47.7% White British
3.9% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
16.4% Other White
2.1% White & Black Caribbean
0.9% White & Black African
1.4% White & Asian
2.1% Other Mixed
2.6% Other Asian
6.1% Black African
3.9% Black Caribbean
2.8% Other Black
The London Borough of Islington // ( listen) is a London borough in Inner London, the borough includes a significant area to the south which forms part of central London. Islington has an estimated population of 215,667. It was formed in 1965 by merging the former metropolitan boroughs of Islington and Finsbury.
The merged entity remains the second smallest borough in London and the third smallest district in England. The borough contains two Westminster parliamentary constituencies, Islington North, the constituency of Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, and Islington South & Finsbury. The local authority is Islington Council. The borough is home to football club Arsenal, one of the most successful clubs in England and its home Emirates Stadium that is one of the largest football stadiums in the country.
Islington was originally named by the Saxons Giseldone (1005), then Gislandune (1062). The name means 'Gīsla's hill' from the Old English personal name Gīsla and dun 'hill', 'down'. The name then later mutated to Isledon, which remained in use well into the 17th century when the modern form arose. In medieval times, Islington was just one of many small manors in the area, along with Bernersbury, Neweton Berewe or Hey-bury, and Canonesbury (Barnsbury, Highbury and Canonbury – names first recorded in the 13th and 14th centuries). "Islington" came to be applied as the name for the parish covering these villages, and was the name chosen for the Metropolitan Borough of Islington, on its formation in 1899. On the merger with Finsbury, to form the modern borough this name came to be applied to the whole borough.
The borough includes the areas:
Islington Council is the borough's local authority. It is a London borough council, one of thirty-two principal subdivisions of the administrative area of Greater London. The council was created by the London Government Act 1963 and replaced two local authorities: Finsbury Metropolitan Borough Council and Islington Metropolitan Borough Council. The former Islington Metropolitan Town Hall, at the intersection of Upper Street and Richmond Grove, serves as the present Borough's council building.
Islington is divided into 16 wards, each electing three councillors. Following the May 2014 election, Islington Council comprises 47 Labour Party councillors and 1 Green Party councillor. Of these 48 councillors, the Leader of the Council is Councillor Richard Watts, while the Mayor is Councillor Theresa Debono.
Islington is represented by two parliamentary constituencies. Islington North is represented by Jeremy Corbyn of the Labour Party, the current Leader of the Opposition since 2015. Islington South and Finsbury is represented by Emily Thornberry of the Labour Party
Islington has a wide variety of transportation services, with direct connections to the suburbs and the City and West End. Islington also has ten tube stations within its boundaries, with connections by the tube to all around London.
There are ten Underground stations in the borough:
There are also several London Overground stations in the borough. They are as follows:
There are several railway stations in the borough. They are as follows:
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 19.4% of all residents aged 16–74; bus, minibus or coach, 10.3%; on foot, 10.3%; bicycle, 6.2%; driving a car or van, 6.0%; train, 3.7%; work mainly at or from home, 3.6%.
There is one prison in Islington, a men's prison, HM Prison Pentonville. Until it closed in 2016 there was also a women's prison HM Prison Holloway, which in the early 20th century was used to hold many suffragettes.
|Source: A Vision of Britain through time|
In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 65,721. This rose steadily throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; exceeding 200,000 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased—reaching nearly 400,000 by the turn of the century; with the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury particularly suffering deprivation, poverty and severe overcrowding. The increase in population peaked before World War I, falling slowly in the aftermath until World War II began an exodus from London towards the new towns under the Abercrombie Plan for London (1944). The decline in population reversed in the 1980s, but it remains below its 1971 level.
According to the 2001 census Islington had a population of 175,797. It was 75% White, including 5% White Irish, 6% Black African, 5% Black Caribbean and 2% Bangladeshi. 32% of the borough's residents were owner–occupiers.
The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 census in Islington.
|White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller||163||0.08%|
|Asian or Asian British: Indian||2,851||1.32%||3,534||2.06%|
|Asian or Asian British: Pakistani||912||0.52%||951||0.46%|
|Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi||4,229||2.41%||4,662||2.26%|
|Asian or Asian British: Chinese||3,074||1.75%||4,457||2.16%|
|Asian or Asian British: Other Asian||1,492||0.85%||5,430||2.63%|
|Asian or Asian British: Total||12,558||7.14%||19,034||9.23%|
|Black or Black British: African||10,500||5.97%||12,622||6.12%|
|Black or Black British: Caribbean||8,550||4.86%||7,943||3.85%|
|Black or Black British: Other Black||1,806||1.03%||5,729||2.78%|
|Black or Black British: Total||20,856||11.86%||26,294||12.76%|
|Mixed: White and Black Caribbean||2,329||1.32%||4,236||2.06%|
|Mixed: White and Black African||1,241||0.71%||1,912||0.93%|
|Mixed: White and Asian||1,543||0.88%||2,964||1.44%|
|Mixed: Other Mixed||2,121||1.21%||4,227||2.05%|
|Other: Any other ethnic group||5,050||2.45%|
|Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total||43,333||24.65%||65,610||31.83%|
The London Borough of Islington is home to two higher education institutions:
The borough also currently contains two colleges of further education:
The borough currently maintains 47 primary schools, 10 secondary schools, three special schools and five Pupil Referral Units. In 2000, Cambridge Education Associates, a private firm, took over the management of the Islington's state schools from the local education authority.
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