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The London Plan
London Plan
is the statutory spatial development strategy for the Greater London
Greater London
area in the United Kingdom that is written by the Mayor of London and published by the Greater London
Greater London
Authority.[1] The regional planning document was first published in final form on 10 February 2004. In addition to minor alterations, it was substantially revised and republished in February 2008[2] and again in July 2011.[3][4] In October 2013, minor alterations were made to the plan to comply with the National Planning Policy Framework and other changes in national policy.[5] The current London Plan
London Plan
of March 2016 was published, and amended, in January 2017.[6] The current plan has a formal end-date of 2036.

Contents

1 Mandate 2 Objectives 3 Policies

3.1 Opportunity areas 3.2 Sub-regions 3.3 Activity centres

4 Alterations 5 References 6 External links

Mandate[edit] The plan replaced the previous strategic planning guidance for London issued by the Secretary of State and known as RPG3 [1]. It is a requirement of the Greater London
Greater London
Authority Act 1999 that the document is produced and that it deals only with matters that are of strategic importance to Greater London. The Act also requires that the London Plan includes in its scope:

the health of Londoners, equality of opportunity, contribution to sustainable development in the United Kingdom.

Objectives[edit] The plan is a spatial development strategy for the Greater London
Greater London
area and has six objectives. The current objectives, as adopted by the 2011 and 2016 revisions, are to ensure that London is:

a city that meets the challenges of economic and population growth an internationally competitive and successful city a city of diverse, strong, secure and accessible neighbourhoods a city that delights the senses a city that becomes a world leader in improving the environment a city where it is easy, safe and convenient for everyone to access jobs, opportunities and facilities

— London Plan, 2011 and 2016

The objectives were previously updated in 2008 following the Greater London Authority Act 2007:

To accommodate London's growth within its boundaries without encroaching on open spaces To make London a healthier and better city for people to live in To make London a more prosperous city with strong and diverse long term economic growth To promote social inclusion and tackle deprivation and discrimination To improve London's accessibility To make London an exemplary world city in mitigating and adapting to climate change and a more attractive, well-designed and green city

— London Plan, 2008

The original 2004 objectives were:

To accommodate London's growth within its boundaries without encroaching on open spaces To make London a better city for people to live in To make London a more prosperous city with strong and diverse economic growth To promote social inclusion and tackle deprivation and discrimination To improve London's accessibility To make London a more attractive, well-designed and green city

— London Plan, 2004

Policies[edit]

The geographical scope of the plan is the London region

The 2016 plan had chapters:

Chapter Title Summary

1 Context and strategy Demography, external forces, quality of life

2 Places Sub-regions, Outer London, Inner London, Central Activities Zone, opportunity areas, intensification areas, town centres

3 People Health, housing, social infrastructure

4 Economy Economic sectors and workspaces

5 Response to climate change Climate change
Climate change
mitigation, climate change adaptation, waste, contaminated land

6 Transport Integrating transport and development, connectivity

7 Living spaces and places Place shaping, environment and landscapes, air and noise pollution, emergency planning, Blue Ribbon Network

8 Implementation, monitoring, and review

Annexes One to six

Opportunity areas[edit] The plan identifies dozens of areas of opportunity, which are where the bulk of efforts will be concentrated, with an aim at reducing social deprivation and creating sustainable development. The opportunity areas will be able to accommodate around 5,000 jobs each or about 2,500 homes, or a mixture of the two. The opportunity areas will mostly be town centres as opposed to suburban developments in the boroughs, although those are mentioned as important in terms of job growth and quality of life. By definition, an Opportunity Area is brownfield land with significant capacity for development. This contrasts with an Intensification Area that can be developed to higher than existing densities with more modest economic change.[7] Sub-regions[edit]

Development must not encroach on green spaces

Further information: List of sub-regions used in the London Plan For the purposes of the plan, London is divided into five sub-regions. From 2004 to 2008 the sub-regions were initially the same as the Learning and Skills Council
Learning and Skills Council
areas established in 1999.[8] Within this scheme there was a separate Central sub-region and four others around it. The London part of the Thames Gateway
Thames Gateway
zone was entirely contained within the East London sub-region. The 2004–08 sub-regions each had a Sub-Regional Development Framework.[9] The sub-regions were revised in February 2008 as part of the Further Alterations to the London Plan. These sub-regions each radiated from the centre to combine inner and outer London boroughs.[10] The 2008–11 sub-regions, each had its own Sub Regional Implementation Framework.[11] In 2011 the sub-regions were revised again. A smaller Central sub-region was reintroduced, the South sub-region was reintroduced, and all boroughs in the Thames Gateway
Thames Gateway
were returned to the East sub-region.[12] The 2011 sub-regions are maintained in the 2016 London Plan.[13] Throughout these revisions has been a separately defined Central Activities Zone which includes areas with a very high concentration of metropolitan activities. Activity centres[edit]

