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Llwynypia
Llwynypia
(Welsh: Llwyn-y-pïa [ˌɬʊɪnəˈpiːja]) is a village and community in Rhondda
Rhondda
Cynon Taf, Wales, near Tonypandy
Tonypandy
in the Rhondda Fawr Valley. Before 1850 a lightly populated rural farming area, Llwynypia
Llwynypia
experienced a population boom between 1860 and 1920 with the sinking of several coal mines after the discovery of large coal deposits throughout the Rhondda
Rhondda
Valleys. The Welsh name means "the grove of the Magpie" or "Magpie's Bush" and was taken from the name of a farm that once existed in the area.

Contents

1 Early history 2 Notable buildings 3 Transport 4 Sport and leisure 5 Notable people 6 External links 7 References

Early history[edit] Situated on the River Rhondda
Rhondda
Fawr where the river changes direction from south-east to southerly, Llwynypia
Llwynypia
holds evidence of human habitation from the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
through to modern times. On Mynydd y Gelli, a hill overlooking the area to the west, lies the Iron Age settlement of Hen Dre'r Gelli, a site which also has several Bronze Age cairns.

Llwynypia
Llwynypia
looking north towards Llwynypia
Llwynypia
Hospital, (c. 1912)

Looking south over Llwynypia
Llwynypia
from the Llwynypia
Llwynypia
Hospital

Statue of Archibald Hood
Archibald Hood
originally stood in front of the now demolished Miners' Institute, known locally as "The Library"

One of the narrow terraces of miners' cottages

In 1850 the first mine was sunk in the upper Rhondda
Rhondda
in Treherbert
Treherbert
but it was not until 1859 that Isaac Smith, manager of the Church Colliery, first attempted to prospect the area for coal when he opened a small level beneath Llwynypia
Llwynypia
Farm. After encountering numerous problems, Smith abandoned the level but in 1862 another entrepreneur, the Scottish mining engineer Archibald Hood, leased land at Llwynypia and sank the Llwynypia
Llwynypia
No. 1 pit in 1863. Although facing many difficulties at the No. 1 pit, Hood continued in his endeavours and by 1873 had sunk 4 more pits, now under the name of the Glamorgan Coal Company. Hood was a popular figure in the area and his mines became known as the 'Scotch mines', after Hood himself and the number of Scottish miners who followed him to live and work in Llwynypia. After Hood's death in 1902, he received many tributes from his workforce, and in 1906 a statue of him was unveiled by Rhondda
Rhondda
MP William Abraham outside the Llwynypia
Llwynypia
Miners' institute. Much of the cost of the statue was met by donations from the miners of his pits. In 1908 the Glamorgan Colliery became part of the Cambrian Combine Company and, in 1910–1911, was a scene of violent clashes during the Tonypandy
Tonypandy
Riots. The very high quality of Rhondda
Rhondda
coal was recognised by the Admiralty which specified it as the fuel of choice for the steam ships of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
from the late 19th century. The Llwynypia
Llwynypia
pits were extracting excellent coking coals and, by the time of World War I, the village housed around 140 coke ovens. By-products of the coke distillation process was used to light the mines and the narrow streets of miners' cottages known as "terraces". Some of the terraces have been widened but others remain so narrow that a single car can barely pass through. On 25 January 1932, a gas explosion occurred at the colliery. Eleven workers were killed in the incident, two of whom were members of the rescue party. All perished after inhaling afterdamp following the explosion. By 1936, of the original six pits opened at the Glamorgan, two remained in operation, employing only 560 workers, as against 2904 employed in 1923. The colliery was eventually closed in August 1945. Notable buildings[edit] Built in the early 1900s on the site of the Glyncornel farm, owned by the DeWinton family, Hen Glyncornel is one of the most imposing houses in the village. Built by Archibald Hood
Archibald Hood
for his son William, this building was then surpassed by nearby Glyncornel House which was built by the Cambrian Coal
Coal
Combine for senior management, but was turned into a maternity hospital in 1939 by Rhondda
Rhondda
Borough Council.[2] Llwynypia
Llwynypia
is also home to the largest hospital in the Rhondda. Llwynypia
Llwynypia
hospital was built in the early 1900s, originally as a workhouse, later becoming a general hospital. As the only village with maternity facilities in the Rhondda, most residents from the area over the last century have Llwynypia
Llwynypia
as their place of birth on their birth certificates. Llwynypia's accident and emergency unit was closed in the 1990s and the closest A&E unit is now at Llantrisant's Royal Glamorgan Hospital. Transport[edit] The Llwynypia railway station
Llwynypia railway station
is served and operated by Arriva Trains Wales
Wales
on the Rhondda
Rhondda
Line from Cardiff. Sport and leisure[edit] Llwynypia
Llwynypia
was once home to Llwynypia
Llwynypia
Rugby Football Club. The club played in the Glamorgan leagues and was affiliated to the Welsh Rugby Union providing many trialists and Welsh international rugby union players. The club disbanded in the 1930s during the depression like many Rhondda
Rhondda
clubs, but unlike teams such as Treherbert, did not recover. Welsh international footballer Rob Page
Rob Page
was born in the village. Llwynypia
Llwynypia
is the spiritual home of Field Archery in the UK. The Glyncornel Field Archery Centre became the home of Pentref Bowmen in 1967. The Club hosted the All British & Open Field Archery Championships for the first 25 years from its inception in 1967. It now hosts the national championships on a rotational basis with other UK venues. The Field Archery World Championships were held at Glyncornel in September 1970. A clubhouse was built for the event and is still used for year-round indoor shooting. The World Championships returned 38 years later when Llwynypia
Llwynypia
held the qualification rounds of the 2008 World Field Archery Championships.[3] Notable people[edit]

