40.5% White British
2.2% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
18.2% Other White
1.6% White & Black Caribbean
0.8% White & Black African
1.3% White & Asian
1.8% Other Mixed
4% Other Asian
9% Black African
5.5% Black Caribbean
2.6% Other Black
• Summer (DST)
EN, N, E
London Borough of Enfield ( pronunciation (help·info))
London borough in north
London with some districts within the
borough straddling north-east London, England. It borders the London
Boroughs of Barnet (to the west), Haringey (to the south) and Waltham
Forest (to the southeast), the districts of
Hertsmere (to the
Welwyn Hatfield and
Broxbourne (both to the north) in
Hertfordshire, and Epping Forest (to the east) in Essex. The local
authority is Enfield Council.
3 Enfield today
London Fire Brigade
8 Sport and recreation
11 Youth activities
12 Town twinning
13 See also
15 External links
Enfield was recorded in
Domesday Book in 1086 as Enefelde, and as
Einefeld in 1214, Enfeld in 1293, and Enfild in 1564: that is 'open
land of a man called Ēana', or 'where lambs are reared', from the Old
English feld with an
Old English personal name or with Old English
ēan 'lamb'. The feld would have been a reference to an area cleared
of trees within woodland that would later become known as Enfield
Enfield Town used to be a small market town in the county of
Middlesex, on the edge of the forest, about a day's walk north of
Enfield Town and its surrounds eventually
became a residential suburb, with fast transport links into central
The current borough was created in 1965 from the former areas of the
Municipal Borough of Southgate, the
Municipal Borough of Enfield
Municipal Borough of Enfield and
the Municipal Borough of Edmonton. The armorial bearings of these
three boroughs were also merged. The heraldic beast on the shield of
the Enfield coat of arms is known in heraldry as an "Enfield" (or
colloquially as the Enfield beast), and is used extensively as a logo
representing Enfield, particularly by the borough council.
In Roman times, Enfield was connected to
Londinium by Ermine Street,
Roman road which stretched all the way up to York. Artefacts
found in the early 1900s reveal that there were Roman settlements in
the areas that are now Edmonton and Bush Hill Park.
In 790 King
Offa of Mercia
Offa of Mercia was recorded as giving the lands of
St Albans Abbey. The area became strategically important
East Anglia was taken over by the Danes. In the 790s strongholds
were built by men loyal to King Alfred the Great, in order to keep the
Danes to the east of the River Lea.
After the Norman Conquest, both Enfield and Edmonton were mentioned in
Domesday Book. Both had churches, and Enfield had 400 inhabitants,
Edmonton 300. Enfield is also described as having a "parc". This
parc—a heavily forested area for hunting—was key to Enfield's
existence in the
Middle Ages (see Enfield Old Park). Wealthy Londoners
came to Enfield first to hunt, and then to build houses in the green,
wooded surroundings. In 1303, Edward I of
England granted Enfield a
charter to hold a weekly market, which has continued up to this day.
The old market cross was removed in the early 20th century to make way
for a monument to the coronation of King Edward VII, but was preserved
by the horticulturalist E. A. Bowles for his garden at nearby
Myddelton House, where it remains today.
Enfield Grammar School
Enfield Grammar School with its Tudor Old Hall stands next to the
Enfield Town Market Place and St. Andrew's Church, the school having
been extended several times since 1586. A new hall and further
additions were completed shortly before World War II.
Nearby historically was the palace of Edward VI, where Elizabeth I
lived while a princess, including during the final illness of Henry
VIII. Edward was taken there to join her, so that in the company of
Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford
Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford could break the news
to Edward, formally announcing the death of their royal father in the
presence chamber at Enfield, on his knees to make formal obeisance to
the boy as King. Later Elizabeth held court there when she was
queen (this was remembered in the name Palace Gardens that was a
street running behind
Pearsons department store and is still recalled
in the name of Enfield's shopping centre).
Enfield has a history of armaments manufacture—see Royal Small Arms
Lee–Enfield .303 rifle was standard issue for the
British Army until 1957, although its usage carried on afterwards for
some time. Other firearms manufactured there include the
Bren and Sten
machine guns—the "en" in both cases denoting the place of
The world's first solid state circuitry colour televisions were
manufactured by Ferguson at their now closed plant in Enfield.
The first mass-produced dishwasher was manufactured in Hotpoint's now
closed Enfield plant.
Barclays Bank branch in Enfield was the first place in the world
to have an ATM or cash machine; it was officially opened in June 1967
by Reg Varney, a television actor and personality most famous for his
lead role in the comedy series On the Buses. This historical event was
marked by a silver plaque on the wall of the bank, and later by an
English Heritage Blue plaque.
A fine example of a grade II listed art deco factory building can be
found along Southbury Road, with the former Ripaults Factory, now
an office building for Travis Perkins.
