The Info List - London Borough Of Enfield

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40.5% White British 2.2% White Irish 0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller 18.2% Other White 1.6% White & Black Caribbean 0.8% White & Black African 1.3% White & Asian 1.8% Other Mixed 3.7% Indian 0.8% Pakistani 1.8% Bangladeshi 0.8% Chinese 4% Other Asian 9% Black African 5.5% Black Caribbean 2.6% Other Black 0.6% Arab 4.5% Other

Time zone GMT (UTC)

 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)

Postcodes EN, N, E

Area code(s) 01992, 020

ONS code 00AK

GSS code E09000010

Police Metropolitan Police

Website https://new.enfield.gov.uk/

The London
Borough of Enfield ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a London borough
London borough
in north London
with some districts within the borough straddling north-east London, England. It borders the London Boroughs of Barnet (to the west), Haringey (to the south) and Waltham Forest (to the southeast), the districts of Hertsmere
(to the northwest), Welwyn Hatfield
Welwyn Hatfield
and Broxbourne
(both to the north) in Hertfordshire, and Epping Forest (to the east) in Essex. The local authority is Enfield Council.


1 Etymology 2 Historical

2.1 Industry

3 Enfield today 4 Governance 5 London
Fire Brigade 6 Health 7 Education

7.1 Schools 7.2 University

8 Sport and recreation 9 Transport 10 Museums 11 Youth activities 12 Town twinning 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Etymology[edit] Enfield was recorded in Domesday Book
Domesday Book
in 1086 as Enefelde, and as Einefeld in 1214, Enfeld in 1293, and Enfild in 1564: that is 'open land of a man called Ēana', or 'where lambs are reared', from the Old English feld with an Old English
Old English
personal name or with Old English ēan 'lamb'. The feld would have been a reference to an area cleared of trees within woodland that would later become known as Enfield Chase.[2] Historical[edit] Enfield Town
Enfield Town
used to be a small market town in the county of Middlesex, on the edge of the forest, about a day's walk north of London. As London
grew, Enfield Town
Enfield Town
and its surrounds eventually became a residential suburb, with fast transport links into central London. The current borough was created in 1965 from the former areas of the Municipal Borough of Southgate, the Municipal Borough of Enfield
Municipal Borough of Enfield
and the Municipal Borough of Edmonton. The armorial bearings of these three boroughs were also merged. The heraldic beast on the shield of the Enfield coat of arms is known in heraldry as an "Enfield" (or colloquially as the Enfield beast), and is used extensively as a logo representing Enfield, particularly by the borough council. In Roman times, Enfield was connected to Londinium
by Ermine Street, the great Roman road
Roman road
which stretched all the way up to York. Artefacts found in the early 1900s reveal that there were Roman settlements in the areas that are now Edmonton and Bush Hill Park. In 790 King Offa of Mercia
Offa of Mercia
was recorded as giving the lands of Edmonton to St Albans
St Albans
Abbey. The area became strategically important as East Anglia
East Anglia
was taken over by the Danes. In the 790s strongholds were built by men loyal to King Alfred the Great, in order to keep the Danes to the east of the River Lea. After the Norman Conquest, both Enfield and Edmonton were mentioned in Domesday Book. Both had churches, and Enfield had 400 inhabitants, Edmonton 300. Enfield is also described as having a "parc". This parc—a heavily forested area for hunting—was key to Enfield's existence in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
(see Enfield Old Park). Wealthy Londoners came to Enfield first to hunt, and then to build houses in the green, wooded surroundings. In 1303, Edward I of England
granted Enfield a charter to hold a weekly market, which has continued up to this day. The old market cross was removed in the early 20th century to make way for a monument to the coronation of King Edward VII, but was preserved by the horticulturalist E. A. Bowles for his garden at nearby Myddelton House, where it remains today.[3] Enfield Grammar School
Enfield Grammar School
with its Tudor Old Hall stands next to the Enfield Town
Enfield Town
Market Place and St. Andrew's Church, the school having been extended several times since 1586. A new hall and further additions were completed shortly before World War II.[4] Nearby historically was the palace of Edward VI, where Elizabeth I lived while a princess, including during the final illness of Henry VIII. Edward was taken there to join her, so that in the company of his sister, Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford
Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford
could break the news to Edward, formally announcing the death of their royal father in the presence chamber at Enfield, on his knees to make formal obeisance to the boy as King.[5] Later Elizabeth held court there when she was queen (this was remembered in the name Palace Gardens that was a street running behind Pearsons
department store and is still recalled in the name of Enfield's shopping centre).[6][7] Industry[edit] Enfield has a history of armaments manufacture—see Royal Small Arms Factory. The Lee–Enfield
.303 rifle was standard issue for the British Army
British Army
until 1957, although its usage carried on afterwards for some time. Other firearms manufactured there include the Bren
and Sten machine guns—the "en" in both cases denoting the place of manufacture. The world's first solid state circuitry colour televisions were manufactured by Ferguson at their now closed plant in Enfield. The first mass-produced dishwasher was manufactured in Hotpoint's now closed Enfield plant. The Barclays Bank
Barclays Bank
branch in Enfield was the first place in the world to have an ATM or cash machine; it was officially opened in June 1967 by Reg Varney, a television actor and personality most famous for his lead role in the comedy series On the Buses. This historical event was marked by a silver plaque on the wall of the bank, and later by an English Heritage
English Heritage
Blue plaque. A fine example of a grade II listed art deco factory building can be found along Southbury Road, with the former Ripaults Factory,[8] now an office building for Travis Perkins. Enfield today[edit]

