I & II) (Lib.–Con.–Lab.)

The Right Honourable Arthur Balfour 1st Earl of Balfour
Earl of Balfour
[nb 17] KG OM PC FRS DL (1848–1930) 23 October 1919 19 October 1922

Conservative

The Most Honourable James Gascoyne-Cecil 4th Marquess of Salisbury KG GCVO CB PC DL (1861–1947) 24 October 1922 22 January 1924

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
[nb 18]

Conservative Law

Baldwin I

The Right Honourable Charles Cripps 1st Baron Parmoor KCVO PC QC (1852–1941) 22 January 1924 3 November 1924

Labour MacDonald I

The Most Honourable George Curzon 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston KG GCSI GCIE PC (1859–1925) 6 November 1924 27 April 1925

Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative Baldwin II

The Right Honourable Arthur Balfour 1st Earl of Balfour KG OM PC FRS DL (1848–1930) 27 April 1925 4 June 1929

Conservative

The Right Honourable Charles Cripps 1st Baron Parmoor KCVO PC QC (1852–1941) 7 June 1929 24 August 1931

Leader of the House of Lords

Labour MacDonald II

The Right Honourable Stanley Baldwin JP FRS MP for Bewdley (1867–1947) 25 August 1931 7 June 1935

Lord Privy Seal
Lord Privy Seal
[nb 19]

Conservative National I (N.Lab.–Con.–Lib.N. –Lib.

National II (N.Lab.–Con.–Lib.N. –Lib. until 1932)

The Right Honourable Ramsay MacDonald FRS MP for Combined Scottish Universities [nb 20] (1866–1937) 7 June 1935 28 May 1937

National Labour National III (Con.–N.Lab.–Lib.N.)

Edward VIII

(1936)

George VI

(1936–1952)

The Right Honourable Edward Wood 3rd Viscount Halifax PC (1881–1959) 28 May 1937 9 March 1938

Leader of the House of Lords Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
[nb 21]

Conservative National IV (Con.–N.Lab.–Lib.N.)

The Right Honourable Douglas Hogg 1st Viscount Hailsham PC KC (1872–1950) 9 March 1938 31 October 1938

Conservative

The Right Honourable Walter Runciman 1st Viscount Runciman of Doxford PC (1870–1949) 31 October 1938 3 September 1939

National Liberal

The Right Honourable James Stanhope 7th Earl Stanhope KG DSO MC PC (1880–1967) 3 September 1939 11 May 1940

Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative Chamberlain War (Con.–N.Lab.–Lib.N.)

The Right Honourable Neville Chamberlain FRS MP for Birmingham Edgbaston (1869–1940) 11 May 1940 3 October 1940

Conservative Churchill War (All parties)

The Right Honourable John Anderson GCB GCSI GCIE FRS MP for Combined Scottish Universities (1882–1958) 3 October 1940 24 September 1943

National

The Right Honourable Clement Attlee CH FRS MP for Limehouse (1883–1967) 24 September 1943 23 May 1945

Deputy Prime Minister

Labour

The Right Honourable Frederick Marquis 1st Baron Woolton CH PC (1883–1964) 25 May 1945 26 July 1945

National Churchill Caretaker (Con.–Lib.N.)

The Right Honourable Herbert Morrison MP for Lewisham South [nb 22] (1888–1965) 27 July 1945 9 March 1951

Leader of the House of Commons

Labour Attlee (I & II)

The Right Honourable Christopher Addison 1st Viscount Addison KG PC FRCS (1869–1951) 9 March 1951 26 October 1951

Leader of the House of Lords

Labour

The Right Honourable Frederick Marquis 1st Baron Woolton CH PC (1883–1964) 28 October 1951 25 November 1952

Conservative Churchill III

Elizabeth II

(1952–present)

The Most Honourable Robert Gascoyne-Cecil 5th Marquess of Salisbury KG PC (1893–1972) 25 November 1952 29 March 1957

Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative

Eden

Macmillan (I & II)

The Right Honourable Alec Douglas-Home 14th Earl of Home PC (1903–1995) 29 March 1957 17 September 1957

Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative

The Right Honourable Quintin Hogg 2nd Viscount Hailsham PC QC (1907–2001) 17 September 1957 14 October 1959

