LONGYAN (simplified Chinese : 龙岩; traditional Chinese : 龍岩;
pinyin : Lóngyán ;
Pe̍h-ōe-jī : Lêng-nâ or Liong-nâ;
literally: "dragon rock"; Hakka : Liùng-ngàm) is a prefecture-level
city in southwestern
Fujian province, People's Republic of China,
Guangdong to the south and
Jiangxi to the west.
* 1 History
* 2 Environment
* 3 Geography and climate
* 4 Demographics
* 5 Administration
* 6 Culture
* 7 Economy
* 8 Transport
* 9 Famous people from
* 10 See also
* 11 References
* 12 External links
In 736 AD, (the
Tang Dynasty ), the prefecture of Tingzhou was
established in western Fujian, or Minxi (闽西), administering
Changting , Huanglian and Xinluo counties. Six years later Xinluo was
Longyan for the nearby cavern, a famous scenic site.
Due to the ancient conflicts in central China and aggression from
northern tribes, many Han people moved from central China to Longyan.
in 1734, the area was designated
Longyan Prefecture by the imperial
court. In 1913, it reverted to its former name
Longyan County and in
Longyan City was established.
Minxi was a strategic base during the
Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War .
It's said that tens of thousands of people from
Longyan joined the
PLA during the Chinese Civil War, and nearly every family had someone
sacrificed lives on behalf of CCP side. There are more than 26,000
locals that took part in the Long March which in total is carried out
by 86,000. Moreover, during 1955 and 1968, 68 people from
awarded Brigadier General or above, which accounts for 82% of all
Fujian province at the time, therefore,
Longyan is also
named after "The Home of Generals".
Unlike many Chinese cities, the forest coverage of
Longyan reaches an
unusually high 77.9%, which is unparalleled in
Meihuashan National Nature Reserve , a part of the China Biosphere
Reserve Network , is located in Longyan.
Goby Rhinogobius longyanensis was first described from
named after it. Presumably also the prehistoric bivalve Claraia
longyanensis got its name from Longyan.
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
Longyan is situated in the upper reaches of the Jiulong and Ting
Rivers. It borders the prefecture-level cities of
Sanming to the
Quanzhou to the east,
Zhangzhou to the southeast, Meizhou
Guangdong ) to the southwest, and
Jiangxi ) to the west and
Longyan has a monsoon -influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen
climate classification Cfa), with short, mild winters, and long, hot
and humid summers. Despite its inland location, the city's summers
rank among the mildest in the province, averaging lower than even
Xiamen and the islands of
Pingtan County , both of which receive
significant maritime moderation. Rainfall is greatest in spring and
early summer and at its least in autumn and early winter.
CLIMATE DATA FOR LONGYAN (1971−2000)
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM)
Source: Weather China
The prefecture-level city of
Longyan had a population of 2,559,545
inhabitants as of 2010, according to the 2010 National Census . The
Longyan in 2010 was 4.65% inferior than in 2000 (when
the inhabitants of the city stand at 2,684,310), giving an average
annual rate of growth of -0.47%.
The municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Xinluo
District (新罗区), together with the CPC and Public Security
bureaux. The information about population uses the 2010 Census data.
XINLUO YONGDING Changting
Longyan is famous for it as the "Home of Hakka People", as 75% of the
population is composed of Hakka people. The city of Changting is
often referred to as the home of the Hakka, while the
Ting River is
known as the "mother river" of the Hakka people. The
Hoklo people in
Hokkien , while their speech is somewhat
Hakka Chinese . Due to the difference between Hoklo
culture and Hakka's, there is a diversity of traditions and values in
Longyan serves as a strategic center for the distribution of goods to
Zhangzhou . It also acts as a gateway for trade
Jiangxi province. It is the main connection between
the inland and coastal area.
Longyan is rich in natural resources such as in important mineral
deposits and forest zones. The
Septwolves tobacco business is an
important contributor to the local economy, as is the Zijin Mining
group. The largest construction equipment maker
Lonking Holdings is
based in the city.
Longyan Guanzhishan Airport
Xiamen Railway (high-speed line opened in 2012),
Ganzhou–Longyan Railway ,
Zhangping–Longchuan Railway .
FAMOUS PEOPLE FROM LONGYAN
Aw Boon Haw , from Yongding county, Tiger Balm King of Singapore
Aw Boon Par , brother of Aw Boon Haw, and the other half of the
Tiger Balm empire.
* Chen Hong (b. 1979), number 1 badminton player on the world
ranking list from 2002 to 2003.
Deng Zihui (1896–1972) former Chinese vice premier
(1951–1965), one of the top leaders of the Chinese Communist Party.
He Wenna (b. 1989), trampoline gymnast, gold medalist at the 2008
Lin Dan (b. 1983), gold medalist at the 2012 and 2008 Summer
Olympics, number 1 badminton player on the world ranking list from
2004 to 2008.
Ong Schan Tchow (1900–1945), leading artist whose exhibitions in
China and South East Asia raised funds for the war relief effort and
civilian victims of the
Second Sino-Japanese War
Second Sino-Japanese War
* Shi Zhiyong (b. 1980), Weightlifter, gold medalist at the 2004
Yang Chengwu (1914–2004), general of the People's Liberation
Zeng Jinyan (b. 1983), blogger and human rights activist.
Zhang Dingcheng (1898 – December 16, 1981), the
Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate from 1954 to
Zhang Xiangxiang (b. 1983), Weightlifter, gold medalist at the
2008 Summer Olympics and bronze medalist at the 2000 Summer Olympics.
* ^ 2008年行政区划 (IN CHINESE). LONGYAN MUNICIPAL STATISTIC
BUREAU. 2009-06-05. RETRIEVED 2009-12-08.
* ^ 2009年龙岩市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (IN
CHINESE). LONGYAN MUNICIPAL STATISTIC BUREAU. 2010-03-12. RETRIEVED
* ^ 百度百科-龙岩 The introduction of
Longyan on Baidu
* ^ A B 市情特点. The characteristics of
Longyan (in Simplified
* ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Rhinogobius
FishBase . August 2013 version.
* ^ "†
Claraia longyanensis Chen 1976 (clam)". Paleobiology
Database. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
* ^ Weather China
* ^ 龙岩 -城市介绍 (IN CHINESE). WEATHER CHINA. RETRIEVED
* ^ A B (in Chinese)
Longyan Statistic Bureau. Data from the Sixth
National Population Census of the People\'s Republic of China
Wikimedia Commons has media related to LONGYAN .
* English Guide to Longyan
* Government website of
Longyan (in Chinese)
* Guide to
Longyan Tour Sites
* Fujian\'s Hakka