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London
London
Calling is the third studio album by English punk rock band the Clash. It was released as a double album in the United Kingdom on 14 December 1979 by CBS Records, and in the United States in January 1980 by Epic Records.[1] London
London
Calling is an album that incorporates a range of styles, including punk, reggae, rockabilly, ska, New Orleans R&B, pop, lounge jazz, and hard rock. The album's subject matter included social displacement, unemployment, racial conflict, drug use, and the responsibilities of adulthood.[2] While working on "The Card Cheat", the band recorded each part twice to create a "sound as big as possible".[3] The final track, "Train in Vain", was originally excluded from the back cover's track listing.[4] It was intended to be given away through a promotion with NME, but was added to the album at the last minute after the deal fell through.[5] The album received widespread acclaim and was ranked at number eight on Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time in 2003.[6] London
London
Calling was a top ten album in the UK, and its lead single " London
London
Calling" was a top 20 single.[7] It has sold over five million copies worldwide,[6] and was certified platinum in the United States.[8]

Contents

1 Recording and production 2 Music and lyrics 3 Artwork 4 Release 5 Reception and legacy

5.1 Accolades

6 Planned film 7 Track listing 8 Personnel 9 Charts 10 Certifications 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Recording and production[edit] After recording their second studio album Give 'Em Enough Rope
Give 'Em Enough Rope
(1978), the band separated from their manager Bernard Rhodes.[9] This separation meant that the group had to leave their rehearsal studio in Camden Town
Camden Town
and find another location to compose their music. Tour manager Johnny Green and drum roadie Baker had found the group a new place to rehearse called Vanilla Studios, which was located in the back of a garage in Pimlico.[10][11][12]:88 Prior to this move to the Vanilla Studios rehearsal space, the Clash's songwriters Mick Jones and Joe Strummer
Joe Strummer
had experienced a period of writer's block.[12]:91 They had not written a new song from scratch in over a year, with the material on their recently released Cost of Living EP, composed of a cover song and three songs that had all been written over twelve months earlier.[12]:91 The Clash
The Clash
arrived at Vanilla in May 1979 without a single new song prepared for their third album.[12]:89,91 Once in Vanilla Studios, the group began performing cover songs from a variety of genres, such as rockabilly, rock and roll, rhythm and blues, and reggae.[2][12]:93–7 In contrast to previous rehearsal sessions, the band kept these rehearsals private, and did not allow hangers-on to attend.[12]:90 This seclusion allowed the band to rebuild their confidence without worrying about the reaction from outsiders, who were familiar with the band's punk rock musical style.[12]:97 The band developed an "extremely disciplined"[12]:98 daily routine of afternoon musical rehearsals, broken by a late-afternoon social football game, which fostered a friendly bond between the band members.[12]:98–100 The daily football match was followed by a couple of drinks at a local pub, which was itself followed by a second musical rehearsal session in the evening.[12]:98–100 The band gradually rebuilt their musical and songwriting confidence during these rehearsals during the summer of 1979, with the styles of the session's early cover songs setting the template for the diverse material that would be written for London
London
Calling.[12]:98 The band were also encouraged by a growing appreciation of drummer Topper Headon's drumming skills, which they realised could be used to perform music in a wide array of genres and styles beyond punk rock.[12]:95 The Clash
The Clash
wrote and recorded demos, with Mick Jones composing and arranging much of the music and Joe Strummer
Joe Strummer
generally writing the lyrics.[2][12]:100–103 As early as their second album, the Clash had started to depart from the punk rock sound.[13] While touring in the United States twice in 1979, they chose supporting acts such as rhythm and blues artists Bo Diddley, Sam & Dave, Lee Dorsey, and Screamin' Jay Hawkins, as well as neotraditional country artist Joe Ely
Joe Ely
and punk rockabilly band the Cramps. This developed fascination with rock and roll inspired their approach for London
London
Calling.[14] In August 1979, the band entered Wessex Studios to begin recording London
London
Calling. The Clash
The Clash
asked Guy Stevens to produce the album, much to the dismay of CBS Records.[15] Stevens had alcohol and drug problems and his production methods were unconventional.[2] During a recording session he swung a ladder and upturned chairs – apparently to create a rock & roll atmosphere.[2] The Clash, especially bassist Paul Simonon, got along well with Stevens, and found Stevens' work to be very helpful and productive to both Simonon's playing and their recording as a band. The album was recorded during a five- to six-week period involving 18-hour days,[16] with many songs recorded in one or two takes.[2] Music and lyrics[edit]

" London
London
Calling"

The song's lyrics were influenced by the March 1979 meltdown of a nuclear reactor at Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania.

