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Liviu Ciulei (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈlivju t͡ʃjuˈlej]; 7 July 1923 – 24 October 2011[1]) was a Romanian theater and film director, film writer, actor, architect, educator, costume and set designer. During a career spanning over 50 years, he was described by Newsweek
Newsweek
as "one of the boldest and most challenging figures on the international scene".[2]

Contents

1 Biography 2 Family 3 Death 4 Filmography 5 References 6 Sources 7 External links

Biography[edit] Born in Bucharest
Bucharest
to Liviu Ciulley [sic], a lawyer and constructor, Ciulei studied architecture and theater at the Royal Conservatory of Music and Theatre. He made his theater debut in 1946, as Puck in an Odeon Theatre production of Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream. Soon after, he joined the theater company known as Teatrul Municipal din Bucureşti, later renamed Teatrul Bulandra, and directed his first stage production in 1957 – The Rainmaker. In 1961, Ciulei gained an overall recognition for his version of Shakespeare's As You Like It. In the same year, he was a member of the jury at the 2nd Moscow International Film Festival.[3] He was the recipient of the Directors' Award at the 1965 Cannes Film Festival
1965 Cannes Film Festival
for The Forest of the Hanged,[4] the film version of the Liviu Rebreanu's eponymous novel (where he also starred in the role of Klapka). In the 1980s, he was marginalized by the regime and transferred to work at Sahia film studio, as documentary filmmaker. Ciulei was the artistic director of Teatrul Bulandra
Teatrul Bulandra
for more than a decade. During his tenure at the Bulandra he staged a wide range of classics. His Shakespeare productions include "As You Like it" "Macbeth" and "The Tempest", which was awarded Romania's Critics' Prize for Best Production of 1979. Also at the Bulandra, he staged such European classics as Gorki's "The Lower Depths and "The Children of the Sun", Buchner's "Danton's Death" and "Leonce and Lena", and Brecht's "Threepenny Opera". His productions of American classics include Williams' "A Street Named Desire", Saroyan's "The Time of Your Life", and O'Neill's "Long Day Journey into Night". Ciulei has been guest director in many theaters around the world: in West Berlin, Paris, Göttingen, Düsseldorf, Munich and Vancouver. In Sydney, he won the 1977 Australian Critics'Award for his production of "The Lower Depths". In 1974 he made his American debut at the Arena Stage in Washington, D.C., as director and designer with "Leonce and Lena". In 1980 he directed and created sets for the Shostakovitch opera "The Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk" at the Spoleto Festival in Italy: and in May 1982, he redirected the same opera for the Lyric Opera in Chicago. Between 1980–85, he was the artistic director of Guthrie Theater
Guthrie Theater
in Minneapolis, Minnesota. At the Guthrie he has directed "The Tempest", "Eve of Retirement", "As You Like it", "Requiem for a Nun", "Peer Gynt", "The Threepenny Opera", "Three Sisters", "Twelfth Night", "A Midsummer Night's Dream." From 1986–1990, Liviu Ciulei taught directing at Columbia University[5] in the City of New York in the MFA program in theatre arts.[6] Later, NYU made him a richer offer to teach graduate acting, and he accepted an appointment at the university[7] from 1991–1995. After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, back in his native Romania, Ciulei directed a series of stage productions that have been both publicly and critically acclaimed. He was named Honorary Director of the theater he has always loved the most, Bulandra. Besides being the costume and set designer of the majority of his own productions, Ciulei, as an architect, contributed to the rebuilding of the auditorium of Bulandra Theatre. Family[edit] He was first married to actress Clody Bertola.[8] He remarried, to journalist Helga Reiter-Ciulei. His son by the second marriage is film director Thomas Ciulei. Death[edit] Ciulei died on 24 October 2011 in a hospital in Munich, aged 88; he had been suffering from multiple illnesses; his body was cremated and the subject was brought up in television debates regarding Sergiu Nicolaescu's cremation in 2013 as to how the act of cremation is not sancitoned by the Romanian Orthodox Church. Filmography[edit]

