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The LONDON COMMUTER BELT is a metropolitan area that includes London and its surrounding commuter zone (the area in which it is practical to commute to work in London). It is also known as the LONDON METROPOLITAN AREA, or SOUTHEAST METROPOLITAN AREA. It should not be confused with Greater London
Greater London
or the Greater London
Greater London
Built-up Area .

The most up-to-date population figures are from Eurostat
Eurostat
, that the London metropolitan area is the largest in the EU with a population of 13,709,128 (in 2011, provisionally 14,431,830 in 2016).

CONTENTS

* 1 Scope

* 2 Definitions

* 2.1 Travel to Work Area
Travel to Work Area
* 2.2 Environs of Greater London
Greater London
* 2.3 London\'s Larger Urban Zone * 2.4 Urban areas within the commuter belt

* 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

SCOPE

The boundaries are not fixed; they expand as transport options improve and affordable housing moves further away from city centre. The belt currently covers much of the South East region and part of the East of England
East of England
region, including the home counties of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire
Berkshire
, Surrey, Kent
Kent
and Essex
Essex
, and, by several definitions, Hampshire
Hampshire
, West Sussex, East Sussex
East Sussex
and Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
.

The population of Greater London
Greater London
and those counties adjacent to the green belt was 18,868,800 in 2011 . Much of the undeveloped part of this area lies within the designated Metropolitan Green Belt
Metropolitan Green Belt
, which covers nearly all of Surrey
Surrey
, eastern Berkshire
Berkshire
, southern Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
, southern and mid Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
, southern Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
, south-west Essex
Essex
, and western Kent
Kent
. In addition, three Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (the Chiltern Hills, Surrey Hills and North Downs AONBs) surrounding the Thames basin are within the commuter belt.

DEFINITIONS

TRAVEL TO WORK AREA

The London Travel to Work Area
Travel to Work Area
in 2001 (dark blue), with the administrative boundary of Greater London
Greater London
shown.

The London Travel to Work Area
Travel to Work Area
, defined by the Office for National Statistics as the area for which "of the resident economically active population, at least 75% actually work in the area, and also, that of everyone working in the area, at least 75% actually live in the area." has a population of 9,294,800 (2005 estimate).

ENVIRONS OF GREATER LONDON

There are 17 local government districts that share a boundary with Greater London, in the East and South East regions. Most districts are entirely, or have sections, within the M25 motorway
M25 motorway
or are within 15–20 miles (24–32 km) of Charing Cross
Charing Cross
.

Adjacent districts often share characteristics of Outer London , such as forming part of the continuous urban sprawl , being served by the London Underground
London Underground
, being covered by the London telephone area code , (until 2000) forming part of the Metropolitan Police District and having a relatively high employed population working in London.

LONDON\'S LARGER URBAN ZONE

Larger Urban Zone is a definition created by Eurostat
Eurostat
that measures the population and expanse of metropolitan areas across European countries. The population of London's Larger Urban Zone is 11.9 million (2004), ranking it as the largest metropolitan area in the European Union
European Union
. The districts that are considered parts of this Larger Urban Zone are listed here: no districts in Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
, Hampshire
Hampshire
or Sussex
Sussex
are included. Several large conurbations fall just outside the zone: Reading , Luton
Luton
, High Wycombe
High Wycombe
and significant parts of the Aldershot and Crawley
Crawley
Urban Areas.

REGION COUNTY DISTRICTS WITHIN LONDON\'S LARGER URBAN ZONE DISTRICTS OUTSIDE LONDON\'S LARGER URBAN ZONE

East Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

* Broxbourne
Broxbourne
* East Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
* Dacorum * Hertsmere
Hertsmere
* Three Rivers * Stevenage
Stevenage
* St Albans
St Albans
* Watford
Watford
* Welwyn Hatfield

North Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

Essex
Essex

* Basildon
Basildon
* Brentwood * Castle Point
Castle Point
* Chelmsford * Epping Forest * Harlow
Harlow
* Maldon * Rochford * Southend-on-Sea
Southend-on-Sea
* Thurrock
Thurrock
* Uttlesford
Uttlesford

* Braintree * Colchester * Tendring
Tendring

South East Kent
Kent

* Dartford
Dartford
* Gravesham * Maidstone
Maidstone
* Medway
Medway
* Tonbridge and Malling
Tonbridge and Malling
* Tunbridge Wells
Tunbridge Wells
* Sevenoaks

* Ashford * Canterbury * Dover * Shepway * Swale * Thanet

Surrey
Surrey

* Elmbridge * Epsom and Ewell * Guildford * Mole Valley * Reigate and Banstead * Runnymede * Spelthorne * Surrey
Surrey
Heath * Tandridge * Woking

Waverley

Berkshire
Berkshire

* Bracknell Forest * Slough * Windsor and Maidenhead

* Reading * West Berkshire
Berkshire
* Wokingham
Wokingham

Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire

* Chiltern * South Bucks

* Aylesbury Vale * Wycombe * Milton Keynes

URBAN AREAS WITHIN THE COMMUTER BELT

The urban area of London (grey) extends beyond the London boundary. The M25 is also shown. The 020 telephone dialling code is shown in red.