Sutton, a metropolitan centre

The London Plan
London Plan
identifies 200 activity centres in the city. All activity centres are categorised into:

2 international centres, the West End and Knightsbridge. 13 metropolitan centres such as Bromley, Ealing, Stratford and Wood Green 34 major centres such as Brixton, Dalston, Eltham
Eltham
and Kilburn 151 district centres such as Camberwell, Shepherds Bush, West Hampstead
Hampstead
and Whitechapel.

Over 1,200 smaller neighbourhood and local centres are also identified in the plan.

International centres (2) West End, Knightsbridge

Bromley

Croydon

Ealing

Harrow

Hounslow

Ilford

Kingston

Romford

Sh Bsh

Stratford

Sutton

Uxbridge

Wood Green

West End

Knightsbridge

Metropolitan centres (13) Bromley, Croydon, Ealing, Harrow, Hounslow, Ilford, Kingston, Romford, Shepherds Bush, Stratford, Sutton, Uxbridge, Wood Green

Major centres (34) Angel, Barking, Bexleyheath, Brixton, Camden Town, Canary Wharf, Catford, Chiswick, Clapham, Clapham
Clapham
Junction, Dalston, East Ham, Edgware, Eltham, Enfield Town, Fulham, Hammersmith, Kensington High Street, Kilburn, King's Road
King's Road
East, Lewisham, Holloway Nag's Head, Orpington, Peckham, Putney, Queensway/Westbourne Grove, Richmond, Southall, Streatham, Tooting, Walthamstow, Wembley, Wandsworth, Wimbledon, Woolwich

District centres (151)

Acton, Addiscombe, Angel Edmonton, Archway, Bakers Arms, Balham, Beckenham, Bethnal Green, Blackheath, Brick Lane, Brent Street, Brentford, Burnt Oak, Camberwell, Canada Water, Canning Town, Carshalton
Carshalton
Village, Chadwell Heath, Cheam
Cheam
Village, Chipping Barnet, Chrisp Street, Church End, Finchley, Church Street/ Edgware
Edgware
Road, Clapham
Clapham
High Street, Colindale/The Hyde, Collier Row, Coulsdon, Crayford, Cricklewood, Crouch End, Crystal Palace, Dagenham/Heathway, Deptford, Downham, Dulwich
Dulwich
– Lordship Lane, Ealing
Ealing
Road, Earls Court Road, Earlsfield
Earlsfield
East Beckton, East Finchley, East Sheen, Eastcote, Edgware
Edgware
Road/Church Street, Edmonton Green, Elephant and Castle, Elm Park, Erith, Feltham
Feltham
High Street, Finsbury Park, Forest Gate, Forest Hill, Fulham
Fulham
Road (east), Fulham
Fulham
Road (west), Gants Hill, Golders Green, Green Lanes, Greenford, Greenwich
Greenwich
West, Hampstead, Hanwell, Harlesden, Harold Hill, Harrow Road, Hayes, Hendon
Hendon
Central, Highams Park, Hornchurch, Ickenham, Kentish Town, Kenton, King's Road
King's Road
(west), Kingsbury, Lavender Hill/Queenstown Road, Lee Green, Leyton, Leytonstone, Mare Street, Mill Hill, Mitcham, Morden, Muswell Hill, Neasden, New Barnet, New Cross, New Malden, Norbury, North Cheam, North Chingford, North Finchley, North Harrow, Northwood Hills, Notting Hill
Notting Hill
Gate, Palmers Green, Penge, Petts Wood, Pinner, Plumstead, Poplar, Portobello Road, Praed Street/Paddington, Preston Road, Purley, Rainham, Rayners Lane, Roman Road (east), Rosehill, Ruislip, Shepherds Bush, Sidcup, South Chingford, South Bermondsey/Old Kent Road, South Harrow, South Kensington, South Norwood, South Woodford, Southgate, St John's Wood, Stanmore, Stockwell, Stoke Newington, Surbiton, Swiss Cottage/ Finchley
Finchley
Road, Sydenham, Teddington, Temple Fortune, Thamesmead, Thornton Heath, Tolworth, Tottenham, Twickenham, Upminster, Upper Norwood, Upton Park, Wallington, Walworth
Walworth
Road, Wanstead, Watney Market, Wealdstone, Welling, Wembley
Wembley
Park, West Green Road/Seven Sisters, West Hampstead, West Norwood/Tulse Hill, West Wickham, Whetstone, Whitechapel, Whitton, Willesden
Willesden
Green, Wood Street, Worcester Park, Yiewsley/West Drayton