"The Guns of Brixton"

The song was the first composed solely by Paul Simonon
Paul Simonon
and discusses an individual's paranoid outlook on life.

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According to the music critic Mark Kidel, London
London
Calling was the first post-punk double album and exhibited a broader range of musical styles than the Clash's previous records.[17] Stephen Thomas Erlewine
Stephen Thomas Erlewine
said the album appropriated the "punk aesthetic into rock & roll mythology and roots music", while incorporating a wider range of styles such as punk, reggae, rockabilly, ska, New Orleans R&B, pop, lounge jazz, and hard rock.[18] According to Greg Kot, the band's embrace of specific musical traditions deviated from punk's iconoclastic sensibilities.[19] Regarding London
London
Calling, Jack Sargeant remarked that "whether the Clash completely abandoned their punk roots or pushed punk's musical eclecticism and diversity into new terrain remains a controversial issue."[13] The album's songs were generally written about London, with narratives featuring both fictional and life-based characters, such as an underworld criminal named Jimmy Jazz and a gun-toting Jimmy Cliff aspirer living in Brixton
Brixton
("Guns of Brixton"). Some had more widely contextualised narratives, including references to the "evil presidentes" working for the "clampdown", the lingering effects of the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
("Spanish Bombs"), and how constant consumerism had led to unavoidable political apathy ("Lost in the Supermarket").[20] Sal Ciolfi of PopMatters
PopMatters
felt that the songs encompass an arrangement of urban narratives and characters, and touch on themes such as sex, depression and identity crisis.[21] Music critic Tom Carson viewed that, "while the album draws on the entirety of rock and roll's past for its sound, the concepts and lyrical themes are drawn from the history, politics and myths associated with the genre".[22] " London
London
Calling", the album's title track, was partially influenced by the March 1979 accident at a nuclear reactor at Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania. Strummer's lyrics also discuss the problems of rising unemployment, racial conflict and drug use in Great Britain.[23] The second track, "Brand New Cadillac", was written and originally recorded by Vince Taylor
Vince Taylor
and was the first track recorded for London Calling. The band cite the song as "one of the first British rock'n'roll records" and had initially used it as a warm up song before recording.[24][25] "Rudie Can't Fail", the album's fifth song, features a horn section and mixes elements of pop, soul, and reggae music together. Its lyrics chronicle the life of a fun-loving young man who is criticised for his inability to act like a responsible adult.[26] Strummer wrote "Lost in the Supermarket" after imagining Jones' childhood growing up in a basement with his mother and grandmother.[27] "Clampdown" began as an instrumental track called "Working and Waiting".[28] Its lyrics comment on people who forsake the idealism of youth and urge young people to fight the status quo.[29] "The Guns of Brixton" was the first of Paul Simonon's compositions the band recorded, and the first to have him sing lead. Simonon was originally doubtful about its lyrics, which discuss an individual's paranoid outlook on life, but was encouraged by Strummer to continue working on it.[28] On "Death or Glory", Strummer examines his life in retrospect and acknowledges the complications and responsibilities of adulthood.[30] "Lover's Rock" advocates safe sex and planning.[31] The final track, "Train in Vain", was originally excluded from the back cover's track listing.[4] It was intended to be given away through a promotion with NME, but was added to the album at the last minute after the deal fell through.[5] Artwork[edit] The album's front cover features a photograph of bassist Paul Simonon smashing his Fender Precision Bass