Conservative

The Right Honourable Alec Douglas-Home 14th Earl of Home PC (1903–1995) 14 October 1959 27 July 1960

Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative

The Right Honourable Quintin Hogg QC MP for St Marylebone [nb 23] (1907–2001) 27 July 1960 16 October 1964

Leader of the House of Lords
House of Lords
[nb 24] Minister for Science [nb 25] Secretary of State for Education
Secretary of State for Education
and Science [nb 26]

Conservative

Douglas-Home

The Right Honourable Herbert Bowden CBE MP for Leicester South West (1905–1994) 16 October 1964 11 August 1966

Leader of the House of Commons

Labour Wilson (I & II)

The Right Honourable Richard Crossman CBE MP for Coventry East (1907–1974) 11 August 1966 18 October 1968

Leader of the House of Commons

Labour

The Right Honourable Fred Peart MP for Workington (1914–1988) 18 October 1968 19 June 1970

Leader of the House of Commons

Labour

The Right Honourable William Whitelaw MC DL MP for Penrith and The Border (1918–1999) 20 June 1970 7 April 1972

Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative Heath

The Right Honourable Robert Carr MP for Mitcham (1916–2012) 7 April 1972 5 November 1972

Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative

The Right Honourable Jim Prior MP for Lowestoft (1927–2016) 5 November 1972 4 March 1974

Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative

The Right Honourable Edward Short MP for Newcastle upon Tyne Central (1912–2012) 5 March 1974 8 April 1976

Leader of the House of Commons

Labour Wilson (III & IV)

The Right Honourable Michael Foot MP for Ebbw Vale (1913–2010) 8 April 1976 4 May 1979

Leader of the House of Commons

Labour Callaghan

The Right Honourable Christopher Soames Baron Soames CMG GCVO CH CBE PC (1920–1987) 5 May 1979 14 September 1981

Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative Thatcher I

The Right Honourable Francis Pym MC MP for Cambridgeshire (1922–2008) 14 September 1981 7 April 1982

Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative

The Right Honourable John Biffen MP for Oswestry (1930–2007) 7 April 1982 11 June 1983

Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative

The Right Honourable William Whitelaw 1st Viscount Whitelaw CH MC DL DL (1918–1999) 11 June 1983 10 January 1988

Deputy Prime Minister Leader of the House of Lords

Conservative Thatcher II

Thatcher III

The Right Honourable John Wakeham MP for South Colchester and Maldon (born 1932) 10 January 1988 24 July 1989

Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative

The Right Honourable Sir Geoffrey Howe QC MP for East Surrey (1926–2015) 24 July 1989 1 November 1990

Deputy Prime Minister Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative

The Right Honourable John MacGregor OBE MP for South Norfolk (born 1937) 2 November 1990 10 April 1992

Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative

Major I

The Right Honourable Tony Newton OBE MP for Braintree (1937–2012) 10 April 1992 2 May 1997

Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative Major II

The Right Honourable Ann Taylor MP for Dewsbury (born 1947) 3 May 1997 27 July 1998

Leader of the House of Commons

Labour Blair (I–III)

The Right Honourable Margaret Beckett MP for Derby South (born 1943) 27 July 1998 8 June 2001

Leader of the House of Commons

Labour

The Right Honourable Robin Cook MP for Livingston (1946–2005) 8 June 2001 18 March 2003

Leader of the House of Commons

Labour

The Right Honourable John Reid MP for Hamilton North and Bellshill (born 1947) 4 April 2003 13 June 2003

Leader of the House of Commons

Labour

The Right Honourable Gareth Williams Baron Williams of Mostyn PC QC (1941–2003) 13 June 2003 20 September 2003

Leader of the House of Lords

Labour

The Right Honourable Valerie Amos Baroness Amos PC (born 1954) 6 October 2003 27 June 2007

Leader of the House of Lords

Labour

The Right Honourable Catherine Ashton Baroness Ashton of Upholland PC (born 1956) 28 June 2007 3 October 2008

Leader of the House of Lords

Labour Brown

The Right Honourable Janet Royall Baroness Royall of Blaisdon PC (born 1955) 3 October 2008 5 June 2009

Leader of the House of Lords

Labour

The Right Honourable Peter Mandelson Baron Mandelson PC (born 1953) 5 June 2009 11 May 2010

First Secretary of State Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills

Labour

The Right Honourable Nick Clegg MP for Sheffield Hallam (born 1967) 11 May 2010 8 May 2015

Deputy Prime Minister
Prime Minister
[nb 27]

Liberal Democrat Cameron–Clegg (Con.–Lib.Dem.)