Civic Centre is in Silver Street, Enfield Town, and is
home to the council.
Enfield Town is also home to the local credit
London Credit Union.
Enfield Town centre completed a major redevelopment project
under the name PalaceXchange while retaining the Palace Gardens
Shopping Centre. An extension was added to the existing retail area
with many new shops, and a second multi-storey car park was built
along with a new road layout.
A major redevelopment of Edmonton Green including the shopping centre,
and adjacent municipal housing over a wide area, started in 1999. This
is still on-going, and provides new housing, health facilities, a new
leisure centre, a supermarket, and many other civic features.
Many local activities are located around the A10 road, on the sites of
former industrial enterprises, which has a number of large retail
outlets and a large multiplex
Cineworld cinema. The cinema also plays
host to Jubilee Church on a Sunday morning; whilst cinemagoers
continue to watch films in the other screens, a charismatic church
which draws its worshippers from a wide area, hiring several auditoria
The western part of Enfield is largely residential, with shopping
centres in Southgate,
Palmers Green and Cockfosters.
Parts of Enfield experienced rioting in August 2011, in which a
private car and a van were set alight and completely destroyed, a
police car vandalised (smashed windows) and a number of shops in
Enfield Town Centre (HMV, G. Mantella, Pearsons, Argos etc.) as well
as others in the Enfield Retail Park being broken into and looted. The
Sony Distribution Centre in the Innova Business Park, near Waltham
Cross, was burnt to the ground. Although early reports questioned
whether this was an arson or a coincidental incident arrests were
later made in connection. In September 2012, a year after the attack,
a rebuilt Sony Distribution Centre was opened by the prime minister,
Source: A Vision of Britain through time, citing Census population
A map showing the wards of Enfield since 2002
London Borough of Enfield street sign.
See also: Enfield local elections
Enfield Council take place every four years, there are 21
wards in the borough and three councillors are returned to each ward.
Of the current 63 councillors there are 39 Labour members, 22
Conservatives and two independents meaning the Labour Group currently
controls the council. The next Local Government Elections affecting
Enfield will take place in 2018.
London Fire Brigade
London Borough of Enfield has three fire stations; Edmonton,
Enfield and Southgate. However, if an incident requires a higher
attendance, appliances from throughout
London can be mobilised to meet
the needs of the area if required.
The three fire stations operate a total of five pumping appliances,
one rescue tender, a command unit and a USAR unit.
Of the three fire stations within the borough, Enfield is mobilised to
the most incidents and has the largest station ground (the area of
which Enfield is the first appliance to attend).
Two major NHS hospitals,
Chase Farm Hospital
Chase Farm Hospital operated by the Royal
London NHS Foundation Trust and North
Middlesex Hospital operated
by the North
Middlesex University Hospital NHS Trust, are located in
the borough. NHS Enfield Clinical Commissioning Group is responsible
for local primary health care, taking over this role from Enfield
Primary Care NHS Trust in 2013. Another hospital in the borough,
Highlands, was closed in 1993.
See also: List of schools in Enfield
London Borough of Enfield is the education authority for the
district. Education is provided in a mix of community and voluntary
aided schools. A number of private schools are also located in the
The borough is home to the renowned Enfield Grammar School, founded in
1558, which since the 1960s has been a boys' comprehensive, but has
retained its original name, and still uses its Tudor building which is
now often referred to as the Old Hall.
Enfield Grammar School
Enfield Grammar School is based
in the center of Enfield Town.
St Ignatius' College
St Ignatius' College is the borough's
largest Catholic school and one of the best-performing non-selective
schools in the borough, at both GCSE and A-Level. Bishop
Stopford's School is Enfield's largest school, and The College of
Haringey, Enfield and North East
London also has a campus in the
borough. In 2007 a new school named
Oasis Academy Enfield was opened,
following the takeover of Albany by the Oasis Company as Oasis Academy
Hadley. The Latymer School is the only surviving Grammar school in the
borough, and is based in the Edmonton area. Enfield county school is
an all girls comprehensive school which sits opposite Enfield grammar
boys school in Enfield town. It is a split site school with the lower
years situated towards the area of Forty Hall.
Middlesex University, the former polytechnic, used to have two
campuses in Enfield: Cat Hill and Trent Park. These sites both closed
in 2011 and courses were relocated to the Hendon campus.
Oak Hill Theological College, an associate college of Middlesex
University, is located in the borough.
Capel Manor College also offers various courses.
Sport and recreation
Enfield's King George's Field, named in memory of King George V,
includes the Queen Elizabeth II athletics stadium, the Enfield
Ignatians Rugby Club and numerous football, rugby and baseball
diamonds. The playing fields were used as a POW camp for Italians
during World War II.
