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/ ( or ) is a Chinese surname. pinyin: in Mandarin Chinese, in Cantonese. It is the family name of the Han dynasty emperors. The character , Originally meaning 'kill', it is now used only as a surname. Today, it is the 4th most common surname in Mainland China as well as one of the most popular names in the world.

Distribution

In 2019 劉 was the fourth most common surname in Mainland China. Additionally, it was the most common surname in Jiangxi province. In 2013 it was found to be the 5th most common name, shared by 67,700,000 people or 5.100% of the population, with the province with the most people being Shandong.中国四百大姓, 袁义达, 邱家儒, Beijing Book Co. Inc., 1 January 2013

Origin

One source is that they descend from the Qí (祁) clan of Emperor Yao. For example the founding emperor of the Han Dynasty (one of China's golden ages), Liu Bang (Emperor Gaozu of Han) was a descendant of Emperor Yao. Another origin is from the Jī (姬) clan of King Qing of Zhou. For example, , the youngest son of King Qing of Zhou, founded the and his descendants took state names as surname.


History


Liu was the ruling family of the Han dynasty, one of the most prosperous and influential empires in Chinese history. After the Chen Sheng Wu Guang uprising overthrew the Qin, the Han dynasty was founded by Emperor Liu Bang. Later, Emperor Liu Che helped expand the Han dynasty even further, ushering in a golden age for China. The Han dynasty had 30 emperors were surnamed Liu, making it among the Chinese dynasties that had the most emperors. The Han dynasty lasted 400 years, making it one of the longest lasting Chinese empires in history. The Han is what gives its name to the Han people as well as Han characters / Hanzi / Chinese characters. Even after the Han dynasty, several Liu continued to hold power within China including Liu Bei (written about in Records of the Three Kingdoms) and Liu Yuan (Han Zhao). Over history, several non-Han Chinese peoples have converted to the Liu surname, including Xiongnu and Turks (after the collapse of the Tang dynasty).

Prominent people with the family name 劉



Historical figures

* , son of King Qing of Zhou and founder of the * Liu Bang, Founder of the Han dynasty as Emperor Gaozu of Han * Liu Jiao (King of Chu), the younger brother of Liu Bang and famous scholar * Liu Ying, Second Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Heng, Fifth Emperor of the Han dynasty * Liu Qi, Sixth Emperor of the Han dynasty *Liu Che, Seventh Emperor of the Han dynasty known for expanding the Han Dynasty to its fullest extent and for a long reign of 54 years *Liu An (King of Huainan), advisor to his nephew, Emperor Wu of Han. Best known for editing the (139 BCE) Huainanzi compendium of Daoist, Confucianist, and Legalist teachings * Liu Sheng (King of Zhongshan), the direct ancestor of the Shu Han emperors, had more than 120 sons * Liu Xiang, government official, scholar, and author of who lived during the Han Dynasty * Liu Fuling, Emperor of the Han Dynasty *Liu He, Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Xun, Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Shi, Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Ao, Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Xin, Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Kan, Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Xin, astronomer, historian, and editor during the Han Dynasty * Liu Xuan, Emperor Gengshi of the Han Dynasty * Liu Xiu, The restorer of the Han Dynasty and the founding emperor of the Eastern Han Dynasty * Liu Zhuang, Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Da, Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Zhao, Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Hu, Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Bao, Emperor of the Han Dynasty * Liu Zhi, Emperor of the Han dynasty * Liu Hong, Emperor of the Han dynasty * Liu Xie, Last emperor of the Han dynasty * Liu Bei (161–223), Founding emperor of Shu Han * Liu Shan (207–271), Second emperor of Shu Han * Liu Hong, astronomer and mathematician of the Han dynasty * Liu Hui, mathematician during The Three Kingdoms period * Liu Kun, general, poet and musician of the Western Jin * Liu Yuan, First emperor of Han Zhao * Liu He, Second emperor of Han Zhao * Liu cong, Third emperor of Han Zhao * Liu Can, Fourth emperor of Han Zhao *Liu Yao, Fifth emperor of Han Zhao *Empress Liu E, Empress of Han Zhao *Liu Yu, Founder of the Liu Song as Emperor Wu of Liu Song * Liu Yilong, Emperor Wen of Liu Song * Empress Liu, Empress of Northern Song * Liu Zhiyuan, Founding emperor of Later Han * Liu Chong, Founding emperor of Northern Han * Liu Yan, Founding emperor of Southern Han * Liu Rengui, chancellor and general of the Tang Dynasty *Liu Xiangdao, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty *Liu Zhan, chancellor and official of the Tang Dynasty *Liu Chongwang, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty *Liu Changqing, famous poet and politician *Liu Yuxi, famous poet and statesman *Liu Kezhuang, famous poet of southern song *Liu Xu, chancellor of Later Tang and Later Jin *Liu Bingzhong, chancellor of the Yuan dynasty *Liu Bowen, famous poet, statesman, strategist and thinker *Liu Tongxun, politician of the Qing dynasty *Liu Yong, politician and calligrapher of the Qing dynasty *Liu Mingchuan, First Governor of Taiwan

