Lollapalooza /ˌlɒləpəˈluːzə/ is an annual music festival
featuring popular alternative rock, heavy metal, punk rock, hip hop,
and electronic music bands and artists, dance and comedy performances,
and craft booths. It has also provided a platform for non-profit and
political groups and various visual artists.
Conceived and created in 1991 by
Jane's Addiction singer Perry Farrell
as a farewell tour for his band,
Lollapalooza ran annually until 1997,
and was revived in 2003. From its inception through 1997 and its
revival in 2003, the festival toured North America. In 2004, the
festival organizers decided to expand the dates to two days per city,
but poor ticket sales forced the 2004 tour to be canceled. In 2005,
Farrell and the
William Morris Agency
William Morris Agency partnered with Austin,
Texas–based company Capital Sports Entertainment (now C3 Presents)
and retooled it into its current format as a weekend destination
festival in Grant Park, Chicago.
In 2010 it was announced that
Lollapalooza would debut outside the
United States, with a branch of the festival staged in Chile's capital
Santiago on April 2–3, 2011 where they partnered up with
Santiago-based company Lotus. In 2011, the company Geo Events
confirmed the Brazilian version of the event, which was held at the
Jockey Club in
São Paulo on 7 and 8 April 2012. In September
Buenos Aires was selected as the third
Lollapalooza in South
America, starting on April 2014, and in November 2014, the first
Lollapalooza was announced, which was held at the former
Tempelhof Airport in Berlin. In 2014, Perry handpicked and debuted
a new artist to emerge as the face of the festival. The artist,
collectively known as The Future Bones, or Juan Marco, rebranded the
festival with funky characters and a colorful palette, inherently
representing the culture of the music and festival-goers today.
The music festival hosts more than 160,000 people over a two or three
Lollapalooza has featured a diverse range of bands and
artists such as Nine Inch Nails, Kanye West, Jane's Addiction, Lana
Del Rey, Wiz Khalifa, The Smashing Pumpkins, Muse, Eminem, MGMT,
Coldplay, Stone Temple Pilots, Depeche Mode, Foo Fighters, Red Hot
Chili Peppers, Ministry, Pearl Jam, Noel Gallagher's High Flying
Birds, Atlas Genius, Dev, Rollins Band, Kid Cudi, Imagine Dragons,
Babes in Toyland, Beastie Boys, Kings of Leon, Foster The People, The
Cure, Of Monsters and Men, Thirty Seconds to Mars, The Killers, The
National, Rage Against the Machine, We the Kings, Paramore, Jennifer
Lopez, Beyonce, Arcade Fire, Franz Ferdinand, X Japan, Audioslave,
Soundgarden, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Cage the Elephant, Alice in
Chains, Björk, Lorde, Tool, The Black Keys, deadmau5, Hole, Body
Count, Ice-T, Queens of the Stone Age, Cupcakke, The Drums, The
Strokes, Arctic Monkeys, Calvin Harris, Thenewno2, Fishbone, Lady
Gaga, Lucius, Betty Who, Butthole Surfers, Grouplove, Marina And The
Diamonds, Haley Reinhart, Scramble Campbell, Zara Larsson, and
Lollapalooza is broadcast live and globally on Red Bull TV.
2.2 Success and decline
2.3 Revival and rebirth
2.4 Tickets and pricing
3 International expansion
5 Lineups by year
6 See also
8 External links
The word—sometimes alternatively spelled and pronounced as
lollapalootza or lalapaloosa—or "lallapaloosa" (P.G. Wodehouse,
"Heart of a Goof") dates from a late 19th-/early 20th-century American
idiomatic phrase meaning "an extraordinary or unusual thing, person,
or event; an exceptional example or instance." Its earliest known
use was in 1896. In time the term also came to refer to a large
lollipop. Farrell, searching for a name for his festival, liked the
euphonious quality of the by-then-antiquated term upon hearing it in a
Three Stooges short film. Paying homage to the term's double
meaning, a character in the festival's original logo holds one of the
The word has also caused a slang suffix to appear in event-planning
circles as well as in news and opinion shows that is used synonymously
with other suffixes like "a-go-go", "o-rama", etc. The suffix
"(a)palooza" is often used to imply (often in hyperbolic language)
that an entire event or crowd was made over that term, e.g.:
"Parks"-apalooza, "Nipple"-palooza, etc.
