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The LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT 1929 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that made changes to the Poor Law and local government in England and Wales
England and Wales
.

The Act abolished the system of Poor Law Unions in England and Wales and their boards of guardians, transferring their powers to local authorities. It also gave county councils increased powers over highways, and made provisions for the restructuring of urban and rural districts as more efficient local government areas.

CONTENTS

* 1 Poor Law reform * 2 Highways

* 3 Adjusting local government areas

* 3.1 County review schemes and orders

* 4 See also * 5 References

POOR LAW REFORM

Under the Act all boards of guardians for poor law unions were abolished, with responsibility for public assistance transferred to county councils and county boroughs . The local authorities took over infirmaries and fever hospitals, while the workhouses became public assistance institutions. Later legislation was to remove these functions from the control of councils to other public bodies: the National Assistance Board and the National Health Service .

The Metropolitan Asylums Board was also abolished, and the London County Council became responsible for its institutions.

HIGHWAYS

County councils gained increased powers as the ultimate highway authority for all roads in the county. They acquired direct responsibility for all roads in the charge of rural district councils , as well as retaining control of roads classified by the Ministry of Transport . Urban district councils continued to be in charge of unclassified roads in their areas.

ADJUSTING LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS

The 1929 Act sought to solve a problem that had arisen in the existing scheme of local government, with administrative counties divided into a large number of small urban and rural districts. Some urban districts had a population of just a few hundred and did not have the resources to deliver modern local government services. Similarly, there were a number of rural districts created in 1894 that had small and irregular areas. There were also a few areas where parishes in one county were administered by a rural district council in another.

COUNTY REVIEW SCHEMES AND ORDERS

Section 46 of the Act provided for a review of districts in each administrative county in England and Wales, with a view to forming more effective areas for administrative purposes. The process involved the putting forward of a scheme by the county council to which objections or representations could be made before an order was made by the Minister of Health. All county councils were required to finalise schemes by 1 April 1932, although the period could be extended at the minister's discretion. The final submission was by Cheshire County Council on 1 July 1935.

The first orders under the Act were made in 1932, and in November 1936 Robert Hudson , Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Health, was able to report that the process was nearly completed. The last order, affecting districts in the West Riding of Yorkshire , came into effect on 1 April 1938. In the counties of Radnorshire and Rutland
Rutland
no changes were made to the existing structure.

The effects of the review orders made in the period 1932–1938 on the county districts was as follows:

* 189 boroughs extended * 206 urban districts abolished and 49 created (a net decrease of 159) * 236 rural districts abolished and 67 created (a net decrease of 169)

The Act did not allow for the abolition of municipal boroughs , so a number of small boroughs continued in existence. This power was later incorporated in the Local Government Act 1958 .

At the same time as reorganising rural districts, a large number of parishes within them were also amalgamated.

It was originally envisioned that reviews would be carried out every ten years, but the intervention of the Second World War and legislation in 1945 creating a Local Government Boundary Commission meant that there were no further large scale changes in administrative areas until the period 1965–1968.

SEE ALSO

* Administrative county * Local Government Act 1888 * Local Government Act 1894

REFERENCES

Local Government Act 1929
Local Government Act 1929

* ^ Short title as conferred by s. 138 of the Act; the modern convention for the citation of short titles omits the comma after the word "Act" * ^ "County Review Schemes: Written Answers (Commons) vol 301 cc557-8W". Hansard 1803 - 2005. Parliament of the United Kingdom. 2 May 1935. Retrieved 2009-02-01. * ^ " Local Government Act 1929
Local Government Act 1929
(County Reviews): Written Answers (Commons) vol 317 c1912". Hansard 1803 - 2005. Parliament of the United Kingdom. 19 November 1936. Retrieved 2009-02-01. * ^ Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. II Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society . pp. 790–794, 908. ISBN 0-86193-127-0 . * ^ A B Lipman, V D (1949). Local Government Areas 1834 - 1945. Oxford
Oxford
: Basil Blackwell . * ^ "Local Authorities (Boundaries): Wriiten Answers (Commons) vol 401 c1906W". Hansard 1803 - 2005. Parliament of the United Kingdom . 13 July 1944. Retrieved 2009-02-01.

