Llandegla or Llandegla-yn-Iâl is a village and community in the
Denbighshire in Wales. In the 2001 census, the community had
a population of 494, increasing to 567 at the 2011 census.
4 Local customs and traditions
7 External links
The village's name is Welsh for the "Parish of Saint Tecla", which
honors the patron saint of the parish church. This was most probably
originally dedicated to a Welsh virgin named Tegla Forwyn ("
Virgin") and not the more famous
Thecla who is known as "Tecla" in
several Romance languages. However, the Welsh saint is obscure and
Llandegla's Patronal Festival has been held on the feast of the
foreign saint since at least the early 20th century.
Llandegla-yn-Iâl distinguishes the community as "St Tegla's in Yale".
Yale's own name meant the "fertile hill country"; it
was a Welsh commote and English hundred. The estate of Plas yn Iâl in
the village was the seat of the Iâl family, whose most well-known
member is Elihu Yale, a governor of the British East India Company.
Elihu made a substantial gift towards the founding of an educational
institution in New Haven, Connecticut, in the United States. This
sponsorship led to the college becoming known as
Yale College and
later Yale University.
Llandegla is located 253 m (830 ft) above sea level in the
upper valley of the
River Alyn just off the
A525 road between Ruthin
and Wrexham. The boundaries of the community include both the village
Llandegla itself and the neighbouring village of Pen-y-stryt.
St Tecla's church is likely to have been an early-mediaeval
foundation, and by the 13th century was recorded as a chapelry of
Valle Crucis Abbey. The fabric of the building was, however, heavily
rebuilt in 1866, probably to a design by John Gibson.
The village was located on one of the main drovers' roads from the
north-west coast of
Wales to the markets of England, and the cattle
trade was central to its economy.
Thomas Pennant wrote that it was
"noted for its vast fairs for black cattle", and there were formerly
several inns in the village to cater for the drovers and
cattle-dealers. George Borrow, in his travelogue Wild Wales,
recorded meeting a hog-dealer on the road above
Eglwyseg taking a
large herd of pigs across the mountain from "Llandeglo" towards
As the droving trade tailed off in the later 19th century, due to the
construction of the railways, many of Llandegla's residents worked in
Local customs and traditions
St Tecla's well. Its use was discouraged by the church after the 19th
Pennant recorded an odd tradition connected with St Tecla's Well, a
spring in a field close to the church. Sufferers of what were known as
Clwyf Tecla, "St Tecla's disease", washed themselves in the well after
sunset and walked round it three times, leaving an offering of
fourpence, afterwards spending the night in the church.
The nineteenth-century folklorist Elias Owen recorded a tale about a
"wicked Ghost" which haunted the rectory at
Llandegla and was
eventually exorcised by a man named Griffiths from Graianrhyd. The
spirit was said to have been buried in a box under a large stone in
River Alyn close to Llandegla's bridge.
Natural features in the area include the
Clwydian Range to the
north-west of the village,
Llandegla Forest to the south-east and the
Horseshoe Pass to the south. The
Offa's Dyke Path
Offa's Dyke Path passes through the
Llandegla also has a mountain bike centre located in the
Notable people who have lived in the village include the author Edward
Tegla Davies and the hymn-writer and poet William Jones (Ehedydd
^ a b Baring-Gould, Sabine & al. The Lives of the British
Saints: The Saints of
Wales and Cornwall and Such Irish Saints as Have
Dedications in Britain, Vol. IV, p. 219. Honorable Society
of Cymmrodorion (London), 1913.
^ Church of St Tecla , Llandegla, Churches of
Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust
^ a b Pennant, T. Tours in Wales, Volume 2, 1810, p.15
^ Borrow, G. Wild Wales, v.2, John Murray, 1862, p.286
^ Owen, E. Welsh folk-lore: a collection of the folk-tales and legends
of North Wales, Woodall, Minshall and Co, 1896, pp.206-7
Llandegla Millennium Action Group (2003)
Llandegla Then and Now,
Llandegla Millennium Action Group, Llandegla.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Llandegla.
Llandegla Community (Parish), National Statistics
Llandegla Mountain Biking website
Mountain Biking in Coed
Llandegla - MBWales
Llandegla Fishery & Cafe - Website
Photos of the
Llandegla area at Geograph
Betws Gwerfil Goch
Llanbedr Dyffryn Clwyd
Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd
Betws Gwerfil Goch
Tafarn Y Gelyn
Oldest inhabited location
Bontnewydd Palaeolithic site
List of Parliamentary constituencies in Clwyd
Grade I listed buildings
Grade II* listed buildings
The historic county