Livingston, New Jersey
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Livingston is a township (New Jersey), township in Essex County, New Jersey, Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 29,366, reflecting an increase of 1,975 (+7.2%) from the 27,391 counted in the 2000 United States Census, 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 782 (+2.9%) from the 26,609 counted in the 1990 United States Census, 1990 Census. In 2019, the Population Estimates Program by the United States Census Bureau calculated that the township had a population of 30,303. Livingston was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 5, 1813, from portions of Caldwell Township (now Fairfield Township, Essex County, New Jersey, Fairfield Township) and Springfield Township, Union County, New Jersey, Springfield Township (now in Union County, New Jersey, Union County). Portions of the original township were later taken to form Fairmount Township, New Jersey, Fairmount (March 11, 1862, now part of West Orange, New Jersey, West Orange) and Roseland, New Jersey, Roseland (March 10, 1908).Snyder, John P
''The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968''
Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 128. Accessed July 18, 2012.
The township was named for William Livingston, the first Governor of New Jersey; his family's coat of arms served as the township's seal for many years. The community has been one of the state's highest-income communities. Based on data from the American Community Survey for 2013–2017, township residents had a median household income of $153,381, ranked 14th in the state among municipalities with more than 10,000 residents, more than double the statewide median of $76,475.


History

Livingston's history dates back to 1699 when 101 settlers from Newark, New Jersey, Newark wanted to move westward. They set up a committee to negotiate from Lenape, Lenni Lenape Native Americans in the United States, Native Americans for the purchase of the Horseneck Tract which today includes Livingston and eight other northern municipalities. Between 1698 and 1702, the rules for property ownership were unclear. There were many disputes between settlers and the English Proprietary colony, proprietors. For some unknown reasons, the Newark settlers did not obtain a grant from the proprietors before negotiating with the Native Americans in the United States, natives. They finally obtained the deed directly from Lenni Lenape in 1702 for £130. The settlements began until around the 1740s as the dispute between the proprietors and the settlers continued. The dispute came to a breaking point in September 1745 when the East Jersey proprietors began to evict a settler only six months after a house fire in Newark completely destroyed the original deed, which was the only evidence of the purchase. During that period, William Livingston who was one of the few landed Aristocracy, aristocrats joined the settlers against the proprietors. Livingston owned land around today's south western corner of the Township of Livingston. His land, like other settlers, was levied with Quit-rent, quit rents in the amount 40 shillings per acre. He defended many settlers who were jailed for refusing to pay the quit rents. This series of events caused the settlers, led by Timothy Meeker, to form a group to riot against the British government. The Horseneck Riots lasted for 10 years from 1745 to 1755. The group was also one of the first Militia (United States), colonial militia which had periodic battles for 32 years leading up to the American Revolutionary War, Revolutionary War as the group joined the Continental Army in 1776.A Brief History Of Livingston, New Jersey, ''West Essex Tribune'', August 27, 2009, p.A-10 After the American Revolutionary War, more permanent settlements took place with the first school built in 1783. In 1811, a petition was filed to incorporate the township from about 100 people who lived in seven distinct areas: Centerville (separated to become Roseland, New Jersey, Roseland, in 1908), Cheapside (now Livingston Mall), Morehousetown (now Livingston Circle), Northfield (now Northfield Center), Squiretown (now the Cerebral Palsy Institute of New Jersey on Old Road), Teedtown (now Livingston Center), and Washington Place (now near the border with Millburn, New Jersey, Millburn). On February 5, 1813, the township was officially incorporated. The first town meeting was held on the same day and they decided to run the township by a Township (New Jersey), Township Committee system. During the 1800s, lumber and farming were major industries in the town. Shoemaking and dairy farming became major industries during and after the American Civil War, Civil War. However, the population grew slowly because it was not easily accessible. Mt. Pleasant Avenue – which was one of the first Toll road, turnpikes in New Jersey – was the only primary access to the town through stagecoaches. The population grew quickly after the 1920s when automobiles became more accessible. As a suburb of Newark, the town experienced many housing developments especially after World War II with its peak in 1970 of more than thirty thousand residents. During this growth period, many services were organized including public library in 1916, volunteer Fire Department in 1922, first regular police chief in 1923, an ambulance unit in 1937 which became first aid squad in 1949. Some major relocations took place during this period of growing population shift. Saint Barnabas Medical Center and Newark Academy moved from Newark to Livingston in 1964. The last surviving Harrison Cider Apple tree, the most famous of the 18th century Newark cider apples was rescued from extinction in 1976 in Livingston. Today, around 30,000 people live in this suburban community, which lies around an hour from New York City. Its school system, which had last been nationally recognized in 1998, and other programs has been drawing new residents to the town. Its population has maintained a level of diversity while the residents continue the tradition of community volunteerism. In 2017, the Township of Livingston adopted a new logo.


