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LLANRWST (meaning "church or parish of Saint Grwst "; Welsh pronunciation: ) is a small market town and community on the A470 road and the River Conwy , in Conwy County Borough , Wales
Wales
. The town developed around the wool trade , but also became renowned for harp and clock manufacture. Today, lying on the edge of Snowdonia ( Snowdonia
Snowdonia
starts about 3/4 mile away on the other side of the river Conwy), its main industry is tourism . Notable buildings in Llanrwst include the almshouses , two 17th-century chapels and the Parish Church of St Grwst , which holds the stone coffin of Llywelyn the Great . In the 2011 census the population of the town was 3,323.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demography * 4 Transport * 5 Education * 6 Sport * 7 Notable people * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

HISTORY

The site of the original church dedicated to St Grwst was Cae Llan in Llanrwst
Llanrwst
(land now occupied by the Seion Methodist Chapel). The current church is on land which was donated in around 1170 by Rhun ap Nefydd Hardd, a member of the royal family of the Kingdom of Gwynedd
Kingdom of Gwynedd
, specifically to build a new church dedicated to Grwst.

Llanrwst
Llanrwst
developed around the wool trade , and for a long time the price of wool for the whole of Britain was set here. The growth of the town in the 13th century was considerably aided by an edict by Edward I of England
Edward I of England
(who built Conwy Castle
Conwy Castle
) prohibiting any Welshman from trading within 10 miles (16 km) of the town of Conwy. Llanrwst, located some 13 miles (21 km) from that town, was strategically placed to benefit from this.

In 1276, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
, Prince of Wales
Wales
, seized the town, declaring the Free Borough of Llanrwst independent from the diocese of Llanelwy . Although this was contested by the bishop, the borough retained its status both through the lifetime of Llywelyn and later through the efforts of Aberconwy Abbey
Aberconwy Abbey
, which ripped down banners related to the bishopric or to Edward I of England
Edward I of England
. A century later, after the monastery moved to Maenan Abbey , the town had its own coat of arms and flag, the origin of the local motto "Cymru, Lloegr a Llanrwst" (Wales, England and Llanrwst). This motto, a testament to this apparent independence, has now become synonymous with the song of that title by a local band, Y Cyrff . When the Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Almshouses it closed as a museum in 2011, but reopened in 2013 as the new council chamber.

Pont Fawr, a narrow three-arch stone bridge said to have been designed by Inigo Jones
Inigo Jones
, was built in 1636 by Sir Richard Wynn (son of Sir John Wynn) of Gwydir Castle
Gwydir Castle
. The bridge connects the town with Gwydir, a manor house dating from 1492, the 15th-century courthouse known as Tu Hwnt i\'r Bont and also with the road from nearby Trefriw .

In 1947, allegedly, Llanrwst
Llanrwst
town council unsuccessfully sought a seat on the United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
, as an independent state within Wales. There is no proof of this in the United Nations Security Council minutes available online, but in the early 21st century the chairman and secretary of the Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Historical Society stated they had obtained proof from the UN in New York.

Llanrwst
Llanrwst
hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1951 and 1989.

GEOGRAPHY

Llanrwst
Llanrwst
lies between 10 and 50 metres (33 and 160 ft) above sea level on the eastern bank of the River Conwy. The A470 trunk route between North and South Wales
Wales
runs through the town, where it is joined by the A548 main road from Rhyl
Rhyl
, Prestatyn
Prestatyn
and Chester
Chester
. To the south west of the town is the Gwydir Forest . On the hills above is the Moel Maelogan wind farm ; the electricity generated by these turbines is sent to the town's sub-station.

*

Church of St Grwst *

The River Conwy at Llanrwst
Llanrwst
*

Tu Hwnt i'r Bont *

An elevated view of Llanrwst
Llanrwst
from Gwydir Forest

DEMOGRAPHY

In the 2011 census the population of the town was put at 3,323, with 61 per cent of the population Welsh speakers. At one time Llanrwst was the eighth largest town in Wales, its population being greater than that of Cardiff
Cardiff
. The change in the population of the town in the 19th and 20th centuries is shown in the chart below.