Enfield Town

The borough's Civic Centre
Civic Centre
is in Silver Street, Enfield Town, and is home to the council. Enfield Town
Enfield Town
is also home to the local credit union, North London
Credit Union. In 2007, Enfield Town
Enfield Town
centre completed a major redevelopment project under the name PalaceXchange while retaining the Palace Gardens Shopping Centre. An extension was added to the existing retail area with many new shops, and a second multi-storey car park was built along with a new road layout. A major redevelopment of Edmonton Green including the shopping centre, and adjacent municipal housing over a wide area, started in 1999. This is still on-going, and provides new housing, health facilities, a new leisure centre, a supermarket, and many other civic features. Many local activities are located around the A10 road, on the sites of former industrial enterprises, which has a number of large retail outlets and a large multiplex Cineworld
cinema. The cinema also plays host to Jubilee Church on a Sunday morning; whilst cinemagoers continue to watch films in the other screens, a charismatic church which draws its worshippers from a wide area, hiring several auditoria for worship. The western part of Enfield is largely residential, with shopping centres in Southgate, Palmers Green
Palmers Green
and Cockfosters. Parts of Enfield experienced rioting in August 2011, in which a private car and a van were set alight and completely destroyed, a police car vandalised (smashed windows) and a number of shops in Enfield Town
Enfield Town
Centre (HMV, G. Mantella, Pearsons, Argos etc.) as well as others in the Enfield Retail Park being broken into and looted. The Sony Distribution Centre in the Innova Business Park, near Waltham Cross, was burnt to the ground. Although early reports questioned whether this was an arson or a coincidental incident arrests were later made in connection. In September 2012, a year after the attack, a rebuilt Sony Distribution Centre was opened by the prime minister, David Cameron.[9]


Year Pop. ±%

1801 10,789 —    

1811 13,249 +22.8%

1821 15,876 +19.8%

1831 16,745 +5.5%

1841 18,111 +8.2%

1851 18,854 +4.1%

1861 26,819 +42.2%

1871 34,784 +29.7%

1881 42,750 +22.9%

1891 68,557 +60.4%

1901 103,049 +50.3%

1911 154,907 +50.3%

1921 177,309 +14.5%

1931 202,969 +14.5%

1941 243,489 +20.0%

1951 292,100 +20.0%

1961 279,907 −4.2%

1971 268,239 −4.2%

1981 257,169 −4.1%

1991 263,096 +2.3%

2001 273,563 +4.0%

2011 312,466 +14.2%

Source: A Vision of Britain through time, citing Census population


A map showing the wards of Enfield since 2002

Borough of Enfield street sign.