Nine Inch Nails
Nine Inch Nails frontman
Trent Reznor during the 1991 Lollapalooza
Inspired by events such as Britain's Reading Festival – which
Perry Farrell had been due to play in 1990 
– Farrell, Ted Gardner, Don Muller, and
Marc Geiger conceived the
festival in 1990 as a farewell for Farrell's band Jane's
Unlike previous festivals such as Woodstock, A Gathering of the Tribes
(also an influence on Lollapalooza) and the US Festival, which were
one-time events held at single venues,
Lollapalooza toured across the
United States and Canada.
The inaugural 1991 lineup was made up of artists from alternative rock
(such as Siouxsie and the Banshees), industrial music (such as Nine
Inch Nails) and rap (which backfired, as
Ice-T used the platform to
launch Body Count, his heavy metal band).
Another key concept was the inclusion of nonmusical features.
Performers such as the
Jim Rose Circus
Jim Rose Circus Side Show, an alternative freak
show, and the Shaolin monks stretched the boundaries of rock culture.
There was a tent for display of art pieces, virtual reality games, and
information tables for political and environmental non-profit groups,
promoting counter-culture and political awareness. "Basically, I'm
bored," Farrell said at the time. "I just want to see things that are
unexpected and slightly bizarre. The way Barnum & Bailey perceived
putting on a show… well, they had a different angle."
Success and decline
It was at
Lollapalooza where Farrell coined the term "Alternative
Nation". The explosion of alternative rock in the early 1990s
Lollapalooza forward; the 1992 and 1993 festivals leaned
heavily on grunge and alternative acts, and usually featured an
additional rap artist.
Punk rock standbys like mosh pits and crowd
surfing became part of the canon of the concerts. These years saw
great increases in the participatory nature of the event with the
inclusion of booths for open-microphone readings and oratory,
television-smashing pits and tattooing and piercing parlors.
After 1991, the festival included a second stage (and, in 1996, a
third stage) for up-and-coming bands or local acts. Attendee
complaints of the festival included high ticket prices as well as the
high cost for food and water at the shows. The festival played at
the Alpine Valley festival in East Troy, Wisconsin on August 29, 1992,
and also at
World Music Theater in Tinley Park, IL (near Chicago),
where concertgoers ripped up chunks of sod and grass and threw them at
each other and at the bands, resulting in tens of thousands of dollars
in damages to the venue.
Grunge band Nirvana was scheduled to headline at the festival in 1994,
but the band officially dropped out of the festival on April 7,
1994. Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain's body was discovered in
Seattle the next day. Cobain's widow, Courtney Love, made guest
appearances at several shows, including the
Philadelphia show at FDR
Park (usually taking time given to her by The Smashing Pumpkins
vocalist/guitarist Billy Corgan), speaking to the crowds about the
loss, then singing a minimum of two songs. Farrell worked with
rock poster artist Jim Evans (T.A.Z.) to create a series of posters
and the complete graphic decoration for the 1994 event, including two
70 foot tall Buddha statues that flanked the main stage.
In 1996, Farrell, who had been the soul of the festival, decided to
focus his energy to produce his new festival project, ENIT, and did
not participate in producing Lollapalooza. Many fans saw the
Metallica in 1996 as contrary to the festival's prior
practice of featuring "non-mainstream" artists, and described the
crowds attracted by
Metallica as being singularly focused on the
headliner without respect for the other performing artists.
Moreover, festival cofounder Farrell felt that Metallica's macho image
violated his peaceful vision for the festival, for alternative
culture of the early 1990s was generally against macho behavior.
Farrell quit the tour in protest.
Responding to the controversial
efforts to revive its relevance to audiences. The festival booked
eclectic acts such as country superstar
Waylon Jennings in 1996, and
emphasized heavily electronica groups such as
The Orb and The Prodigy
in 1997. 1997, however, would prove to be the final tour from the
initial series of
Lollapalooza tours. The festival failed to find a
suitable headliner in 1998, and therefore announced Lollapalooza's
cancellation. The cancellation served as a signifier of
alternative rock's declining popularity. In light of the festival's
troubles that year, Spin said, "
Lollapalooza is as comatose as
alternative rock right now."