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 14.12 square miles (36.57 km2), including 13.79 square miles (35.7 km2) of land and 0.33 square miles (0.86 km2) of water (2.37%). Livingston is in the New York metropolitan area. It is in southwestern Essex County, New Jersey, Essex County. Within Essex County it is bordered by Roseland, New Jersey, Roseland to the north, West Orange, New Jersey, West Orange to the east, and Millburn, New Jersey, Millburn/Short Hills to the south. To the west it is bordered by Morris County, New Jersey, Morris County communities Florham Park, New Jersey, Florham Park and East Hanover Township, New Jersey, East Hanover. The western border is the Passaic River. Localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Cedar Ridge, Cheapside, Morehousetown, Northfield, Washington Place and West Livingston.


Demographics

According to the 2002 results of the National Jewish Population Survey, there were 12,600 Jews in Livingston, approximately 46% of the population, one of the highest percentages of Jews in any American municipality. The neighboring towns of South Orange, New Jersey, South Orange and Millburn, New Jersey, Millburn also have high Jewish populations. In a report performed by the United Way of Northern New Jersey based on 2012 data, around 14% of Livingston households were classified as "Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed" households (below a threshold of $50,000 for households below 65, below $35,000 for those over 65), struggling with basic necessities, such as housing, childcare, food, health care, and transportation, compared to 38% statewide and 47% in Essex County.


2010 Census

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation adjustment, inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $129,208 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,377) and the median family income was $143,429 (+/- $10,622). Males had a median income of $100,075 (+/-$11,306) versus $71,213 (+/- $7,102) for females. The per capita income for the township was $60,577 (+/- $3,918). About 1.1% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.


2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 27,391 people, 9,300 households, and 7,932 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,973.1 people per square mile (761.9/km2). There were 9,457 housing units at an average density of 681.2 per square mile (263.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 82.64% White (U.S. Census), White, 14.54% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 1.20% African American (U.S. Census), African American, 0.05% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 0.69% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino of any race were 2.54% of the population.Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Livingston township, Essex County, New Jersey
, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 18, 2012.
DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 – Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Livingston township, Essex County, New Jersey
, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 18, 2012.
There were 9,300 households, out of which 41.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.0% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.7% were non-families. 13.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.21. In the township the age distribution of the population shows 26.6% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males. The median household income, median income for a household in the township was $98,869, and the median income for a family was $108,049. Males had a median income of $77,256 versus $41,654 for females. The per capita income for the town was $47,218. 1.8% of the population and 1.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 1.2% are under the age of 18 and 3.2% are 65 or older.


Economy


Shopping and dining

Although largely a bedroom community, there are many stores and restaurants located in Livingston, in three main shopping areas. The first area is located in the center of the town. It stretches along Livingston Avenue from Route 10 to Northfield Avenue. Historically, the area has been dominated by small local stores, but retains some national chain stores. With the addition of Livingston Town Center, classified as mixed-use development, new restaurants have opened as well, adding to the large number of locally owned establishments. The second area is the Livingston Mall located at the south-western corner of the town. Macy's occupies one of the original three wings the mall. Sears, the original anchor in the second wing, announced its closure in February 2020, while Lord & Taylor, the third original anchor, shut down on December 29, 2020. The fourth wing, added in 2008, is home of Barnes & Noble. The third shopping area begins the Route 10 shopping corridor that extends to East Hanover, New Jersey, East Hanover. It includes Route 10 Farmer's Market


Corporate residents

Many office parks are located along Eisenhower Parkway on the western side of the town. There are a few headquarters of major Company, companies including former CIT Group corporate headquarters, Formosa Plastics Group, Inteplast Group headquarters, The Briad Group headquarters, and customer service and support center of Verizon New Jersey. There are varieties of other services in the township. The Westminster Hotel is located on the western side of the town. Fitness facilities include West Essex YMCA and New York Sports Club. A Jewish Community Center with fitness center also exists just over the border in West Orange. Saint Barnabas Medical Center, a 619-bed hospital established in 1865, is located in the southern side of the town near West Orange, New Jersey, West Orange and Millburn, New Jersey, Millburn. Livingston also has a local Public-access television station (Livingston TV on Comcast TV-34 and Verizon FiOS 26), which is maintained by Livingston High School (New Jersey), Livingston High School Students as well as the LPBC (Livingston Public Broadcasting Committee).


Arts and culture


Performing arts

Livingston is home of several performing arts organizations: *Livingston Symphony Orchestra is a group of community-based performers which was formed in 1960. The symphony orchestra is currently directed by Dr.David Schultz. It holds limited performances during each season. *Livingston Community Players is a community-based theatre organization. There has been many productions in the recent years. The performers are from local community and other places in New Jersey. Past productions, including ''The Sound of Music'', ''Oliver!'', and ''Annie (musical), Annie'', received Perry Awards from New Jersey Association of Community Theatres. *Children's Theatre of Livingston is a local organization that provides performance opportunities for Livingston children grades 2 to 8. The children are trained in acting roles and Staging (theatre), staging staff. It has annual performance since the first season in 2007. *New Jersey Ballet is a major ballet company based in Livingston. The company is recognized nationally and internationally with tours in many countries in Europe, Asia and North America. Livingston is also the headquarters of New Jersey School of Ballet which offers many classes in Ballet, Jazz dance, Jazz and Tap dance, Tap.


