Loígis [ˈloiɣʲisʲ] is the name of an Irish tribe, as it is called
by contemporary scholars. Formerly, scholars generally called the
tribe Laoighis or Laeighis in Irish, while they Anglicized the name as
Leix (Latinized: Lagisia).
Loígis is also the name of the
territory in western
1 Background 2 See also 3 References 4 External links
Loígis stems from the name of the tribe's first chieftain,
Laigse(a)ch, Laeighsech, or Loígsech. Historical texts render that
chieftain's full name variously as Lugaid Laigsech; Lugaid
Loígsech Cennmár; Lugaid Laigseach, and Laigsech Ceandmar.
One nineteenth-century analysis says that Laeighsech Cenn-mor and
Lugaidh Laeighsech were actually two distinct individuals, the former
being the father of the latter. Laeighsech Cenn-mor, who was a son
of the famed Conall Cernach, would according to that account be the
father of the tribe's eponymous ancestor, Lugaidh Laeighsech. A
twelfth or thirteenth century gloss on the tribe's name says that
Loígsech comes from lóeg secha. The word lóeg, literally 'calf
or fawn', has the figurative meaning of 'favorite or darling', while
secha means 'more than; above or beyond'.
Before migrating to Leinster, the
Loígis belonged to the northeastern
Irish Dál nAraidi, a confederation of tribes that claimed descent
from the eponymous ancestor Fiachu Araide (Fachtna Araide). The
Kingdom of Ossory Kingdom of Uí Failghe Laigin Thomond
^ Duffy, Seán (2005). Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia. London:
Routledge. p. 196.
^ Ó Dubhagáin, Seán; Ó Huidhrin, Gilla na naomh (1862). The
Topographical Poems of John O’Dubhagain and Giolla Na Naomh
O’Huidhrin; Edited in the Original Irish, from MSS. in the Library
of the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin; with Translation, Notes, and
Introductory Dissertations. Translated by O’Donovan, John. Dublin:
Printed for the Irish Arachaeological and Celtic Society, by Alexander
Thom. pp. lii.
^ Royal Irish Academy MS 23 P 12 [The Book of Ballymote / Leabhar
Bhaile an Mhóta]. Dublin. pp. 219 c.
^ a b c O'Brien, Michael A. (1962). Corpus Genealogiarum Hiberniae.
Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies. p. 87.
^ Meyer, Kuno, ed. (1909). Rawlinson B. 502: a Collection of Pieces in
Prose and Verse in the Irish Language, Compiled during the Eleventh
and Twelfth Centuries, now Published in Facsimile from the Original
Manuscript in the Bodleian Library with an Introduction and Indexes.
Oxford: The Clarendon Press.
^ Royal Irish Academy MS 23 P 2 [The Book of Lecan]. Dublin. 126 135
(125) v° a 1 and 95 104 v° c 1.
^ O'Mahony, John (ed.). Annala Rioghachta Eireann [Annals of the
Kingdom of Ireland] by the Four Masters, from the Earliest Period to
the Year 1616: Edited from MSS. in the Library of the Royal Irish
Academy and of Trinity College, Dublin, with a Translation and Copious
Notes. Volume I. Translated by O'Donovan, John. p. 334.
^ "EDIL - Irish Language Dictionary, entry for Lóeg". Retrieved 3
^ "EDIL - Irish Language Dictionary, entry for Sech". Retrieved 3
^ Othain, Mael Mura (1848). Herbert, Algernon, ed. Duan Eireannach.
Leabhar Breathnach annso sis. The Irish Version of the Historia
Britonum of Nennius. Edited, with a Translation and Notes, by J. H.
Todd. The Introduction and Additional Notes by the Hon. A. Herbert.
Translated by Todd, James Henthorn. Dublin: The Irish Archaeological
Society. p. 267.
^ Ó Cróinín, Dáibhí (2013). Early Medieval Ireland, 400-1200.
London: Routledge. pp. 48–49.
^ O'Mahony, John (ed.). Annala Rioghachta Eireann. Volume III.
pp. 105 (note f).
^ Keating, Geoffrey (1857). The History of Ireland: From the Earliest
Period to the English Invasion. Translated by O'Mahony, John. New
York: P. M. Haverty. pp. 334–36.
^ Murphy, Denis, ed. (1896). The Annals of Clonmacnoise, Being Annals
of Ireland from the Earliest Period to A.D. 1408. Translated by
McGeoghegan, Connell. Dublin: Printed at the University Press for the
Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. pp. 54–57.
^ Dobbs, Margaret C. (January 1927). "On the Settlement of the
Fotharta and the Laigsi". Zeitschrift Für Celtische Philologie. 16,
no. 1: 395.
^ Meyer, Kuno (1912). "An Old-Irish Parallel to the Motive of the
Bleeding Lance". Ériu. IV: 157–58.
^ Keating. The History of Ireland. p. 314.
^ Leabhar Na GCeart, or The Book of Rights, Now for the First Time
Edited, with Translation and Notes. Translated by O'Donovan, John.
Dublin: Printed at the University Press by M. H. Gill for the Celtic
Society. 1847. p. 219.
^ Prendergast, John Patrick; Russell, Charles William, eds. (1874).
Calendar of the State Papers Relating to Ireland, of the Reign of
James I. 1603-1625: Preserved in Her Majesty's Public Record Office,
and Elsewhere. Vol. I. London: Longman & Company.
^ Keating. The History of Ireland. p. 336.
^ Johnson, Samuel (1755). "A Dictionary of the English Language".
Retrieved 10 October 2017.
^ Hore, Herbert F. (1 January 1863). "Notes on a Fac Simile of an
Ancient Map of Leix, Ofaly, Irry, Clanmalier, Iregan, and Slievemargy,
Preserved in the British Museum". Journal of the Kilkenny and
South-East of Ireland Archaeological Society. Vol. IV (New Series),
no. 1862–63: 347.
^ Othain. Duan Eireannach. p. 267.
^ Prendergast and Russell (ed.). Calendar of the State Papers,
Relating to Ireland, of the Reign of James I. 1603-1625.
^ Bewley, Edmund T. (1905). "Notes on an Old Pedigree of the O'More
Family of Leix". Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of
Ireland. (Consecutive Series, Vol. XXXV), Fifth Series, Vol. XV:
^ O'Mahony. Annals of the
Kingdom of Ireland
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