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The Local Government Act 2000
Local Government Act 2000
(c.22) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that reformed local government in England and Wales. Its principal purposes are:

to give powers to local authorities to promote economic, social and environmental well-being within their boundaries to require local authorities to shift from their traditional committee-based system of decision-making to an executive model, possibly with a directly elected mayor (subject to approval by referendum), and with a cabinet of ruling party group members to create a consequent separation of functions with local authorities, with backbench councillors fulfilling an overview and scrutiny role to introduce a revised ethical framework for local authorities, requiring the adoption of codes of conduct for elected members and standards committees to implement the codes of conduct; the introduction of a national Standards Board and Adjudication Panel to deal with complaints and to oversee disciplinary issues to require each local authority to produce a publicly available constitution

The introduction of directly elected mayors was the most radical innovation in the Act. About thirty local referendums have been held, the majority of which have decided against the elected mayor option. Options for council executive forms[edit] The act provided that the executive of a local authority must take one of the following forms:

Leader and cabinet executive Mayor and cabinet executive Mayor and council manager executive Alternative arrangement (Sec.31)

The mayor and council manager executive option was repealed by the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007. Changes made by the Localism Act 2011
Localism Act 2011
made it possible for larger authorities (more than 85,000 population) to revert to a committee system of governance. External links[edit]

Text of the Local Government Act 2000
Local Government Act 2000
as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk The Local Government Act 2000, as originally enacted, from the Office of Public Sector Information. Explanatory notes to the Local Government Act 2000
Local Government Act 2000
from the Office of Public Sector Information.

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