The Right Honourable Chris Grayling CBE MP for Epsom and Ewell (born 1962) 9 May 2015 14 July 2016

Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative Cameron II

The Right Honourable David Lidington MP for Aylesbury (born 1956) 14 July 2016 11 June 2017

Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative May I

The Right Honourable Andrea Leadsom MP for South Northamptonshire (born 1963) 11 June 2017 Incumbent

Leader of the House of Commons

Conservative May II

Notes

^ Marquess of Carmarthen from 1689, created Duke of Leeds in 1694 ^ Served as Secretary of State for the Northern Department
Secretary of State for the Northern Department
from February 1721 ^ Served as Secretary of State for the Northern Department
Secretary of State for the Northern Department
from November 1744 ^ Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
from December 1750 ^ The Prince of Wales served as Prince Regent
Prince Regent
from 5 February 1811. ^ Baron Camden from 1765; created Earl Camden and Viscount Bayham in 1786[12] ^ Lord Privy Seal
Lord Privy Seal
until February 1798 ^ Earl of Ripon and Earl de Grey from 1859; created Marquess of Ripon in 1871[13] ^ Served Leader of the House of Lords
House of Lords
until August 1876 ^ Served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
from May 1882 ^ Served as Lord Privy Seal
Lord Privy Seal
until March 1885 ^ Served as Secretary of State for War
Secretary of State for War
from January 1886 ^ Served as President of the Board of Education
President of the Board of Education
March 1900 – July 1902 ^ Served as Leader of the House of Lords
House of Lords
from July 1902 ^ Served as Secretary of State for India
Secretary of State for India
March 1911– May 1911 ^ Served as President of the Board of Trade
President of the Board of Trade
from August 1916 ^ MP for City of London until 1922; thereafter created Earl of Balfour and Viscount Traprain and joined the House of Lords[14] ^ Served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
until May 1923 ^ Served as Lord Privy Seal
Lord Privy Seal
September 1932 - December 1933 ^ MP for Seaham until 1935; returned to Parliament as MP for Combined Scottish Universities in 1936[15] ^ Served as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
from February 1938 ^ MP for Lewisham East until 1950; MP for Lewisham South thereafter.[16] ^ Viscount Hailsham
Viscount Hailsham
until 1963 when disclaimed under the Peerage Act 1963; returned to Parliament as MP for St. Marylebone in 1963[17] ^ Served as Leader of the House of Lords
House of Lords
until October 1963 ^ Served as Minister for Science from October 1963 – April 1964 ^ Served as Secretary of State for Education
Secretary of State for Education
and Science from April 1964 ^ With special responsibility for political and constitutional reform

See also[edit]  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lord President of the Council". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Privy Council Office Vice-President of the Executive Council President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada Sinecure

References[edit]