Fine arts

Livingston has many local artists in varied forms. Local artists have support from Livingston Arts Association which is an organization formed in 1959 to promote art in the community including large scale exhibitions, demonstrations, and workshops. The organization is also a member of Art Council of Livingston which has a art gallery, gallery at Livingston Town Center. The Arts Association includes numerous organizations in addition to the Arts Council of Livingston, including the NJ State Opera Guild – West Essex Chapter and Livingston Camera Club. There are many studios at Riker Hill Art Park with more than 40 working artists in various media including pottery, metalwork, fine metalwork, glassblowing, glass, Jewelry making, jewelry, paintings, fine arts, sculpture and photography. Many studios offer art classes for adults and children.


Sports

From 1984 to 1989, Livingston was the site of the Grand Prix tennis circuit tournament, the Livingston Open, held at Newark Academy. The Grand Prix was the only professional circuit since 1985 before it was succeeded by the Association of Tennis Professionals, ATP Tour in 1990. The tournament was won by Andre Agassi in 1988, earning him the seventh title in his career.


Parks and recreation


Parks

There are more than of wooded parks with passive hiking trails in Livingston. Additional are zoned to be preserved in its natural state without public access. This brings to about 25% of total land in the town that is in its natural conditions with habitats of eight Endangered Species Act, threatened or endangered species.Trails And Greenways Plan for Township of Livingston County of Essex
, Morris Land Conservancy, July 2007. Accessed November 18, 2009.
There are smaller parks and open space areas dedicated to recreation and sports, mostly centered around the town's public schools. These include two swimming pools, one of which, Northland Pool, is no longer open to the public due to a stated funding issue of $31,000 (2020), ten Little League Baseball#Playing Field, little league baseball diamonds, four full baseball diamonds, eight full soccer/lacrosse fields, one full American football, football field, three basketball courts, sixteen tennis courts, eleven playgrounds, a jogging track, a dog park, and a fishing/ice skating pond. The township is planning to build inter-connected mixed-use paths, biking and hiking trails to connect those parks and open space throughout the township. Livingston has an active open space reserve, open space trust fund that continues to acquire more lands for preservation and recreation. , there were 842 acres (9% of total land) that were protected from development. There were additional that could be protected by the fund.


Riker Hill Complex

Riker Hill Complex (also referred to as Riker Hill Art Park) is a parkland located along the border of Livingston and Roseland, New Jersey, Roseland. The complex is managed by Department of Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Affairs of Essex County. It comprises three parks, Riker Hill Art Park – a former Nike (rocket), Nike Missile control area site, Walter Kidde Dinosaur Park – a National Natural Landmark, and Becker Park which were acquired between 1969 and 1977. Although a large portion of the complex is located within Roseland, but the county designated Livingston as the host community as the Riker Hill Art Park is the only functional and publicly accessible park at the present time. The art park located atop of the hill is home of many studios in multiple disciplines of art and craft.


Recreation

The recreation department under the Senior, Youth and Leisure Services program offers programs for residents ranging from pre-school courses, children games, crafts, and dance; to a dozen of youth and adult sports programs. Prior to 2020, residents enjoyed two pools, Haines Pool and Northland Pool. Since then Northland Pool is closed to residents albeit with limited information from the Mayor, Town Council, Township Manager and Recreation Director. There are many independent sports organizations such as Little League Baseball, Livingston Little League, Livingston Jr. Lancers (football and cheerleading), Livingston Lacrosse Club, and Livingston Soccer Club.


Government


Local government

Livingston has operated since 1957 within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Faulkner Act (council–manager), Council-Manager form of municipal government. The township is one of 42 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form of government. Livingston's Township Council is comprised of five members, elected to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election in even-numbered years.''2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book'', Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 125. A Mayor and Deputy Mayor are selected by the Council from among its members at a reorganization meeting held after each election. , members of the Township Council are Mayor Shawn R. Klein (Democratic Party (United States), D, term as on council ends December 31, 2022; term as mayor ends 2021), Deputy Mayor Edward Meinhardt (D, term on council ends 2022; term as mayor ends 2021), Alfred "Al" M. Anthony (D, 2024), Rufino "Rudy" Fernandez Jr. (D, 2022) and Michael M. Vieira (D, 2024).Township Council Members
Township of Livingston. Accessed April 2, 2020.
Essex County Directory
Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed August 25, 2021.
2020 General Election Unofficial Results
Essex County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 19, 2020. Accessed January 1, 2021.
November 5, 2019, General Election Unofficial Results
Essex County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 14, 2019. Accessed January 1, 2020.
November 6, 2018, General Election Unofficial Results
Essex County, New Jersey, updated November 22, 2018. Accessed January 1, 2019.
November 7, 2017, General Election Unofficial Results
Essex County, New Jersey, updated November 16, 2017. Accessed January 1, 2018.
In February 2019, after the Township Council failed to choose a candidate, the Democratic municipal committee selected Michael Vieira to fill the seat expiring in December 2020 that became vacant following the resignation of Michael M. Silverman. Vieira served on an interim basis until the November 2019 general election, when voters elected him to serve the balance of the term of office. The Township Manager is Barry R. Lewis Jr., whose tenure began on March 1, 2018. The previous Township Managers were Robert H. Harp (1954–1985), Charles J. Tahaney (1985–2005), and Michele E. Meade (2005–2016). Gregory J. Bonin served for a single week in 2017 before resigning, and Deputy Township Manager Russell A. Jones Jr. served as Acting Township Manager for the rest of the interval between Meade and Lewis. Since the Covid-19 pandemic in March 2020, meetings for local governance have been held through zoom and facebook. This has created opportunity for the public to respond to their many concerns including low income housing development contracts, cannabis, the closing of Northland Pool, the increase of commercial real estate closures, the safety of the water, the increase in water and sewer costs, and the increase in taxes.