Fender Precision Bass
(on display at the Cleveland Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as of May 2009)[32] against the stage at The Palladium in New York City on 20 September 1979 during the Clash Take the Fifth US tour.[33][34] Simonon explained in a 2011 interview with Fender that he smashed the bass out of frustration when he learned the bouncers at the concert would not let the audience members stand up out of their seats. Pennie Smith, who photographed the band for the album, originally did not want the photograph to be used. She thought that it was too out of focus, but Strummer and graphic designer Ray Lowry thought it would make a good album cover.[34][35] In 2002, Smith's photograph was named the best rock and roll photograph of all time by Q magazine, commenting that "it captures the ultimate rock'n'roll moment – total loss of control".[36] The cover artwork was designed by Lowry and was an homage to the design of Elvis Presley's self-titled debut album, with pink letters down the left side and green text across the bottom.[37][38] The cover was named the ninth best album cover of all time by Q magazine
Q magazine
in 2001.[39] In 1995, Big Audio Dynamite
Big Audio Dynamite
(a band fronted by former Clash member Mick Jones) used the same scheme for their F-Punk
F-Punk
album. The album cover for London
London
Calling was among the ten chosen by the Royal Mail for a set of "Classic Album
Album
Cover" postage stamps issued in January 2010.[40][41] Release[edit] The album was released in the United Kingdom on vinyl in mid-December 1979, and in the United States on vinyl and 8-track tape
8-track tape
two weeks later. A gatefold cover design of the LP was only released in Japan. Though London
London
Calling was released as a double album it was only sold for about the price of a single album. The Clash's record label, CBS, at first denied the band's request for the album to be released as a double. In return CBS gave permission for the band to include a free 12-inch single
12-inch single
that played at 33⅓
33⅓
rpm. Ultimately, the planned 12-inch record became a second nine-track LP.[11] Upon its release, London
London
Calling sold approximately two million copies.[6] The album peaked at number nine in the United Kingdom[7] and was certified gold in December 1979.[42] The album performed strongly outside the United Kingdom. It reached number two in Sweden[43] and number four in Norway.[44] In the United States, London Calling peaked at number 27 on the Billboard Pop Albums chart[45] and was certified platinum in February 1996.[8] The album produced two of the band's most successful singles. " London
London
Calling" preceded the album with a 7 December 1979 release. It peaked at number 11 on the UK Singles Chart.[7] The song's music video, directed by Letts, featured the band performing the song on a boat in the pouring rain with the River Thames
River Thames
behind them.[46] In the United States, "Train in Vain", backed with " London
London
Calling", was released as a single in February 1980. It peaked at number 23 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
singles chart and " London
London
Calling"/"Train in Vain" peaked at number 30 on the Billboard Disco Top 100 chart.[47] A UK only cassette was released in 1986. A CD was released in the US in 1987, with a remastered version in the UK in 1999 followed by the US in 2000, along with the rest of the band's catalogue. In 2004, a 25th anniversary Legacy Edition was published with a bonus CD and DVD in digipack. The bonus CD features The Vanilla Tapes, missing recordings made by the band in mid-1979.[48] The DVD includes The Last Testament – The Making of London
London
Calling, a film by Don Letts, as well as previously unseen video footage and music videos. A limited edition picture disc LP was released in 2010. Reception and legacy[edit]