Contemporary

* Natasha Liu Bordizzo, Australian Chinese actress * Alicia Liu, Taiwanese model * Andy Lau, actor, singer * Andrew Lau, filmmaker and actor * Anthony Liu, figure skater * Liu Bocheng, PRC military commander * Cecilia Liu, Chinese actress * Liu Chao-shiuan, Kuomintang politician * Liu Cheng-hung, Magistrate of Miaoli County (2005–2014) * Liu Cheng-ying, Magistrate of Lienchiang County * Liu Chien-sin, Deputy Secretary General to the President of the Republic of China * Liu Chih-kung, Deputy Secretary-General of National Security Council of the Republic of China (2010–2012) * Liu Chih-yun, Deputy International Commissioner of the Boy Scouts of China * Liu Ching-chung, Minister of Hakka Affairs Council (2014–2016) * Christine Liu, American artist and neuroscientist * Cixin Liu (; born 1963) Chinese science fiction author * Liu Cuigang (1913–1937), ace-fighter pilot of the ''War of Resistance/WWII'' for the Chinese Air Force * Evelyn Lau, writer * Liu Fuzhi, PRC politician * Liu Guoliang, table tennis player * Henry Lau, Chinese-Canadian singer, member of Super Junior-M * Liu Haichao (born 1998), Chinese badminton player * Liu Huaqing (1916–2011), PRC politician * Liu I-chou, Chairperson of Central Election Commission of the Republic of China (2015–2017) * Isaac Liu (born 1991), New Zealand Rugby League player * Liu Jinru (born 2000), Chinese artistic gymnast * John Liu, New York City Comptroller * José María Liu, Taiwan representative to Spain * Lau Kar-leung, actor, choreographer and director * Ken Liu, Chinese-American author * Liu Kuo-chuan, former Deputy Minister of Veterans Affairs Commission of the Republic of China * Liu Kwok Wa (born 1978), Hongkonger badminton player * Laurin Liu (born 1990), Canadian politician * Lucy Liu (born 1968), American actress * Liu Yuh-san, Secretary-General of the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China (2005–2007) * Liu Yu-you, Magistrate of Nantou County (1973–1981) * Pete Lau (aka Liu Zuohu; born 1975), Chinese entrepreneur and co-founder of OnePlus * Shaolin Sándor Liu, Chinese-Hungarian short track speed skater * Liu Shaoqi, PRC politician, former Chinese President * Liu Shishi, Chinese actress * Sidney Lau, Hong Kong linguist * Simu Liu, Chinese-Canadian actor * Soung Chang Liew, Chinese engineer * Liu Sola, singer, composer, and writer * Tai-Ping Liu (born 1945), Taiwanese mathematician * Tats Lau, Hong Kong actor and musician * Ted Lieu, American Congressman * Liu Wen, fashion model * Liu Wenhui, warlord and PRC politician * Will Liu, Taiwanese singer * Liu Xiang, Olympic winner and World Record holder * Liu Xiaobo, PRC dissident and Nobel Peace Prize laureate * Liu Xiaoqing, actress * Liu Yalou, general * Liu Ye, Chinese actor * Liu Yifei, singer/actress * Liu Yunpeng, Chinese high jumper * Liu Yunshan, PRC politician * Liu Zhixuan, Chinese basketball player * Christian Liu de Almeida (born 1997), Brazilian musician

References



External links


Chinese surname history: Liu
{{surname Category:Chinese-language surnames Category:Multiple Chinese surnames