Revival and rebirth
Lady Gaga performed first at the festival in 2007, before gaining
international fame. (left) She returned three years later in 2010 with
Semi Precious Weapons
Semi Precious Weapons as an internationally known singer. (right)
In 2003, Farrell reconvened
Jane's Addiction and scheduled a new
Lollapalooza tour. The festival schedule included venues in 30 cities
through July and August. The 2003 tour achieved only marginal success
with many fans staying away, presumably because of high ticket
prices. Another tour scheduled for 2004 was to consist of a
two-day festival taking place in each city. It was cancelled in June
due to weak ticket sales across the country. Farrell partnered with
Capital Sports & Entertainment (now C3 Presents), which co-owns
and produces the Austin City Limits Music Festival, to produce
Lollapalooza. CSE, Farrell and the William Morris Agency—along
with Charles Attal Presents—resurrected
Lollapalooza as a two-day
destination festival in 2005 in Grant Park, Chicago, Illinois, with an
even greater variety of performers (70 acts on five stages) than that
of the touring festival. The festival was generally successful,
attracting over 65,000 attendees, despite a 104 degree Fahrenheit
Sunday (40 degrees Celsius) heat wave (two people were hospitalized
for heat related illness).
It returned to
Chicago on August 4–6, 2006. On October 25, 2006, the
Chicago Park District and Capital Sports & Entertainment agreed to
a five-year, $5 million deal, keeping
Lollapalooza at Grant Park in
Chicago until 2011.
Lollapalooza ran August 3–5 in 2007, August
1–3 in 2008, August 7–9 in 2009, August 6–8 in 2010, August
5–7 in 2011, August 3–5 in 2012, August 2–4 in 2013 and August
1–3 in 2014. After a successful 2008 festival, another deal was
signed to keep
Chicago through 2018, guaranteeing the
city $13 million.
In December 2015, it was announced that
Lollapalooza 2016 would be
four days long, July 28 to July 31, to celebrate the event's 25th
In 2017, the festival will kick off on the 3rd of August celebrating
its 26th year of existence.
Tickets and pricing
Tickets to the biggest
Lollapalooza edition, in Chicago, are usually
sold out extremely quickly. In the 2016 Lollapalooza, the four-day
general passes sold out in about one day after they started the sale.
The one-day passes sold even more quickly: they were gone less than
three hours after organizers revealed the lineup for the four-day
music festival. Because of this phenomenon, people who can not buy
the passes try to get them through alternatives sources such as
Craigslist and StubHub. This is a common practice, although the prices
tend to be significantly higher on these websites.
In its earliest editions, the official passes used to cost $31.50.
However, with its growth and prominent relevance on the music
Lollapalooza passes' prices have been increasing
substantially over the years. Comparing the weekend passes for
Lollapalooza 2016, which cost $335, with the ones for Lollapalooza
2015, which cost $275, the increase was over than 20%.
In 2010, it was announced that
Lollapalooza would debut in South
America, with a branch of the festival staged in Chile's capital
Santiago on April 2–3, 2011. The
Chile line up included
Jane's Addiction, Thirty Seconds to Mars, The National, Manny and Gil
The Latin, The Drums, The Killers, Los Bunkers, Ana Tijoux, Javiera
Mena, Fatboy Slim, Deftones, Los Plumabits, Cypress Hill, 311, The
Flaming Lips and many others. The eighth edition in
Chile was held
on 16–18 March 2018, with Pearl Jam, Lana Del Rey, The Killers, Red
Hot Chili Peppers and
LCD Soundsystem as headliners.
A Brazilian version of the event was confirmed in 2011, and had its
inaugural edition at the Jockey Club in
São Paulo on April 7 and 8,
2012. In the following year,
Lollapalooza was again held at Jockey
Club during Holy Week, this time expanding to three days that filled
Paschal Triduum – March 29–31, 2013. The third
edition was moved to the
Autódromo José Carlos Pace
Autódromo José Carlos Pace in São Paulo's
borough of Interlagos, happening on April 5 and 6, 2014.