TRANSPORT

Llanrwst
Llanrwst
is served by two railway stations , Llanrwst
Llanrwst
and North Llanrwst
Llanrwst
, on the Conwy Valley Line (which once terminated here, before being extended to Betws-y-Coed in 1867 and Blaenau Ffestiniog in 1879). It was originally envisaged that the railway would pass closer to the river (on the site of today's Central Garage), and the Victoria Hotel was built opposite the bridge in anticipation of this. Had the railway line been built on the west bank of the River Conwy, as originally planned (to serve the inland port of Trefriw located across the river from Llanrwst), it is unlikely that Llanrwst
Llanrwst
would ever have achieved its present status.

*

18th century water colour of Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Bridge *

Plan of bridge, 1753 *

Engraving, 1790 *

Early 19th century *

Engraving, 1842

EDUCATION

Ysgol Dyffryn Conwy , previously Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Grammar School, is a bilingual secondary school with about 790 pupils. According to the latest inspection report by Estyn
Estyn
, the school has a GCSE
GCSE
pass rate of 71 per cent (based on five GCSEs, grades A–C). This puts the school in equal 24th place, just outside the top 10 per cent of secondary schools in Wales
Wales
. It is also the second best-performing secondary school in Conwy
Conwy
, behind Eirias High School in Colwyn Bay .

There is a Christian-based youth club in Seion Chapel called Clwb Cyfeillion.

SPORT

Llanrwst
Llanrwst
is home to Llanrwst
Llanrwst
United FC , which has two senior teams . The first team play in the Welsh Alliance League and the Reserve team in the Clwyd
Clwyd
League Division 2. The club also has a Junior section, " Llanrwst
Llanrwst
United Juniors", which has eight teams and plays in the Aberconwy and Colwyn League. Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Cricket Club plays in the North Wales
Wales
Premier Cricket League .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

In birth order:

* Evan Owen Allen (1805–1852), Welsh-language journalist and poet, was born at Pant-y-llin, near Llanrwst. * Mark Roberts (born 1967) of Catatonia and its predecessor band Y Cyrff , known for the song Cymru, Lloegr a Llanrwst * Kai Owen (born 1975), Welsh actor notable as Rhys Williams in Torchwood * Glyn Wise (born 1988), Big Brother 7 television contestant, attended Ysgol Dyffryn Conwy.

SEE ALSO

* Llanrwst Rural District

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "Area: Llanrwst
Llanrwst
(Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 15 May 2014. * ^ http://snowdoniaantiques.co.uk/www.snowdoniaantiques.co.ukimagegallery.php?view=thumbnailList&category=9 * ^ Snowdonia
Snowdonia
National Park Authority. "Location Map". * ^ "History of Llanrwst: Saint Grwst the Confessor". Retrieved 18 April 2015. * ^ "History of Llanrwst: Foundation of the Modern Church". * ^ Lewis, Samuel (1840). A Topographical Dictionary of Wales
Wales
Vol 1. London: S Lewis. * ^ " Llanrwst
Llanrwst
is the principal mart for this article, and is attended by the English buyers: the price obtained for the wool at this fair is usually the standard for the year." * ^ BBC - Gogledd Orllewin - hanes * ^ A B " Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Almshouse
Almshouse
Museum rent rise blamed for closure". BBC Wales. Retrieved 18 April 2015. * ^ A B C Talk of the town BBC News
BBC News
, 28 April 2006. * ^ "Celebrations as town council re-open Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Almshouses Museum". Daily Post. * ^ " Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Almshouses re-opens and is taken on by town council". Daily Post. Retrieved 18 April 2015. * ^ "Tu Hwnt I’r Bont". * ^ "Tu Hwnt ir Bont in Wales". Wales
Wales
Directory. * ^ "Llanrwst" (PDF). Conservation Area Appraisal - Conwy
Conwy
County Borough Council. Conwy County Borough Council. * ^ Breverton, Terry (2012). Owain Glyndwr: The Story of the Last Prince of Wales. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 1445608766 . * ^ https://www.un.org/en/sc/repertoire/46-51/46-51_02.pdf * ^ http://www.conwy.gov.uk/upload/public/attachments/567/welsh_language_bulletin_201308_.pdf * ^ " Cardiff
Cardiff
Glamorgan". Vision of Britain. * ^ "In 1801 the pop. was only 1018; in 1841 it was 10,077..." * ^ " Llanrwst
Llanrwst
CP/AP". Vision of Britain.

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