The second largest playing fields are at Firs Farm on Firs Lane. There
are a handful of rugby pitches along with more than a dozen football
pitches. These are used by local amateur football clubs including
Winchmore Hill FC, Mayfield Athletic FC and Southgate County FC.
The pitches drain reasonably well but are generally in poor condition
with old, rusted goalposts. The changing facilities are also very
dilapidated, with some changing rooms being no more than concrete
sheds with corrugated roofs.
Many sports teams and clubs are located in Enfield;
Enfield Town F.C.,
Enfield 1893 F.C.,
Cockfosters F.C. and
Winchmore Hill FC are the
most prominent. The once successful football club, Enfield FC, were
forced into a nomadic existence after the sale of their Southbury Road
ground and became defunct at the end of the 2006/2007 season after
years of ground sharing at many
Hertfordshire based clubs. Enfield
1893 were formed after Enfield FC's demise and have spent time
Ware FC and
Broxbourne Borough FC. They finally found
a ground in the borough when they merged with
Brimsdown Rovers for the
start of the 2011/2012 season. Saracens Rugby Football Club used to
play in Enfield and still train at Bramley Road sports ground near
Cockfosters. Enfield Ignatians R.F.C are currently the area's most
successful Rugby club.
The principal cricket clubs in the area are Enfield, Winchmore
Hill, Edmonton and Southgate, with many others playing cricket in
and around the borough such as, Enfield Invicta, Mayfield CC,
Myddleton House, North Enfield CC, Botany Bay and Holtwhites Trinibis
CC. Many clubs play in either the
Middlesex Cricket League or the
Hertfordshire League. Enfield, Southgate, and
Winchmore Hill have long
been the area's most successful cricket clubs, regularly competing in
Middlesex Premier League. Enfield (in 1988) and Southgate (in
1977) are both past winners of the ECB National Club Cricket
Swimming clubs include Edmonton Phoenix S.C., Enfield S.C. and
Griffins S.C. of Enfield.
Futsal is also played in the area with FC Enfield playing in the FA
Umbro Futsal League Southern Division.
Gaelic Football is also played in the area. The club North London
Shamrocks play at Enfield Playing Fields.
Enfield Phoenix is the local basketball club with teams playing in the
National League and the
Central London League. The team play at the
Edmonton Leisure Centre, Edmonton Green with seating for 400
Theatre goers are catered for by the Intimate Theatre, the Millfield
Theatre, the Dugdale Centre and the
Company, with amateur and professional shows, dance pieces, musicals
and live music on show. Amateur dramatic companies include Saint
Monica's Players, The Capel Players and The
Talkies Community Cinema screens British Independent and specialist
films in a range of venues across the borough.
Tottenham Hotspur Football Club's new training ground is located in
Enfield at Bulls Cross. Enfield is the home to the annual
Livestock Music Festival  It is also home to Cheerleading squads-
Sapphire Elite Cheerleaders, North
London Wildcats and Enfield Blaze
Croquet is played at Enfield
Croquet Club in Bush Hill Park.
Main article: Public transport in Enfield
In 1840 the first section of the
Northern and Eastern Railway
Northern and Eastern Railway was
opened from Stratford to Broxbourne, with stations at Water Lane
(Angel Road) and Ponders End. Further stations were added in 1855 at
Enfield Lock (Royal Small Arms Factory) and 1884 at Brimsdown. A
branch line from Water Lane to
Enfield Town was opened in 1849 serving
Edmonton Low Level and Enfield Town. A further station was added in
1880 at Bush Hill Park. The direct line from
London to Enfield Town
was opened in 1872 with stations at Silver Street and Lower Edmonton
(now called Edmonton Green). In 1891, a loop from Edmonton serving
Southbury (Churchbury) and
Turkey Street (Forty Hill) to Cheshunt on
the main line was added. The Cheshunt and
Enfield Town services are
currently served by
In 1871 the Great Northern Railway opened its station on Windmill
Hill. This was later replaced in 1910 when the line was extended to
Cuffley. This section of railway is now part of the line commonly
known as the Hertford Loop.
London Underground services in Enfield at the eastern end of the
Enfield is served by the
Piccadilly line of the
with stations at Arnos Grove, Southgate, Oakwood (named as Enfield
West when it first opened) and
Cockfosters (where the line
London Overground and
National Rail Great
Northern services also run within the borough.
There are numerous bus services throughout the borough run by
Transport for London.
The main roads running through the borough include the North Circular
Road, the M25, Green Lanes, the A10 and the old
Hertford Road (A1010).
London Buses routes 34, 102, 121, 125, 141, 144, 149, 184, 191, 192,
217, 221, 231, 232, 251, 259, 279, 298, 307, 313, 317, 318, 327, 329,
341, 349, 377, 382, 384, 444, 491, W4, W6, W8, W9, W10 School buses
route 616, 617, 628, 629, 688, 692, 699, and Night route N29, N91 and
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to
travel to work were: driving a car or van, 26.1% of all residents aged
16–74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 8.2%; bus, minibus or
coach, 8.2%; train, 7.3%; on foot, 4.0%; work mainly at or from home,
2.7%; passenger in a car or van, 1.6%.
