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Llanrwst
Llanrwst
(meaning "church or parish of Saint Grwst"; Welsh pronunciation: [ɬanˈruːst]) is a small market town and community on the A470 road
A470 road
and the River Conwy, in Conwy
Conwy
County Borough, Wales. The town developed around the wool trade, but also became renowned for harp and clock manufacture.[2] Today, lying on the edge of Snowdonia
Snowdonia
( Snowdonia
Snowdonia
starts about 3/4 mile away on the other side of the river Conwy),[3] its main industry is tourism. Notable buildings in Llanrwst
Llanrwst
include the almshouses, two 17th-century chapels and the Parish Church of St Grwst, which holds the stone coffin of Llywelyn the Great. In the 2011 census the population of the town was 3,323.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Governance 4 Demography 5 Transport 6 Education 7 Sport 8 Notable people 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] The site of the original church dedicated to St Grwst was Cae Llan in Llanrwst
Llanrwst
(land now occupied by the Seion Methodist Chapel).[4] The current church of St Grwst is on land which was donated in around 1170 by Rhun ap Nefydd Hardd, a member of the royal family of the Kingdom of Gwynedd, specifically to build a new church dedicated to Grwst.[5] Llanrwst
Llanrwst
developed around the wool trade, and for a long time the price of wool for the whole of Britain was set here.[7] The growth of the town in the 13th century was considerably aided by an edict by Edward I of England
Edward I of England
(who built Conwy
Conwy
Castle) prohibiting any Welshman from trading within 10 miles (16 km) of the town of Conwy. Llanrwst, located some 13 miles (21 km) from that town, was strategically placed to benefit from this. In 1276, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Prince of Wales, seized the town, declaring the Free Borough of Llanrwst
Free Borough of Llanrwst
independent from the diocese of Llanelwy. Although this was contested by the bishop, the borough retained its status both through the lifetime of Llywelyn and later through the efforts of Aberconwy Abbey, which ripped down banners related to the bishopric or to Edward I of England. A century later, after the monastery moved to Maenan
Maenan
Abbey,[8] the town had its own coat of arms and flag, the origin of the local motto "Cymru, Lloegr a Llanrwst" (Wales, England and Llanrwst). This motto, a testament to this apparent independence, has now become synonymous with the song of that title by a local band, Y Cyrff. When the Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Almshouses & Museum Trust closed in 2011,[9] it returned to the community the 12th-century Llanrwst
Llanrwst
flag, as an emblem central to the town's belief in its independence.[10] In 1610 Sir John Wynn of Gwydir had the historic Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Almshouses built to house poor people of the parish. The buildings closed in 1976, but were restored in 1996 with the aid of Heritage Lottery funding, reopening as a museum of local history and a community focal point. The museum held a collection of over a hundred items relating largely to the rural Conwy
Conwy
valley, and a number of items are associated with the renowned Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Bards of the late 19th century; it closed as a museum in 2011, but reopened in 2013 as the new council chamber.[9][11][12] Pont Fawr, a narrow three-arch stone bridge said to have been designed by Inigo Jones, was built in 1636 by Sir Richard Wynn (son of Sir John Wynn) of Gwydir Castle. The bridge connects the town with Gwydir, a manor house dating from 1492, the 15th-century courthouse known as Tu Hwnt i'r Bont and also with the road from nearby Trefriw.[13][14][15] In 1947, allegedly, Llanrwst
Llanrwst
town council unsuccessfully sought a seat on the United Nations Security Council, as an independent state within Wales.[10][16] There is no proof of this in the United Nations Security Council minutes available online,[17] Llanrwst
Llanrwst
hosted the National Eisteddfod
National Eisteddfod
in 1951 and 1989, and will hold it again in 2019.[18]

Geography[edit] Llanrwst
Llanrwst
lies between 10 and 50 metres (33 and 160 ft) above sea level on the eastern bank of the River Conwy. The A470 trunk route between North and South Wales
Wales
runs through the town, where it is joined by the A548 main road from Rhyl, Prestatyn
Prestatyn
and Chester. To the south west of the town is the Gwydir Forest. On the hills above is the Moel Maelogan
Moel Maelogan
wind farm; the electricity generated by these turbines is sent to the town's sub-station.

Church of St Grwst

The River Conwy
River Conwy
at Llanrwst

Tu Hwnt i'r Bont

An elevated view of Llanrwst
Llanrwst
from Gwydir Forest

Governance[edit] Llanrwst
Llanrwst
is divided into two electoral wards, Gower and Crwst, which each elect a councillor to Conwy County Borough
Conwy County Borough
Council.[19] In 2017, Plaid Cymru’s Aaron Wynne was elected to represent the Crwst ward on Conwy County Borough
Conwy County Borough
Council at 20 years of age, making him Wales's youngest county councillor and Conwy County Borough
Conwy County Borough
Council’s youngest ever elected member. The town also elects town councillors to sit on Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Town Council.[20] Demography[edit] In the 2011 census the population of the town was put at 3,323,[1] with 61 per cent of the population Welsh speakers.[21] At one time Llanrwst
Llanrwst
was the eighth largest town in Wales, its population being greater than that of Cardiff.[23][24] The change in the population of the town in the 19th and 20th centuries is shown in the chart below.

