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The LONDON PASSENGER TRANSPORT BOARD (LPTB) was the organisation responsible for local public transport in London
London
and its environs from 1933 to 1948. In common with all London
London
transport authorities from 1933 to 2000, the public name and brand was London
London
Transport .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 The board

* 2.1 Members

* 3 London
London
Passenger Transport Area

* 4 Responsibilities

* 4.1 Railways * 4.2 Tramways * 4.3 Buses and coaches

* 5 Further history * 6 Sources * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

The LPTB was set up by the London
London
Passenger Transport Act 1933 enacted on 13 April 1933. The bill had been introduced by Herbert Morrison , who was Transport Minister in the Labour Government until 1931. Because the legislation was a hybrid bill it had been possible to allow it to 'roll over' into the new parliament under the incoming National Government . The new government, although dominated by Conservatives , decided to continue with the bill with no serious changes, despite its extensive transfer of private undertakings into the public sector. On 1 July 1933 the LPTB came into being, covering the " London
London
Passenger Transport Area".

THE BOARD

The LPTB had a chairman and six other members. The members were chosen jointly by five "appointing trustees" listed in the Act:

* The chairman of the London
London
County Council ; * A representative of the London
London
and Home Counties Traffic Advisory Committee ; * The chairman of the Committee of London
London
Clearing Banks; * The president of the Law Society ; and * The president of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales .

The Act required that the board members should be "persons who have had wide experience, and have shown capacity, in transport, industrial, commercial or financial matters or in the conduct of public affairs and, in the case of two members, shall be persons who have had not less than six years' experience in local government within the London
London
Passenger Transport Area."

The first chairman and vice-chairman were Lord Ashfield and Frank Pick , who had held similar positions with the Underground Group . Members of the board had a term of office of between three and seven years, and were eligible for reappointment.

MEMBERS

* Lord Ashfield, 1933–1947 * Frank Pick , 1933–1940 * Sir John Gilbert ( London
London
County Council), 1933–1934 * Sir Edward Holland (Surrey County Council), 1933–1939 * Patrick Ashley Cooper , director of the Bank of England , latterly Sir Patrick and Governor of the Hudson\'s Bay Company * Sir Henry Maybury , civil engineer, chairman of the London
London
and Home Counties Traffic Advisory Committee, 1933–1943 * John Cliff , secretary of the Transport and General Workers Union , 1933–1947 * Charles Latham , ( London
London
County Council) 1935–1947 * Colonel Forester Clayton, 1939–1947 * William Charles Henry Whitney (co founder) * Colonel C G Vickers, 1941-47 * William Neville, 1946-47 * Sir Gilfrid Craig, 1944-46 * Sir Edward Hardy, 1946-47 * Geoffrey Hayworth, 1942-47

Latham and Cliff become chairman and vice-chairman of the successor London
London
Transport Executive in 1947.

LONDON PASSENGER TRANSPORT AREA

The London
London
Passenger Transport Area had an approximate radius of 30 miles (48 km) from Charing Cross , extending beyond the boundaries of what later officially became Greater London
London
to Baldock
Baldock
in the north, Brentwood in the east, Horsham in the south and High Wycombe in the west.

LONDON PASSENGER TRANSPORT AREA 1933–1947

The LONDON PASSENGER TRANSPORT AREA is outlined in red, with the LPTB "SPECIAL AREA", in which it had a monopoly of local road public transport, shown by a broken black line. The boundary of the Metropolitan Police District at the time is shown as a blue broken line, and the County of London
County of London
is shaded in grey. Roads over which the LPTB was allowed to run services outside its area are shown by broken red lines.

Within the special area services operated by the LPTB did not need road service licences, and no person or undertaking was allowed to provide a public road service without written permission from the LPTB. In the London
London
Passenger Transport Area outside the special area the LPTB was required to hold road service licences.

RESPONSIBILITIES

Main article: List of transport undertakings transferred to the London
London
Passenger Transport Board

Under the Act the LPTB acquired the following concerns:

RAILWAYS

* Underground Electric Railways Company of London
London
, which controlled:

* London
London
Electric Railway , the management company of:

* Bakerloo line * Piccadilly line * Hampstead & Highgate line (now Northern line Charing Cross, Edgware and High Barnet branches)

* City and South London
London
Railway (now Northern line Bank and Morden branches) * Central London
London
Railway * District Railway

* Metropolitan Railway , which controlled:

* Great Northern & City Railway

TRAMWAYS

* London
London
County Council (167.17 miles (269.03 km) of route, including tracks owned by the Borough of Leyton and the City of London) and 1,713 trams * Middlesex County Council (42.63 miles (68.61 km) of route, leased to Metropolitan Electric Tramways) * Hertfordshire County Council (21.5 miles (34.6 km) of route, leased to Metropolitan Electric Tramways) * City of London
London
(0.25 miles (0.40 km) of route, operated by London County Council) * Barking Corporation (operated by Ilford Corporation, London
London
County Council and East Ham Corporation since 1929) (1.8 miles (2.9 km) of route) * Bexley and Dartford Urban District Councils (joint undertaking since 1921) (10.29 miles (16.56 km) of route and 33 trams) * Croydon Corporation Tramways (9.28 miles (14.93 km) of route and 55 trams) * East Ham Corporation Tramways (8.34 miles (13.42 km) of route and 56 trams) * Erith Urban District Council Tramways (4 miles (6.4 km)) * Ilford Urban District Council Tramways (7.13 miles (11.47 km) of route and 40 trams) * Leyton Corporation Tramways (operated by London
London
County Council since 1921) (9.0 miles (14.5 km) of routes) * Walthamstow Urban District Council Light Railways (8.93 miles (14.37 km) of route and 62 trams) * West Ham Corporation Tramways Corporation (16.27 miles (26.18 km) of route and 134 trams) * London
London
United Tramways (29.05 miles (46.75 km) of route, 150 trams and 61 trolleybuses ) * Metropolitan Electric Tramways (53.51 miles (86.12 km) of route, of which 9.38 miles (15.10 km) were owned by the company, 46.23 miles (74.40 km) leased from Middlesex County Council and 21.5 miles (34.6 km) from Hertfordshire County Council and 316 trams) * South Metropolitan Electric Tramways (13.08 miles (21.05 km) of route and 52 trams)

BUSES AND COACHES

* London
London
General, London
London
General Country Services, Overground, Tilling new trains and maintenance depots; extensive rebuilding of many central area stations (such as Aldgate East); and replacement of much of the tram network by what was to become one of the world's largest trolleybus systems. During this period two icons of London Transport were first seen: 1938 tube stock trains and the RT-type bus . Although curtailed and delayed by the outbreak of World War Two, the programme also delivered some key elements of the present overground sections of the Underground system. However, the most profound change enacted by the Board through the new works was the transition from tram to trolleybus operation alluded to earlier. In 1933 the LPTB had operated 327 route miles of tramways and 18 route miles of trolleybuses. By 1948 these totals were 102 and 255 miles respectively. The final disappearance of trams in 1952 was regretted by some sections of the staff and the public, but in terms of impact on users this was probably the most visible and dramatic change in the period.

The LPTB continued to develop the corporate identity, design and commercial advertising that had been put in place by the Underground Group. This included stations designed by Charles Holden ; bus garages by architects such as Wallis, Gilbert and more humble structures such as bus stops and shelters. The posters and advertising issued by the LPTB were often of exemplary quality and are still much sought after.

The LPTB was replaced in 1948 by the London
London
Transport Executive under the Transport Act 1947 . It was effectively nationalised, but with considerable autonomy. The LPTB continued to exist as a legal entity until wound up on 23 December 1949.

SOURCES

* T C Barker and Michael Robbins, A History of London
London
Transport, Volume two – the Twentieth Century to 1970, George Allen ">

* ^ A B Cooke, B.W.C., ed. (September 1964). "The Why and the Wherefore: London
London
Transport Board". Railway Magazine . Westminster: Tothill Press. 110 (761): 739. * ^ A B C D E F G H Plummer, Alfred (November 1933). "The London Passenger Transport Act of 1933: A New Socialization". The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 48 (1): 181–193. doi :10.2307/1884802 . * ^ A B LPTB Chairman, The Times, 18 April 1940 * ^ Obituaries: Sir John Gilbert, The Times, 24 December 1934 * ^ Obituary: Sir Edward Holland, The Times, 28 December 1939 * ^ New member of LPTB, The Times, 26 January 1935 * ^ LPTB appointments, The Times, 10 December 1937 * ^ LPTB appointments, The Times, 14 March 1939 * ^ A B 14th LPTB Annual Report * ^ A B 13th LPTB Annual Report * ^ 10th LPTB Annual Report * ^ The History of British Bus Services, John Hibbs, Second Edition, Newton Abbot, 1979 * ^ London's Trams and Trolleybuses, John R. Day, published by London
London
Transport 1979 * ^ "Main-Line Companies Dissolved". The Railway Magazine . London: Transport (1910) Ltd. 96 (586): 73. February 1950.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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