Neighbourhood and local centres (1,200)

Alterations[edit] There have been a number of amendments to the London Plan
London Plan
which have been incorporated into the current version that was published in February 2008. Early alterations were made covering housing provision targets, waste and minerals. Further alterations to the plan covered climate change; London as a world city; The London Economy; Housing; Tackling social exclusion; Transport; London's geography, the sub-regions and inter-regions; Outer London; Liveability (including safety, security and open spaces); and the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. The mayor gained new statutory powers following the Greater London
Greater London
Authority Act 2007. Following the 2008 change of mayor, a new review was initiated in July 2008 and a new London Plan
London Plan
published in July 2011. As of this date, modifications are made to fully comply with the National Planning Policy Framework. In 2013, London Mayor Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson
proposed early minor alterations to the London Plan
London Plan
that were aimed at preventing boroughs from setting rent caps or targets for affordable rented homes in their local development frameworks.[14] The alterations were approved in a vote by the London Assembly
London Assembly
in September 2013.[15] Alterations made since July 2011 were consolidated in the London Plan of March 2016, which was published and amended in January 2017.[16] Following the 2016 change of mayor, London Mayor Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
has outlined proposals towards creating a new London Plan.[17] The new plan is expected to be released in 2019.[18]

Date Document

February 2004 The London Plan

October 2005 Draft Alterations to the London Plan: Housing Provision Targets Waste and Minerals

December 2005 Reviewing the London Plan: Statement of Intent from the Mayor

September 2006 Draft Further Alterations to the London Plan

December 2006 Early Alterations to the London Plan
London Plan
on Housing provision targets, waste and minerals

February 2008 The London Plan: Consolidated with Alterations since 2004

July 2008 Planning for a better London

April 2009 A new plan for London: Proposals for the Mayor’s London Plan

October 2009 The London Plan: Consultation draft replacement plan

December 2009 Minor alteration to the consultation draft replacement London Plan

April 2010 Crossrail Alterations

July 2011 The London Plan

February 2012 Early Minor Alterations to the London Plan

October 2013 Revised Early Minor Alterations to the London Plan

March 2015 Further Alterations to the London Plan

March 2016 The London Plan: Consolidated with Alterations since 2011

References[edit]

^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(February 2008). "The London Plan
London Plan
(Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010.  ^ Sarah Stevens and Ian Fergusson (2008). "The New Consolidated London Plan". Turley Associates. [permanent dead link] ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(April 2009). "A new plan for London: Proposals for the Mayor's London Plan" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 October 2011.  ^ Mayor of London. "About the consultation: What happens next?". Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original on 17 October 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2009.  ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(October 2013). "REMA". London Assembly. Retrieved 1 May 2017.  ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(January 2017). "The current London Plan". London Assembly. Retrieved 22 April 2017.  PDF ^ "What are Opportunity Areas?". London Plan. Greater London Authority. Retrieved 10 February 2017.  ^ Addison & Associates (June 2006). "Review of London's Sub Regional Boundaries" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 June 2011.  ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(May 2006). "Sub Regional Development Frameworks". Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original on 9 November 2008.  ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(February 2008). "The London Plan: Sub-regions, CAZ and government growth area policies". Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original on 13 July 2009.  ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(September 2006). "Draft Further Alterations to the London Plan" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 June 2011.  ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(March 2016). " London Plan
London Plan
2016, Chapter 2" (PDF). London Assembly. Retrieved 1 May 2017.  ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(March 2016). " London Plan
London Plan
2016, Chapter 2". London Assembly. Retrieved 1 May 2017.  ^ Labour group fails in bid to block London Plan
London Plan
revisions. Planning Resource (4 September 2013). Retrieved on 6 December 2013. ^ Mayor could face legal challenge to London Plan
London Plan
alterations. Out-law.com. Retrieved on 6 December 2013. ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(January 2017). "The current London Plan". London Assembly. Retrieved 22 April 2017.  PDF ^ Mayor outlines plans to create ‘A City for all Londoners’. london.gov.uk. Retrieved on 1 May 2017. ^ London Plan
London Plan
to be published in 2019. insidehousing.co.uk. Retrieved on 1 May 2017.