Police Department

The Livingston Police Department (LPD) was established in 1813. It consists of the following divisions: Patrol, Traffic, Communications (911 dispatch), Police Records, Internal Affairs, and Community Policing. Bureaus include the Detective and Juvenile bureaus.


Volunteer organizations

There are more than 40 volunteer Committees and Boards run through the Township, including Livingston Municipal Alliance Committee (LMAC), Holiday Committees, Consumer Affairs Office, Planning Board, Zoning Board of Adjustment, and Committee for Diversity & Inclusion. Volunteer-based public safety organizations are Livingston Auxiliary Police, Livingston Fire Department and Livingston First Aid Squad.


Federal, state and county representation

Livingston is located in the Plan Components Report
New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district.Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District
New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
''2019 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government''
New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed October 30, 2019.
Prior to the 2010 Census, Livingston had been split between the and the 11th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.''2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government''
, p. 60, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.


Politics

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 20,617 registered voters in Livingston, of which 7,640 (37.1%) were registered as Democratic Party (United States), Democrats, 3,564 (17.3%) were registered as Republican Party (United States), Republicans and 9,402 (45.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated (New Jersey), Unaffiliated. There were 11 voters registered to other parties. In the United States presidential election in New Jersey, 2016, 2016 presidential election, Democrat Hillary Clinton received 60.8% of the vote (9,052 cast), ahead of Republican Donald Trump with 36.8% (5,475 votes), and other candidates with 2.5% (367 votes), among the 15,235 ballots cast by the township's 22,664 registered voters (341 ballots were Spoilt vote, spoiled), for a turnout of 67.2%. In the United States presidential election in New Jersey, 2012, 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 51.1% of the vote (7,303 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 48.1% (6,863 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (116 votes), among the 14,371 ballots cast by the township's 21,225 registered voters (89 ballots were Spoilt vote, spoiled), for a turnout of 67.7%. In the 2008 United States presidential election, 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.4% of the vote here (8,244 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 44.8% (6,920 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (122 votes), among the 15,433 ballots cast by the township's 20,367 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.8%. In the New Jersey gubernatorial election, 2017, 2017 gubernatorial election, Democrat Phil Murphy received 61.2% of the vote (4,671 cast), ahead of Republican Kim Guadagno with 37.6% (2,872 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (95 votes), among the 7,722 ballots cast by the township's 22,280 registered voters (84 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 34.7%. In the New Jersey gubernatorial election, 2013, 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 62.7% of the vote (4,860 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 36.1% (2,799 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (89 votes), among the 7,905 ballots cast by the township's 21,260 registered voters (157 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.2%. In the New Jersey gubernatorial election, 2009, 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 48.8% of the vote here (4,863 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 44.0% (4,386 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.7% (563 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (61 votes), among the 9,961 ballots cast by the township's 20,405 registered voters, yielding a 48.8% turnout. Livingston was the home of one of New Jersey's most prominent political families, the Keans. Robert Kean served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1939 to 1958, when he ran for U.S. Senator; his son, Thomas Kean, who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1968 to 1978 (and as Assembly Speaker in 1972–73, and Minority Leader 1974–77), as Governor of New Jersey from 1982 to 1990, and as President of Drew University from 1990 to 2004. Thomas Kean Jr., elected to the State Assembly in 2001 and the State Senate in 2003, was the Republican nominee for United States Senator in 2006. When Robert Kean ran for the Senate, losing to Harrison A. Williams in 1958, Livingston's Congressman became George M. Wallhauser, a Republican. In redistricting after the 1960 census, Livingston was moved into the district of Republican Congresswoman Florence P. Dwyer. After redistricting following the 1970 census, Livingston went into Congressman Peter Frelinghuysen Jr.'s district. He was the father of Livingston's Congressman until 2019 Rodney P. Frelinghuysen. When Peter Frelinghuysen retired in 1974, he was succeeded by Millicent Fenwick, who beat Tom Kean in a Republican primary by about 80 votes. After the 1980 census, Livingston was moved to Congressman Joseph G. Minish's district. Minish was defeated by Dean Gallo in 1984 and served until his death in 1994. Rodney Frelinghuysen took his seat. The 2000 Census split the town between the 8th and 11th districts; as of the 2010 Census, the entire township is in the 11th district.


