The Act abolished the system of Poor Law Unions in England and Wales and their boards of guardians, transferring their powers to local authorities. It also gave county councils increased powers over highways, and made provisions for the restructuring of urban and rural districts as more efficient local government areas.
* 1 Poor Law reform * 2 Highways
* 3 Adjusting local government areas
* 3.1 County review schemes and orders
* 4 See also * 5 References
POOR LAW REFORM
Under the Act all boards of guardians for poor law unions were abolished, with responsibility for public assistance transferred to county councils and county boroughs . The local authorities took over infirmaries and fever hospitals, while the workhouses became public assistance institutions. Later legislation was to remove these functions from the control of councils to other public bodies: the National Assistance Board and the National Health Service .
The Metropolitan Asylums Board was also abolished, and the London County Council became responsible for its institutions.
County councils gained increased powers as the ultimate highway authority for all roads in the county. They acquired direct responsibility for all roads in the charge of rural district councils , as well as retaining control of roads classified by the Ministry of Transport . Urban district councils continued to be in charge of unclassified roads in their areas.
ADJUSTING LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS
The 1929 Act sought to solve a problem that had arisen in the existing scheme of local government, with administrative counties divided into a large number of small urban and rural districts. Some urban districts had a population of just a few hundred and did not have the resources to deliver modern local government services. Similarly, there were a number of rural districts created in 1894 that had small and irregular areas. There were also a few areas where parishes in one county were administered by a rural district council in another.
COUNTY REVIEW SCHEMES AND ORDERS
Section 46 of the Act provided for a review of districts in each administrative county in England and Wales, with a view to forming more effective areas for administrative purposes. The process involved the putting forward of a scheme by the county council to which objections or representations could be made before an order was made by the Minister of Health. All county councils were required to finalise schemes by 1 April 1932, although the period could be extended at the minister's discretion. The final submission was by Cheshire County Council on 1 July 1935.
The first orders under the Act were made in 1932, and in November
1936 Robert Hudson , Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of
Health, was able to report that the process was nearly completed. The
last order, affecting districts in the
West Riding of Yorkshire , came
into effect on 1 April 1938. In the counties of
The effects of the review orders made in the period 1932–1938 on the county districts was as follows:
* 189 boroughs extended * 206 urban districts abolished and 49 created (a net decrease of 159) * 236 rural districts abolished and 67 created (a net decrease of 169)
The Act did not allow for the abolition of municipal boroughs , so a number of small boroughs continued in existence. This power was later incorporated in the Local Government Act 1958 .
At the same time as reorganising rural districts, a large number of parishes within them were also amalgamated.
It was originally envisioned that reviews would be carried out every ten years, but the intervention of the Second World War and legislation in 1945 creating a Local Government Boundary Commission meant that there were no further large scale changes in administrative areas until the period 1965–1968.
Short title as conferred by s. 138 of the Act; the modern
convention for the citation of short titles omits the comma after the
* ^ "County Review Schemes: Written Answers (Commons) vol 301
cc557-8W". Hansard 1803 - 2005. Parliament of the United Kingdom. 2
May 1935. Retrieved 2009-02-01.
* ^ "
Local Government Act 1929
* v * t * e
Acts of Parliament by states preceding the Kingdom of Great Britain
* Acts of the Parliament of England
* to 1483 * 1485–1601 * 1603–1641 * Interregnum (1642–1660) * 1660–1699 * 1700–1706
* Acts of the Parliament of Scotland
Acts of Parliament of the Kingdom of Great Britain
* 1707–1719 * 1720–1739 * 1740–1759 * 1760–1779 * 1780–1800
ACTS OF THE PARLIAMENT OF IRELAND
* to 1700 * 1701–1800
* 1801–1819 * 1820–1839 * 1840–1859 * 1860–1879 * 1880–1899 * 1900–1919 * 1920–1939 * 1940–1959 * 1960–1979 * 1980–1999 * 2000 to date * Halsbury\'s Statutes * Legislation.gov.uk * Short titles
CHURCH OF ENGLAND MEASURES
* List * Church of England Assembly (Powers) Act 1919
LEGISLATION OF DEVOLVED INSTITUTIONS
* Acts of the Scottish Parliament
* Acts and Measures of the National Assembly for Wales
* Acts of the Northern Ireland Assembly * Acts of the Parliament of Northern Ireland * Orders in Council for Northern Ireland
LEGISLATION RELATING TO THE EUROPEAN UNION
* 1972 to date
* v * t * e
Local Government Act 1894
* Local Government Act 1929
Local Government Act 1933
LISTS BY COUNTY
* East Riding of Yorkshire
* East Sussex
* Greater London
* Greater Manchester
* Isle of Wight
* North Yorkshire
* v * t * e
Poor Laws of the British Isles
POOR LAWS BY TERRITORY
England and Wales
OLD POOR LAW
Vagabonds and Beggars Act 1494
Tudor Poor Laws
NEW POOR LAW
* Royal commission (1832)
Poor Law Amendment Act 1834
Poor Law (Scotland) Act 1845
CHANGES AFTER 1834
Poor Law Commission
Poor Law Board
Local Government Board
Andover workhouse scandal
DECLINE AND ABOLITION
Liberal welfare reforms
Historiography of the Poor Laws
Links: ------ /wiki/Act_of_Parliament