^ "Privy Council: Guide to its origins, powers and members". BBC News. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2018. The body convenes, on average, about once a month and its meetings - known as councils - are presided over by The Queen.  ^ Patrick Wintour (5 June 2009). "Weakened Gordon Brown unable to shift cabinet's bigger beasts". Guardian.co.uk. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 5 June 2009.  ^ D. Butler and G. Butler, Twentieth Century British Political Facts 1900–2000 ^ Viscount Samuel (18 May 1954). "Her Majesty's Return". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 187. House of Lords. col. 645. ... there has been constitutional work done, there have been acts of State: ... meetings of the Privy Council, an organ of the Constitution older than Parliament itself, for wherever the Sovereign is, and three Privy Counsellors are present, there may be meetings of the Council and Orders passed. So, during this tour there have been sessions of the Privy Council in Australia, in New Zealand
New Zealand
and in Ceylon, with their own local Privy Council members – members of the one single Imperial Privy Council, but their own local members.  ^ Cox, Noel (1998–99). "The Dichotomy of Legal Theory and Political Reality: The Honours Prerogative and Imperial Unity". Australian Journal of Law and Society. 1 (14): 15–42. Retrieved 19 November 2011. The Queen has in fact regularly presided over meetings of the Privy Council in New Zealand, since her first in 1954. That was the first held by the Sovereign outside the United Kingdom, although in 1920 Edward Prince of Wales held a Council in Wellington to swear in the Earl of Liverpool as Governor-General.  ^ Kumarasingham, Harshan (2010). Onward with Executive Power: Lessons from New Zealand
New Zealand
1947–57 (PDF). Wellington, New Zealand: Institute of Policy Studies, Victoria University of Wellington. p. 71. ISBN 978-1-877347-37-5. Retrieved 19 November 2011. The Queen held a meeting of the Privy Council [on 13 January 1954] at the 'Court at Government House at Wellington' with her New Zealand
New Zealand
prime minister as 'acting Lord President' of the council. The deputy prime minister, Keith Holyoake, 'secured for himself a place in constitutional history by becoming the first member to be sworn of Her Majesty’s Council outside the United Kingdom'.  ^ Hennessy, Peter. The Prime Minister: The Office and Its Holders Since 1945 (2000), pp.189–190. ^ Hennessy, p.191 ^ Hennessy, pp.193 ^ "Election 2017: Prime Minister
Prime Minister
and Cabinet appointments". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2017-09-09.  ^ "Universities". Privy Council. 2005-01-01. Retrieved 2017-09-09.  ^ "No. 12750". The London Gazette. 9 May 1786. p. 201.  ^ "No. 23748". The London Gazette. 20 June 1871. p. 2847.  ^ "No. 32691". The London Gazette. 5 May 1922. p. 3512.  ^ "No. 15252". The Edinburgh Gazette. 4 February 1936. p. 134.  ^ "No. 39372". The London Gazette. 30 October 1951. p. 5663.  ^ "No. 43180". The London Gazette. 10 December 1963. p. 10099. 

v t e

Great Officers of State of England
England
and Scotland

England

Lord High Steward Lord High Chancellor (of Great Britain) Lord High Treasurer Lord President of the Council Lord Privy Seal Lord Great Chamberlain Lord High Constable Earl Marshal Lord High Admiral

Scotland

Lord Chancellor Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland Chamberlain of Scotland Lord High Treasurer
Lord High Treasurer
of Scotland Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland Lord Clerk Register Lord Advocate Lord Justice Clerk Lord Justice General Earl Marischal Lord Lyon King of Arms Lord High Admiral of Scotland

Italics indicate officers that are in commission, in abeyance or defunct

v t e

Privy Council of the United Kingdom

Positions

Lord President of the Council Clerk of the Privy Council

Membership

Current Royal Senior Longest-serving By year of appointment: 1679–1714 1714–1820 1820–1837 1837–1901 1901–1910 1910–1936 1936–1952 1952–present

Committees of the Privy Council

Current

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council Board of Trade Cabinet of the United Kingdom

Historical

Lord President's Committee Court of Star Chamber

Other

Order in Council Order of Council List of Privy Council Orders Privy Council Office

See also

Protector's Privy Council Privy Council of Scotland Privy Council of Northern Ireland Privy Council of Ireland

v t e

Cabinet of the United Kingdom

Great Offices of State

Prime Minister / First Lord of the Treasury Chancellor of the Exchequer / Second Lord of the Treasury Foreign & Commonwealth Home

Other Cabinet posts

Leader of the House of Lords / Lord Privy Seal Minister for the Cabinet Office / Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Minister without portfolio Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy Housing, Communities & Local Government Digital, Culture, Media & Sport Defence Education Environment, Food & Rural Affairs Exiting the European Union Health & Social Care International Development International Trade / President of the Board of Trade Lord Chancellor / Secretary of State for Justice Northern Ireland Scotland Transport Wales Work & Pensions

Also attend Cabinet

Attorney General Chief Secretary to the Treasury Chief Whip Leader of the House of Commons / Lord President of the Council Minister of State for Climate Change and Industry Minister of Sta

.