Transport[edit] Llanrwst
Llanrwst
is served by two railway stations, Llanrwst
Llanrwst
and North Llanrwst, on the Conwy Valley Line
Conwy Valley Line
(which once terminated here, before being extended to Betws-y-Coed
Betws-y-Coed
in 1867 and Blaenau Ffestiniog
Blaenau Ffestiniog
in 1879). It was originally envisaged that the railway would pass closer to the river (on the site of today's Central Garage), and the Victoria Hotel was built opposite the bridge in anticipation of this. Had the railway line been built on the west bank of the River Conwy, as originally planned (to serve the inland port of Trefriw
Trefriw
located across the river from Llanrwst), it is unlikely that Llanrwst
Llanrwst
would ever have achieved its present status.

18th century water colour of Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Bridge

Plan of bridge, 1753

Engraving, 1790

Early 19th century

Engraving, 1842

Education[edit] Ysgol Dyffryn Conwy, previously Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Grammar School, is a bilingual secondary school with about 790 pupils. According to the latest inspection report by Estyn, the school has a GCSE
GCSE
pass rate of 71 per cent (based on five GCSEs, grades A–C). This puts the school in equal 24th place, just outside the top 10 per cent of secondary schools in Wales. It is also the second best-performing secondary school in Conwy, behind Eirias High School in Colwyn Bay. There is a Christian-based youth club in Seion Chapel called Clwb Cyfeillion. Sport[edit] Llanrwst
Llanrwst
is home to Llanrwst
Llanrwst
United FC, which has two senior teams. The first team play in the Welsh Alliance League and the Reserve team in the Clwyd
Clwyd
League Division 2. The club also has a Junior section, " Llanrwst
Llanrwst
United Juniors", which has eight teams and plays in the Aberconwy and Colwyn League. Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Cricket Club plays in the North Wales
Wales
Premier Cricket League. Notable people[edit] In birth order:

Evan Owen Allen (1805–1852), Welsh-language journalist and poet, was born at Pant-y-llin, near Llanrwst. Mark Roberts (born 1967) of Catatonia and its predecessor band Y Cyrff, known for the song Cymru, Lloegr a Llanrwst Kai Owen
Kai Owen
(born 1975), Welsh actor notable as Rhys Williams in Torchwood Glyn Wise (born 1988), Big Brother 7 television contestant, attended Ysgol Dyffryn Conwy.

See also[edit]

Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Rural District

References[edit]

^ a b "Area: Llanrwst
Llanrwst
(Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 May 2014.  ^ http://snowdoniaantiques.co.uk/www.snowdoniaantiques.co.ukimagegallery.php?view=thumbnailList&category=9 ^ Snowdonia
Snowdonia
National Park Authority. "Location Map". Archived from the original on 2014-10-23.  ^ "History of Llanrwst: Saint Grwst the Confessor". Retrieved 18 April 2015.  ^ "History of Llanrwst: Foundation of the Modern Church".  ^ Lewis, Samuel (1840). A Topographical Dictionary of Wales
Wales
Vol 1. London: S Lewis.  ^ " Llanrwst
Llanrwst
is the principal mart for this article, and is attended by the English buyers: the price obtained for the wool at this fair is usually the standard for the year."[6] ^ BBC - Gogledd Orllewin - hanes ^ a b " Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Almshouse
Almshouse
Museum rent rise blamed for closure". BBC Wales. Retrieved 18 April 2015.  ^ a b Talk
Talk
of the town BBC News, 28 April 2006. ^ "Celebrations as town council re-open Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Almshouses Museum". Daily Post.  ^ " Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Almshouses re-opens and is taken on by town council". Daily Post. Retrieved 18 April 2015.  ^ "Tu Hwnt I'r Bont".  ^ "Tu Hwnt ir Bont in Wales". Wales
Wales
Directory.  ^ "Llanrwst" (PDF). Conservation Area Appraisal - Conwy
Conwy
County Borough Council. Conwy County Borough
Conwy County Borough
Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-04-18.  ^ Breverton, Terry (2012). Owain Glyndwr: The Story of the Last Prince of Wales. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 1445608766.  ^ https://www.un.org/en/sc/repertoire/46-51/46-51_02.pdf ^ "National Eisteddfod". National Eisteddfod. Retrieved 15 March 2018.  ^ Local_Election_Results_County_Conwy_and_Denbighshire/ "Local Election Results (County): Conwy
Conwy
and Denbighshire" Check url= value (help). North Wales
Wales
Pioneer. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ Llanrwst
Llanrwst
Town Council, Llanrwst.net. Retrieved 23 March 2018. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-05. Retrieved 2014-03-05.  ^ " Cardiff
Cardiff
Glamorgan". Vision of Britain.  ^ "In 1801 the pop. [of Cardiff] was only 1018; in 1841 it was 10,077..."[22] ^ " Llanrwst
Llanrwst
CP/AP". Vision of Britain. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Llanrwst.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Llanrwst.

