LIU YUNSHAN (simplified Chinese : 刘云山; traditional Chinese :
劉雲山; pinyin : _Liú Yúnshān_; born July 1947) is one of the
top leaders of the
Communist Party of China
Liu currently holds a number of important offices in the national leadership of the Communist Party, including that of the first-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat , Chairman of the Commission for Building Spiritual Civilization , leader of the Propaganda and Ideology Leading Group and President of the Central Party School . He is generally seen as the top official in charge of ideology, propaganda work, and party organization.
Liu built his career in Inner Mongolia, working initially as a
teacher, then a
* 1 Early life
* 2 Politburo career
* 2.1 After 18th Party Congress
* 3 Criticism * 4 Family * 5 References * 6 External links
Liu was born to an ordinary family of farmers in Tumed Right Banner
He attended college part-time at the Jining Teachers College in
Ulanqab League , Inner Mongolia. He then worked in the local
propaganda department of Tumed Right Banner. He became a Xinhua
reporter in 1975, writing stories about nomadic herders in Inner
Mongolia and occasionally sleeping in tents to get close to the people
that were part of his story. He was eventually promoted to a
supervisory role. He then worked for the provincial Communist Youth
League organization. In 1985, the 38-year old Liu earned an alternate
seat on the Central Committee of the
Communist Party of China
Between 1989 and 1992, Liu attended the
Central Party School to take
courses in public administration . In 1991, he became Party Secretary
of the eastern Inner Mongolian city of
Chifeng while also holding a
seat on the Autonomous Region's Party Standing Committee, making him
one of the most powerful officials in
In 2002, at the 16th Party Congress , Liu became the head of the
Central Propaganda Department . Although he also gained a seat on the
Politburo at the same time, the overall direction of ideology and
propaganda work was 'supervised' by Standing Committee member Li
Changchun ; thus Liu was, for all intents and purposes, not the top
propaganda official in China at the time. Liu also became a Secretary
of the Secretariat. He was also a member of the 17th Politburo of the
Communist Party of China
After the 18th Party Congress in November 2012, Liu was elected to
both the 18th Politburo and its Standing Committee . Liu accumulated a
number of high-level positions in addition to his role of overseeing
propaganda, including the top spot in the Secretariat , which was
formerly held by
Several theories had been proposed for Liu's elevation to the
Standing Committee. His two-term tenure was often cited as a primary
factor. China analyst
Cheng Li said that Liu was elevated due to the
patronage of former leader
AFTER 18TH PARTY CONGRESS
Following the 18th Party Congress, Liu also emerged as the main official in charge of party organization and personnel, as well as the leading official in charge of propagating the so-called "mass line " education in the party as well as "party building". During the Xi Jinping administration 's crackdown on corruption , which began in 2013, Liu acted as the top official attending the leadership transition meeting in the aftermath of the political 'earthquake' in Shanxi province which saw the removal of a large number of top provincial leaders. That a Standing Committee member attended the 'transition meeting' was regarded as extremely unusual, as generally the central authorities in Beijing would dispatch the head of the Organization Department to such an event.
In May 2015, Liu penned an article on _Study Times_ in which he criticized that political culture in the Communist Party must not become too "lax and flexible" and that party members must resolutely follow party rules. Some commentators saw the remarks as implicitly critical of star television host Bi Fujian , who made some comments critical of Mao which surfaced on an online video.
Liu led the Chinese delegation on a visit to
Liu is expected to retire at the 19th Party Congress in 2017 due to informally mandated retirement age rules, which stipulates that any official 68 years of age or older during a year in which the Party Congress is held must retire.
Liu Yunshan has been subject to criticism by the writer
Tie Liu ,
whose work has been published by the Independent Chinese PEN Center.
In an essay entitled _We must Account for Liu Yunshan's Crimes Against
Tie Liu wrote, "
Liu Yunshan was the mastermind behind the
corruption of China's media organs. He is the arch-nemesis of the path
to reform in China, and the biggest opponent of the administration of
Liu is married to Li Sufang (李素芳), who worked at the Civil Aviation Administration of China . Liu and his wife had two sons, Liu Lefei (刘乐飞) and Liu Leting (刘乐亭). Liu Lefei was, as of 2014, the vice-chairman of CITIC Securities .
His son and daughter-in-law have been named in association with the Panama Papers .
* ^ At the 16th Party Congress in 2002,
Zeng Qinghong held the
first-ranked Secretariat position, while
Li Changchun was the
propaganda chief; at the 17th Party Congress in 2007, Li retained his
* ^ "
Liu Yunshan sworn in as president of Central Party School".
_Want China Times_. 16 January 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
* ^ _A_ _B_
_Xinhua_. December 25, 2012.
* ^ _A_ _B_ Li, Cheng (October 2012). "China’s Top Future Leaders
to Watch: Biographical Sketches of Possible Members of the Post-2012
Politburo (Part 2)" (PDF).
* ^ "Xi questions propaganda chief’s handling of censorship row".
_Asashi Shimbun_. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
* ^ Li, Cheng (November 16, 2012). "Shadow of former president
looms over China\'s new leaders". _CNN_.
* ^ _A_ _B_ Gao, Xin (May 13, 2014).
"习近平为何会对刘云山礼让三分（高新）". _Radio Free
* ^ Cheng, Yi (September 1, 2014).
"常委刘云山坐镇山西换帅 高规格交接藏玄机". _Duowei
* ^ "炮打毕福剑 刘云山发威". May 18, 2015.
* ^ "Message From China’s Leader, Xi Jinping, to
* (in Chinese) Biography of Liu Yunshan, People\'s Daily Online .
* Biography, China Vitae
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