Jayne Ludlow
Jayne Ludlow
– international footballer Shelley Rees – actress Keith Burnett
Keith Burnett
– Vice Chancellor of the University of Sheffield Leanne Wood
Leanne Wood
– Leader Plaid Cymru

External links[edit]

Llwynypia
Llwynypia
Community Website www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Llwynypia
Llwynypia
and surrounding area Rhondda Cynon Taf
Rhondda Cynon Taf
Library Services Heritage Trail Llwynypia

References[edit]

^ Register of National Statistics (2001) ^ Llwynypia
Llwynypia
page, Rhondda Cynon Taf
Rhondda Cynon Taf
Council Archived 2010-04-18 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Sports Council Wales
Wales
Archived 2007-12-12 at the Wayback Machine.

v t e

Rhondda
Rhondda
Cynon Taf

Rhondda Cynon Taf
Rhondda Cynon Taf
County Borough Council

Communities

Aberaman
Aberaman
North Aberaman
Aberaman
South Abercynon Aberdare
Aberdare
East Aberdare
Aberdare
West Cwm Clydach Cwmbach Cymmer Ferndale Gilfach Goch Hirwaun Llanharan Llanharry Llantrisant Llantwit Fardre Llwydcoed Llwynypïa Maerdy Mountain Ash East Mountain Ash West Penrhiwceiber Pentre Pen-y-graig Penywaun Pont-y-clun Pontypridd Porth Rhigos Taff's Well Tonypandy Tonyrefail Trealaw Trehafod Treherbert Treorchy Tylorstown Ynyshir Ynysybwl
Ynysybwl
and Coed y Cwm Ystrad

Towns and villages

Aberaman Abercwmboi Abercynon Aberdare Abernant Beddau Blaenclydach Blaencwm Blaenllechau Blaenrhondda Britannia Bryncae Bryngolau Brynna Brynsadler Brynteg Buarth-y-Capel Bwllfa Dare Caegarw Carnetown Castell y Mwnws Castellau Cefn Rhigos Cefnpennar Church Village Cilfynydd Clydach Vale Coed-Ely Coedpenmaen Coed-y-Cwm Collena Croesbychan Cross Inn Cwm-Hwnt Cwmaman Cwmbach Cwmdare Cwmparc Cwmpennar Cymmer Dinas Rhondda Dolau Edmondstown Efail Isaf Ferndale Fernhill Foundry Town Gadlys Garden City Gelli Gilfach Goch Glan Y-Ffordd Glan-Y-Llyn Glenboi Glyncoch Glynfach Glynhafod Glyntaff Godreaman Graig Graigwen Groes-faen Hawthorn Hendreforgan Hirwaun Hopkinstown Ilan Llanharan Llanharry Llanilid Llantrisant Llantwit Fardre Llwydcoed Llwyncelyn Llwynypia Maerdy Maesycoed Miskin, Mountain Ash Miskin, Pontyclun Mountain Ash Mwyndy Nantgarw Newtown Pantygraigwen Penderyn Penpisgah Penrhiwceiber Penrhiwfer Penrhys Pentre Pentrebach Pen-y-coedcae Penygraig Penygraigwen Penywaun Perthcelyn Pontcynon Pontsionnorton Pontyclun Pontygwaith Pontypridd Porth Pwllgwaun Rhigos Rhiw Ddar Rhiwsaeson Rhydyfelin Robertstown Roberttown Stanleytown Taffs Well Talbot Green Talygarn Thomastown Ton Pentre Tonteg Tonypandy Tonyrefail Trallwn Trealaw Trebanog Trecynon Treforest Trehafod Treherbert Trenant Treorchy Ty Fry Ty-Rhiw Tyla Garw Tylcha Tylorstown Tynewydd Tynybryn Tyn-y-nant Tyntetown Upper Boat Upper Church Village Wattstown Williamstown Ynysangharad Ynysboeth Ynysddu Ynyshir Ynysmaerdy Ynyswen Ynysybwl Ystrad Rhondda

Education

Aberdare
Aberdare
Girls' School Aberdare
Aberdare
High School Blaengwawr Comprehensive School Bryn Celynnog Comprehensive School Coleg y Cymoedd Hawthorn High School Mountain Ash Comprehensive School Pontypridd
Pontypridd
High School St. John the Baptist School Treorchy
Treorchy
Comprehensive School University of South Wales Y Pant School Ysgol Gyfun Cymer Rhondda Ysgol Gyfun Garth Olwg Ysgol Gyfun Llanhari Ysgol Gyfun Rhydywaun

Rivers

Afon Clun Afon Sychryd River Cynon River Ely River Rhondda River Taff

Topic lists

Parliamentary constituencies Places SSSIs Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings High Sheriffs Lord Lieutenants Museums

Major infrastructure

M4 motorway

category

v t e

Villages and towns of the Rhondda
Rhondda
Valley

Rhondda
Rhondda
Fawr

Blaencwm Blaenrhondda Cwm Clydach Cwmparc Cymmer Dinas Rhondda Gelli Glynfach Llwyncelyn Llwynypia Pentre Penygraig Pen-yr-englyn Porth Ton Pentre Tonypandy Trealaw Trebanog Trehafod Treherbert Treorchy Tynewydd Williamstown Ynyswen Ystrad Rhondda

Rhondda
Rhondda
Fach

Blaenllechau Ferndale Maerdy Penrhys Pontygwaith Tylorstown Stanleytown

.