See also: Enfield local elections Elections to Enfield Council
Enfield Council
take place every four years, there are 21 wards in the borough and three councillors are returned to each ward. Of the current 63 councillors there are 39 Labour members, 22 Conservatives and two independents meaning the Labour Group currently controls the council. The next Local Government Elections affecting Enfield will take place in 2018. London
Fire Brigade[edit] The London
Borough of Enfield has three fire stations; Edmonton, Enfield and Southgate. However, if an incident requires a higher attendance, appliances from throughout London
can be mobilised to meet the needs of the area if required.[10] The three fire stations operate a total of five pumping appliances, one rescue tender, a command unit and a USAR unit.[11] Of the three fire stations within the borough, Enfield is mobilised to the most incidents and has the largest station ground (the area of which Enfield is the first appliance to attend).[12] Health[edit] Two major NHS hospitals, Chase Farm Hospital
Chase Farm Hospital
operated by the Royal Free London
NHS Foundation Trust and North Middlesex
Hospital operated by the North Middlesex
University Hospital NHS Trust, are located in the borough. NHS Enfield Clinical Commissioning Group is responsible for local primary health care, taking over this role from Enfield Primary Care NHS Trust in 2013. Another hospital in the borough, Highlands, was closed in 1993. Education[edit] Schools[edit] See also: List of schools in Enfield The London
Borough of Enfield is the education authority for the district. Education is provided in a mix of community and voluntary aided schools.[13] A number of private schools are also located in the borough. The borough is home to the renowned Enfield Grammar School, founded in 1558, which since the 1960s has been a boys' comprehensive, but has retained its original name, and still uses its Tudor building which is now often referred to as the Old Hall. Enfield Grammar School
Enfield Grammar School
is based in the center of Enfield Town. St Ignatius' College
St Ignatius' College
is the borough's largest Catholic school and one of the best-performing non-selective schools in the borough, at both GCSE and A-Level.[14] Bishop Stopford's School is Enfield's largest school, and The College of Haringey, Enfield and North East London
also has a campus in the borough. In 2007 a new school named Oasis Academy Enfield was opened, following the takeover of Albany by the Oasis Company as Oasis Academy Hadley. The Latymer School is the only surviving Grammar school in the borough, and is based in the Edmonton area. Enfield county school is an all girls comprehensive school which sits opposite Enfield grammar boys school in Enfield town. It is a split site school with the lower years situated towards the area of Forty Hall. University[edit] Middlesex
University, the former polytechnic, used to have two campuses in Enfield: Cat Hill and Trent Park. These sites both closed in 2011 and courses were relocated to the Hendon campus. Oak Hill Theological College, an associate college of Middlesex University, is located in the borough. Capel Manor
Capel Manor
College also offers various courses. Sport and recreation[edit] Enfield's King George's Field, named in memory of King George V, includes the Queen Elizabeth II athletics stadium, the Enfield Ignatians Rugby Club and numerous football, rugby and baseball diamonds. The playing fields were used as a POW camp for Italians during World War II. The second largest playing fields are at Firs Farm on Firs Lane. There are a handful of rugby pitches along with more than a dozen football pitches. These are used by local amateur football clubs including Winchmore Hill
Winchmore Hill
FC,[15] Mayfield Athletic FC and Southgate County FC. The pitches drain reasonably well but are generally in poor condition with old, rusted goalposts. The changing facilities are also very dilapidated, with some changing rooms being no more than concrete sheds with corrugated roofs. Many sports teams and clubs are located in Enfield; Enfield Town
Enfield Town
F.C., Enfield 1893 F.C., Cockfosters
F.C. and Winchmore Hill
Winchmore Hill
FC[15] are the most prominent. The once successful football club, Enfield FC, were forced into a nomadic existence after the sale of their Southbury Road ground and became defunct at the end of the 2006/2007 season after years of ground sharing at many Hertfordshire
based clubs. Enfield 1893 were formed after Enfield FC's demise and have spent time groundsharing at Ware FC
Ware FC
and Broxbourne
Borough FC. They finally found a ground in the borough when they merged with Brimsdown Rovers
Brimsdown Rovers
for the start of the 2011/2012 season. Saracens Rugby Football Club used to play in Enfield and still train at Bramley Road sports ground near Cockfosters. Enfield Ignatians R.F.C are currently the area's most successful Rugby club. The principal cricket clubs in the area are Enfield,[16] Winchmore Hill,[17] Edmonton and Southgate, with many others playing cricket in and around the borough such as, Enfield Invicta, Mayfield CC, Myddleton House, North Enfield CC, Botany Bay and Holtwhites Trinibis CC. Many clubs play in either the Middlesex
Cricket League or the Hertfordshire
League. Enfield, Southgate, and Winchmore Hill
Winchmore Hill
have long been the area's most successful cricket clubs, regularly competing in the Middlesex
Premier League. Enfield (in 1988) and Southgate (in 1977) are both past winners of the ECB National Club Cricket Championship Swimming clubs include Edmonton Phoenix S.C., Enfield S.C. and Griffins S.C. of Enfield. Futsal is also played in the area with FC Enfield playing in the FA Umbro Futsal League Southern Division. Gaelic Football is also played in the area. The club North London Shamrocks play at Enfield Playing Fields. Enfield Phoenix is the local basketball club with teams playing in the National League and the Central London
Central London
League. The team play at the Edmonton Leisure Centre, Edmonton Green with seating for 400 spectators. Theatre goers are catered for by the Intimate Theatre, the Millfield Theatre, the Dugdale Centre[18][19] and the Chickenshed
Theatre Company, with amateur and professional shows, dance pieces, musicals and live music on show. Amateur dramatic companies include Saint Monica's Players, The Capel Players and The London
Pantomimers.[20] Talkies Community Cinema screens British Independent and specialist films in a range of venues across the borough. Tottenham Hotspur Football Club's new training ground is located in Enfield at Bulls Cross.[21] Enfield is the home to the annual Livestock Music Festival [22] It is also home to Cheerleading squads- Sapphire Elite Cheerleaders, North London
Wildcats and Enfield Blaze All-star Cheerleaders. Croquet
is played at Enfield Croquet
Club in Bush Hill Park.[23] Transport[edit] Main article: Public transport in Enfield In 1840 the first section of the Northern and Eastern Railway
Northern and Eastern Railway
was opened from Stratford to Broxbourne, with stations at Water Lane (Angel Road) and Ponders End. Further stations were added in 1855 at Enfield Lock
Enfield Lock
(Royal Small Arms Factory) and 1884 at Brimsdown. A branch line from Water Lane to Enfield Town
Enfield Town
was opened in 1849 serving Edmonton Low Level and Enfield Town. A further station was added in 1880 at Bush Hill Park. The direct line from London
to Enfield Town was opened in 1872 with stations at Silver Street and Lower Edmonton (now called Edmonton Green). In 1891, a loop from Edmonton serving Southbury (Churchbury) and Turkey
Street (Forty Hill) to Cheshunt on the main line was added. The Cheshunt and Enfield Town
Enfield Town
services are currently served by London
Overground. In 1871 the Great Northern Railway opened its station on Windmill Hill. This was later replaced in 1910 when the line was extended to Cuffley. This section of railway is now part of the line commonly known as the Hertford Loop.