Professional ratings

Retrospective reviews

Review scores

Source Rating

AllMusic [18]

Blender [49]

Chicago Sun-Times [50]

Christgau's Record Guide A+[51]

Down Beat [52]

Encyclopedia of Popular Music [53]

Q [54]

The Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Album
Album
Guide [55]

Select 5/5[56]

Spin Alternative Record Guide 7/10[57]

London
London
Calling received widespread critical acclaim when it was first released in 1979.[58] In a contemporary review for The New York Times, John Rockwell
John Rockwell
said the album finally validated the acclaim received by the Clash up to that point because of how their serious political themes and vital playing were retained in music with innovative features and broad appeal: "This is an album that captures all the Clash's primal energy, combines it with a brilliant production job by Guy Stevens and reveals depths of invention and creativity barely suggested by the band's previous work."[59] Charles Shaar Murray wrote in NME
NME
that it was the first record to be on-par with the band's hype, while Melody Maker
Melody Maker
critic James Truman said the Clash had "discovered themselves" by embracing American music styles.[12]:412 Rolling Stone magazine's Tom Carson claimed the music celebrated "the romance of rock & roll rebellion" and was vast, engaging, and enduring enough to leave listeners "not just exhilarated but exalted and triumphantly alive".[22] In the opinion of Down Beat
Down Beat
journalist Michael Goldberg, the Clash had produced "a classic rock album which, literally, defines the state of rock and roll and against which the very best of [the 1980s] will have to be judged."[52] Charlie Gillett was less impressed, believing some of the songs sounded like poor imitations of Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
backed by a horn section. In Sounds, Garry Bushell
Garry Bushell
was more critical and gave the record two out of five stars, claiming the Clash had "retrogressed" to Rolling Stones-style "outlaw imagery" and "tired old rock clichés".[12]:412 London
London
Calling was voted the best album of 1980 in the Pazz & Jop, an annual poll of American critics published by The Village Voice.[60] Robert Christgau, the poll's creator and supervisor, also named it the year's best record in an accompanying piece and remarked that "it generated an urgency and vitality and ambition (that Elvis P. cover!) which overwhelmed the pessimism of its leftist world-view."[61] In a retrospective review, he called it the best double album since the Rolling Stones' Exile on Main St.
Exile on Main St.
(1972) and said it expanded upon rather than compromised the Clash's driving guitar sound in a "warm, angry, and thoughtful, confident, melodic, and hard-rocking" showcase of their musical abilities.[51] According to the English music writer Dave Thompson, London
London
Calling established the Clash as more than "a simple punk band" on what was a "potent" record of neurotic post-punk, despite its amalgam of disparate and occasionally disjointed musical influences.[62] Don McLeese from the Chicago Sun-Times
Chicago Sun-Times
hailed it as their best album and "punk's finest hour", as it found the band broadening their artistry without compromising their original vigor and immediacy.[50] PopMatters
PopMatters
critic Sal Ciolfi called it a "big, loud, beautiful collection of hurt, anger, restless thought, and above all hope" that still sounds "relevant and vibrant".[21] In a review of its reissue, Uncut wrote that the songs and characters in the lyrics cross-referenced each other because of the album's exceptional sequencing, adding that "The Vanilla Tapes" bonus disc enhanced what was already a "masterpiece".[63] Accolades[edit] London
London
Calling has been considered by many critics to be one of the greatest rock albums of all time,[64] including AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine, who said that it sounded more purposeful than "most albums, let alone double albums".[18] According to Acclaimed Music, it is the 6th most ranked record on critics' lists of the all-time greatest albums.[65] In 1987, Robert Hilburn of the Los Angeles Times named it the fourth-best album of the previous 10 years and said while the Clash's debut was a punk masterpiece, London
London
Calling marked the genre's "coming of age" as the band led the way into "fertile post-punk territory".[66] In 1989, Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
ranked it as the best album of the 1980s, despite its 1979 release date.[67] In 1999, Q magazine named London
London
Calling the fourth-greatest British album of all time,[68] and wrote that it is "the best Clash album and therefore among the very best albums ever recorded".[54] In 2002, Q included it on its list of the 100 Best Punk Albums,[69] and in 2003, Mojo ranked it twenty second on their list of the Top 50 Punk Albums,[70] while British writer Colin Larkin named it the second-greatest punk album of all time.[71] In 2006, Q Magazine ranked it 20 on its list of the 100 Greatest Albums Ever[72]. London
London
Calling was ranked as the sixth-greatest album of the 1970s by NME,[73] and the second-best by Pitchfork Media,[74] whose reviewer Amanda Petrusich said that it was the Clash's "creative apex" as a "rock band" rather than as a punk band.[75] In 2003, London
London
Calling was ranked number eight on Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[6] Entertainment Weekly's Tom Sinclair declared it the "Best Album
Album
of All Time" in his headline for a 2004 article on the album.[76] In 2007, London
London
Calling was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, a collection of recordings of lasting qualitative or historical significance.[77] The album was included in the BBC Radio 1 2009 Masterpieces Series, marking it as one of the most influential albums of all time, some thirty years after its original release.[78] Planned film[edit] In December 2010, the BBC reported that a film about the recording of London
London
Calling was in the early stages of production. Mick Jones and Paul Simonon
Paul Simonon
were executive producers for the film. The script was written by Jez Butterworth and shooting was planned to begin in 2011. Alison Owen and Paul Trijbits had been chosen as the producers.[79][80] Track listing[edit] All tracks written by Joe Strummer
Joe Strummer
and Mick Jones, except where noted.

