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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Loches
Loches
(French pronunciation: ​[lɔʃ]) is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
department in central France. It is situated 29 miles (47 km) southeast of Tours
Tours
by railway, on the left bank of the Indre
Indre
River.

Contents

1 History 2 Population 3 Sights 4 Economy 5 Personalities 6 International relations 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Loches
Loches
(the Roman Leucae) grew up around a monastery founded about 500 by St. Ours and belonged to the Counts of Anjou
Counts of Anjou
from 886 until 1205. In the latter year it was seized from King John of England
King John of England
by Philip Augustus, and from the middle of the 13th century until after the time of Charles IX of France
France
the castle was a residence of the kings of France, apart for a brief interlude in 1424 when it was heritably granted to Archibald Douglas, Duke of Touraine. Antoine Guenand, Lord of La Celle-Guenand
La Celle-Guenand
was appointed Captain-Governor of Loches
Loches
in 1441. Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 4,800 —    

1800 4,342 −9.5%

1806 4,304 −0.9%

1821 4,558 +5.9%

1831 4,774 +4.7%

1836 4,753 −0.4%

1841 4,581 −3.6%

1846 5,058 +10.4%

1851 5,191 +2.6%

1856 5,156 −0.7%

1861 5,267 +2.2%

1866 5,154 −2.1%

1872 4,964 −3.7%

1876 5,085 +2.4%

1881 5,096 +0.2%

1886 5,141 +0.9%

1891 5,132 −0.2%

1896 5,182 +1.0%

1901 5,161 −0.4%

1906 5,115 −0.9%

1911 5,346 +4.5%

1921 4,652 −13.0%

1926 4,754 +2.2%

1931 4,761 +0.1%

1936 4,944 +3.8%

1946 5,515 +11.5%

1954 5,525 +0.2%

1962 5,902 +6.8%

1968 6,359 +7.7%

1975 6,738 +6.0%

1982 6,772 +0.5%

1990 6,544 −3.4%

1999 6,328 −3.3%

2006 6,375 +0.7%

2009 6,478 +1.6%

Sights[edit] The town, one of the most picturesque in central France, lies at the foot of the rocky eminence on which stands the Château de Loches, the castle of the Anjou family, surrounded by an outer wall 13 ft (4 m) thick, and consisting of the old collegiate church of St Ours, the royal lodge and the donjon or keep.

The church of St Ours from The royal lodge

The church of St Ours dates from the tenth century to the twelfth century; among its distinguishing features are the huge stone pyramids surmounting the nave and the beautiful carving of the west door. It contains the tomb of Agnès Sorel.

The royal lodge

The royal lodge, built by Charles VII of France
France
and once used as the subprefecture, contains the oratory of Anne of Brittany. It was here on 11 May 1429 that Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
arrived, fresh from her historic victory at Orleans, to meet the king. The donjon includes, besides the ruined keep (12th century), the Martelet, celebrated as the prison of Lodovico Sforza, Duke of Milan, who died there in 1508, and the Tour Ronde, built by Louis XI of France
France
and containing the famous iron cages in which state prisoners, including according to a story now discredited, the inventor Cardinal Balue, were confined. Loches
Loches
has a town hall and several houses of the Renaissance
Renaissance
period. On the right bank of the Indre, opposite the town, is the village of Beaulieu-lès-Loches, once the seat of a barony. Economy[edit] Liquor, distilling and tanning are carried on together with trade in farm produce, wine, wood and livestock.

Personalities[edit] Loches
Loches
was the birthplace of:

Fulk III, Count of Anjou Alfred de Vigny
Alfred de Vigny
(1797–1863), poet, playwright, and novelist Pierre Nicolas Gerdy
Pierre Nicolas Gerdy
(May 1, 1797 – March 18, 1856), French physician, surgeon, anatomist, pathologist and physiologist. Ernest Christophe
Ernest Christophe
(1827–1892), sculptor, François Rude's student and a friend of Baudelaire. Jacques Villeret (1951–2005), actor

International relations[edit] Loches
Loches
is twinned with:

Wermelskirchen, Germany St Andrews, Fife, Scotland[1]

See also[edit]

Communes of the Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
department

References[edit]

^ http://www.fifetoday.co.uk/news/local-headlines/st-andrews-twinning-pact-signed-in-saint-s-celebrations-1-3966433

INSEE commune file

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Loches.

