LLANRWST (meaning "church or parish of
Saint Grwst "; Welsh
pronunciation: ) is a small market town and community on the A470
road and the
River Conwy , in
Conwy County Borough ,
Wales . The town
developed around the wool trade , but also became renowned for harp
and clock manufacture. Today, lying on the edge of Snowdonia
Snowdonia starts about 3/4 mile away on the other side of the river
Conwy), its main industry is tourism . Notable buildings in Llanrwst
include the almshouses , two 17th-century chapels and the Parish
Church of St Grwst , which holds the stone coffin of Llywelyn the
Great . In the 2011 census the population of the town was 3,323.
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Demography
* 4 Transport
* 5 Education
* 6 Sport
* 7 Notable people
* 8 See also
* 9 References
* 10 External links
The site of the original church dedicated to St Grwst was Cae Llan in
Llanrwst (land now occupied by the Seion Methodist Chapel). The
current church is on land which was donated in around 1170 by Rhun ap
Nefydd Hardd, a member of the royal family of the
Kingdom of Gwynedd
Kingdom of Gwynedd ,
specifically to build a new church dedicated to Grwst.
Llanrwst developed around the wool trade , and for a long time the
price of wool for the whole of Britain was set here. The growth of
the town in the 13th century was considerably aided by an edict by
Edward I of England
Edward I of England (who built
Conwy Castle ) prohibiting any Welshman
from trading within 10 miles (16 km) of the town of Conwy. Llanrwst,
located some 13 miles (21 km) from that town, was strategically placed
to benefit from this.
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd , Prince of
Wales , seized the town,
Free Borough of Llanrwst independent from the diocese of
Llanelwy . Although this was contested by the bishop, the borough
retained its status both through the lifetime of Llywelyn and later
through the efforts of
Aberconwy Abbey , which ripped down banners
related to the bishopric or to
Edward I of England
Edward I of England . A century later,
after the monastery moved to
Maenan Abbey , the town had its own coat
of arms and flag, the origin of the local motto "Cymru, Lloegr a
Llanrwst" (Wales, England and Llanrwst). This motto, a testament to
this apparent independence, has now become synonymous with the song of
that title by a local band,
Y Cyrff . When the
Llanrwst Almshouses it
closed as a museum in 2011, but reopened in 2013 as the new council
Pont Fawr, a narrow three-arch stone bridge said to have been
Inigo Jones , was built in 1636 by Sir Richard Wynn (son
of Sir John Wynn) of
Gwydir Castle . The bridge connects the town with
Gwydir, a manor house dating from 1492, the 15th-century courthouse
known as Tu Hwnt i\'r Bont and also with the road from nearby Trefriw
In 1947, allegedly,
Llanrwst town council unsuccessfully sought a
seat on the
United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council , as an independent state
within Wales. There is no proof of this in the United Nations
Security Council minutes available online, but in the early 21st
century the chairman and secretary of the
Llanrwst Historical Society
stated they had obtained proof from the UN in New York.
Llanrwst hosted the
National Eisteddfod in 1951 and 1989.
Llanrwst lies between 10 and 50 metres (33 and 160 ft) above sea
level on the eastern bank of the River Conwy. The A470 trunk route
between North and South
Wales runs through the town, where it is
joined by the A548 main road from
Chester . To
the south west of the town is the
Gwydir Forest . On the hills above
Moel Maelogan wind farm ; the electricity generated by these
turbines is sent to the town's sub-station.
Church of St Grwst
River Conwy at
Tu Hwnt i'r Bont
An elevated view of
In the 2011 census the population of the town was put at 3,323, with
61 per cent of the population Welsh speakers. At one time Llanrwst
was the eighth largest town in Wales, its population being greater
than that of
Cardiff . The change in the population of the town in
the 19th and 20th centuries is shown in the chart below.
Llanrwst is served by two railway stations ,
Llanrwst and North
Llanrwst , on the
Conwy Valley Line (which once terminated here,
before being extended to
Betws-y-Coed in 1867 and Blaenau Ffestiniog
in 1879). It was originally envisaged that the railway would pass
closer to the river (on the site of today's Central Garage), and the
Victoria Hotel was built opposite the bridge in anticipation of this.
Had the railway line been built on the west bank of the River Conwy,
as originally planned (to serve the inland port of
across the river from Llanrwst), it is unlikely that
ever have achieved its present status.
18th century water colour of
Plan of bridge, 1753
Early 19th century
Ysgol Dyffryn Conwy , previously
Llanrwst Grammar School, is a
bilingual secondary school with about 790 pupils. According to the
latest inspection report by
Estyn , the school has a
GCSE pass rate of
71 per cent (based on five GCSEs, grades A–C). This puts the school
in equal 24th place, just outside the top 10 per cent of secondary
Wales . It is also the second best-performing secondary
Conwy , behind
Eirias High School in
Colwyn Bay .
There is a Christian-based youth club in Seion Chapel called Clwb
Llanrwst is home to
Llanrwst United FC , which has two senior teams .
The first team play in the Welsh Alliance League and the Reserve team
Clwyd League Division 2. The club also has a Junior section,
Llanrwst United Juniors", which has eight teams and plays in the
Aberconwy and Colwyn League.
Llanrwst Cricket Club plays in the North
Wales Premier Cricket League .
In birth order:
Evan Owen Allen (1805–1852), Welsh-language journalist and poet,
was born at Pant-y-llin, near Llanrwst.
* Mark Roberts (born 1967) of Catatonia and its predecessor band Y
Cyrff , known for the song Cymru, Lloegr a Llanrwst
Kai Owen (born 1975), Welsh actor notable as Rhys Williams in
Glyn Wise (born 1988), Big Brother 7 television contestant,
attended Ysgol Dyffryn Conwy.
Llanrwst Rural District
* ^ A B "Area:
Llanrwst (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key
Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics
. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
Snowdonia National Park Authority. "Location Map".
* ^ "History of Llanrwst:
Saint Grwst the Confessor". Retrieved 18
* ^ "History of Llanrwst: Foundation of the Modern Church".
* ^ Lewis, Samuel (1840). A Topographical Dictionary of
1. London: S Lewis.
* ^ "
Llanrwst is the principal mart for this article, and is
attended by the English buyers: the price obtained for the wool at
this fair is usually the standard for the year."
* ^ BBC - Gogledd Orllewin - hanes
* ^ A B "
Almshouse Museum rent rise blamed for closure".
BBC Wales. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
* ^ A B C
Talk of the town
BBC News , 28 April 2006.
* ^ "Celebrations as town council re-open
Museum". Daily Post.
* ^ "
Llanrwst Almshouses re-opens and is taken on by town council".
Daily Post. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
* ^ "Tu Hwnt I’r Bont".
* ^ "Tu Hwnt ir Bont in Wales".
* ^ "Llanrwst" (PDF). Conservation Area Appraisal -
Conwy County Borough Council.
* ^ Breverton, Terry (2012). Owain Glyndwr: The Story of the Last
Prince of Wales. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 1445608766 .
* ^ https://www.un.org/en/sc/repertoire/46-51/46-51_02.pdf
* ^ "
Cardiff Glamorgan". Vision of Britain.
* ^ "In 1801 the pop. was only 1018; in 1841 it was 10,077..."
* ^ "
Llanrwst CP/AP". Vision of Britain.