Side one

No. Title Writer(s) Lead vocals Length

1. " London
London
Calling"   Strummer 3:19

2. "Brand New Cadillac" Vince Taylor Strummer 2:09

3. "Jimmy Jazz"   Strummer 3:52

4. "Hateful"   Strummer 2:45

5. "Rudie Can't Fail"   Strummer, Jones 3:26

Side two

No. Title Writer(s) Lead vocals Length

6. "Spanish Bombs"   Strummer, Jones 3:19

7. "The Right Profile"   Strummer 3:56

8. "Lost in the Supermarket"   Jones 3:47

9. "Clampdown"   Strummer, Jones 3:49

10. "The Guns of Brixton" Paul Simonon Simonon 3:07

Side three

No. Title Writer(s) Lead vocals Length

11. "Wrong 'Em Boyo" Clive Alphonso; originally performed by the Rulers; including "Stagger Lee" Strummer 3:10

12. "Death or Glory"   Strummer 3:55

13. "Koka Kola"   Strummer 1:46

14. "The Card Cheat" Strummer, Jones, Simonon, Topper Headon Jones 3:51

Side four

No. Title Writer(s) Lead vocals Length

15. "Lover's Rock"   Strummer 4:01

16. "Four Horsemen"   Strummer 2:56

17. "I'm Not Down"   Jones 3:00

18. "Revolution Rock" Jackie Edwards, Danny Ray; originally performed by Danny Ray and the Revolutionaries Strummer 5:37

19. "Train in Vain"   Jones 3:09

On the original version of the album, "Train in Vain" was not listed on the sleeve, nor the label on the record itself, but an extraneous sticker indicating the track was affixed to the outer cellophane wrapper. It was also scratched into the vinyl in the run-off area on the fourth side of the album. Later editions included the song in the track listing.

25th anniversary edition bonus disc – "The Vanilla Tapes"

No. Title Writer(s) Length

1. "Hateful" Strummer, Jones 3:23

2. "Rudie Can't Fail" Strummer, Jones 3:08

3. "Paul's Tune" Simonon 2:32

4. "I'm Not Down" Strummer, Jones 3:24

5. "4 Horsemen" Strummer, Jones 2:45

6. "Koka Kola, Advertising & Cocaine" Strummer, Jones 1:57

7. "Death or Glory" Strummer, Jones 3:47

8. "Lover's Rock" Strummer, Jones 3:45

9. "Lonesome Me" The Clash 2:09

10. "The Police Walked in 4 Jazz" Strummer, Jones 2:19

11. "Lost in the Supermarket" Strummer, Jones 3:52

12. "Up-Toon" (instrumental) Strummer, Jones 1:57

13. "Walking the Slidewalk" The Clash 2:34

14. "Where You Gonna Go (Soweto)" Sonny Okosun 4:05

15. "The Man in Me" Bob Dylan 3:57

16. "Remote Control" Strummer, Jones 2:39

17. "Working and Waiting" Strummer, Jones 4:11

18. "Heart & Mind" The Clash 4:27

19. "Brand New Cadillac" Taylor 2:08

20. " London
London
Calling" Strummer, Jones 4:26

21. "Revolution Rock" Edwards, Ray 3:51

Bonus DVD

No. Title Length

1. "The Last Testament: The Making of London
London
Calling"  

2. " London
London
Calling" (Music video)  

3. "Train in Vain" (Music video)  

4. "Clampdown" (Music video)  

5. "Home video footage of The Clash
The Clash
recording in Wessex Studios"  

Personnel[edit]

The Clash

Joe Strummer – lead and backing vocals, rhythm guitar, piano Mick Jones – lead guitar, piano, harmonica, backing and lead vocals Paul Simonon – bass guitar, backing vocals, lead vocals on "The Guns of Brixton" Topper Headon – drums, percussion

Additional performers

Mickey Gallagher – organ The Irish Horns – brass

Production

Guy Stevens – producer Bill Price – engineer Jerry Green – additional engineer Ray Lowry – design Pennie Smith – photography

Charts[edit]

Year Chart Peak position

1979 Swedish Albums Chart[43] 2

UK Albums Chart[7] 9

1980 Austrian Albums Chart[81] 17

Canadian RPM Albums Chart[82] 12

New Zealand Albums Chart[83] 12

Norwegian Albums Chart[44] 4

US Billboard 200[45] 27

2003 Irish Albums Chart[84] 23

2004 Norwegian Albums Chart[44][n 1] 17

Swedish Albums Chart[43][n 1] 45

Swiss Albums Chart[85][n 1] 72

UK Albums Chart[7][n 1] 26

2009 Spanish Albums Chart[86] 52

2011 Top Pop Catalog Albums[87] 38

2012 Polish Albums Chart[88] 38

Notes

^ a b c d London
London
Calling 25th anniversary edition

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales

Canada (Music Canada)[89] Gold 50,000^

Italy (FIMI)[90] Gold 50,000*

France (SNEP)[91] Gold 216,100[92]