* v * t * e

United Kingdom legislation

PRE-PARLIAMENTARY LEGISLATION

* List of English statutes * Charter of Liberties * Magna Carta

Acts of Parliament by states preceding the Kingdom of Great Britain

* Acts of the Parliament of England

* to 1483 * 1485–1601 * 1603–1641 * Interregnum (1642–1660) * 1660–1699 * 1700–1706

* Acts of the Parliament of Scotland

Acts of Parliament of the Kingdom of Great Britain

* 1707–1719 * 1720–1739 * 1740–1759 * 1760–1779 * 1780–1800

ACTS OF THE PARLIAMENT OF IRELAND

* to 1700 * 1701–1800

Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

* 1801–1819 * 1820–1839 * 1840–1859 * 1860–1879 * 1880–1899 * 1900–1919 * 1920–1939 * 1940–1959 * 1960–1979 * 1980–1999 * 2000 to date * Halsbury\'s Statutes * Legislation.gov.uk * Short titles

CHURCH OF ENGLAND MEASURES

* List * Church of England Assembly (Powers) Act 1919

LEGISLATION OF DEVOLVED INSTITUTIONS

* Acts of the Scottish Parliament

* List

* Acts and Measures of the National Assembly for Wales

* List

* Acts of the Northern Ireland Assembly * Acts of the Parliament of Northern Ireland * Orders in Council for Northern Ireland

ORDERS-IN-COUNCIL

* Order in Council

SECONDARY LEGISLATION

* United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Statutory Instruments * Scottish Statutory Instruments * Acts of Sederunt * Acts of Adjournal

LEGISLATION RELATING TO THE EUROPEAN UNION

* 1972 to date

* v * t * e

Civil parishes in England

ADMINISTRATION

* Extra-parochial area * National Association of Local Councils * Society of Local Council Clerks * Parish council * Parish meeting * Successor parish * Unparished area

LEGISLATION

* Local Government Act 1894 * Local Government Act 1929 * Local Government Act 1933
Local Government Act 1933
* Local Government Act 1972 * Local Government and Rating Act 1997 * Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 * Localism Act 2011
Localism Act 2011

LISTS BY COUNTY

* Bedfordshire * Berkshire * Buckinghamshire * Cambridgeshire * Cheshire * Cornwall * Cumbria * Derbyshire * Devon * Dorset * Durham * East Riding of Yorkshire * East Sussex * Essex * Gloucestershire * Greater London * Greater Manchester * Hampshire * Herefordshire * Hertfordshire * Isle of Wight * Kent * Lancashire * Leicestershire * Lincolnshire * Merseyside * Norfolk * Northamptonshire * Northumberland * North Yorkshire * Nottinghamshire * Oxfordshire * Rutland
Rutland
* Shropshire * Somerset * South Yorkshire * Staffordshire * Suffolk * Surrey * Tyne and Wear * Warwickshire * West Midlands * West Sussex * West Yorkshire * Wiltshire * Worcestershire

* v * t * e

Poor Laws of the British Isles

POOR LAWS BY TERRITORY

* England and Wales
England and Wales
* Scotland * Ireland * Isle of Man * Channel Islands

Nantwich workhouse

OLD POOR LAW

* Vagabonds and Beggars Act 1494 * Tudor Poor Laws
Tudor Poor Laws
* Act for the Relief of the Poor 1597
Act for the Relief of the Poor 1597
* Elizabethan Poor Law (1601) * Poor Relief Act 1662
Poor Relief Act 1662
* Poor Act 1697
Poor Act 1697
* Workhouse Test Act
Workhouse Test Act
* Relief of the Poor Act 1782 * House of Correction * Overseer of the poor * Poor rate
Poor rate
* Poor relief

RELIEF SYSTEMS

* Indoor relief
Indoor relief
* Outdoor relief * Classification of the poor * Speenhamland * Labour Rate * Roundsman * Committee for the Relief of the Black Poor

NEW POOR LAW

* Royal commission (1832) * Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 * Poor Law (Scotland) Act 1845 * Less eligibility * Workhouse
Workhouse
* Workhouse
Workhouse
test * Board of guardians
Board of guardians
* Outdoor Labour Test Order * Outdoor Relief Prohibitory Order * Poor law unions * Opposition * Book of Murder * Scottish poorhouses

CHANGES AFTER 1834

* Poor Law Commission * Poor Law Board * Local Government Board * Andover workhouse scandal
Andover workhouse scandal
* Huddersfield workhouse scandal * Union Chargeability Act

DECLINE AND ABOLITION

* Liberal welfare reforms
Liberal welfare reforms
* Royal Commission (1905–09) * Majority Report * Minority Report * Interwar poverty * National Assistance Act 1948
National Assistance Act 1948

OTHER

* Historiography of the Poor Laws
Historiography of the Poor Laws
* Timeline of the Poor Law system * Poor Relief Act * List of poor law unions in England * List of poor law unions in Wales * List of Irish Poor Law Unions

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