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The Info List - Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano



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Líder Club alliance=

PARENT COMPANY VASP (1995-2001)

HEADQUARTERS Jorge Wilstermann International Airport Cochabamba , Bolivia
Bolivia
(also La Paz
La Paz
at a time)

KEY PEOPLE Marcelo Goldmann (CEO )

WEBSITE labairlines.com.bo

LLOYD AéREO BOLIVIANO S.A.M. (abbreviated LAB and internationally known as LAB AIRLINES), was the flag carrier and principal airline of Bolivia
Bolivia
from 1925 until it ceased operations in 2010. Before its demise it was headquartered in Cochabamba and had its main hubs at Jorge Wilstermann International Airport and Viru Viru International Airport . Founded in September 1925, it was the second oldest airline in South America after Avianca and one of the oldest airlines in the world .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 The beginnings * 1.2 Bolivian flag carrier * 1.3 Financial difficulties and demise

* 2 Destinations

* 2.1 During the 1930s * 2.2 During the 1960s * 2.3 During the 1970s * 2.4 During the 1980s * 2.5 Prior to closure

* 3 Fleet * 4 Accidents and incidents * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY

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THE BEGINNINGS

Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
was founded by Guillermo Kyllmann in Cochabamba on September 15, 1925. The name was chosen after the British insurance market Lloyd\'s of London for its image of safety and security. Flight operations were launched on 23 September using Junkers F.13 aircraft, the first of which had been a present from the German community in Bolivia
Bolivia
.

In July 1930, LLoyd Aéreo began to serve international routes, with scheduled flights between La Paz
La Paz
, where it was based then, and Corumbá , Brazil
Brazil
. On the grounds of a co-operation agreement with Syndicato Condor , an airline catering for the German minority in Brazil
Brazil
, LAB passengers could connect in Corumbá on a flight to Rio de Janeiro , and vice versa. Over the following years, more destinations in Brazil
Brazil
were added, so that Lloyd Aéreo became the second largest airline in South America at that time, only surpassed by Avianca from Colombia
Colombia
. In 1932, the Bolivian government seized all of LAB's planes and staff, so that they could be dispatched for military use during the Chaco War
Chaco War
with Paraguay
Paraguay
.

BOLIVIAN FLAG CARRIER

On 14 May 1941, Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
was reorganized as a state-owned company and became the flag carrier of Bolivia, which led to an expansion of the destinations served, as well as a fleet modernization. For its merits for the nation, LAB was awarded the Order of the Condor of the Andes in 1950. With the Lockheed L-188 Electra joining the fleet in September 1968, LAB was in the position to offer non-stop international flights. A further improvement in comfort and travel times was achieved when Lloyd Aéreo acquired its first jet aircraft (of the Boeing 727
Boeing 727
type) in 1970, allowing for the inauguration of flights to Central America and the United States.

FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES AND DEMISE

From 1994 onwards, Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
was encountering rising financial difficulties. As a consequence, the Bolivian government prepared the privatization of the airline and began to negotiate with potential buyers. On 19 October 1995, Brazilian airline VASP acquired 50 percent of the LAB shares. In an effort to cut costs, VASP aimed at a full merger of the two airlines, with a similar livery and a joint frequent flyer program as initial steps. In 2001, VASP sold its shares in LAB back to Bolivian investors, though, due to the ongoing monetary constraints. On the other hand, in 2004 LAB was awarded shares in Ecuatoriana de Aviación , the national airline of Ecuador
Ecuador
at that time, as a compensation for outstanding debts, which led to a codeshare agreement between the two airlines.

From 2006, Lloyd Aéreo had to cut flights because it was in bad financial shape; leased long-haul aircraft (a random mix of Airbus A310 , Boeing 757
Boeing 757
, Boeing 767
Boeing 767
or Lockheed L-1011 TriStar at that time) could not be paid for anymore. On 30 March 2007, it was decided by the Bolivian government to shut down Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano, which meant that effective on 1 April, all flight operations were suspended. In October of the same year, Boliviana de Aviación was established as new national airline of Bolivia. LAB operated a limited number of charter flights during late 2007 and early 2008 on behalf of AeroSur , but has since fully gone out of business, with its airline license officially been revoked in 2010.

