Loch Ness (/ˌlɒx ˈnɛs/; Scottish Gaelic:
Loch Nis [l̪ˠɔx
ˈniʃ]) is a large, deep, freshwater loch in the Scottish Highlands
extending for approximately 37 kilometres (23 miles) southwest of
Inverness. Its surface is 16 metres (52 feet) above sea level. Loch
Ness is best known for alleged sightings of the cryptozoological Loch
Ness Monster, also known affectionately as "Nessie". It is connected
at the southern end by the
River Oich and a section of the Caledonian
Loch Oich. At the northern end there is the Bona Narrows
which opens out into
Loch Dochfour, which feeds the
River Ness and a
further section of canal to Inverness, ultimately leading to the North
Sea via the Moray Firth. It is one of a series of interconnected,
murky bodies of water in Scotland; its water visibility is
exceptionally low due to a high peat content in the surrounding soil.
Loch Ness is the second largest Scottish loch by surface area at
56 km2 (22 sq mi) after
Loch Lomond, but due to its
great depth, it is the largest by volume in the British Isles. Its
deepest point is 230 m (126 fathoms; 755 ft), making
it the second deepest loch in
Loch Morar. A 2016 survey
claimed to have discovered a crevice that pushed the depth to
271 m (889 ft) but further research determined it to be a
sonar anomaly. It contains more fresh water than all the lakes in
England and Wales combined, and is the largest body of water in the
Great Glen, which runs from
Inverness in the north to Fort William in
1 Villages and places
4 Fish species
8 Image gallery
Loch Ness records
11 External links
Villages and places
Drumnadrochit is the "
Loch Ness Centre and Exhibition" which
examines the natural history and legend of
Loch Ness. Boat cruises
operate from various locations on the loch shore, giving visitors the
chance to look for the "monster".
Urquhart Castle is located on the western shore, 2 km (1.2 miles)
east of Drumnadrochit.
Lighthouses are located at Lochend (Bona Lighthouse) and Fort
Loch Ness Monster
Loch Ness is known as the home of the
Loch Ness Monster (also known as
"Nessie"), a cryptid, reputedly a large unknown animal. It is similar
to other supposed lake monsters in
Scotland and elsewhere, though its
description varies from one account to the next. Popular interest and
belief in the animal's existence has varied since it was first brought
to the world's attention in 1933
There is an
RNLI lifeboat station on
Loch Ness, which has been
operational since 2008. It is manned by voluntary crew with an inshore
Urquhart Bay and
Loch Ness viewed from Grant's Tower at Urquhart
The following fish species are native to
Loch Ness. A number of others
such as perch and roach have been introduced in the
Loch or Caledonian
Canal with various levels of success.
European sea sturgeon
Acipenser sturio (unconfirmed in the Loch, but known from
Beauly–Moray Firth, which is connected via the River Ness)
Brown trout (ferox trout)
Salmo trutta (Salmo ferox)
Loch Ness has one island, Cherry Island, at the southwestern end of
the loch, near Fort Augustus. It is an artificial island, known as a
crannog, and was probably constructed during the Iron Age.
There was formerly a second island (Dog Island) which was submerged
when the water level was raised during the construction of the
Loch Ness serves as the lower storage reservoir for the Foyers
pumped-storage hydroelectric scheme, which was the first of its kind
in the United Kingdom. The turbines were originally used to provide
power for a nearby aluminium smelting plant, but now electricity is
generated and supplied to the National Grid. Another scheme, the 100
Glendoe Hydro Scheme
Glendoe Hydro Scheme near Fort Augustus, began generation in
June 2009. It was out of service between 2009 and 2012 for repair
of the tunnels connecting the reservoir to the turbines.
Loch Ness lies along the
Great Glen Fault, which forms a line of
weakness in the rocks which has been excavated by glacial erosion,
Great Glen and the basins of
Loch Oich and
Caledonian Canal in Fort Augustus,
Loch Ness in the
Loch Ness looking south, taken in May 2006.
Loch Ness, taken at Urquhart Castle
Loch Ness panorama from a ship in 2008
Loch Ness Urquhart castle
Loch Ness records
John Cobb died in an attempt at the water speed record when his boat
Crusader struck an unexplained wake on the surface of the loch in
1952. His accident was recorded by the
BBC reporters on site at
the time. Nearby, there is a memorial to him erected by the people
On 31 August 1974, David Scott Munro, of Ross-shire Caberfeidh Water
Ski Club, became the first person in the world to water ski (mono ski)
the length of
Loch Ness. From Lochend to
Fort Augustus and back, he
covered the 77 km (48 miles) in 77 minutes at an average speed of
60 kilometres per hour (37 mph).
In July 1966, Brenda Sherratt became the first person to swim the
length of the loch. It took her 31 hours and 27 minutes.
^ Dill, W.A. (1993). Inland Fisheries of Europe, p. 227. EIFAC FAO
Technical Report 52 suppl.
^ "Bathymetrical Survey of the Fresh-Water Lochs of Scotland,
1897–1909". National Library of Scotland. Archived from the original
^ a b "Ness, Loch". The Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved
^ "A new hideaway for the
Loch Ness monster? Skipper claims to have
uncovered deepest crevice yet". The Telegraph. Retrieved
Loch Ness Centre".
^ Nessie, Legend of. "The Legend of Nessie the Ultimate
Monster Site". www.nessie.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-28.
RNLI is heading inland with
Loch Ness Lifeboat". The Herald.
Glasgow. 28 March 2008. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
Loch Ness Information site: The Fish and Invertebrates of
Retrieved 24 March 2015.
^ a b Blundell, O. (1909). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries
Scotland (PDF). 43. pp. 159–164.
^ "Glendoe Hydro scheme". Scottish and Southern Energy. Archived from
the original on 2007-08-28. Retrieved 2007-08-28.
^ "Hydro-electric scheme's dam close". BBC. 2008-09-01. Retrieved
^ "SSE Glendoe".
^ Piccardi, Luigi (2014). "Post-glacial activity and earthquakes of
Great Glen Fault (Scotland)" (PDF). Memorie Descrittive della
Carta Geologica d’Italia. 96: 431–446.
Loch Ness could become testing ground for world water speed record
64 years after tragedy". Daily Express. March 28, 2016. Retrieved
January 19, 2018.
^ Gallacher, Terry. "
Loch Ness 1966". Retrieved 24 May 2012.
^ Press & Journal newspaper.
Inverness edition. 2 September
^ "Brenda Sherratt's Birthday Swim To Remember". Open Water Swimming.
Loch Ness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Media related to
Loch Ness at Wikimedia Commons
Loch Ness travel guide from Wikivoyage
Loch Ness information Website, Editor Tony Harmsworth
Loch Ness Project Research Site, Editor Adrian Shine
Loch Ness Investigation website, Editor Dick Raynor
Loch Ness Pictures
Loch Ness Photographs
Virtual Tour of
Loch Ness and surrounding area