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Local government in London
London
takes place in two tiers; a citywide, strategic tier and a local tier. Citywide administration is coordinated by the Greater London Authority
Greater London Authority
(GLA), while local administration is carried out by 33 smaller authorities.[1] Upper tier[edit] The Greater London Authority
Greater London Authority
consists of two elected parts. They are the Mayor of London, who has executive powers, and the London Assembly, who scrutinise the Mayor's decisions and can accept or reject his budget proposals each year. The GLA is responsible for strategic planning, policing, the fire service, most aspects of transport and economic development. It is a recent organisation, having been set up in 2000 to replace the similar Greater London Council (GLC) which had been abolished in 1986.[1] The headquarters of the GLA and the Mayor of London
Mayor of London
is at City Hall. The current Mayor of London
London
is Sadiq Khan
Sadiq Khan
who was elected in 2016, replacing Boris Johnson, who served two terms. Health services in London
London
are managed by the national government through the National Health Service, which is controlled and administered in London
London
by a single NHS Strategic Health Authority called NHS London.[2] Lower tier[edit] The 33 local authorities are the 32 London borough
London borough
councils and the City of London
City of London
Corporation.[1] They are responsible for local services not overseen by the GLA, such as local planning, schools, social services, local roads and refuse collection. The London
London
boroughs each have a council made up from representatives from political parties and single issue organisations elected every four years by local residents The City of London
City of London
does not have a conventional local authority, but is governed by the historic City of London Corporation
City of London Corporation
which is elected by both residents and businesses, and which has existed more or less unchanged since the Middle Ages. The head of the Corporation is the Lord Mayor of the City of London, which is a different position from that of Mayor of London. The City of London
City of London
also has its own police force: The City of London
City of London
Police, which is independent of the Metropolitan Police Service
Metropolitan Police Service
which covers the rest of Greater London. Within the City of London
City of London
are two liberties, the Inner Temple
Inner Temple
and the Middle Temple, which are local authorities for most purposes to the present day.[3]

City of London City of Westminster Kensington and Chelsea Hammersmith and Fulham Wandsworth Lambeth Southwark Tower Hamlets Hackney Islington Camden Brent Ealing Hounslow Richmond Kingston Merton Sutton Croydon Bromley Lewisham Greenwich Bexley Havering Barking and Dagenham Redbridge Newham Waltham Forest Haringey Enfield Barnet Harrow Hillingdon

References[edit]

Book: London

^ a b c History and general information. Retrieved on 2007-08-17. ^ Strategic Health Authorities > Map Search London
London
Archived 2006-01-29 at the Wayback Machine., National Health Service. Retrieved on 2007-01-09. ^ Middle Temple
Middle Temple
Archived 2012-09-30 at the Wayback Machine. as a local authority

v t e

Governance of Greater London

City of London London

Regional

Greater London
Greater London
Authority London
London
Assembly Mayor of London London
London
Councils

Boroughs

Barking and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Ceremonial

Lord Mayor of the City of London Lord Lieutenant of Greater London High Sheriff of Greater London

Historical

Metropolitan Board of Works
Metropolitan Board of Works
(MBW) 1855–1889 London
London
County Council (LCC) 1889–1965 Greater London Council
Greater London Council
(GLC) 1965–1986 Leaders Sheriffs of

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