DESTINATIONS

DURING THE 1930S

At that time, Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
offered mostly domestic flights, each of which with several stopovers (which was normal at a time where the range of airlines was very limited compared to today's situation). The route network had two hubs : In Cochabamba , the headquarteres of the airline, and in Santa Cruz de la Sierra . Scheduled services were offered to the following destinations:

Bolivia
Bolivia

* Cachuela Esperanza * Camiri * Charagua * Cobija * Cochabamba (HUB) * Guajará-Mirim * Lagunillas * La Paz
La Paz
* Magdalena * Oruro * Potosí

* Puerto Suárez * Riberalta * Roboré * San José de Chiquitos * Santa Ana del Yacuma * Santa Cruz de la Sierra (HUB) * Sucre * Tarija * Todos Santos * Trinidad * Vallegrande * Villamontes * Yacuíba

Brazil
Brazil

* Corumbá

In Corumba, passengers could connect on Syndicato Condor flights to destinations within Brazil
Brazil
and even to Europe. Similarly, in La Paz, connecting flights to the Peruvian towns of Arequipa
Arequipa
and Lima
Lima
were offered in co-operation with Deutsche Lufthansa Peru
Peru
. Like LAB, these airlines were aiming at the German minorities in the respective countries.

DURING THE 1960S

By then, Santa Cruz had replaced Cochabamba as the largest hub for Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
(now flag carrier of Bolivia), with another one having been opened at Trinidad Airport , and international routes being offered from La Paz
La Paz
Airport . The domestic network had grown to extensive size, covering most airports in the country (still relying on multiple-stopover flights). More international routes had been added, with LAB now also offering flights to Chile
Chile
, Argentina
Argentina
and Peru
Peru
. The following destinations were served on a scheduled basis in 1964, using Douglas DC-3 , DC-6 or Boeing B-17G (the latter being military cargo aircraft, which could also accommodate passengers).

Bolivia
Bolivia

* Apolo * Ascención de Guarayos * Bermejo Airport * Camiri * Cobija * Cochabamba (HUB) * Concepcíon * Copacabana, Bolivia
Bolivia
* Guayaramerín * La Paz
La Paz
(INTERNATIONAL FOCUS CITY) * Magdalena * Puerto Rico * Puerto Suárez * Reyes * Riberalta * Roboré * Rurrenabaque

* San Borja * San Ignacio de Moxos * San Ignacio de Velasco * San Javier * San Joaquín * San José de Chiquitos * San Ramón * Santa Ana del Yacuma * Santa Cruz de la Sierra (MAIN HUB) * Sucre * Tarija * Todos Santos * Trinidad (HUB) * Villamontes * Yacuíba, Tarija

Argentina
Argentina

* Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
* Salta
Salta

Brazil
Brazil

* Corumbá * São Paulo

Chile
Chile

* Arica

Peru
Peru

* Lima
Lima

DURING THE 1970S

The international network saw further expansion, most notably with the launch of scheduled flights to the United States.

Argentina
Argentina

* Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
- Ezeiza Airport * Salta
Salta
- El Ayball Airport

Bolivia
Bolivia

* Cochabamba - Jorge Wilstermann International Airport (FOCUS CITY) * La Paz
La Paz
- El Alto International Airport (FOCUS CITY) * Santa Cruz de la Sierra - El Trompillo Airport (MAIN HUB) * Trinidad - Trinidad Airport

Brazil
Brazil

* Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
- Galeão Airport * São Paulo - Congonhas Airport

Chile
Chile

* Antofagasta - Antofagasta Airport * Arica - Chacalluta Airport * Santiago de Chile
Chile
- Pudahuel Airport

Panama

* Panama City - Tocumen International Airport

Paraguay
Paraguay

* Asunción - Presidente Stroessner International Airport

Peru
Peru

* Lima
Lima
- Jorge Chávez International Airport

United States

* Miami
Miami
- Miami
Miami
International Airport

DURING THE 1980S

At that time, the LAB network had been consolidated, appearing more or less in the shape it should retain until the 2000s. The largest Bolivian cities were linked with destinations all over South America, as well as in the United States (international flights usually had several stopovers). International flights as well as hub-to-hub flights were operated using Boeing 727
Boeing 727
aircraft, whilst the Fokker F-27 and the similar Fairchild F-27 were deployed on the domestic network. From 1990, Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
moved its main hub in Santa Cruz de la Sierra from El Trompillo Airport to Viru Viru International Airport .

Bolivia
Bolivia

* Bermejo - Bermejo Airport * Camiri - Camiri Airport * Cobija - Captain Aníbal Arab Airport * Cochabamba - Jorge Wilstermann International Airport (FOCUS CITY) * Guayaramerín - Guayaramerín Airport * La Paz
La Paz
- El Alto International Airport (HUB) * Magdalena - Magdalena Airport * Puerto Suárez - Puerto Suárez International Airport * Reyes - Reyes Airport * Riberalta - Riberalta Airport * Rurrenabaque - Rurrenabaque Airport * San Borja - Capitán Germán Quiroga Guardia Airport * San Ignacio de Velasco - San Ignacio Airport * San Joaquín - San Joaquín Airport * Santa Ana del Yacuma - Santa Ana del Yacuma Airport