În sat la noi (1951), actor Mitrea Cocor (1951), writer Nepoţii gornistului (1953), actor/writer Răsare soarele (1954), writer Alarmă în munţi (1955), actor Pasărea furtunii (1957), writer Erupţia (1957), director Valurile Dunării (1959), director and actor Soldaţi fără uniformă (1960), actor Cerul n-are gratii (1962), actor Pădurea spânzuraţilor (1964), actor/director Facerea lumii (1971), writer/actor Decolarea (1971), actor Dragostea începe vineri (1972), actor Dimitrie Cantemir (1973), actor Ceaţa (1973), actor Mastodontul (1975), actor O scrisoare pierdută (1977), writer/director Falansterul (1979), actor

References[edit]

^ http://www.antena3.ro/life-show/cultura/a-murit-liviu-ciulei-141380.html ^ Theater History at the Guthrie Theater
Guthrie Theater
site Archived 6 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " 2nd Moscow International Film Festival (1961)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 2012-11-04.  ^ "Festival de Cannes: Forest of the Hanged". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-03-05.  ^ "Liviu Ciulei, a Daring Theater Director, Dies at 88". 26 October 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2014.  ^ "LIVIU CIULEI FILLS THE EMPTY SPACE". 15 January 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2014.  ^ "Liviu Ciulei, a Daring Theater Director, Dies at 88". 25 October 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2014.  ^ Marriage to Clody Bertola Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.

Sources[edit]

Miruna Runcan, Teatralizarea si reteatralizarea teatrului in Romania. 1920–1960, Cluj, Editura Eik0n, seria Bibilioteca teatrul Imposibil, 2003

External links[edit]

Liviu Ciulei on IMDb Liviu Ciulei at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database

v t e

Cannes Film Festival Best Director Award

René Clément
René Clément
(1946) René Clément
René Clément
(1949) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1951) Christian-Jaque (1952) Jules Dassin
Jules Dassin
/ Sergei Vasilyev
Sergei Vasilyev
(1955) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1956) Robert Bresson (1957) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1958) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1959) Yuliya Solntseva
Yuliya Solntseva
(1961) Liviu Ciulei (1965) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1966) Ferenc Kósa
Ferenc Kósa
(1967) Glauber Rocha
Glauber Rocha
/ Vojtěch Jasný
Vojtěch Jasný
(1969) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1970) Miklós Jancsó
Miklós Jancsó
(1972) Michel Brault / Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
(1975) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1976) Nagisa Oshima
Nagisa Oshima
(1978) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1979) Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
(1982) Robert Bresson / Andrei Tarkovsky
Andrei Tarkovsky
(1983) Bertrand Tavernier
Bertrand Tavernier
(1984) André Téchiné
André Téchiné
(1985) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1986) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1987) Fernando Solanas
Fernando Solanas
(1988) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(1989) Pavel Lungin
Pavel Lungin
(1990) Joel Coen (1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1993) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(1994) Mathieu Kassovitz
Mathieu Kassovitz
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(1997) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Edward Yang (2000) Joel Coen / David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Im Kwon-taek / Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2002) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(2003) Tony Gatlif
Tony Gatlif
(2004) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2005) Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Nuri Bilge Ceylan
Nuri Bilge Ceylan
(2008) Brillante Mendoza
Brillante Mendoza
(2009) Mathieu Amalric
Mathieu Amalric
(2010) Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
(2011) Carlos Reygadas
Carlos Reygadas
(2012) Amat Escalante
Amat Escalante
(2013) Bennett Miller
Bennett Miller
(2014) Hou Hsiao-hsien
Hou Hsiao-hsien
(2015) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ Cristian Mungiu
Cristian Mungiu
(2016) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2017)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 56312469 LCCN: no2003121082 ISNI: 0000 0000 7865 6852 GND: 122594118 BNF: cb146736179 (data) SN

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