London Underground
London Underground
services in Enfield at the eastern end of the Piccadilly line

Enfield is served by the Piccadilly line
Piccadilly line
of the London
Underground with stations at Arnos Grove, Southgate, Oakwood (named as Enfield West when it first opened) and Cockfosters
(where the line terminates). Suburban London Overground
London Overground
and National Rail
National Rail
Great Northern services also run within the borough. There are numerous bus services throughout the borough run by Transport for London. The main roads running through the borough include the North Circular Road, the M25, Green Lanes, the A10 and the old Hertford Road
Hertford Road
(A1010). London
Buses routes 34, 102, 121, 125, 141, 144, 149, 184, 191, 192, 217, 221, 231, 232, 251, 259, 279, 298, 307, 313, 317, 318, 327, 329, 341, 349, 377, 382, 384, 444, 491, W4, W6, W8, W9, W10 School buses route 616, 617, 628, 629, 688, 692, 699, and Night route N29, N91 and N279. In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 26.1% of all residents aged 16–74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 8.2%; bus, minibus or coach, 8.2%; train, 7.3%; on foot, 4.0%; work mainly at or from home, 2.7%; passenger in a car or van, 1.6%.[24] Museums[edit] The borough's museums include Forty Hall
Forty Hall
and the garden exhibitions at Capel Manor, Myddleton House (part of the Lee Valley Park) and the Whitewebbs Museum of Transport. The Borough's own museum is based in Thomas Hardy House, 39 London
Road. Youth activities[edit] Scouting and Guiding have many groups within Enfield. The annual St George's Day Parade has around a thousand young people marching through Enfield Town, led by the Enfield District Scout Band. The Boys' and Girls' Brigade are also quite active within the borough, participating in various ceremonies and events throughout the year, including the Enfield Town
Enfield Town
Show, St Georges Day Parade and on Remembrance Day Parade. The Air Training Corps has three units in the area, No.85 (Enfield & Southgate) Squadron based in Winchmore Hill
Winchmore Hill
& Enfield Town, No.1159 (Edmonton) Squadron based in Edmonton, No.1571 (Ayleward) Squadron based in Aylward School and No.2473 (Highlands & Southgate) Squadron in Highlands School, Southgate. The Red Room music and film project ran from 2008 - 2014 based in Ponders End, aimed at 13 - 19 year olds supported and funded by Enfield Council. Town twinning[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom Enfield is twinned with:

Courbevoie, Hauts-de-Seine, Île-de-France, France Gladbeck, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Halandri, Greece Sariyer, Turkey Schwechat, Lower Austria, Austria

See also[edit]

List of districts in Enfield List of people from Enfield Enfield parks and open spaces


^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England
and Wales, Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
(2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census. ^ Mills A. D. Oxford Dictionary of London
Place Names (2001) p76 ISBN 0-19-860957-4 Retrieved 28 October 2008 ^ Bryan Hewitt (1997) The Crocus King: E. A. Bowles of Myddelton House ^ Dalling, Graham (30 December 2005). "Secondary Schools a history". History & Heritage. London
Borough of Enfield. Archived from the original on 8 November 2007. Retrieved 15 November 2007.  ^ Edward VI, Jorge H. Castelli ^ Palace Gardens Shopping Centre Retrieved 15 November 2007[dead link] ^ Enfield Town
Enfield Town
Borough of Enfield Archived 7 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 15 November 2007 ^ England, Historic. "RIPAULTS FACTORY, Non Civil Parish - 1079486- Historic England". www.historicengland.org.uk.  ^ " London
riots: Three teens arrested over Sony/PIAS warehouse fire". 11 August 2011.  ^ London
Fire Brigade – Enfield Profile Archived 27 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Urban Search and Rescue Vehicles Archived 12 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine. (dead link) ^ London
Fire Brigade – Enfield Profile Archived 27 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine. (dead link) ^ Education gateway for LB Enfield Archived 21 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 5 June 2007 ^ Results in Enfield, 2006: GCSE ^ a b " Winchmore Hill
Winchmore Hill
Football Club". www.winchmorehillfc.co.uk.  ^ "Enfield Cricket". www.enfieldcricketclub.com.  ^ "Welcome to Winchmore Hill
Winchmore Hill
Cricket Club Website". www.wearewhcc.com.  ^ "Dugdale Centre". Box Office. Enfield Council. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ "The Dugdale Centre". Love Your Doorstep. 13 December 2012. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ "The London
Pantomimers".  ^ "CHIGWELL: Questions raised over Spurs training ground move". East London
and West Essex Guardian Series.  ^ "Home". www.livestockuk.com.  ^ "Home". www.enfieldcroquet.org.  ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England
and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013.  Percentages are of all residents aged 16–74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey's longest part by distance.

External links[edit]

Enfield Council

v t e

Borough of Enfield


Arnos Grove Botany Bay Bowes Park Brimsdown Bulls Cross Bullsmoor Bush Hill Park Chase Side Clay Hill Cockfosters Crews Hill Edmonton Enfield Chase Enfield Highway Enfield Island Village Enfield Lock Enfield Town Enfield Wash Forty Hill Freezywater Gordon Hill Grange Park Hadley Wood New Southgate Oakwood Palmers Green Picketts Lock Ponders End Southgate Upper Edmonton Winchmore Hill World's End


Forty Hall
Forty Hall
and Gardens Millfield Theatre
Millfield Theatre
and Arts Centre Capel Manor Myddelton House Gardens Chickenshed Museum of Domestic Design and Architecture Whitewebbs Museum of Transport Royal Small Arms Factory
Royal Small Arms Factory
Interpretation Centre

Parks and open spaces

Arnos Park Broomfield Park Durants Park Grovelands Park Oakwood Park Pymmes Park Trent Country Park Whitewebbs Park


Edmonton Enfield North Enfield Southgate

Tube and rail stations

Angel Road Arnos Grove Brimsdown Bush Hill Park Cockfosters Crews Hill Edmonton Green Enfield Chase Enfield Lock Enfield Town Gordon Hill Grange Park Hadley Wood Oakwood Palmers Green Ponders End Silver Street Southbury Southgate Turkey
Street Winchmore Hill

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Coordinates: 51°38′42″N 0°03′36″W / 51.645°N 0.060°W / 51