The following table lists urban areas (also known as built-up areas) considered part of the London Commuter Belt with populations over 20,000. The Basingstoke , Sittingbourne , Burgess Hill and Haywards Heath urban areas are not considered part of the commuter belt, according to World Gazetteer, though Leighton Buzzard is.

RANK URBAN AREA Population

(2011 Census) COUNTY

1 Greater London
Greater London
Urban Area 9,787,426 Greater London
Greater London

2 Reading/Wokingham Urban Area 318,014 Berkshire
Berkshire

3 Southend Urban Area 295,310 Essex
Essex

4 Luton/Dunstable Urban Area 258,018 Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire

5 Aldershot Urban Area 252,397 Hampshire
Hampshire

6 Medway
Medway
Towns Urban Area 243,391 Kent
Kent

7 Basildon/Wickford 216,486 Essex

8 Slough Urban Area 163,777 Berkshire
Berkshire

9 Crawley
Crawley
Urban Area 180,457 East Sussex

10 High Wycombe
High Wycombe
Urban Area 133,204 Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire

11 Chelmsford 111,511 Essex
Essex

12 Basingstoke 107,642 Hampshire
Hampshire

13 Maidstone
Maidstone
107,627 Kent
Kent

14 Stevenage
Stevenage
90,232 Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

15 Grays / Tilbury 89,755 Essex
Essex

16 Aylesbury 74,748 Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire

17 Royal Tunbridge Wells
Tunbridge Wells
68,910 Kent
Kent

18 Maidenhead 64,831 Berkshire
Berkshire

19 Welwyn Urban Area 59,910 Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

20 Reigate /Redhill 56,621 Surrey
Surrey

21 Brentwood 52,586 Essex
Essex

22 Horsham 51,472 West Sussex
Sussex

23 Sittingbourne 48,948 Kent
Kent

24 Amersham / Chesham 46,122 Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire

25 Hertford /Ware 45,457 Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

26 Letchworth / Baldock 43,529 Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

27 Hatfield 41,677 Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

28 Fleet 38,726 Hampshire
Hampshire

29 Tonbridge 38,657 Kent
Kent

30 Canvey Island 38,170 Essex
Essex

31 Bishop\'s Stortford 37,838 Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

32 Leighton Buzzard 37,469 Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire

33 Billericay 36,338 Essex
Essex

34 Hitchin 36,099 Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

35 Haywards Heath 33,845 West Sussex
Sussex

36 Windsor /Eton 33,348 Berkshire
Berkshire

37 Burgess Hill 30,635 West Sussex
Sussex

38 Harpenden 30,240 Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

39 Sevenoaks 29,506 Kent
Kent

40 Stanford Le Hope /Corringham 28,725 Essex
Essex

41 Ditton 25,982 Kent
Kent

42 Godalming 22,689 Surrey
Surrey

43 Potters Bar 22,639 Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

44 New Addington 22,280 Greater London
Greater London

45 Berkhamsted 21,997 Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire

46 Swanley 21,839 Kent
Kent

47 Gerrards Cross 20,633 Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire

48 Crowborough 20,607 East Sussex
East Sussex

TOTAL

13,529,275

SEE ALSO

* Greater London
Greater London
Built-up Area * Home counties
Home counties
* List of metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom

REFERENCES

* ^ "Greater South East needs strategic investment to secure future". London Development Agency. 18 June 2007. * ^ London Assembly – London in its Regional Setting (PDF) * ^ "Metropolitan Area Populations". Eurostat. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015. * ^ BBC News – The new commuter belt. 18 July 2006. * ^ Travel to Work Areas (TTWAs) Archived 1 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine . Beginners' guide to UK geography, Office for National Statistics * ^ State of the Cities Database Report on the Urban Competitiveness Theme for: – London TTWA (LA) State of the Cities Database – Department for Communities and Local Government (Mid year population estimates on page 4 of the report) * ^ http://www.urbanaudit.org/compare.aspx * ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/regional-analysis/urban-audit/urban-audit-ii/urban-audit---social-cohesion--london.xls * ^ "British urban pattern: population data" (pdf). _ESPON project 1.4.3 Study on Urban Functions_. European Spatial Planning Observation Network . March 2007. p. 119. Retrieved 22 February 2010. * ^ _A_ _B_ "World Gazetteer: London - largest cities (per geographical entity)". 9 February 2013. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ "2011 Census – Built-up areas". ONS . Retrieved 29 June 2013.

EXTERNAL