Education


Public schools

The Livingston Public Schools serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district consists of six primary education, elementary schools, grades PreK/K-5; one middle school for grade 6 and another middle school for grades 7 and 8, and one four-year Secondary education in the United States, high school. As of the 2019–20 school year, the district, comprised of nine schools, had an enrollment of 6,151 students and 500.6 classroom teachers (on an full-time equivalent, FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.3:1.District information for Livingston Board Of Education School District
National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2021.
Schools in the district (with 2019-20 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Burnet Hill Elementary School (488 students in grades PreK-5), Collins Elementary School (462; K-5), Amos W. Harrison Elementary School (449; K-5), Hillside Elementary School (397; K-5), Mount Pleasant Elementary School (434; K-5), Riker Hill Elementary School (400; K-5), Mount Pleasant Middle School (507; Grade 6), Heritage Middle School (1,008; 7-8) and Livingston High School (New Jersey), Livingston High School (1,945; 9-12). For the 1997–98 school year, Livingston High School received the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program, National Blue Ribbon Schools Award from the United States Department of Education, one of the highest honors that an American school can achieve. Livingston High School was ranked 24th in New Jersey in New Jersey Monthly's 2012 rankings, 9th in New Jersey high schools in Newsweek's 2013 rankings of "America's Best High Schools", and is ranked 605th in US News' 2020 national high school rankings. Approximately 26.7% of the township's population 25 years and older have attained Professional degree, professional, Master's degree, Masters or Doctorate degrees.Livingston, New Jersey
City-Data. Accessed March 28, 2011.
During 2007–2008 budget year, Livingston allocated 59.96% of local property tax toward the Livingston Public Schools. Additionally, a separate budget of 7% of all municipal services went toward the operation of its public library.Town Topics
, Township of Livingston, Winter 2007–2008, p. 12. Accessed April 19, 2009.
According to library statistics collected by Institute of Museum and Library Services, Livingston Public Library was ranked 22 out of 232 municipal libraries in New Jersey based on total circulation in 2006.


Other schools

Aquinas Academy (Livingston, New Jersey), Aquinas Academy is a private coeducational Roman Catholic Church, Roman Catholic school that serves students from preschool through eighth grade that operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Joseph Kushner Hebrew Academy is a private coeducational Jewish day school that serves preschool through eighth grade, while Rae Kushner Yeshiva High School is a four-year yeshiva high school for grades 9–12. The Tzedek School is a non-sectarian co-educational school of Jewish Heritage and Hebrew Language serving the communities of Livingston and the surrounding area for students in grades K-12. Newark Academy is a private coeducational day school founded in 1774, that serves grades 6–8 in its middle schools and 9–12 in the upper school. Livingston Chinese School and Livingston Huaxia Chinese School are two weekend Chinese-language schools in Livingston which use facilities of Heritage Middle School and Mount Pleasant school.


Places of worship

* Beth Messiah Congregation * Christian Evangelical Church In Livingston, Old Road * Congregation Etz Chaim, Orthodox, Lafayette Drive * The Crossing Church * Full Gospel Church, W. Northfield Avenue * Grace Lutheran Church * Livingston Federated United Church of Christ * Livingston Gospel Hall, E. Mount Pleasant Avenue * Livingston Korean United Methodist Church
Livingston United Methodist Church
W. Hobart Gap Rd. * The Living Stone Christian Fellowship
Northfield Baptist Church
E. Northfield Rd
The Presbyterian Church of Livingston
W. Northfield Rd
Saint Mary Armenian Apostolic Orthodox Church
W. Mount Pleasant Ave
Saint Peter's Episcopal Church (Anglican)
E. Mount Pleasant Ave
Saint Philomena Roman Catholic Church
S. Livingston Ave
Saint Raphael Parish
E. Mount Pleasant Ave
Synagogue of the Suburban Torah Center, Orthodox
W. Mount Pleasant Ave
Temple Beth Shalom, Conservative

Temple B'nai Abraham
E. Northfield Ave
Trinity Covenant Church
E. Cedar Street * West Essex Baptist Former places of worship: * Temple Emanu-El 1955–2017: Reform. Northfield Avenue. Temple built 1961, closed June 2017. Building status: Jump Immersion School


Historic sites

Ward-Force House and Condit Family Cook House are two building structures located at 366 South Livingston Avenue. These structures were jointly registered in the National Register of Historic Places in 1981, commonly known as ''the Old Force Homestead''. Originally, Ward-Force House and Condit Family Cook House were built in separate properties. Ward-Force House was built as early as 1745 by Theophilus Ward. It was later purchased by Samuel Force for his son, Thomas Force. During the American Revolutionary War, Revolutionary War, Thomas served as a Patriot (American Revolution), patriot and was captured by the British. Thomas came back to live with his wife and children after the war and expanded the house. It was sold to the township in 1962. Condit Family Cook House was built as a stand-alone summer kitchen of a farm home near the current location of Livingston Mall. When the mall was built during the 1970s, the cook house was donated to the township and was moved to the current location at the rear of Ward-Force House. Currently, the Old Force Homestead is the headquarters of Livingston Historical Society and the Force Homestead Museum. Dickinson House and Washington Place Schoolhouse are two other sites in the township that are registered in the New Jersey State Historic Site Program. Dickinson House is located at 84 Dickinson Lane. It was once visited by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt for a hunting trip. Washington Place Schoolhouse is located at 122 Passaic Avenue. It was a school house that was built around 1800.