* Santa Cruz de la Sierra - El Trompillo Airport (HUB) (from 1990 replaced by Viru Viru International Airport ) * Sucre - Juana Azurduy de Padilla International Airport * Tarija - Capitán Oriel Lea Plaza Airport * Trinidad - Trinidad Airport * Villamontes - Lieutenant Colonel Rafael Pabón Airport * Yacuíba - Yacuiba Airport

Argentina
Argentina

* Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
- Ezeiza Airport * Salta
Salta
- El Ayball Airport

Brazil
Brazil

* Belo Horizonte - Pampulha Airport ( Tancredo Neves International Airport from 1990) * Manaus
Manaus
- Eduardo Gomes International Airport * Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
- Galeão Airport * São Paulo - Congonhas Airport

Chile
Chile

* Arica - Chacalluta Airport * Iquique * Santiago de Chile
Chile
- Pudahuel Airport

Panama

* Panama City - Tocumen International Airport

Paraguay
Paraguay

* Asunción - Presidente Stroessner International Airport

Peru
Peru

* Cusco - Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport * Lima
Lima
- Jorge Chávez International Airport

United States

* Miami
Miami
- Miami
Miami
International Airport

Uruguay

* Montevideo
Montevideo
- Carrasco International Airport

Venezuela

* Caracas
Caracas
- Simón Bolívar Airport

PRIOR TO CLOSURE

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During the 2000s, LAB offered scheduled flights to the following destinations:

Argentina
Argentina

* Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
- Ministro Pistarini International Airport * Córdoba - Ingeniero Ambrosio L.V. Taravella International Airport

* Salta
Salta
- Martín Miguel de Güemes International Airport * Tucumán - Benjamín Matienzo International Airport

Bolivia
Bolivia

* Cochabamba - Jorge Wilstermann International Airport (HUB) * La Paz
La Paz
- El Alto International Airport (FOCUS CITY) * Santa Cruz de la Sierra - Viru Viru International Airport (HUB) * Sucre - Juana Azurduy de Padilla International Airport * Tarija - Capitán Oriel Lea Plaza Airport * Trinidad - Teniente Jorge Henrich Arauz Airport

Brazil
Brazil

* Manaus
Manaus
- Eduardo Gomes International Airport * São Paulo - Guarulhos Airport * Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
- Galeão International Airport

Chile
Chile

* Santiago de Chile
Chile
- Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport * Arica - Chacalluta International Airport

Colombia
Colombia

* Bogotá - El Dorado International Airport

Cuba

* Havana
Havana
- José Martí International Airport

Ecuador
Ecuador

* Guayaquil - Jose Joaquin de Olmedo International Airport * Quito - Mariscal Sucre International Airport

Mexico

* Cancún - Cancún International Airport * Mexico City
Mexico City
- Mexico City
Mexico City
International Airport

Panama

* Panama City - Tocumen International Airport

Paraguay
Paraguay

* Asuncion
Asuncion
- Silvio Pettirossi International Airport

Peru
Peru

* Cusco - Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport * Lima
Lima
- Jorge Chávez International Airport

Spain

* Madrid
Madrid
- Madrid-Barajas Airport

United States

* Miami
Miami
- Miami
Miami
International Airport * Washington, D.C. - Washington Dulles International Airport

Uruguay

* Montevideo
Montevideo
- Carrasco International Airport

Venezuela

* Caracas
Caracas
- Simón Bolívar International Airport

FLEET

A Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Boeing 767-300ER at Miami
Miami
International Airport . (2006) A Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Boeing 727-200 at Jorge Wilstermann International Airport . (2004)

Over the years of its existence, Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
operated the following aircraft types: This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .

AIRCRAFT INTRODUCED RETIRED

Airbus A300
Airbus A300
1990 1991

Airbus A310
Airbus A310
1991 2004

Boeing B-17G 1950 1970

Boeing 707
Boeing 707
1977 2000

Boeing 727-100 -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ "Directory: World Airlines". _ Flight International _. 2007-04-03. p. 106. * ^ "World Airline
Airline
Directory." _ Flight International _. March 21–27, 2000. 91. "Aeropuerto Jorge Wilstermann, Cochabamba, Bolivia" * ^ "Bolivia’s LAB airline: We regret to announce". _Financial Times_. August 9, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2017. * ^ "Recordando al Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano
en Paraguay". _Aeronáutica Paraguay_ (in Spanish). April 2, 2017. * ^ Davies, R.E.G., Airlines of Latin America since 1919, London 1984, p. 329 * ^ Davies 1984 , p. 330. * ^ List of defunct airlines at airlinehistory.co.uk Archived 2011-04-06 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ List of Bolivian airlines at airlineupdate.com * ^ LAB 1932 timetable * ^ LAB 1932 route map * ^ "Lloyd Aereo Bo