Local Government (Wales) Act 1994
1 Background 2 The Act 3 See also 4 References 5 External links
Background In June 1991, the Secretary of State for Wales, David Hunt, published a consultation paper on reform of local government in Wales. The paper proposed the replacing of the existing two-tier system of administrative counties and districts, established by the Local Government Act 1972 in 1974, with unitary authorities. The number and size of the unitary areas was not set down, instead three options were given for ten, twenty or twenty-four new councils. On 3 March 1992 the Secretary of State made a statement in the House of Commons, in which he stated that the number of proposed unitary authorities was to be twenty-three. He further stated:
My approach in identifying these 23 authorities has been as follows.
First, I want to restore to the largest centres of population -
Cardiff, Swansea, Newport and also to
The areas of the new councils were not precisely defined, although a
map was issued at the time of the statement.
The Conservatives held power at the general election held on 9 April
1992, and a white paper Local government in Wales: A Charter for the
Future was published on St David's Day, 1 March 1993. The number of
unitary authorities had been reduced to twenty-one, with the deletion
of separate authorities for
In making these proposals I have sought to balance the demands of local community loyalty with the requirements of effective and efficient service delivery, taking account of demographic factors, population distribution, geography and other relevant considerations.
The fire service, previously administered by county councils, was to be organised as three combined authorities. Elections for the new councils was to be in 1994, initially acting as "shadow authorities" until 1 April 1995 when they would assume their responsibilities.
Unitary authorities proposed by the 1993 white paper
Proposed Authority Existing council areas
Aberconwy and Colwyn
Ynys Mon -
Isle of Anglesey
Carmarthenshire Carmarthen, Dinefwr, Llanelli districts
Flintshire Alyn and Deeside district, most of Delyn district
Heads of the Valleys
Monmouthshire Monmouth district
Newport Newport district
In May 1993, a cabinet reshuffle led to
Following the debates in Parliament and in
The Local Government (Wales) Bill was introduced to the Commons in
June 1994. The debate on the bill led to a number of opposition
amendments which sought to increase the number of councils, with
representations being made by Members of Parliament for the affected
areas. None of these amendments was successful and the Bill was
passed by both houses and received the
English name Welsh name Area
Anglesey Sir Fôn The district of Ynys Môn – Isle of Anglesey.
Caernarfonshire and Merionethshire Sir Gaernarfon a Meirionnydd The districts of Arfon, Dwyfor, and Meirionnydd.
Cardiff Caerdydd The district of Cardiff, together with (from the district of Taff-Ely) the community of Pentyrch.
Cardiganshire Sir Aberteifi The district of Ceredigion.
Carmarthenshire Sir Gaerfyrddin The districts of Carmarthen, Llanelli and Dinefwr.
Denbighshire Sir Ddinbych The district of Rhuddlan, together with (from the district of Glyndwr) the communities of Aberwheeler, Cynwyd, Llandrillo, Henllan, Denbigh, Llandyrnog, Llangynhafal, Llanynys, Llanrhaeadr-yng-Nghinmeirch, Nantglyn, Cyffylliog, Ruthin, Llanbedr Dyffryn Clwyd, Llanferres, Clocaenog, Efenechtyd, Llandegla, Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd, Llanarmon-yn-Iajl, Llanelidan, Derwen, Betws Gwerfil Goch, Gwyddelwern, Bryneglwys, Corwen, Llantysilio, Llangollen and Llangollen Rural with (from the district of Colwyn) the communities of Trefnant and Cefnmeiriadog.
Flintshire Sir y Fflint The districts of Alyn and Deeside and Delyn.
Monmouthshire Sir Fynwy The district of Monmouth together with (from the district of Blaenau Gwent) the community of Llanelly.
The districts of Preseli
The districts of Montgomeryshire,
Swansea Abertawe The district of Swansea, together with (from the district of Lliw Valley) the communities of Gowerton, Llwchwr, Gorseinon, Grovesend, Pontardulais, Mawr, Pont-Lliw, Penllergaer, Llangyfelach and Clydach.
English name Welsh name Area
Aberconwy and Colwyn Aberconwy a Cholwyn The districts of Aberconwy and Colwyn, but excluding (from the district of Colwyn) the communities of Cefnmeiriadog and Trefnant.
The district of
Bridgend Pen-y-bont ar Ogwr The district of Ogwr, but excluding the communities of Wick, St Bride's Major and Ewenny.
Merthyr Tydfil Merthyr Tudful The district of Merthyr Tydfil.
Neath and Port Talbot Castell-nedd a Phort Talbot The districts of Neath and Port Talbot, together with (from the district of Lliw Valley) the communities of Pontardawe, Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen, Cwmllynfell, Ystalyfera and Cilybebyll.
Newport Casnewydd The district of Newport.
Rhondda, Cynon, Taf Rhondda, Cynon, Taf The districts of Rhondda, Cynon Valley, and Taff-Ely, but excluding (from the district of Taff-Ely) the community of Pentyrch.
Torfaen Tor-faen The district of Torfaen.
The Vale of Glamorgan
The district of Vale of Glamorgan, together with (from the district of
Ogwr) the communities of Wick,
St Bride's Major
The district of
Subdivisions of Wales
^ Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, s. 1 ^ House of Commons Hansard Debates for 3 Mar 1992 ^ House of Commons Hansard Debates for 1 Mar 1993 ^ House of Commons Hansard Debates for 22 Nov 1993 ^ House of commons Hansard Debates for 15 March 1994 ^ House of Commons Hansard Debates for 15 June 1994 ^ London Gazette, issue no. 53730, 11 July 1994
Full text availabl