External links[edit]

The London Plan
London Plan
on the Greater London
Greater London
Authority's Web site Outer London Commission – established by Mayor "to advise how Outer London can play its full part in the city's economic success" (2009)

v t e

History of London

Evolution

Londinium Lundenwic City of London City of Westminster Middlesex County of London Greater London Timeline

Periods

Roman London Anglo-Saxon London Norman and Medieval London Tudor London Stuart London 18th-century London 19th-century London 1900–39 The Blitz 1945–2000 21st century

Events

Peasants' Revolt Black Death Great Plague Great Fire 1854 cholera outbreak Great Stink Great Exhibition 1908 Franco-British Exhibition The Battle of Cable Street Festival of Britain Great Smog Swinging London London Plan 1966 FIFA World Cup Final 7/7 bombings Olympic Games (1908 1948 2012) 2012 Summer Paralympics Grenfell Tower fire

Government

Metropolitan Board of Works London County Council Greater London
Greater London
Council Greater London
Greater London
Authority London Assembly Mayor of London London independence

Services

Bow Street Runners Metropolitan Police Service London Ambulance Service London Fire Brigade Port of London Authority London sewerage system London Underground

City of London

City of London
City of London
Corporation Lord Mayor of the City of London Wards of the City of London Guildhall Livery Companies Lord Mayor's Show City of London
City of London
Police Bank of England

Structures

St Paul's Cathedral Tower of London Palace of Whitehall Westminster
Westminster
Hall London Bridge Tower Bridge Westminster
Westminster
Abbey Big Ben The Monument Fortifications

Category

v t e

Economy of the United Kingdom

Companies

Co-operatives Employee-owned companies FTSE 100 Index FTSE 250 Index FTSE Fledgling Index FTSE SmallCap Index Government-owned companies

Currency, governance, regulation

Bank of England

Governor of the Bank of England

Budget Company law Competition and Markets Authority Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Financial Conduct Authority Gilts HM Revenue and Customs HM Treasury

Chancellor of the Exchequer Debt Management Office

Monetary Policy Committee Office for Budget Responsibility Pound sterling

Banknotes Coinage

Taxation UK Statistics Authority UK Trade & Investment

History

Chronological

1659–1849 Navigation Acts Agricultural Revolution Industrial Revolution Financial Revolution Panic of 1796–97 1815–46 Corn Laws New Imperialism
New Imperialism
1830s–1945 Second Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
1860s–1914 1873–79 Long Depression 1926 general strike 1929–39 Great Depression 1948–52 Marshall Plan 1974 Three-Day Week 1979 Winter of Discontent 1986 Big Bang 1992 Black Wednesday Late-2000s recession 2008 bank rescue package 2009 bank rescue package

Recurrent

Economic geography Free trade Gold standard Recessions and recoveries National champions
National champions
policy Economic liberalism Privatisation Nationalisation

Nations, regions, cities

England

Atlantic Gateway Birmingham

Big City Plan

Bristol Cornwall Croydon

Croydon
Croydon
Vision 2020

Devon Expansion plans for Milton Keynes Fishing Leeds List of counties by GVA Liverpool London

East London Tech City London Plan

M4 corridor M11 Corridor Manchester Reading Sheffield Silicon Fen Thames Gateway Tourism Transport

N. Ireland

Belfast Transport

Scotland

Aberdeen Agriculture Edinburgh Industrialisation Fishing Oil and gas Renewable energy Silicon Glen Tourism Transport Whisky

Wales

Cardiff (Cardiff Bay) Swansea Tourism Transport

People and labour

Billionaires Businesspeople Demography Income

Poverty

Labour law

Equal opportunities Minimum wage Working Time Directive

Pensions Trades unions

Trades Union Congress

Unemployment

Sectors

Resource and production

Energy/Renewable energy

Biodiesel Coal Geothermal Fracking Hydroelectricity Marine North Sea oil Solar Wind

Food

Agriculture

Cider Wine Beer

Fishing

English Scottish

Materials

Forestry Mining

Financial services

Baltic Exchange Banking

List of banks List of UK building societies

Canary Wharf The City Royal Albert Dock (future) Euronext.liffe Glasgow International Financial Services District Insurance

Lloyd's of London

LCH London Interbank Offered Rate London Metal Exchange London Platinum and Palladium Market London Stock Exchange

Alternative Investment Market

Other

Education Entertainment & Media

Cinema Gambling Newspapers Radio Television Theatre

Healthcare Legal services Manufacturing

Aerospace Automotive Pharmaceuticals Exports

Property

Architecture Construction Housing Real estate

Science and technology

Internet Telecommunications

Supermarkets Tourism Transport

Aviation Rail

Inter-city High-speed

Trade and business organisations

Business organisations British Bankers' Association British Chambers of Commerce Confederation of British Industry Co-operatives UK EEF Federation of Small Businesses Industry trade groups Institute of Directors UK Payments Administration

Category Commons

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London
City of London
wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London Plan
London Plan
2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greate

.