Transportation


Roads and highways

As of 2010, The township had a total of of roadways, of which are maintained by the municipality, by Essex County and by the New Jersey Department of Transportation. Livingston is located from New York City, around 40-90+ minutes depending on traffic. Roads directly serving Livingston include Eisenhower Parkway, County Route 508 (New Jersey), County Route 508, County Route 527 (New Jersey), County Route 527, Interstate 280 (New Jersey), Interstate 280 and New Jersey Route 10, Route 10. Interstate 80 in New Jersey, Interstate 80, the Garden State Parkway and the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) are all accessible via I-280.


Public transportation

Bus service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal is available on the Community Coach#Directly controlled, Community Coach #77 bus route. OurBus company also operates a commuter route to New York City serving Livingston and West Orange, New Jersey, West Orange. NJ Transit offers bus service to Newark, New Jersey, Newark on the 70 (New Jersey bus), 70, 71 (New Jersey bus), 71 and 73 (New Jersey bus), 73 routes, with local service available on the MCM3 (New Jersey bus), MCM3 and MCM8 (New Jersey bus), MCM8 routes. Rail service is accessible via the NJ Transit Morristown Line, which has several stops in adjacent communities such as Short Hills, Millburn, and South Orange. The stations are about from most of Livingston, accessible by car or taxi. The township provides a fee-based direct shuttle service called Livingston Express Shuttle for a 15-minute ride between Livingston Mall and South Orange station for Morristown Line trains to Midtown Manhattan and Hoboken, New Jersey, Hoboken. Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, for inter-city rail transit in the Northeastern United States, and the Port Authority's PATH (rail system), PATH service local rapid transit system are available 10 miles away at Pennsylvania Station (Newark), Newark Penn Station.


Notable events

* On May 22, 1992, Democratic Presidential candidate and eventual Presidential elect Bill Clinton visited Livingston High School (New Jersey), Livingston High School on a campaign stop to announce his support for Governor James Florio's NJ welfare proposal. * On June 18, 1996, the Olympic Torch made a stop in Livingston while en route to Atlanta, Georgia. * On November 16, 1999, Livingston High School hosted sitting Governor Christine Todd Whitman and her cabinet for a town hall meeting with a conversation focusing on the state's diversity. * On January 13, 2008, Livingston High School hosted a crowd of 900 at the first of New Jersey Governor Jon Corzine's all-state county forum tour of Jersey to promote and explain his new toll hike proposal to finance state road maintenance. The town hall meeting featured a PowerPoint by Corzine and then a Q and A session where many attendees inquired about a new school financing proposal more so than the toll issue. * On June 30, 2015, Chris Christie launched his campaign for the Republican Party presidential primaries, 2016, 2016 Republican presidential nomination at Livingston High School.


Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Livingston include: ;Academia * Shiva Ayyadurai (born 1963), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT systems scientist and entrepreneur who controversially claims to have developed email in 1979 when he was a student at Livingston High School. * Denise J. Jamieson (born c. 1965), gynecology, gynecologist who is the James Robert McCord Chair in Gynecology and Obstetrics at Emory University and former medical officer in the United States Public Health Service. * Pamela Nadell (born 1951), historian, researcher, author and lecturer focusing on Jewish history. * Paul E. Olsen (born 1953), paleontologist, elected to the United States National Academy of Sciences, helped in getting Riker Hill Fossil Site in Roseland registered as a National Natural Landmark when he was a teenager. * Suzanne Steinbaum (born c. 1968), cardiologist and director of Women's Heart Health at the Heart and Vascular Institute at Lenox Hill Hospital. * Roger Y. Tsien (1952–2016), chemist who was awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He also won first prize in the Intel Science Talent Search, Westinghouse talent search at age 16 when he attended Livingston High School with a project investigating how metals bind to thiocyanate. ;Artists * Val Britton (born 1977), artist known for her collage work. ;Business * Elvina Beck (born 1985), founder of the co-living company PodShare. * Frank Biondi (1945–2019), former President and CEO of Viacom (2005–present), Viacom, and former Chairman and CEO of Universal Studios. * Robert E. Grady (born 1959), venture capitalist, investment banking, investment banker and government official. * Barry Halper (1939–2005), baseball memorabilia collector and businessman, who was once a limited partner in the Yankees' ownership with George Steinbrenner. * Charles Kushner (born 1954), real estate business magnate, mogul and Democratic Party (United States), Democratic fundraiser who pleaded guilty in 2004 to tax violations and charges related to witness tampering. * Joshua Kushner (born 1985), businessman and investor. * David Tepper (born 1957), founder of the hedge fund Appaloosa Management. ;Entertainment * Jason Alexander (born 1959, originally Jay Greenspan), actor best known for his role as George Costanza of the long-running television show, ''Seinfeld''. * Benjamin August (born c. 1979), casting director and screenwriter. * Bruce Beck (born 1956), sportscaster on WNBC. * Bobbi Kristina Brown (1993-2015), daughter of 6-time Grammy winning pop/R&B singer/actress Whitney Houston, reality television personality, media personality, and singer. * Alan Cooper (biblical scholar), Alan Cooper (born ca. 1949), founding member of Sha-Na-Na and biblical scholar. * Joe Dante (born 1946), film director whose work includes ''Gremlins'', ''The Howling (film), The Howling'' and ''Twilight Zone: The Movie'' * Rob Fusari (born c. 1968), music producer and songwriter who discovered Lady Gaga. * Dana Gaier (born 1997), actress and singer-songwriter known for her role as "Edith" in the ''Despicable Me (franchise), Despicable Me'' franchise. * Chelsea Handler (born 1975), stand-up comedian, author, television personality and star of ''Chelsea Lately'' on E!. * Nikki M. James (born 1981), Tony-Award-winning actress and singer who won a 2011 Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a musical for her role as Nabulungi in ''The Book of Mormon (musical), The Book of Mormon''. * Jeff Janiak (born 1976), vocalist of the punk rock band Discharge (band), DischargeStone, Drew. "The NYHC Chronicles LIVE! Ep. #58 Jeff "JJ" Janiak (Discharge / Broken Bones / Dead Heros") ''YouTube'', uploaded by stonefilmsnyc, Streamed live on 9 Sept 2020, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oExCPVUjUYk . Acsessed March 26, 2021 * Myq Kaplan (born 1978), comedian. * Leslie Kritzer (born 1977), Broadway actress in ''Legally Blonde: The Musical'', ''The Great American Trailer Park Musical'', and ''A Catered Affair'' with Harvey Fierstein. * Sophia Lin, film producer. * MIKE (musician), MIKE (born 1998), rapper, songwriter and record producer. * Stephen Oremus (born 1971), music supervisor, music director, orchestrator and vocal arranger who won a 2011 Tony Award for Orchestration for ''The Book of Mormon (musical), The Book of Mormon''. * Adam Pally (born 1982), comedian and actor who appears in the American Broadcasting Company, ABC series ''Happy Endings (TV series), Happy Endings''. * Todd Solondz (born 1959), director, whose films include ''Welcome to the Dollhouse'', ''Happiness (1998 film), Happiness'' and ''Life During Wartime (film), Life During Wartime'' * Richard Tanne (born 1985), filmmaker who wrote and directed ''Southside with You, Southside With You''. * Thea White (born 1953), voice actress, best known for her role as Muriel in ''Courage the Cowardly Dog''. * Wendy Williams (born 1964), radio personality, television host, actress, producer, author and comedian who has been host of ''The Wendy Williams Show''. * Danny Zuker (born 1963) Emmy award-winning writer and producer for ''Modern Family''. ;Military * Glenn K. Rieth (born 1957), who was the Adjutant General of New Jersey in Governor Jon Corzine's cabinet. ;Literature * Mona Charen (born 1957), conservative political columnist who grew up in Livingston, where she was close friends with future ''Washington Post'' journalist Ruth Marcus.Mona Charen and Ruth Marcus
C-SPAN Q & A (U.S. talk show), Q&A (television), July 9, 2006 transcript. Accessed November 30, 2014. "Brian Lamb, C-SPAN: Ruth Marcus, can you remember the first time you met Mona Charen? Ruth Marcus, Author: I can't remember the first time but I can remember many other times in the middle there because we were – we both started in Livingston, New Jersey in fourth grade. We were both new to the school but we were in different classes, so I remember fifth grade on up."
