Coordinates: 30°11′53.70″N 120°07′35.70″E /
30.1982500°N 120.1265833°E / 30.1982500; 120.1265833
Pagoda (Chinese: 六和塔; pinyin: Liùhé Tǎ; Wu: Loh-vhu
Da), literally Six Harmonies Pagoda, is a multi-story Chinese pagoda
in southern Hangzhou,
Zhejiang province, China. It is located at the
foot of Yuelun Hill, facing the Qiantang River. It was originally
constructed in 970 by the
Wuyue Kingdom, destroyed in 1121, and
reconstructed fully by 1165, during the Southern Song dynasty
1 History and background
2 See also
5 External links
History and background
The pagoda was originally constructed by the ruler of the Wuyue
Kingdom, whose capital was Hangzhou. The name Liuhe comes from the six
Buddhist ordinances and it is said that the reason for building the
pagoda was to calm the tidal bore of the
Qiantang River and as a
navigational aid. However, the pagoda was completely destroyed during
warfare in the year 1121.
After the current pagoda was constructed of wood and brick during the
Southern Song dynasty, additional exterior eaves were added during the
Ming (1368–1644) and Qing Dynasties (1644–1911). The pagoda is
octagonal in shape and some 59.89 metres (196.5 ft) in height, it
also has the appearance of being a thirteen-story structure, though it
only has seven interior stories. There is a spiral staircase leading
to the top floor and upon each of the seven ceilings are carved and
painted figures including animals, flowers, birds and characters. Each
story of the pagoda consists of four elements, the exterior walls, a
zigzagged corridor, the interior walls and a small chamber. Viewed
from outside, the pagoda appears to be layered-bright on the upper
surface and dark underneath. That is a harmonious alternation of light
According to the British sinologist and historian Joseph Needham, the
pagoda also served as a lighthouse along the Qiantang River. Being of
considerable size and stature, it actually served as a permanent
lighthouse from nearly its beginning, to aid sailors in seeking
anchorage for their ships at night (as described in the
A small "
Pagoda Park" has recently been opened nearby. Its exhibition
features models of ancient Chinese pagodas and illustrates the variety
of different designs, as well as history, culture and symbols
associated with the pagoda.
The pagoda was in disrepair before 1900
Architecture of the Song dynasty
^ "Six Harmonies
Pagoda (Liuhe Pagoda)". Retrieved 23 August
^ Needham, 662.
^ Sightseeing In Hangzhou
^ "Liuhe Pagoda". Retrieved 23 August 2016.
Needham, Joseph (1986). Science and Civilization in China: Volume 4,
Physics and Physical Technology, Part 3, Civic Engineering and
Nautics. Taipei: Caves Books, Ltd.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Liuhe Pagoda.