Tourism office website

v t e

Communes of the Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
department

Abilly Ambillou Amboise Anché Antogny-le-Tillac Artannes-sur-Indre Assay Athée-sur-Cher Autrèche Auzouer-en-Touraine Avoine Avon-les-Roches Avrillé-les-Ponceaux Azay-le-Rideau Azay-sur-Cher Azay-sur-Indre Ballan-Miré Barrou Beaulieu-lès-Loches Beaumont-en-Véron Beaumont-Louestault Beaumont-Village Benais Berthenay Betz-le-Château Bléré Bossay-sur-Claise Bossée Le Boulay Bourgueil Bournan Boussay Braslou Braye-sous-Faye Braye-sur-Maulne Brèches Bréhémont Bridoré Brizay Bueil-en-Touraine Candes-Saint-Martin Cangey La Celle-Guenand La Celle-Saint-Avant Céré-la-Ronde Cerelles Chambon Chambourg-sur-Indre Chambray-lès-Tours Champigny-sur-Veude Chançay Chanceaux-près-Loches Chanceaux-sur-Choisille Channay-sur-Lathan La Chapelle-aux-Naux La Chapelle-Blanche-Saint-Martin La Chapelle-sur-Loire Charentilly Chargé Charnizay Château-la-Vallière Château-Renault Chaumussay Chaveignes Chédigny Cheillé Chemillé-sur-Dême Chemillé-sur-Indrois Chenonceaux Chezelles Chinon Chisseaux Chouzé-sur-Loire Cigogné Cinais Cinq-Mars-la-Pile Ciran Civray-de-Touraine Civray-sur-Esves Cléré-les-Pins Continvoir Cormery Coteaux-sur-Loire Couesmes Courçay Courcelles-de-Touraine Courcoué Couziers Cravant-les-Côteaux Crissay-sur-Manse La Croix-en-Touraine Crotelles Crouzilles Cussay Dame-Marie-les-Bois Descartes Dierre Dolus-le-Sec Draché Druye Épeigné-les-Bois Épeigné-sur-Dême Esves-le-Moutier Esvres Faye-la-Vineuse La Ferrière Ferrière-Larçon Ferrière-sur-Beaulieu Fondettes Francueil Genillé Gizeux Le Grand-Pressigny La Guerche Les Hermites Hommes Huismes L'Île-Bouchard Jaulnay Joué-lès-Tours Langeais Larçay Lémeré Lerné Le Liège Lignières-de-Touraine Ligré Ligueil Limeray Loches Loché-sur-Indrois Louans Le Louroux Lublé Lussault-sur-Loire Luynes Luzé Luzillé Maillé Manthelan Marçay Marcé-sur-Esves Marcilly-sur-Maulne Marcilly-sur-Vienne Marigny-Marmande Marray Mazières-de-Touraine La Membrolle-sur-Choisille Mettray Monnaie Montbazon Monthodon Montlouis-sur-Loire Montrésor Montreuil-en-Touraine Monts Morand Mosnes Mouzay Nazelles-Négron Neuil Neuillé-le-Lierre Neuillé-Pont-Pierre Neuilly-le-Brignon Neuville-sur-Brenne Neuvy-le-Roi Noizay Notre-Dame-d'Oé Nouans-les-Fontaines Nouâtre Nouzilly Noyant-de-Touraine Orbigny Panzoult Parçay-Meslay Parçay-sur-Vienne Paulmy Pernay Perrusson Le Petit-Pressigny Pocé-sur-Cisse Pont-de-Ruan Ports Pouzay Preuilly-sur-Claise Pussigny Razines Reignac-sur-Indre Restigné Reugny La Riche Richelieu Rigny-Ussé Rillé Rilly-sur-Vienne Rivarennes Rivière La Roche-Clermault Rochecorbon Rouziers-de-Touraine Saché Saint-Antoine-du-Rocher Saint-Aubin-le-Dépeint Saint-Avertin Saint-Bauld Saint-Benoît-la-Forêt Saint-Branchs Saint-Christophe-sur-le-Nais Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire Sainte-Catherine-de-Fierbois Sainte-Maure-de-Touraine Saint-Épain Saint-Étienne-de-Chigny Saint-Flovier Saint-Genouph Saint-Germain-sur-Vienne Saint-Hippolyte Saint-Jean-Saint-Germain Saint-Laurent-de-Lin Saint-Laurent-en-Gâtines Saint-Martin-le-Beau Saint-Nicolas-de-Bourgueil Saint-Nicolas-des-Motets Saint-Ouen-les-Vignes Saint-Paterne-Racan Saint-Pierre-des-Corps Saint-Quentin-sur-Indrois Saint-Règle Saint-Roch Saint-Senoch Saunay Savigné-sur-Lathan Savigny-en-Véron Savonnières Sazilly Semblançay Sennevières Sepmes Seuilly Sonzay Sorigny Souvigné Souvigny-de-Touraine Sublaines Tauxigny Tavant Theneuil Thilouze Thizay Tournon-Saint-Pierre Tours La Tour-Saint-Gelin Trogues Truyes Vallères Varennes Veigné Véretz Verneuil-le-Château Verneuil-sur-Indre Vernou-sur-Brenne Villaines-les-Rochers Villandry La Ville-aux-Dames Villebourg Villedômain Villedômer Villeloin-Coulangé Villeperdue Villiers-au-Bouin Vou Vouvray Yzeures-sur-Creuse

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 155951214 GND: 4310262-1 BNF:

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