A Vision of Britain Through Time British Listed Buildings Clwyd
Clwyd
Churches Genuki Geograph Office for National Statistics

v t e

Conwy
Conwy
County Borough

Principal settlements

Abergele Colwyn Bay Conwy Deganwy Kinmel Bay Llandudno Llandudno
Llandudno
Junction Llanfairfechan Llanrwst Old Colwyn Penmaenmawr Penrhyn Bay

Other towns and villages

Betws yn Rhos Betws-y-Coed Bylchau Caerhun Capel Curig Capel Garmon Cerrigydrudion Craig-y-Don Dinmael Dolgarrog Dolwyddelan Eglwysbach Glan Conwy Henryd Llanbedr-y-Cennin Llanddoged Llanddulas Llanfair Talhaiarn Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr Llangernyw Llangwm Llannefydd Llanrhychwyn Llansannan Llysfaen Maenan Melin-y-Coed Mochdre Pandy Tudur Penmachno Pentrefoelas Rhos-on-Sea Rowen Tal-y-bont Tal-y-Cafn Trefriw Towyn Ysbyty Ifan

Communities

Abergele Betws-y-Coed Betws yn Rhos Bro Garmon Bro Machno Caerhun Capel Curig Cerrigydrudion Colwyn Bay Conwy Dolgarrog Dolwyddelan Eglwysbach Henryd Kinmel Bay
Kinmel Bay
and Towyn Llanddoged
Llanddoged
and Maenan Llanddulas
Llanddulas
and Rhyd-y-foel Llandudno Llanfair Talhaiarn Llanfairfechan Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr Llangernyw Llangwm Llannefydd Llanrwst Llansanffraid Glan Conwy Llansannan Llysfaen Mochdre Old Colwyn Penmaenmawr Pentrefoelas Rhos on Sea Trefriw Ysbyty Ifan

Rivers

River Conwy River Crafnant River Geirionydd River Lledr River Llugwy River Machno Afon Ddu Afon Ddu (Drum) Afon Dulyn Afon Eigiau Afon Lloer Afon Melynllyn Afon Porth-llwyd Afon Roe Afon Tafolog

Castles and forts

Canovium Conwy
Conwy
Castle Deganwy
Deganwy
Castle Dolwyddelan
Dolwyddelan
Castle Gwrych Castle Gwydir Castle Pen y Gaer

Headlands

Great Orme Little Orme Penmaenmawr

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Schools Country houses SSSIs Scheduled Monuments Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums

v t e

Conwy
Conwy
Valley

Towns

Llanrwst Conwy

Other settlements

Betws-y-Coed Caerhun Dolgarrog Eglwysbach Glan Conwy Henryd Llanbedr-y-Cennin Llanddoged Llangelynnin Llanrhychwyn Maenan Rowen, Conwy Tal-y-bont Tal-y-Cafn Trefriw Tyn-y-groes

Rivers & streams

Afon Conwy Afon Crafnant Afon Geirionydd Afon Hiraethlyn Afon Machno Afon Lledr Afon Llugwy Afon Gallt y Gwg Nant y Goron Afon Ddu (1) Afon Porth-llwyd Afon Dulyn Afon Ddu (2) Afon Garreg-wen Ffrwd Cerriguniawn Afon Melynllyn Afon Roe Afon Tafolog Afon Gyffin

Lakes

Llyn Crafnant Llyn Elsi Llyn Geirionydd Llyn Parc

Waterfalls

Conwy
Conwy
Falls Grey Mare's Tail Fairy Falls

Hills & mountains

Mynydd y Dref Tal y Fan Bwlch-y-Ddeufaen Cefn Cyfarwydd Mynydd Hiraethog

Castles & forts

Canovium Conwy
Conwy
Castle Gwydir Castle Pen y Gaer

Bridges

Conwy
Conwy
Suspension Bridge Pont Fawr (Llanrwst) Tal-y-Cafn
Tal-y-Cafn
Bridge Waterloo Bridge (Betws-y-coed)

Other features

Bodnant Garden Cadair Ifan Goch Conwy
Conwy
RSPB reserve Gwydir Forest Klondyke mill Moel Maelogan Snowdonia
Snowdonia
National Park Surf Snowdonia Trefriw
Trefriw
Woollen Mills

Transport

A470 B5106 Conwy
Conwy
Valley line

Railway stations

Betws-y-Coed
Betws-y-Coed
railway station Dolgarrog
Dolgarrog
railway station Glan Conwy
Conwy
railway station Llanrwst
Llanrwst
railway station North Llanrwst
Llanrwst
railway station Tal-y-Ca

.