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Loch
Loch
Ness (/ˌlɒx ˈnɛs/; Scottish Gaelic: Loch
Loch
Nis [l̪ˠɔx ˈniʃ]) is a large, deep, freshwater loch in the Scottish Highlands extending for approximately 37 kilometres (23 miles) southwest of Inverness. Its surface is 16 metres (52 feet) above sea level. Loch Ness is best known for alleged sightings of the cryptozoological Loch Ness Monster, also known affectionately as "Nessie". It is connected at the southern end by the River Oich
River Oich
and a section of the Caledonian Canal to Loch
Loch
Oich. At the northern end there is the Bona Narrows which opens out into Loch
Loch
Dochfour, which feeds the River Ness
River Ness
and a further section of canal to Inverness, ultimately leading to the North Sea via the Moray Firth. It is one of a series of interconnected, murky bodies of water in Scotland; its water visibility is exceptionally low due to a high peat content in the surrounding soil. Loch
Loch
Ness is the second largest Scottish loch by surface area at 56 km2 (22 sq mi) after Loch
Loch
Lomond, but due to its great depth, it is the largest by volume in the British Isles. Its deepest point is 230 m (126 fathoms; 755 ft),[2][3] making it the second deepest loch in Scotland
Scotland
after Loch
Loch
Morar. A 2016 survey claimed to have discovered a crevice that pushed the depth to 271 m (889 ft) but further research determined it to be a sonar anomaly.[4] It contains more fresh water than all the lakes in England and Wales combined,[3] and is the largest body of water in the Great Glen, which runs from Inverness
Inverness
in the north to Fort William in the south.

Contents

1 Villages and places 2 Monster 3 Lifeboat 4 Fish species 5 Island 6 Hydroelectricity 7 Geology 8 Image gallery 9 Loch
Loch
Ness records 10 References 11 External links

Villages and places[edit]

Places on Loch
Loch
Ness

North

Lochend

Shores Western Eastern

Abriachan Drumnadrochit Urquhart Castle Invermoriston

Dores Inverfarigaig Foyers Whitebridge

South

Fort Augustus

At Drumnadrochit
Drumnadrochit
is the " Loch
Loch
Ness Centre and Exhibition"[5] which examines the natural history and legend of Loch
Loch
Ness. Boat cruises operate from various locations on the loch shore, giving visitors the chance to look for the "monster". Urquhart Castle
Urquhart Castle
is located on the western shore, 2 km (1.2 miles) east of Drumnadrochit. Lighthouses are located at Lochend (Bona Lighthouse) and Fort Augustus. Monster[edit] Main article: Loch
Loch
Ness Monster Loch
Loch
Ness is known as the home of the Loch
Loch
Ness Monster (also known as "Nessie"), a cryptid, reputedly a large unknown animal. It is similar to other supposed lake monsters in Scotland
Scotland
and elsewhere, though its description varies from one account to the next. Popular interest and belief in the animal's existence has varied since it was first brought to the world's attention in 1933[6] Lifeboat[edit] There is an RNLI
RNLI
lifeboat station on Loch
Loch
Ness, which has been operational since 2008. It is manned by voluntary crew with an inshore lifeboat (ILB).[7] Fish species[edit]

Urquhart Bay and Loch
Loch
Ness viewed from Grant's Tower at Urquhart Castle.

The following fish species are native to Loch
Loch
Ness. A number of others such as perch and roach have been introduced in the Loch
Loch
or Caledonian Canal with various levels of success.[8]

European eel Anguilla anguilla

Northern pike Esox lucius

European sea sturgeon Acipenser sturio (unconfirmed in the Loch, but known from Beauly–Moray Firth, which is connected via the River Ness)

Three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus

Brook lamprey Lampetra planeri

Eurasian minnow Phoxinus phoxinus

Atlantic salmon Salmo salar

Sea trout Salmo trutta

Brown trout
Brown trout
(ferox trout) Salmo trutta (Salmo ferox)

Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus

Island[edit] Loch
Loch
Ness has one island, Cherry Island, at the southwestern end of the loch, near Fort Augustus. It is an artificial island, known as a crannog, and was probably constructed during the Iron Age.[9] There was formerly a second island (Dog Island) which was submerged when the water level was raised during the construction of the Caledonian Canal.[9] Hydroelectricity[edit] Loch
Loch
Ness serves as the lower storage reservoir for the Foyers pumped-storage hydroelectric scheme, which was the first of its kind in the United Kingdom. The turbines were originally used to provide power for a nearby aluminium smelting plant, but now electricity is generated and supplied to the National Grid. Another scheme, the 100 megawatt Glendoe Hydro Scheme
Glendoe Hydro Scheme
near Fort Augustus, began generation in June 2009.[10] It was out of service between 2009 and 2012 for repair of the tunnels connecting the reservoir to the turbines.[11][12] Geology[edit] Loch
Loch
Ness lies along the Great Glen Fault, which forms a line of weakness in the rocks which has been excavated by glacial erosion, forming the Great Glen and the basins of Loch
Loch
Lochy, Loch
Loch
Oich and Loch
Loch
Ness.[13] Image gallery[edit]

Locks on Caledonian Canal
Caledonian Canal
in Fort Augustus, Loch
Loch
Ness in the background

Loch
Loch
Ness looking south, taken in May 2006.

Sunrise over Loch
Loch
Ness, taken at Urquhart Castle

Loch
Loch
Ness panorama from a ship in 2008

Loch
Loch
Ness Urquhart castle

Loch
Loch
Ness records[edit] John Cobb died in an attempt at the water speed record when his boat Crusader struck an unexplained wake on the surface of the loch in 1952.[14] His accident was recorded by the BBC
BBC
reporters on site at the time.[15] Nearby, there is a memorial to him erected by the people of Glenurquhart. On 31 August 1974, David Scott Munro, of Ross-shire Caberfeidh Water Ski Club, became the first person in the world to water ski (mono ski) the length of Loch
Loch
Ness. From Lochend to Fort Augustus
Fort Augustus
and back, he covered the 77 km (48 miles) in 77 minutes at an average speed of 60 kilometres per hour (37 mph).[16] In July 1966, Brenda Sherratt became the first person to swim the length of the loch. It took her 31 hours and 27 minutes.[17] References[edit]

^ Dill, W.A. (1993). Inland Fisheries of Europe, p. 227. EIFAC FAO Technical Report 52 suppl. ^ "Bathymetrical Survey of the Fresh-Water Lochs of Scotland, 1897–1909". National Library of Scotland. Archived from the original on 2007-02-08.  ^ a b "Ness, Loch". The Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2010-02-09.  ^ "A new hideaway for the Loch
Loch
Ness monster? Skipper claims to have uncovered deepest crevice yet". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2016-03-04.  ^ "The Loch
Loch
Ness Centre".  ^ Nessie, Legend of. "The Legend of Nessie the Ultimate Loch
Loch
Ness Monster Site". www.nessie.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-28.  ^ " RNLI
RNLI
is heading inland with Loch
Loch
Ness Lifeboat". The Herald. Glasgow. 28 March 2008. Retrieved 5 February 2018.  ^ Loch
Loch
Ness Information site: The Fish and Invertebrates of Loch
Loch
Ness. Retrieved 24 March 2015. ^ a b Blundell, O. (1909). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Scotland
(PDF). 43. pp. 159–164.  ^ "Glendoe Hydro scheme". Scottish and Southern Energy. Archived from the original on 2007-08-28. Retrieved 2007-08-28.  ^ "Hydro-electric scheme's dam close". BBC. 2008-09-01. Retrieved 2010-02-09.  ^ "SSE Glendoe".  ^ Piccardi, Luigi (2014). "Post-glacial activity and earthquakes of the Great Glen Fault (Scotland)" (PDF). Memorie Descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia. 96: 431–446.  ^ " Loch
Loch
Ness could become testing ground for world water speed record 64 years after tragedy". Daily Express. March 28, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2018.  ^ Gallacher, Terry. " Loch
Loch
Ness 1966". Retrieved 24 May 2012.  ^ Press & Journal newspaper. Inverness
Inverness
edition. 2 September 1974.  ^ "Brenda Sherratt's Birthday Swim To Remember". Open Water Swimming. Retrieved 2017-02-11. 

External links[edit]

Look up Loch
Loch
Ness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Media related to Loch
Loch
Ness at Wikimedia Commons Loch
Loch
Ness travel guide from Wikivoyage Loch
Loch
Ness information Website, Editor Tony Harmsworth Loch
Loch
Ness Project Research Site, Editor Adrian Shine Loch
Loch
Ness Investigation website, Editor Dick Raynor Loch
Loch
Ness Pictures Loch
Loch
Ness Photographs Virtual Tour of Loch
Loch
Ness and surrounding area Nessieland at Loch
Loch
Ness

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 159069

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