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Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
(French pronunciation: ​[lwaʁeʃɛʁ]) is a department in the Centre-Val de Loire
Centre-Val de Loire
region, France. Its name is originated from two rivers which cross it, the Loir
Loir
on the North and the Cher on the South. Its prefecture is Blois. The INSEE and La Poste gave it the number 41.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Tourism

4.1 Châteaux

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The department of Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
covers a territory which had a substantial population during the prehistoric period. However it was not until the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
that local inhabitants built various castles and other fortifications to enable them to withstand a series of invasions of Normans, Bourguignons, the English and others. The economy is quite flourishing: there are shops in valley, the agriculture is growing in the region of the Beauce and the Perche to the Sologne which knew a certain prosperity until the 17th century. However, politically, the region remains quartered between the earldoms and the duchies neighbouring. In 1397, the House of Orleans becomes the possession of the Comté of Blois. In 1497, Louis d’Orleans (23rd count hereditary of Blois) was crowned with the name of Louis XII. It’s the beginning of the importance of Blois
Blois
and of the Blaisois in the politic life of the French, impressive especially under the last Valois. At this time, kings and important financials compete to build castles and elegant abodes which are today on the first place of the national heritage due to their quantity, their significance and their worth. (Chambord, Blois, Cheverny and so on.) After that, there were religion’s wars which were extremely ferocious under Charles IX's reign. In 1576 and 1588, the General Estates get together in Blois. L’Orléanais, le Berry, la Touraine, le Perche et le Maine occupied le Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
and its provinces in 1970. The Loir-et-Cher’s birth as a department was very difficult and laborious. The 29 September 1789, the constitution’s advisory board made a report in which he wanted to attribute one of the 80 departments to Blois. However, some cities and canton capitals disagreed, such as Tours
Tours
and Orleans. Inside of the department, Montrichard turns to Amboise and Tours, Saint-Aignan wants to turn to the Berry and Salbris to Vierzon. Finally, Orleans gives Blois
Blois
an important part of the Sologne except Beaugency and Tours
Tours
doesn’t give Amboise. The department is founded 4 March 1790, in accordance with the law of 22 December 1789. It is constituted of some old provinces of the Orleanais and of the Touraine along with a Berry’s plot (left bank of the Selles en Berry’s Cher which becomes Selles sur Cher, to Saint-Aignan). The department’s constriction in its centre and the maximum stretching out in its surface area beyond the Loir
Loir
on the North and the Cher on the South is due to these tribulations. After the victory of the Coalises during the Waterloo’s battle (18 June 1815), the Prussian’s troops occupied the department from June 1815 to November 1818. ( to learn more about it, go on to "France’s occupation at the end of the First Empire") The poet Pierre de Ronsard, the inventor Denis Papin and the historian Augustin Thierry come from over here. Others well-known people attached also to this department, like François the First, Gaston d’Orleans, the Marshall Maunoury, and the abbot Gregoire. (Bishop of Blois
Blois
elected at the Constituante) In the artistic domain, there is the compositor Antoine Boesset (1587-1643), musician in the Louis XII [1] de France’s court, who was the head of the Music of the King’s Bedroom from 1623 to 1643. The Loir-et-Cher’s department is a part of the Centre Region. It is adjacent of these departments : the Eure-et-Loir, the Loiret, the Cher, the Indre, the Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
and the Sarthe. Due to its surface area of 6 343 km², it is on the 31st national place in the size’s domain. It has a privileged geographical situation because it is in the center of the Centre region and near the Paris
Paris
basin. An axe lively and dynamic, brings Blois
Blois
closer (the department’s administrative center) of the both tall urban conglomerations near it: Orleans and Tours. Located on the boundaries of the Perche, the Beauce, the Sologne and the Touraine, it finds its territorial identity in the diversity of its geography and its landscapes. Cut in its middle by the Loire, it shows an image of balance and diversity. Geography[edit] Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
is a part of the modern region of Centre-Val de Loire. Adjacent departments are Eure-et- Loir
Loir
to the north, Loiret
Loiret
to the north-east, Cher to the south-east, Indre
Indre
to the south, Indre-et-Loire to the south-west, and Sarthe
Sarthe
to the west. The department comprises 6,314 km2, which makes it the 31st largest of the French departments in terms of area. The line of the river Loire traverses the land, ensuring easy communication between its own capital, Blois, and the vibrant cultural and commercial centres of Tours
Tours
to the west and the fringes of the Seine- Paris
Paris
basin at Orléans
Orléans
to the east. Its main rivers are the Loire, on which its prefecture (capital) Blois is situated, the Loir
Loir
and the Cher. Demographics[edit] The inhabitants of the department are called the Loir-et-Chériens. Tourism[edit] Châteaux[edit] Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
has an important number of historic châteaux, including the following:

Château de Blois Château de Chaumont Château de Chambord Château de Cheverny

Blois

Vendôme

Château de Chambord

Interior of the Château de Chaumont

Château de Troussay

See also[edit]

Cantons of the Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
department Communes of the Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
department Arrondissements of the Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
department

References[edit]

^ Louis XIII (27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643)

External links[edit]

(in French) Prefecture website (in French) General Council website (in English) Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

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Departments of France

01 Ain 02 Aisne 03 Allier 04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 07 Ardèche 08 Ardennes 09 Ariège 10 Aube 11 Aude 12 Aveyron 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 14 Calvados 15 Cantal 16 Charente 17 Charente-Maritime 18 Cher 19 Corrèze 2A Corse-du-Sud 2B Haute-Corse 21 Côte-d'Or 22 Côtes-d'Armor 23 Creuse 24 Dordogne 25 Doubs 26 Drôme 27 Eure 28 Eure-et-Loir 29 Finistère 30 Gard 31 Haute-Garonne 32 Gers 33 Gironde 34 Hérault 35 Ille-et-Vilaine 36 Indre 37 Indre-et-Loire 38 Isère 39 Jura 40 Landes 41 Loir-et-Cher 42 Loire 43 Haute-Loire 44 Loire-Atlantique 45 Loiret 46 Lot 47 Lot-et-Garonne 48 Lozère 49 Maine-et-Loire 50 Manche 51 Marne 52 Haute-Marne 53 Mayenne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 56 Morbihan 57 Moselle 58 Nièvre 59 Nord 60 Oise 61 Orne 62 Pas-de-Calais 63 Puy-de-Dôme 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 66 Pyrénées-Orientales 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin 69D Rhône 70 Haute-Saône 71 Saône-et-Loire 72 Sarthe 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie 75 Paris 76 Seine-Maritime 77 Seine-et-Marne 78 Yvelines 79 Deux-Sèvres 80 Somme 81 Tarn 82 Tarn-et-Garonne 83 Var 84 Vaucluse 85 Vendée 86 Vienne 87 Haute-Vienne 88 Vosges 89 Yonne 90 Territoire de Belfort 91 Essonne 92 Hauts-de-Seine 93 Seine-Saint-Denis 94 Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d'Oise

Overseas departments 971 Guadeloupe 972 Martinique 973 French Guiana 974 Réunion 976 Mayotte

Metropolis with territorial collectivity statute 69M Lyon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 124325187 LCCN: n79116204 GND: 4111364-0 SUDOC: 026588722 BNF:

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