Local may refer to:

Geography and transportation

*Local (train)
In rail transport, a train (from Old French , from Latin , "to pull, to draw") is a series of connected vehicles that run along a railway track and transport people or freight. Trains are typically pulled or pushed by locomotives (often k ...

, a train serving local traffic demand
* Local, Missouri, a community in the United States
* Local government
Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. This particular usage of the word government refers specifically to a level of administration that is both geographically-loc ...

, a form of public administration, usually the lowest tier of administration
* Local news, coverage of events in a local context which would not normally be of interest to those of other localities
* Local union
A local union (often shortened to local), in North America, or union branch (known as a lodge in some unions), in the United Kingdom and other countries, is a local branch (or chapter) of a usually national trade union. The terms used for sub-b ...

, a locally based trade union organization which forms part of a larger union
Arts, entertainment, and media

* ''Local'' (comics), a limited series comic book by Brian Wood and Ryan Kelly * ''Local'' (novel), a 2001 novel by Jaideep Varma *Local TV LLC
Local TV LLC was a television broadcasting company owned by Oak Hill Capital Partners which operated 20 television stations in the United States. The group was formed in 2006 by the acquisition of nine television stations owned by The New York Ti ...

, an American television broadcasting company
* Locast, a non-profit streaming service offering local, over-the-air television
* ''The Local'' (film), a 2008 action-drama film
* '' The Local'', English-language news websites in several European countries
Computing

*.local
The domain name .local is a special-use domain name reserved by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) so that it may not be installed as a top-level domain in the Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet. As such it is similar to the other ...

, a network address component
* Local variable
In computer science, a local variable is a variable that is given ''local scope''. A local variable reference in the function or block in which it is declared overrides the same variable name in the larger scope. In programming languages with o ...

, a variable that is given local scope
Life sciences and health care

*Local anesthesia
Local anesthesia is any technique to induce the absence of sensation in a specific part of the body, generally for the aim of inducing local analgesia, that is, local insensitivity to pain, although other local senses may be affected as well. It ...

, any technique to induce the absence of sensation in part of the body
* Local disease (localized disease A localized disease is an infectious or neoplastic process that originates in and is confined to one organ system or general area in the body,Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary,28th edition. W.B.Saunders, Harcourt Brace & Company such as a sp ...

), disease confined to an area of the body
Mathematics

*Local class field theory In mathematics, local class field theory, introduced by Helmut Hasse, is the study of abelian extensions of local fields; here, "local field" means a field which is complete with respect to an absolute value or a discrete valuation with a finite res ...

, the study of abelian extensions of local fields
* Local field
In mathematics, a field ''K'' is called a (non-Archimedean) local field if it is complete with respect to a topology induced by a discrete valuation ''v'' and if its residue field ''k'' is finite. Equivalently, a local field is a locally compact ...

, a special type of field that is a locally compact topological field with respect to a non-discrete topology
** ''Local Fields'' (book), an algebraic number theory textbook by Jean-Pierre Serre
* Local martingale
In mathematics, a local martingale is a type of stochastic process, satisfying the localized version of the martingale property. Every martingale is a local martingale; every bounded local martingale is a martingale; in particular, every local ma ...

, a type of stochastic process, satisfying the localized version of the martingale property
* Local property In mathematics, a mathematical object is said to satisfy a property locally, if the property is satisfied on some limited, immediate portions of the object (e.g., on some ''sufficiently small'' or ''arbitrarily small'' neighborhoods of points).
Pr ...

, a property which occurs on ''sufficiently small'' or ''arbitrarily small'' neighborhoods of points
* Local ring In abstract algebra, more specifically ring theory, local rings are certain rings that are comparatively simple, and serve to describe what is called "local behaviour", in the sense of functions defined on varieties or manifolds, or of algebraic nu ...

, the branch of commutative algebra that studies local rings and their modules
* Local symbol (disambiguation) In mathematics, local symbol may refer to:
* The local Artin symbol in Artin reciprocity
* The local symbol used to formulate Weil reciprocity In mathematics, the Weil reciprocity law is a result of André Weil holding in the function field ''K' ...

, uses in various subfields of mathematics
* Local zeta-function In number theory, the local zeta function (sometimes called the congruent zeta function or the Hasse–Weil zeta function) is defined as
:Z(V, s) = \exp\left(\sum_^\infty \frac (q^)^m\right)
where is a non-singular -dimensional projective al ...

, a function whose logarithmic derivative is a generating function for the number of solutions of a set of equations defined over a finite field
* Local-global principle In mathematics, Helmut Hasse's local–global principle, also known as the Hasse principle, is the idea that one can find an integer solution to an equation by using the Chinese remainder theorem to piece together solutions modulo powers of each ...

, the idea that one can find an integer solution to an equation using the Chinese remainder theorem
Other uses

*Local theory
In physics, the principle of locality states that an object is influenced directly only by its immediate surroundings. A theory that includes the principle of locality is said to be a "local theory". This is an alternative to the concept of in ...

, a physical theory that obeys the principle of locality
* Pub
A pub (short for public house) is a kind of drinking establishment which is licensed to serve alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises. The term ''public house'' first appeared in the United Kingdom in late 17th century, and wa ...

, a drinking establishment, known as a "local" to its regulars
* Local language
*
A regional language is a language spoken in a region of a sovereign state, whether it be a small area, a federated state or province or some wider area.
Internationally, for the purposes of the European Charter for Regional or Minority ...

See also

* * * Local group (disambiguation) *Locale (disambiguation)
Locale may refer to:
* Locale (computer software), a set of parameters that defines the user's language, region and any special variant preferences that the user wants to see in their user interface—usually a locale identifier consists of at l ...

* Localism (disambiguation)
Localism may refer to:
* Fiscal localism, ideology of keeping money in a local economy
* Local purchasing, a movement to buy local products and services
* Conflict in surf culture, between local residents and visitors for access to beaches with ...

* Locality (disambiguation)
Locality may refer to:
* Locality (association), an association of community regeneration organizations in England
* Locality (linguistics)
* Locality (settlement)
* Suburbs and localities (Australia), in which a locality is a geographic subdiv ...

* Localization (disambiguation)
Localization or localisation may refer to:
Biology
* Localization of function, locating psychological functions in the brain or nervous system; see Linguistic intelligence
* Localization of sensation, ability to tell what part of the body is ...

* Locus (disambiguation)
* Lokal (disambiguation)
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