The borough's museums include
Forty Hall and the garden exhibitions at
Capel Manor, Myddleton House (part of the Lee Valley Park) and the
Whitewebbs Museum of Transport. The Borough's own museum is based in
Thomas Hardy House, 39
Scouting and Guiding have many groups within Enfield. The annual St
George's Day Parade has around a thousand young people marching
through Enfield Town, led by the Enfield District Scout Band.
The Boys' and Girls' Brigade are also quite active within the borough,
participating in various ceremonies and events throughout the year,
Enfield Town Show, St Georges Day Parade and on
Remembrance Day Parade.
The Air Training Corps has three units in the area, No.85 (Enfield
& Southgate) Squadron based in
Winchmore Hill & Enfield Town,
No.1159 (Edmonton) Squadron based in Edmonton, No.1571 (Ayleward)
Squadron based in Aylward School and No.2473 (Highlands &
Southgate) Squadron in Highlands School, Southgate.
The Red Room music and film project ran from 2008 - 2014 based in
Ponders End, aimed at 13 - 19 year olds supported and funded by
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom
Enfield is twinned with:
Courbevoie, Hauts-de-Seine, Île-de-France, France
Gladbeck, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Schwechat, Lower Austria, Austria
List of districts in Enfield
List of people from Enfield
Enfield parks and open spaces
^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in
England and Wales,
Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity
United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011
^ Mills A. D. Oxford Dictionary of
London Place Names (2001) p76
ISBN 0-19-860957-4 Retrieved 28 October 2008
^ Bryan Hewitt (1997) The Crocus King: E. A. Bowles of Myddelton House
^ Dalling, Graham (30 December 2005). "Secondary Schools a history".
History & Heritage.
London Borough of Enfield. Archived from the
original on 8 November 2007. Retrieved 15 November 2007.
^ Edward VI, Jorge H. Castelli
^ Palace Gardens Shopping Centre Retrieved 15 November 2007[dead link]
Enfield Town –
London Borough of Enfield Archived 7 February 2008
at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 15 November 2007
^ England, Historic. "RIPAULTS FACTORY, Non Civil Parish - 1079486-
Historic England". www.historicengland.org.uk.
London riots: Three teens arrested over Sony/PIAS warehouse fire".
11 August 2011.
London Fire Brigade – Enfield Profile Archived 27 February 2008 at
the Wayback Machine.
^ Urban Search and Rescue Vehicles Archived 12 February 2008 at the
Wayback Machine. (dead link)
London Fire Brigade – Enfield Profile Archived 27 February 2008 at
the Wayback Machine. (dead link)
^ Education gateway for LB Enfield Archived 21 June 2007 at the
Wayback Machine. accessed 5 June 2007
^ Results in Enfield, 2006: GCSE
^ a b "
Winchmore Hill Football Club". www.winchmorehillfc.co.uk.
^ "Enfield Cricket". www.enfieldcricketclub.com.
^ "Welcome to
Winchmore Hill Cricket Club Website".
^ "Dugdale Centre". Box Office. Enfield Council. Retrieved 11 October
^ "The Dugdale Centre". Love Your Doorstep. 13 December 2012.
Retrieved 11 October 2013.
^ "CHIGWELL: Questions raised over Spurs training ground move". East
London and West Essex Guardian Series.
^ "Home". www.livestockuk.com.
^ "Home". www.enfieldcroquet.org.
^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in
England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23
November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16–74
including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one
mode, specified as the journey's longest part by distance.
London Borough of Enfield
Bush Hill Park
Enfield Island Village
Forty Hall and Gardens
Millfield Theatre and Arts Centre
Myddelton House Gardens
Museum of Domestic Design and Architecture
Whitewebbs Museum of Transport
Royal Small Arms Factory
Royal Small Arms Factory Interpretation Centre
Parks and open spaces
Trent Country Park
Tube and rail stations
Bush Hill Park
Coat of arms
Grade I and II* listed buildings
Governance of Greater London
City of London
Greater London Authority
Mayor of London
Barking and Dagenham
Hammersmith and Fulham
Kensington and Chelsea
Kingston upon Thames
Richmond upon Thames
Lord Mayor of the City of London
Lord Lieutenant of Greater London
High Sheriff of Greater London
Metropolitan Board of Works
Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW) 1855–1889
London County Council (LCC) 1889–1965
Greater London Council (GLC) 1965–1986
Sheriffs of the City of London
Coordinates: 51°38′42″N 0°03′36″W / 51.645°N
0.060°W / 51