Interlagos remained the festival's home for the following editions, on
March 28–29, 2015, March 12–13, 2016.,March 25–26, 2017,
and March 23-24-25, 2018
On September 10, 2013, it was announced that the following year the
festival will also be held in Buenos Aires, Argentina; thus expanding
the South American branch after the festivals in
Santiago and São
On November 4, 2014, it was announced that the very first Lollapalooza
Festival will be held in Europe, in the German capital of Berlin. It
is scheduled for September 12–13, 2015, the proposed location is the
historical airport ground of Berlin-Tempelhof. In true Lollapalooza
fashion, this urban location serves to incorporate regional partners
in presenting international events. In the official press release,
Perry Farrell stated that, "Berlin's energy, vibrant
art, fashion and music scenes are a mirror reflection of what
Lollapalooza is all about and I can’t wait to share in this cultural
Lollapalooza Germany was produced by the
Lollapalooza U.S. team in addition to Melt! Booking and Festival
Republic who have helped run both Reading and Leeds festival in
England. The 2016 edition of the festival took place in the
Treptower Park in Berlin, 10–11 September. It drew 70,000 visitors
At change.org an on-line petition against the festival in the
Treptower Park gathered over 6400 supporters. Citizens from the area
have created working groups to stop the festival taking place in the
Treptower Park. There has been little communication with local
inhabitants from either festival organizers or local government.
People living directly next to the event location have received an
invitation to move to a nearby hotel for the duration of the festival.
On October 12, 2016,
Lollapalooza announced that they would be hosting
a festival in Paris, France. The inaugural edition of this
festival will be taking place at the city's Longchamp Racecourse
grounds on July 22–23, 2017. The lineup for
was announced on January 17, 2017 and includes a lineup featuring Red
Hot Chili Peppers and
The Weeknd as headliners. Following that, the
lineup includes the likes of Imagine Dragons, Lana Del Rey, DJ Snake,
London Grammar, Alt-J, The Roots, Marshmello, Liam Gallagher, Martin
Solveig, Skepta, Glass Animals, Milky Chance, Don Diablo, Oliver
Heldens, Crystal Fighters, Jauz, Alan Walker, and many more.
Chicago's Grant Park was the venue for the 13th edition of
Lollapalooza from August 3–6, 2017. Among the many entertainers
performing during the 4-day festival, there was a small theater troupe
which presented all of the over 100 poems found in Charles
Baudelaire's "Les Fleurs du Mal." Fifty artists from around the world
Theater Oobleck to create "Baudelaire In A Box."
On August 7, 2012,
Perry Farrell announced that
Lollapalooza will be
debuting in Tel Aviv, Israel. Farrell described Israel as an
"international music community that listens to everything we all
listen to, but the artists weren’t traveling there so it was an
opportunity." The event was scheduled for August 20–22, 2013 in
Hayarkon Park, the city's largest urban park. However, the event
has been postponed to an unknown date. While there was no
definitive reasoning for the cancellation of the Israel date, various
news sources report there are often financial challenges that
attribute to producing a large-scale show with international artists
within the political situation in the Mideast.
Recording engineer, guitarist, and journalist
Steve Albini has
Lollapalooza for its corporatization of popularized
"alternative" music. In a 1993 interview, Albini commented:
Lollapalooza is the worst example of corporate encroachment into what
is supposed to be the underground. It is just a large scale marketing
of bands that pretend to be alternative but are in reality just
another facet of the mass cultural exploitation scheme. I have no
appreciation or affection for those bands and I have no interest in
that whole circle. If
Lollapalooza had Jesus Lizard and the Melvins
Slint then you could make a case that it was actually
people on the vanguard of music. What it really is the most popular
MTV that are not heavy metal.
The Jesus Lizard
The Jesus Lizard and the
Melvins have subsequently performed at
In April 2010, it was reported that
Illinois Attorney General Lisa
Madigan had launched an antitrust investigation into the festival for
imposing radius clauses on acts, contractually stipulating that they
could not perform in cities within 300 miles of Chicago—including
cities as far as Detroit, Indianapolis, and Milwaukee—for up to six
months prior, and three months after Lollapalooza.
Lineups by year
Main article: List of
Lollapalooza lineups by year
Rock music portal
List of historic rock festivals
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lollapalooza.
Lollapalooza Berlin/Germany website
Lollapalooza Brazil website
Lollapalooza Argentina website
Lollapalooza 2014 iPhone app
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