* Harlan Coben (born 1962), ''The New York Times'' best-selling author of ''Promise Me'', ''Tell No One'' and ''No Second Chance''. * Susie Fishbein (born 1968), Orthodox Judaism, Orthodox Jewish author of the best-selling ''Kosher By Design'' kashrut, kosher cookbook series published by ArtScroll. * Ariel Horn (born c. 1979), novelist and teacher. * Jack Ketchum (pseudonym of Dallas Mayr, born 1946), author of ''The Girl Next Door'' and ''Off Season'', who is a five-time winner of the Bram Stoker Award for Fiction. * Ruth Marcus (journalist), Ruth Marcus (born 1958), liberal op-ed columnist for ''The Washington Post'' who grew up in Livingston, where she was close friends with future political (and politically-opposite) columnist Mona Charen. * Wendy Mass (born 1967), author of books for children, including ''A Mango-Shaped Space''. ;Government and politics * Hannah August, press secretary for the First Lady of the United States, First Lady Michelle Obama. * Steven C. Bondy, diplomat who is the nominee to be the List of ambassadors of the United States to Bahrain, United States Ambassador to Bahrain. * Brendan Byrne (1924–2018), former Governor of New Jersey and Essex County Prosecutor's Office, Essex County Prosecutor, lived and died in Livingston. * Chris Christie (born 1962), Governor of New Jersey, a former United States Attorney for the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey who served on the Morris County, New Jersey, Morris County Board of Chosen Freeholders. * Lucille Davy, former Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Education and a graduate of Livingston High School. * Christine Grady (born 1952), nurse and bioethics, bioethicist who serves as the head of the Department of Bioethics at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center. * Deborah Gramiccioni, lawyer who served as deputy executive director of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. * Nathan L. Jacobs (1905–1989), Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court in 1948 and from 1952 to 1975. * The Keans: Hamilton Fish Kean (1862–1941, Congress 1929–1935), Robert Kean (1893–1980, Congress 1939–1950), Thomas Kean (Assembly 1968–78, Speaker 1971–72, Governor, 1982–90) and Tom Kean Jr. (Assemblyman 2001–03; State Senate 2003-date; 2006 G.O.P. failed nominee for U.S. Senate). * Alan B. Krueger (born 1960), economist nominated to serve on the Council of Economic Advisers. * Jared Kushner (born 1981), senior presidential adviser to Donald Trump. * Mike Weinstein (born 1949), member of the Florida House of Representatives. * Nina Mitchell Wells, former Secretary of State of New Jersey.State of New Jersey biography for Nina Mitchell Wells
State of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of December 31, 2007. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Secretary Wells and her husband, Ted Wells, Esq. reside in Livingston, NJ and have two grown children, Teresa and Phillip."
Her husband, Ted Wells, is a prominent criminal attorney. * David Wildstein (born 1961), former mayor of Livingston and central figure in the Bridgegate scandal. ;Sports * Jozy Altidore (born 1989), striker for the USA Senior Men's Soccer Team who plays for Toronto F.C., Toronto F.C. * Tashawn Bower (born 1995), defensive end for the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at LSU Tigers football, LSU. * Mike Chernoff (baseball), Mike Chernoff (born c. 1981), baseball General Manager for the Cleveland Indians. * Hazel Clark (born 1977), runner who represented the US at the Summer Olympics in 2000, 2004 and 2008 competing in the 800 metres event. * Andrea Davidovich (born 1997), figure skater who represented Israel in the 2014 Winter Olympics. * Bob Dukiet (1948–2009), college basketball coach. * Monica Flores (born 1996), American-born Mexican women's association football, footballer who plays as a left back for Notre Dame Fighting Irish women's soccer, Notre Dame Fighting Irish and for the Mexico women's national football team, Mexico women's national team. * Sabrina Flores (born 1996), American-born Mexican association football, footballer who plays as a midfielder for Spanish Primera División (women), Primera División club Sevilla FC (women), Sevilla FC and was a member of the Mexico women's national football team, Mexico women's national team. * Lennie Friedman (born 1976), NFL offensive lineman. * Justin Gimelstob (born 1977), professional tennis player who won 13 doubles titles and reached 1 final in singles. * Jarryd Goldberg (born 1985), former professional soccer player who played for Fort Lauderdale Strikers (2006–2016), Miami FC. * Chris Jacobs (swimmer), Chris Jacobs (born 1964), swimming (sport), swimming medalist at the 1988 Summer Olympics. * Brian Jamieson (rower), Brian Jamieson (born 1969), rower who won a silver medal at the 1996 Summer Olympics in the quad scull event. * Sheldon Karlin (1950–2000), distance runner who won the New York City Marathon in 1972. * Dan Kellner (born 1976), Olympic foil fencer. * Brandin Knight (born 1981), former professional basketball player. * Brevin Knight (born 1975), professional basketball player on the Charlotte Bobcats. * Connor Lade (born 1989), professional soccer player for the New York Red Bulls. * Brendan Mahon (born 1995), Guard (American football), guard for the Carolina Panthers of the National Football League, NFL. * Steve Nisenson, basketball player. * Larry Ogunjobi (born 1994), defensive tackle for the Cleveland Browns. * Deonna Purrazzo (born 1994), professional wrestler for World Wrestling Entertainment. * Claudio Reyna (born 1973), professional soccer player who played for European premier teams and was on the World Cup squad from 1994 until 2006. * Frank Schwindel (born 1992), first baseman for the Chicago Cubs. * Byron Scott (basketball), Byron Scott (born 1961), lived here while he was coach of the New Jersey Nets. * David Tyree (born 1980), NFL wide receiver who played for the Super Bowl XLII champion New York Giants. * Stan Yagiello (born 1963), former professional football quarterback. * Richie Zisk (born 1949), who played for the Pittsburgh Pirates and other MLB teams. ;Others * Richard Boiardo, Ruggiero "Richie The Boot" Boiardo (1890–1984), alleged Capo di tutti capi, capo of the Genovese crime family and mafiosa of Newark, New Jersey in the early 1900s.Kaufman, Michael J
"Boiardo's Daughter Killed While Cleaning a Window"
''The New York Times'', October 19, 1973. Accessed July 28, 2020. "Livingston, N.J., Oct. 18 —The 47‐year‐old daughter of Ruggiero Boiardo, a patriarch of organized crime in New Jersey, was found dead yesterday at her home on her father's 29‐acre compound here, apparently the victim of a freakish accident.... For decades it has been the home of 82‐year‐old Ruggierio Boiardo, who describes himself as a mason and who, after being linked for decades with organized crime by law enforcement agencies, was convicted three years ago of a gambling violation."


References


External links


Official township website

Livingston Public Schools
*
Data for the Livingston Public Schools
National Center for Education Statistics
A history of Livingston

Official Facebook page for Township

Map of Livingston
{{Authority control Livingston, New Jersey, 1813 establishments in New Jersey Faulkner Act (council–manager) Populated places established in 1813 Townships in Essex County, New Jersey