United Kingdom (BPI)[93] Platinum 457,788[94]

United States (RIAA)[95] Platinum 1,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone ^shipments figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

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Calling again". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 17 June 2010. Retrieved 16 June 2010. Lowry: "Actually, I had no idea it was out of focus. Half-blind at the best of times and half-pissed at the time, that simply had to be the one."  ^ Judd, Terri. "One hundred timeless rock'n'roll moments, and the photographers who ..." Archived 27 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. The Independent. 24 January 2002. Retrieved 17 February 2008. ^ Green 2003, p. 194. ^ Tryangiel, Josh. "The All-TIME 100 Albums: London
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Calling". Christgau's Record Guide: The '80s. Pantheon Books. p. 92. ISBN 0-679-73015-X.  ^ a b Goldberg, Michael (1980). "The Clash". Down Beat. Chicago. 47: 4, 32–35.  ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.  ^ a b "Review: London
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Guide. London: Fireside Books. pp. 167–168. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.  ^ "Clash Reissues". Select. London
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(114): 88. December 1999.  ^ Weisbard, Eric; Marks, Craig, eds. (1995). "The Clash". Spin Alternative Record Guide. New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-75574-8.  ^ Strong, Martin Charles (2006). The Essential Rock Discography. Canongate U.S. p. 206. ISBN 1-84195-860-3.  ^ Rockwell, John (4 January 1980). "The Pop Life; ' London
London
Calling' helps the Clash live up to billing". The New York Times. p. C12. Retrieved 4 June 2014.  (subscription required) ^ "The 1980 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. 9 February 1981. Retrieved 21 March 2005.  ^ Christgau, Robert (9 February 1981). "The Year of the Lollapalooza". The Village Voice. Retrieved 9 July 2013.  ^ Thompson, Dave (2000). Alternative Rock. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 271. ISBN 0-87930-607-6.  ^ "Review: London
London
Calling [25th Anniversary Legacy Edition]". Uncut. London: 122. October 2004.  ^ " Joe Strummer
Joe Strummer
Of The Clash
The Clash
Dead At 50". MTV News. 23 December 2002. Retrieved 9 July 2013.  ^ "The Clash". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved 10 September 2015.  ^ Hilburn, Robert (17 May 1987). "10 Years Later – A Critic's List of the Best Albums of the Decade". Los Angeles Times. p. 56. Retrieved 10 July 2013.  (subscription required) ^ Azerrad, Michael; DeCurtis, Anthony (16 November 1989). "The 100 Best Albums of the Eighties: The Clash, ' London
London
Calling'". Rolling Stone (565). p. 53. Retrieved 30 June 2008.  ^ "100 Greatest British Albums". Q magazine: 90. December 1999.  ^ "100 Best Punk Albums". Q magazine
Q magazine
Special
Special
Edition: 136. February 2002.  ^ "Top 50 Punk Albums". Mojo: 76. March 2003.  ^ Larkin, Colin (1994). Guinness Book
Book
of Top 1000 Albums (1 ed.). Gullane Children's Books. p. 234. ISBN 978-0-85112-786-6.  ^ "The 100 Greatest Albums Ever!". Q magazine
Q magazine
(235): 66. February 2006.  ^ "The Greatest Albums of The '70s". NME: 18. 11 September 1993.  ^ "Top 100 Albums of the 1970s". Pitchfork Media. 23 June 2004. Retrieved 17 February 2008.  ^ Petrusich, Amanda (21 September 2004). " The Clash
The Clash
London
London
Calling: 25th Anniversary Legacy Edition > Review". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 3 April 2006.  ^ Sinclair, Tom (24 September 2004). "The Best Album
Album
of All Time". Entertainment Weekly.  ^ "Grammy Hall of Fame Award" Archived 7 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.. National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 18 February 2008. ^ Lowe, Zane (2 December 2009). "Masterpieces". BBC 1. Retrieved 3 December 2009.  ^ "Clash album London
London
Calling to spawn rock biopic". Entertainment & Arts. BBC News. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2011.  ^ "Mick Jones and Paul Simonon
Paul Simonon
working on Clash ' London
London
Calling' film". NME. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2011.  ^ "Discographie The Clash". AustrianCharts.at. Retrieved 17 February 2008. ^ "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 33, No. 8, May 17, 1980". RPM. Retrieved 31 January 2012.  ^ "Discography The Clash". Charts.org.NZ. Retrieved 28 July 2012. ^ "Discography The Clash". Irish-Charts.com. Retrieved 28 July 2012. ^ "Discography The Clash". SwissCharts.com. Retrieved 17 February 2008. ^ " The Clash
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Calling". SpanishCharts.com. Retrieved 17 February 2008. ^ London
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Calling at AllMusic ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży". OLiS. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012.  ^ "Canadian album certifications – The Clash
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London
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Calling". Music Canada. 1 July 1980.  ^ "Italian album certifications – The Clash
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London
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Calling" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved 9 March 2014.  ^ "French album certifications – Leonard Cohen – London
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Calling" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique.  ^ http://www.infodisc.fr/Ventes_Albums_Tout_Temps.php?debut=1900 ^ "British album certifications – The Clash
The Clash
London
London
Calling". British Phonographic Industry. 31 December 1979.  Enter London Calling in the search field and then press Enter. ^ Jones, Alan (7 August 2015). "Official Charts Analysis: The Maccabees's Marks To Prove It takes No.1 albums slot". Music Week. [dead link] ^ "American album certifications – The Clash
The Clash
London
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Calling". Recording Industry Association of America. 14 February 1996.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH

Works cited

Gilbert, Pat (2005) [2004]. Passion Is a Fashion: The Real Story of The Clash
The Clash
(4th ed.). London: Aurum Press. pp. 212–213, 235–237, 259–260. ISBN 1-84513-113-4. OCLC 61177239.  Green, Johnny; Garry Barker (2003) [1997]. A Riot of Our Own: Night and Day with The Clash
The Clash
(3rd ed.). London: Orion. pp. 156–158, 161–162, 165, 194–196, 218–219. ISBN 0-7528-5843-2. OCLC 52990890. 

Further reading[edit]

Clash, The (2008). The Clash: Strummer, Jones, Simonon, Headon. London: Atlantic Books. ISBN 1-84354-788-0. OCLC 236120343.  Gray, Marcus (2005) [1995]. The Clash: Return of the Last Gang in Town (5th revised ed.). London: Helter Skelter. ISBN 1-905139-10-1. OCLC 60668626.  Gray, Marcus (2010). Route 19 Revisited: The Clash
The Clash
and London
London
Calling. Soft Skull Press. ISBN 978-1-59376-293-3.  Letts, Don; Joe Strummer, Mick Jones, Paul Simonon, Topper Headon, Terry Chimes, Rick Elgood, The Clash
The Clash
(2001). The Clash, Westway to the World (Documentary). New York, NY: Sony Music Entertainment; Dorismo; Uptown Films. Event occurs at 49:30–55:00. ISBN 0-7389-0082-6. OCLC 49798077.  Lowry, Ray (2007). The Clash. Warwick: Angry Penguin. ISBN 1-906283-36-2. OCLC 165412921.  Miles, Barry (1981). The Clash. London
London
and New York: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-0288-7. OCLC 7676911.  Needs, Kris (25 January 2005). Joe Strummer
Joe Strummer
and the Legend of the Clash. London: Plexus. ISBN 0-85965-348-X. OCLC 53155325.  Quantick, David (2000). The Clash. Kill Your Idols. London: Unanimous. ISBN 1-903318-03-3. OCLC 59417418.  Tobler, John & Barry Miles (1983). The Clash. London
London
and New York: Omnibus. ISBN 0-7119-0288-7. OCLC 21335564.  Topping, Keith (2004) [2003]. The Complete Clash (2nd ed.). Richmond: Reynolds & Hearn. ISBN 1-903111-70-6. OCLC 63129186. 

External links[edit]

The Clash
The Clash
official website " London
London
Calling" By The Clash
The Clash
Mix Magazine, 2000 – Very detailed article with recording setup details from the album's engineer, Bill Price.

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1978–1979

1978 Rolling Stones – Some Girls 1979 Neil Young – Rust Never Sleeps

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1980 The Clash – London
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1990–1999

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